U.S.: Abbreviation for: Federal Aviation Administration
Abbreviation for: final approach course fix
Abbreviation for: final approach fix
A strike-force aircraft simulating a hostile aircraft during an air defence exercise while in the strike-route portion of the mission, i.e. initial point or H-hour control line (IP/HHCL) to ground target bomb release line or end exercise point (BRL/EEP).
Fr: cible plastron
Other expression for: fan marker beacon
A type of non-directional beacon (NDB), the emissions of which radiate in a vertical fan-shaped pattern.
Fr: radioborne en éventail
Abbreviation for: future air navigation systems
Abbreviation for: final approach point
U.S.: Abbreviation for: Federal Aviation Regulations
Abbreviation for: final approach and takeoff area
Abbreviation for: final approach waypoint
A propeller the blades of which have been rotated so that the leading and trailing edges are nearly parallel with the aircraft flight path to stop or minimize drag and engine rotation.
Fr: hélice en drapeau
U.S.: The federal authority responsible for civil aviation.
U.S.: Regulations relating to aviation.
A fix depicted on instrument approach charts that establishes the starting point of the feeder route.
Fr: repère de raccordement
A route depicted on instrument approach charts to designate routes for aircraft to proceed from the en route structure to a point on the instrument approach procedure (IAP).
Fr: route de raccordement
A flight for the purpose of
(a) returning an aircraft to base;
(b) delivering an aircraft from one location to another; or
(c) moving an aircraft to and from a maintenance base.
Ferry flights, under certain conditions, may be conducted under the terms of a special flight permit.
Fr: vol de convoyage
Abbreviation for: flight itinerary
Abbreviation for: flight information centre
Other expression for: aerodrome elevation
An expression commonly used to mean that an aircraft is on the final approach course or is aligned with a landing area.
Canada: Other expression for: final approach segment (1)
A defined area over which the final phase of the approach manoeuvre of a helicopter to hover or to land is completed and from which the takeoff manoeuvre is commenced.
Note ICAO: Where the FATO is to be used by performance Class 1 helicopters, the defined area includes the rejected takeoff area available.
Fr: aire d’approche finale et de décollage
The area within which the final approach portion of an instrument approach procedure (IAP) is carried out.
Fr: zone d’approche finale
A bearing/radial/track of an instrument approach leading to a runway or an extended runway centreline, all without regard to distance.
Fr: trajectoire d’approche finale
Canada: A fix and/or waypoint located on the final approach course of an instrument approach procedure (IAP)
(a) prior to the point of glide path (GP) intercept on a precision approach procedure;
(b) prior to the final approach fix (FAF) on a non-precision approach procedure that has a designated FAF;
(c) prior to any stepdown fixes on a non-precision approach procedure with designated fixes but no FAF; or
(d) at a point that would permit a normal landing approach on a non-precision approach procedure with no FAF or stepdown fixes.
Fr: repère de trajectoire d’approche finale
Fr: repère d’approche finale
Fr: repère d’approche finale
A rectangular area, 1 mi. wide and 3 mi. long, bisected by the extended centreline of the runway and located so that the inner boundary of the area is at least 5 mi. from the approach end of the runway.
Fr: entrée d’approche finale
Other expression for: final leg
The operational condition of certain aircraft navigation guidance equipment that supports flight operations in the final approach and runway regions.
Fr: mode approche finale
The point of an instrument approach procedure (IAP) where the final approach segment commences.
Fr: point d’approche finale
(a) completes the last procedure turn or base turn, where one is specified;
(b) crosses the final approach fix (FAF), waypoint or point; or
(c) intercepts the last track specified for the procedure until it reaches the missed approach point (MAP). It is in this part of the procedure that alignment and descent for landing are accomplished.
Fr: segment d’ approche finale
Fr: segment d’approche finale
The waypoint of a non-precision instrument approach procedure (IAP) where the final approach segment commences.
Fr: point de cheminement d’approche finale
A flight path extending from the end of the base leg in the direction of landing to and along the extended centreline of the runway (or landing path) to the threshold of the landing runway (or landing path).
