Pre-Test Briefing

Flight test examiners are required to brief test candidates on the following details:

  1. The sequence of test items to be covered. There is no need for the candidate to memorize the sequence, as the examiner will give instructions for each item.
  2. If in doubt — ask! Candidates who do not clearly understand what they are being asked to do should feel free to ask. It may be that the examiner wasn't clear in giving instructions.
  3. Who is pilot-in-command? The pilot-in-command should be the flight test candidate and, if the examiner is a Transport Canada employee, it will always be the flight test candidate.  Nevertheless, the examiner reserves the right to exercise all reasonable duty and care to ensure safe flight by intervening or taking control of an aircraft when any action or lack of action by the candidate jeopardizes safety.
  4. Who will do what in the event of an actual emergency or a system malfunction? To be discussed and agreed upon prior of the flight.
  5. How to transfer control. There should never be any doubt as to who is flying the helicopter so proper transfer of control through the words "You have control" and "I have control" is expected during a flight test. A visual check is recommended to verify that the exchange has occurred.
  6. Method of simulating emergencies or a system malfunctions.  A briefing by the examiner should specify the methods used to simulate emergencies.  For example, it can be verbal for a chip detector, a communication failure, or an action by the examiner like blocking the pedals to simulate stuck pedals, turning the hydraulic switch to the OFF position, etc.  In all cases when an emergency or a system malfunction is simulated, the examiner will make it clear that it is a simulation.

Note 1: In helicopters, engine failures will only be simulated in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations or, in their absences, by reducing the power to idle. In cases where a helicopter is equipped with an OEI training mode switch or training module that can simulate single-engine performance, it is permitted and encouraged to make use of that equipment.  The practice of pulling circuit breakers will not be used during a flight test.

Note 2: Failures of electronic flight or map displays may be simulated in accordance with the training and testing recommendations and/or the handbooks supplied by the equipment manufacturer. In helicopters the examiner will apply discretion, as to the wisdom of creating a simulated failure, based on the existing flight conditions and on his/her familiarity with the specific equipment, in order to ensure safety of flight.

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