6.1 Physical Description

Training Objective:

The trainee will be able to recognize the aircraft's main characteristics and be able to describe the interior and exterior features.


Exterior Description
Interior Description

6.1A General

6.1A.1 Identify the manufacturer.

6.1A.2 Identify the model and series number of the aircraft, aircraft family.

6.1A.3 Describe the aircraft type (e.g. wide-body, commuter, STOL).

6.1A.4 Describe the performance features of the aircraft (e.g. range, cruising altitudes, cruising speeds).

6.1A.5 Identify the physical dimensions of the aircraft including height, length, wingspan.

6.1A.6 Identify the number of aircraft operator has in fleet, where they are based, their age, routes.

6.1B Exterior Description

6.1B.1 Identify how many engines the aircraft has, where they are located and the accepted way to refer to them. Include the APU in this description.

6.1B.2 Identify all the exits on the aircraft, the air operator's way to refer to them and their principle uses (e.g. L1; main boarding door).

6.1B.3 List and describe any distinguishing features (e.g. upper deck, winglets). Describe surface contamination critical surfaces.

6.1B.4 Identify exterior markings and features and their significance including but not limited to: tail/fin number, registration, navigation lights, landing lights, taxi lights, rotating beacon, strobe light(s), exits, etc.

6.1B.5 Identify the location of cargo compartment doors for each aircraft in the air operator’s fleet and describe the procedure for opening the cargo compartment door.

6.1C Interior Description

6.1C.1 Describe the flight deck configuration including seats, special features.

6.1C.2 Describe the cabin features of the aircraft including: crew and passenger seating, galleys, lavatories, cabin stowage areas, partitions, safety and emergency equipment locations, blowout panels and any special features (e.g. crew rest areas). Include the following:

  1. How many, locations, access, retrieval;
  2. Special features of each;
  3. Operation including description of controls;
  4. Precautions, limitations and conditions of use;
  5. Serviceability checks; and
  6. Procedures for malfunction and care after use.

6.1C.3 Describe the operation of each of the crew seats, cabin and flight deck, and when they are occupied. Include the correct operation of the restraint system for each seat; the correct method for securing it to minimize injury; and the assigned crew member take-off/landing stations.

6.1C.4 Describe the fire detection systems onboard the air operator's aircraft relative to flight attendant procedures (e.g. in the passenger cabin, main deck cargo compartments, crew rest facilities, and/or galleys, as applicable), and include the following in the description:

  1. Location;
  2. Serviceability;
  3. Limitations;
  4. Activation;
  5. Signals when activated;
  6. Shut-off/re-set; and
  7. Care after activation.

6.1C.5 Describe flight attendant cabin positions, in all configurations, for: pre-flight passenger safety demonstrations, and emergency landing briefings.

6.1C.6 Describe the aircraft's floatation characteristics, as well as the different aircraft attitudes possible as a result of accidents/incidents on land and water and any effect on exit usability.

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