3.3 Surface Contamination

Training Objective:

The trainee will be able to define what is meant by surface contamination, describe their responsibilities and identify the procedures for reporting suspected surface contamination to the pilot-in-command.

Scope:

General
Crew Responsibilities
De-Icing/Anti-Icing

Note: Transport Canada Surface Contamination Training Program including video "When in Doubt..." must be used or an equivalent approved program.

3.3A General

3.3A.1 Define surface contamination and hazards to flight associated with surface contamination.

3.3A.2 Define aircraft critical surfaces for each of the aircraft types in the operator's fleet.

3.3A.3 Identify an awareness of the conditions most likely to produce surface contamination.

3.3A.4 Give examples of "clean" wing and visible signs of surface contamination (e.g. frost, ice, snow, including rain).

3.3B Crew Responsibilities

3.3B.1 Define the responsibilities of crew members to report suspected surface contamination, prior to take-off roll, to the pilot-in-command as soon as it is discovered either by a crew member or passenger.

3.3B.2 State the requirement for the pilot-in-command or designate to investigate reports of suspected surface contamination.

3.3B.3 Describe the requirement of the pilot-in-command to ensure that crew members are advised of the decision to de-ice/anti-ice before the procedure occurs.

3.3B.4 Describe the air operator's procedures for advising crew members, e.g., brief in-charge, public address announcement, etc.

3.3B.5 Describe the requirement to advise passengers before aircraft de-icing/anti-icing takes place, the content of this advice to passengers, and who is responsible for advising the passengers.

3.3C De-Icing/Anti-Icing

3.3C.1 Describe the different types of equipment used to accomplish de-icing (e.g. cherry picker, car wash, rope, etc.) and aircraft de-icing/anti-icing procedures.

3.3C.2 Identify that icing conditions can re-occur on critical surfaces of the aircraft if the take-off is prolonged for any period of time after de-icing/anti-icing has occurred. (Hold-Over Time Tables)

3.3C.3 Describe the possible hazards whenever de-icing/anti-icing is taking place (e.g. inhaling deicing/anti-icing fluid, de-icing/anti-icing fluid entering cabin through open doorways, the presence of glycol fumes in the cabin). Identify the procedures to deal with these situations.

3.3C.4 Describe the types, purposes, characteristics, and uses of de-icing/anti-icing fluids.

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