Fr: étape finale
Abbreviation for: flight information region
Other expression for: co-pilot
DND: A pilot qualified on aircraft type to unit standards and authorized as first pilot.
Abbreviation for: flight information service
Abbreviation for: flight information service en route
A geographical location determined either by visual reference to the ground or by means of radio aids or other navigational devices.
An area determined by considering the position indication errors applicable to a particular type of fix.
Fr: aire de tolérance de repère
Abbreviation for: flight level
An aircraft warning device indicating that
(a) navigation or flight instruments are inoperative or are not operating satisfactorily; or
(b) navigation signal strength or quality falls below acceptable levels.
Other expression for: flag
A loss of combustion in turbine engines resulting in a loss of engine power.
Fr: arrêt de turbomoteur
Other expression for: overhead break
DND: A duty controller assigned to a flight advisory position.
Fr: contrôleur du service consultatif
Fr: message consultatif en vol
DND: Expression for: aerodrome advisory service (AAS)
Data regarding the actual or intended movement of aircraft, normally presented in coded or abbreviated form.
Information useful for the safe and efficient conduct of flight, including information on air traffic, meteorological conditions, aerodrome conditions or air route facilities.
Fr: information de vol
An airspace of defined dimensions extending upwards from the surface of the earth within which flight information service (FIS) and alerting service are provided.
Fr: région d’information de vol
A service consisting of the following:
(a) the dissemination of aviation weather information and aeronautical information for departure, destination and alternate aerodromes along a proposed route of flight;
(b) the dissemination of aviation weather information and aeronautical information to aircraft in flight;
(c) the acceptance, processing and activation of flight plans (FP) and flight itineraries, amendments to FPs and flight itineraries, and cancellations of FPs and flight itineraries;
(d) the exchange of FP information with domestic or foreign governments or agencies or foreign ATS units; and
(e) the provision of known information concerning ground and air traffic.
Fr: service d’information de vol
The provision and receipt by an FIC of information pertinent to the en route phase of flight.
Fr: service d’information de vol en route
The operation of an aircraft for the purpose of
(a) calibrating air NAVAIDs;
(b) monitoring or evaluating the performance of air NAVAIDs; or
(c) obstacle assessment.
Fr: inspection en vol
Specified information, submitted in accordance with the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs), regarding the intended flight of an aircraft.
Fr: itinéraire de vol
The altitude expressed in hundreds of feet indicated on an altimeter set to 29.92 in. of mercury or 1013.2 mb.
Fr: niveau de vol
(1) Other expression for: apron
(2) The predetermined directional line of flight within a flying display area.
Fr: ligne de limite d’évolution en vol
(3) An actual photographic run of a photo survey aircraft, in which a series of overlapping photographic exposures are being taken and in which the aircraft must necessarily move precisely along a predetermined track or tracks and at a predetermined critical altitude.
Fr: axe de vol
An aircraft computer system that uses a large database to allow routes to be programmed and fed into the system by means of a data loader. The system is constantly updated with regard to position and accuracy by reference to conventional NAVAIDs.
Fr: système de gestion de vol
A trajectory along which an aircraft is flying or intended to be flown.
Fr: trajectoire de vol
Specified information, submitted in accordance with the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs), with regard to the intended flight of an aircraft.
Fr: plan de vol
Data selected from the flight plan (FP) for purposes of processing, display or transfer.
Fr: données de plan de vol
DND: Expression for: flight plan office
An FIC or that part of an area control centre (ACC) where flight plans and flight itineraries may be filed.
Fr: bureau des plans de vol
Canada: An electronically generated numeric or alpha-numeric code that can be used as an ATS system confirmation of message delivery and receipt. It can also be used as a message reference number. For example, when acknowledged by the pilot-in-command (PIC), it confirms that an IFR clearance issued to an aircraft via data link under the pre-departure clearance (PDC) program has been correctly received.
Note: This abbreviation is pronounced “fe-POO-i.”
