How to Stay Current

In order to be considered current, a pilot, in addition to holding a valid Medical Certificate must meet the regulatory requirements for recency and currency. The recency requirements may be found in CAR 401.05 and in the corresponding standard in CAR 421.05.

The recency requirements address three time periods, 5 years, 2 years, and 6 months. If you wish to act as pilot-in-command or co-pilot of an aircraft you must meet both the 5 year and the 2 year recency requirements. If you wish to carry passengers you must also meet the 6 month requirement.

To meet the 5-year requirement, you must have either;

  • flown as pilot-in-command or co-pilot within the previous 5 years; or
  • completed a flight review with an instructor and written and passed the PSTAR exam within the previous 12 months.

To meet the 2-year requirement, you must have successfully completed a recurrent training program within the previous 24 months. There are seven ways to meet the recurrent training program standard and they are detailed in CAR 421.05(2). They are summarized as follows:

  • complete a flight review with an instructor;
  • attend a safety seminar conducted by Transport Canada;
  • participate in an Transport Canada approved recurrent training program;
  • complete the self-paced study program
  • complete a training program or PPC required by Part IV, VI or VII of the CARs;
  • complete the requirements for the issue or renewal of a licence permit or rating; or
  • complete the written exam for a licence, permit or rating.

To meet the 6-month requirement for carrying passengers, you must have completed 5 takeoffs and landings in the same category and class within the previous 6 months. If the flight is to be flown at night then the takeoffs and landings must have been completed at night.

Glider pilots have the option of completing 2 takeoffs and landings with an instructor. Balloon pilots are not allowed to land at night; however, if part of the flight is to take place at night, then there must have been at least 5 takeoffs by night.

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