8. Approaches

The candidate will perform two (2) instrument approaches. Except where limited by the helicopter equipment or lack of approach facilities, these approaches will be done on different types of facilities at the same or another aerodrome.  On an initial Instrument Rating flight test, a precision approach is mandatory. Approaches may be flown with vectors from ATC, where available, or by flying a full-procedure approach.  At some point, during one of the approaches, an engine failure should be simulated, if conducted on a multi-engine helicopter.

If the helicopter has an approved IFR GPS installation, one of the approaches should be an RNAV(GNSS) approach. 

When aerodrome temperatures are 0ºC or colder, altitude corrections will be applied to all minimum altitudes depicted on the approach chart used.  In spite of the fact that the CAP – General Pages state, “should add”, flight test candidates “will add” the altitude correction values.

The candidate is allowed only one (1) second attempt for Item 8 - Approaches.  Where a major deviation has occurred during the approach but safety has not been compromised, the candidate may initiate a missed approach for one additional attempt at the approach.

Where safety has been compromised or unacceptable performance has been demonstrated, including but not limited to, descent below a published minimum descent altitude due to pilot error or poor technique, the approach will be evaluated as a “1” despite the initiation of a missed approach by the candidate.

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