Advisory Circular (AC) No. 107-001

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Guidance on Safety Management Systems Development

Table of Contents


This Advisory Circular (AC) is provided for information and guidance purposes.  It may describe an example of an acceptable means, but not the only means of demonstrating compliance with regulations and standards. This AC on its own does not change, create, amend or permit deviations from regulatory requirements nor does it establish minimum standards.

1.1 Purpose

The purpose of this AC is to provide guidance on some of the ways SMS can be implemented in large, complex organizations.

1.2 Applicability

This document applies to certificate holders required to have a safety management system in accordance with the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) Part 1.

1.3 Description of Changes

Not applicable.


2.1 Reference Documents

The following reference materials were used in the development of this document:

  1. Part I Subpart 7 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) - Safety Management System Requirements;

  2. Transport Publication (TP) 8606, 2005-07-01 - Inspection and Audit Manual;

  3. TP 13739, 2001-04-01 - Introduction to Safety Management Systems;

  4. TP 14135, 2004-09-01 - Safety Management Systems for Small Aviation Operations – A Practical Guide to Implementation;

  5. National Standard of Canada, CAN/CSA-ISO 9000-00 - Quality Management Systems-Fundamentals and Vocabulary;

  6. Alan Waring, United Kingdom, 1996 - Safety Management Systems;

  7. James Reason, United Kingdom, Ashgate, 1997 - Managing the Risks of Organizational Accident;

  8. James Reason, United Kingdom 1987 - Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents;

  9. Shell Aircraft Aviation Safety Management Guidelines, January 2000

  10. Peter M. Senge, New York, Doubleday, 1990 - The Fifth Discipline;

  11. R. Curtis Graeber and Mike Moodi, Flight Safety Foundation, IFA/IASS, South Africa, 1998 - Understanding Flight Crew Adherence to Procedures: The Procedural Event Analysis Tool (PEAT);

  12. James R. Evans and William M. Lindsay, U.S.A., South-Western College Publishing, 1999 - The Management and Control of Quality;

2.2 Cancelled Documents

As of the effective date of this document, the following documents are cancelled:

Transport Publication (TP) 13881, Revision 1, dated 2002-03-01 - Safety Management Systems for Flight Operations and Aircraft Maintenance Organizations.

2.3 Definitions and Abbreviations

The following definitions and abbreviations are used in this document:

  1. CAD means Civil Aviation Document

  2. CARs means Canadian Aviation Regulations

  3. SMS means Safety Management System

  4. TC means Transport Canada

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