Chapter 1. General


1.8   Acronyms and Definitions
1.8.1  Acronyms

The following acronyms are applicable to this handbook.

AC Advisory Circular
ACSI Aircraft Certification Staff Instruction
ACPL Aircraft Certification Policy Letter
AD Airworthiness Directive
AEO Airworthiness Engineering Organization
AFM Aircraft Flight Manual
AMA Airworthiness Manual Advisory
AN Airworthiness Notice
AP Appliance
AWM Airworthiness Manual
BAA Bilateral Agreements and Arrangements
CAA Civil Aviation Authority
CAIP Civil Aviation Information Publication
CAR Canadian Aviation Regulation
CAD Civil Aviation Directive
CMR Certification Maintenance Requirement
DAO Design Approval Organization
DAPM Design Approval Procedures Manual
DAR Design Approval Representative
DE Designated Engineer
DND Department of National Defence
EPM Engineering Procedures Manual
FAR Federal Aviation Regulation
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
JAA Joint Aviation Authority
JAR Joint Aviation Requirements
LSTC Limited Supplemental Type Certificate
MMEL Master Minimum Equipment List
MOU Memoranda of Understanding
MRB Maintenance Review Board
PL Policy Letter
RDC Repair Design Certificate
RMAC Regional Manager Aircraft Certification
SCA Airworthiness Special Conditions
SI Staff Instruction
STC Supplemental Type Certificate
TC Type Certificate
TCCA Transport Canada Civil Aviation
TCDS Type Certification Data Sheet
TSO Technical Standard Order
VLA Very Light Aircraft
1.8.2  Interpretation of Terms

The following definitions are applicable to this handbook. For formal definition of these terms, and others that may be applicable, the definitions and interpretations presented in the CARs and the AWM will take precedence if there is a conflict.

Acceptable

Used to describe equipment or a procedure that in itself constitutes an adequate standard, or if used or complied with will result in compliance with the regulations.

Acceptable Data

Includes [AWM 571.06(1)]:

  1. drawings and methods recommended by the manufacturer of the aircraft, component, or appliance;
     
  2. Transport Canada advisory documents; and,
     
  3. advisory documents issued by foreign airworthiness authorities with whom Canada has entered into airworthiness agreements or memoranda of understanding such as current issues of Advisory Circular 43.13-1 and -2 issued by the FAA, Civil Aviation Information Publications (CAIPs) issued by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) of the United Kingdom, or Advisory Circular, Joint (ACJs) issued by the Joint Aviation Authority (JAA).

AEO

Means the group of individuals in the employ of and nominated by the applicant (corporation) pursuant to AWM subsections 505.103(c) and (d) and 505.105(e).

Aeronautical Product

Means an aircraft, aircraft engine, aircraft propeller or aircraft appliance. [CAR 513.01]

Appliance

Means any instrument, mechanism, equipment, apparatus or accessory that is [CAR 101.01]:

  1. used, or intended to be used, in operating or controlling an aircraft in flight,
     
  2. installed in or attached to, or intended to be installed in or attached to, the aircraft, and
     
  3. not part of the airframe, engine or propeller of that aircraft.

Applicant

Means an individual or organization, or a representative of an individual or organization, who makes an application for a supplemental type certificate, a limited supplemental type certificate or a repair design certificate in respect of an aeronautical product. [CAR 513.01]

Approved

The word "approved", when used without any indication of a method of approval, is to be interpreted as referring to an approval granted under the Aeronautics Act. [AWM 551]

Approved Data

Includes [AWM 571.06(1)]:

  1. type certificates, supplemental type certificates, limited supplemental type certificates, or repair design approvals, including equivalent foreign documents which have undergone the familiarization or validation process set-out in Subpart 511 of the CARs, or are otherwise accepted in Canada; and
     
  2. other drawings and methods approved by the Minister or a delegate in conformity with paragraph 4.2(o) and Section 4.3(1) of the Aeronautics Act.

Compliance Inspection

Compliance inspections are physical inspections performed by the TCCA engineer or the Delegate, when authorized. This inspection provides an opportunity to review an installation and its relationship to other installations on a product to determine compliance with FAR/CAR requirements which cannot be determined adequately from an evaluation of the technical data.

DAO

Means the group of individuals in the employ of and nominated by the applicant (corporation) pursuant to AWM subsections 505.403(c) and (d) and 505.405(e).

DAR

A person authorized by the Minister pursuant to subsection 4.3(1) of the Aeronautics Act to perform functions on behalf of the Minister subject to the conditions specified in Airworthiness Manual Subchapter 505C. (Reference, AWM subchapter 505C, section 505.201).

Delegate

(Noun) DARs, AEOs and DAOs. Means a corporation or individual authorized pursuant to subsection 4.3(1) of the Aeronautics Act to perform functions on behalf of the Minister subject to the conditions specified in AWM 505.

Design

Means the preparation of drawings, processes, material specifications and reports that, in total, define modifications or repairs to an aeronautical product.

Designated Engineer

Means a person nominated and authorized in accordance with AWM 505.105(e) and 505.405(e).

Executive Level

A person who holds the company position of president, vice president, chief engineer, owner, part owner, director of engineering, etc.

Finding of Compliance

A determination that an element of the design satisfies the applicable airworthiness standards.

Major Modification

Means an alteration to the type design of an aeronautical product in respect of which a type certificate has been issued that has other than a negligible effect on the weight and centre-of-gravity limits, structural strength, performance, power plant operation, flight characteristics or other qualities affecting its airworthiness or environmental characteristics [CAR 101.01(1)]

Major Repair

Means a repair to an aeronautical product in respect of which a type certificate has been issued, that causes the aeronautical product to deviate from the type design defined by the type certificate, where the deviation from the type design has other than a negligible effect on the weight and centre-of-gravity limits, structural strength, performance, power plant operation, flight characteristics or other qualities affecting the aeronautical product's airworthiness or environmental characteristics [CAR 101.01(1)]

Specified Data

Is information contained in authoritative documents which, although not approved by the Minister, has been accepted by the Minister as appropriate for the purpose of major modifications and major repairs, in conformity with Section 571.06 of the CARs. The following are examples of specified data [AWM 571.06(1)]:

  1. drawings or methods described or referenced in Airworthiness Directives;
     
  2. data issued by the manufacturer or type certificate holder of the aircraft, component or appliance, such as modification orders, service bulletins, or engineering orders, which include a statement of approval by the applicable regulatory authority or a delegated representative of such an authority. Where the data issued by the aircraft manufacturer are incompatible with those of the component or appliance manufacturer, the data of the aircraft manufacturer shall prevail;
     
  3. manufacturer's Structural Repair Manuals;
     
  4. FAA Advisory Circulars AC 43.13-1 and AC 43.13-2, subject to the following conditions:
     
    • the aircraft is a small aircraft, and the alteration does not affect dynamic components, rotor blades, structure that is subject to pressurization loads, or the primary structure of a rotorcraft;
    • the alteration does not affect an existing limitation (including the information contained on mandatory placards) or change any data contained in the approved sections of the Aircraft Flight Manual, or equivalent;
    • the data are appropriate to the product being altered, and are directly applicable to the alteration being made; and,
    • the data are not contrary to the aircraft manufacturer's data.

Type Design Examination

Means a process by which the Minister reviews technical data associated with a change in the type design approved by a foreign airworthiness authority, as necessary to determine its acceptability for installation on Canadian registered aircraft. [AWM 513.01]

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