Fr: indicatif unique du plan de vol
Any type of recorder installed in an aircraft to facilitate the investigation of accidents or incidents.
Fr: enregistreur de vol
Canada: Flight assistance and information provided by FSSs and FICs for aviation safety. Flight services include pilot briefings, flight plan (FP) acceptance and processing, aerodrome advisories, inflight communications, relay of ATC clearances, assistance to aircraft in emergency situations, alerting and searches for VFR aircraft, direction-finding (DF) assistance, NAVAID monitoring, and issuance of NOTAM and surface weather observations.
Fr: services de vol
A certified employee assigned duties and responsibilities at an FSS or FIC.
Fr: spécialiste de l’information de vol
An ATS unit that provides services pertinent to the arrival and departure phases of flight at uncontrolled aerodromes and for transit through a mandatory frequency (MF) area.
Fr: station d’information de vol
(1) A flight conducted to evaluate an applicant for a pilot licence or rating.
Fr: test en vol
(2) ICAO and U.S.: Expression for: test flight
The time from the moment an aircraft first moves under its own power for takeoff until the moment it comes to rest at the end of the flight.
Fr: temps de vol
The average range of forward visibility at any given time from the cockpit of an aircraft in flight.
Fr: visibilité en vol
U.S.: Other expression for: en route flight advisory service
Measures designed to adjust the flow of traffic into a given airspace, along a given route, or bound for a given aerodrome, so as to ensure the most effective utilization of the airspace.
Fr: régulation du débit
Abbreviation for: flight plan
Fr: FLT PLN
A waypoint that requires the use of turn anticipation to avoid an overshoot of the next flight segment.
Fr: point de cheminement anticipé
A prearranged meeting of a number of aircraft at a specified aerodrome which will take place before an invited assembly of persons, and at which no competitive flying or aerial demonstrations will take place.
Fr: rassemblement d’aéronefs
A waypoint that precludes any turn until the waypoint is overflown and is followed by an intercept manoeuvre of the next flight segment.
Fr: point de cheminement survolé
Abbreviation for: fan marker
Abbreviation for: flight management system
U.S.: Expression for: RNAV STAR
U.S.: Expression for: RNAV SID
Abbreviation for: first officer
A statement of expected meteorological conditions for a specified time or period, and for a specified area or portion of airspace.
An area on the surface of the earth upon which standing timber, grass or any other vegetation or buildings are smouldering or burning.
Fr: zone d’incendie de forêt
In the interest of safe and efficient fire fighting operations, the Minister may issue a NOTAM restricting flights over a forest fire area to aircraft operating at the request of the appropriate fire control authority (e.g. water bombers), or to aircraft with written permission from the Minister.
Fr: incendie de forêt - restrictions temporaires de vol
A flight of a number of aircraft that, by prior arrangement among the pilots, normally operate as a single aircraft with regard to navigation and position reports.
Fr: vol en formation
Abbreviation for: flight plan
DND: Abbreviation for: flight planning centre
Canada: Abbreviation for: flight plan unique identifier
Note: This abbreviation is pronounced “fe-POO-i.”
An area of defined dimensions within which the flight of an aircraft, under certain conditions, does not normally require aircraft movement information service (AMIS) action.
Fr: zone libre
A family of frequencies in the aeronautical mobile (R) service that contains two or more frequencies selected from different aeronautical mobile (R) bands and that is intended to permit communications at any time within the authorized area of use between aircraft stations and appropriate aeronautical stations.
Fr: famille de fréquences
The course sector that is situated on the same side of the localizer antenna as the runway.
Fr: secteur d’alignement de piste avant
Abbreviation for: flight service station
The intentional airborne release of usable fuel. This does not include the dropping of fuel tanks.
ICAO: Expression for: fuel dumping
The amount of fuel remaining on board until actual fuel exhaustion.
Fr: carburant restant
Other expression for: fuel venting
The unintentional release of fuel caused by overflow, puncture, loose cap, etc.
Fr: aspiration de carburant
Air navigation systems that are capable of satisfying national or international stated requirements, primarily through the use of satellite technology.