Aviation Safety

Regulatory area to be addressed

Federal Aviation Administration / Transport Canada

Aviation Safety: Transport Canada (TC) and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will continue to collaborate in the area of aviation safety, with a specific focus on unmanned aircraft systems (UAS).

UAS is a rapidly growing sub-sector of the aviation industry, which provides a unique opportunity respecting technology and innovation, but also introduces new safety challenges to the aviation system. The challenges confronted by many States, including Canada and the United States, is the development of a regulatory framework, supported by effective program implementation, compliance and enforcement, to safely integrate UAS into the respective domestic aviation systems.

To achieve this objective, TC and the FAA will build upon its existing bilateral relationship and work through international fora to further information sharing with respect to: the development of regulations; existing and future research and development (R&D) initiatives; common approaches to program implementation; as well as leveraging opportunities to broaden stakeholder engagement.

This work plan consists of four work streams with a focus on policy, regulatory and programming cooperation: 1. Exchange and Promotion of UAS Research and Development to Assist in Future Rulemaking; 2. Outreach, Compliance and Enforcement; 3. Consultation on Small UAS Rule-Making Activities and Forward-Looking Collaboration on Future UAS Rules; and 4. Enhancing International Collaboration and Advancing Common Interests.

Work Stream 1: Exchange and Promotion of UAS Research to Assist in Future Rulemaking

Department/Agency

United States

Canada

Federal Aviation Administration

Transport Canada

Market Data and Research: June 2016-January 2020

Planned initiatives and sub-deliverables Date
Sharing of UAS industry market data to help inform regulatory development and research and development activities. 2016
Comparison of weight and energy thresholds considered for regulatory framework, including the sharing of methodologies and risk assessments. 2016

Reciprocal Site-Visits to UAS Test Centres: 2017-18

Planned initiatives and sub-deliverables Date
Comparison of operational frameworks associated with the development and operation of test sites and pilot projects in both countries in order to identify and share best practices. 2016
Bilateral UAS test site visits: Transport Canada to visit a U.S. UAS Test Site and the FAA to visit a Canadian UAS Test Centre. 2017-2018

Work stream 2: Outreach, Compliance and Enforcement

Department/Agency

United States

Canada

Federal Aviation Administration

Transport Canada

Information Exchange Regarding Outreach, Compliance, and Enforcement: June 2016-January 2020

Planned initiatives and sub-deliverables Date
Comparison of protocols used by law enforcement agencies to enforce federal aviation legislation and to assist in investigation of unauthorized UAS activities. Ongoing
Share lessons learned on the use of non-regulatory mechanisms to enhance safety awareness, including campaigns, plans and strategies with metrics, results, and target audiences to augment respective safety awareness and compliance rates. July 2016 – July 2017
Compare approaches to designing program services and share best practices on adapting databases, creating new platforms, infrastructure costs, and information system management to minimize costs and facilitate UAS operations. July 2016 – July 2017
Identify opportunities for the private sector to play a greater role in promoting safety awareness. Ongoing

Work stream 3: Consultation on Small UAS Rule-Making Activities and Forward-Looking Collaboration on Future UAS Rules

Department/Agency

United States

Canada

Federal Aviation Administration

Transport Canada

Consultation on Small UAS Rule-Making Activities: June 2016-January 2020

Planned initiatives and sub-deliverables Date
Transport Canada and the Federal Aviation Administration to publish respective proposed regulations. 2016-2017
Transport Canada and the Federal Aviation Administration to provide feedback, suggestions, and comments on each country’s respective proposal. 2017

Forward-Looking Collaboration on Future UAS Rules - June 2016–January 2020

Planned initiatives and sub-deliverables Date
Continue to share information at Advisory and Rulemaking Committees Ongoing
Explore the potential of a North American industry design standard to ensure cross-border consistency for manufacturers and operators. September 2016 - September 2017

Future Rulemaking Activities - January 2015 - January 2020

Planned initiatives and sub-deliverables Date
Conduct bi-annual meetings to review potential future UAS rulemaking activities and identify opportunities for further collaboration. Ongoing
Identify timelines and objectives for the development of beyond visual line-of-sight (BVLOS) regulations 2017 - 2018

Work stream 4: Enhancing International Collaboration and Advancing Common Interests

Department/Agency

United States

Canada

Federal Aviation Administration

Transport Canada

Participation at the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO): 2016

Planned initiatives and sub-deliverables Date
Use ICAO as a forum to promote North American strategies for global UAS standards and recommended practices at the RPAS Panel and ICAO sUAS Advisory Group (AG). 2016 - 2017
Identify opportunities to co-author or support working and information papers related to UAS. September 2016 - September 2017

Promoting Common interests in other International Fora: 2016-2017

Planned initiatives and sub-deliverables Date
Coordinated stakeholder engagement at UAS themed annual conferences and international fora. 2016 - 2017
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