8.6 Cardiovascular Emergencies

Training Objective:

The crew member will be able to define/demonstrate the first aid for cardiovascular emergencies required to effectively handle an in-flight emergency situation.

Scope:

Cardiovascular Disease
Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease
Preventive Health Measures
Principles of First Aid for Cardiovascular Emergencies
Angina/Heart Attack
Stroke/TIA

8.6A Cardiovascular Disease

8.6A.1 Describe in simple terms the following cardiovascular disorders:

  1. High blood pressure (hypertension);
  2. Narrowing of the arteries (arteriosclerosis);
  3. Angina (pectoris);
  4. Heart attack (myocardial infarction);
  5. Cardiac arrest; and
  6. Stroke/TIA.

8.6B Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease

8.6B.1 Define the term risk factor as it applies to cardiovascular disease.

8.6B.2 List the risk factors of cardiovascular disease that can be controlled.

8.6B.3 List the risk factors of cardiovascular disease that cannot be controlled.

8.6C Preventive Health Measures

8.6C.1Describe healthy life-style habits that can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

8.6D Principles of First Aid for Cardiovascular Emergencies

8.6D.1 List the first aid measures which are a priority for all cardiovascular emergencies.

8.6D.2 State why it is important to get medical help promptly.

8.6E Angina/Heart Attack

8.6E.1 State the cause for angina/heart attack.

8.6E.2 List the signs and symptoms of angina/heart attack.

8.6E.3 State the first aid for angina/heart attack:

8.6E.4 List the rights to be observed when assisting the conscious casualty to take his/her medication.

8.6F Stroke/TIA

8.6F.1 State the most common causes of a stroke (cerebrovascular accident - CVA).

8.6F.2 List the signs and symptoms of a stroke.

8.6F.3 Describe the first aid for a stroke.

8.6F.4 Define the term Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) and describe the first aid.

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