8.7 Wounds and Bleeding

Training Objective:

The crew member will be able to define/demonstrate the first aid for wounds and bleeding required to effectively handle an in-flight emergency situation.

Scope:

Wounds
Types of Bleeding
Contamination and Infection
Dressings, Bandages and Slings
First Aid for Wounds with External Bleeding
First Aid for Wounds with Embedded Objects
Internal Bleeding
Bleeding from the Nose

8.7A Wounds

8.7A.1 Define the term wound.

8.7A.2 Describe the types of minor soft tissue injuries.

8.7B Types of Bleeding

8.7B.1 Describe the difference between venous and arterial bleeding.

8.7B.2 Define the terms external bleeding and internal bleeding.

8.7B.3 List the signs and symptoms of severe bleeding.

8.7B.4 State how bleeding may be recognized:

  1. External bleeding; and
  2. Internal bleeding:

    1. Causes;
    2. Characteristics; and
    3. Signs of internal bleeding.

8.7C Contamination and Infection

8.7C.1 Name measures to prevent further contamination and infection of wounds.

8.7C.2 State how to clean a minor wound.

8.7D Dressings, Bandages and Slings

8.7D.1 Describe the characteristics of dressings, bandages and slings, and state their uses.

8.7E First Aid for Wounds with External Bleeding

8.7E.1 Describe the first aid principles for wounds with severe external bleeding.

8.7E.2 Describe the signs and the effects of inadequate distal circulation to the extremities:

  1. Skin temperature;
  2. Color; and
  3. Pulse.

8.7E.3 Demonstrate, on a simulated casualty, the techniques to control severe external bleeding.

8.7E.4 Demonstrate, on a simulated casualty, how to improve impaired distal circulation when a limb has been bandaged.

8.7E.5 Demonstrate, on a simulated casualty, how to check for and monitor distal circulation.

8.7F First Aid for Wounds with Embedded Objects

8.7F.1 Describe the first aid for a wound with an embedded object.

8.7F.2 Demonstrate, on a simulated casualty, the techniques for the control of bleeding from a wound with a short embedded foreign object in the lower leg.

8.7G Internal Bleeding

8.7G.1 Describe the first aid for a casualty with suspected internal bleeding.

8.7H Bleeding from the Nose

8.7H.1 Describe the techniques to control bleeding from the nose by positioning, pressure and time.

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