11. Emergency Procedures

Note 1: The examiner will test the candidate on three simulated emergency procedures or system malfunctions. 

Note 2: At least one simulated engine failure will be tested on a multi-engine helicopter; therefore 11A, 11B and 11C will be evaluated.

Note 3: Single-engine helicopter candidates will be evaluated on items 11B, 11C and 11D only .

11. A. Engine Failure

Aim

To determine the candidate’s ability to safely maintain control of the helicopter and carry out the appropriate engine failure drill after an engine failure on a multi-engine helicopter during any phase of flight and complete a safe landing with one engine inoperative.

Description

A simulated engine failure of one engine will be conducted at a safe altitude and at safe indicated airspeeds. The candidate will identify the failed engine, complete the engine failure drill in accordance with the emergency checklist, and subsequently execute an approach during one of the Item 8 approaches to a safe landing with the power setting of one engine at flight idle. The candidate will control the helicopter solely with reference to flight instruments.

Note: It is permitted to use an OEI training mode switch or training module that can simulate single-engine, if it is functional.

Performance Criteria

Assessment will be based on the candidate’s ability to:

  1. recognize an engine failure, as simulated by the examiner, or the need to shut down an engine in accordance with a scenario presented by the examiner;
  2. maintain control of the helicopter;
  3. adjust the power and airspeed;
  4. identify and verify the inoperative engine;
  5. establish the best one-engine inoperative airspeed;
  6. complete the prescribed emergency check list procedures as appropriate to the situation;
  7. establish and maintain, the recommended flight attitude and power setting for the best performance for all manoeuvring necessary for the phase of flight;
  8. maintain, where applicable, the specified altitude (±100 feet) and desired heading (±10 degrees); and
  9. monitor all functions of the operating engine, make necessary adjustments and adhere to the engine inoperative operating limitations for the helicopter; and
  10. notify ATS of the situation and intentions.

11. B. C. D. System Malfunctions and Emergency Procedures

Aim

To determine the candidate’s ability to complete recommended checks and procedures in accordance with SOP’s and/or POH/RFM, or other applicable publications in the event of system malfunctions or other emergency situations.

Description

The candidate will complete the recommended checks and procedures based on simulated malfunctions or emergency scenarios pertaining to flight in IFR/IMC that are presented by the examiner.

These situations will be applicable to the helicopter type being used for the test. These items may be tested on the ground or in flight, however at least one item will be tested in flight. Nevertheless, the examiner will determine if helicopter performance, weather conditions and other factors permit the safe conduct of those items in flight.

Note: Items (f) and (g) will only be tested on the ground.

The following lists some of the system malfunctions that may be assessed:

  1. radio and navigation equipment;
  2. electrical system;
  3. hydraulic system;
  4. anti-ice and de-icing systems;
  5. fuel systems;
  6. system malfunction of a rotor control;
  7. system malfunction of a rotor drive shaft; and
  8. any other installed system required for IFR flight.

Performance Criteria

Assessment will be based on the candidate’s ability to:

  1. promptly identify the malfunction;
  2. perform applicable memory items, as appropriate;
  3. promptly apply correct checks and procedures in accordance with the applicable emergency checklist, SOP’s and /or POH/RFM, or other approved data;
  4. consider and apply any restrictions or limitations to the operation of a system(s) and apply appropriate procedures in order to continue the flight to a safe landing;
  5. develop a reasonable course of action for the remainder of the flight; and
  6. notify ATS of the situation and intentions.
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