8.8 Fractures, Dislocations and Sprains

Training Objective:

The crew member will be able to define/demonstrate the first aid for fractures, dislocations and sprains required to effectively handle an in-flight emergency situation.

Scope:

Bone and Joint Injuries
First Aid for Bone and Joint Injuries
Muscle Strain

8.8A Bone and Joint Injuries

8.8A.1 Define two classifications of fractures.

8.8A.2 Define two types of joint injuries.

8.8A.3 List the signs and symptoms of a/an:

  1. Open fracture;
  2. Closed fracture/sprain; and
  3. Dislocation.

8.8B First Aid for Bone and Joint Injuries

8.8B.1 State the general rules of first aid for bone and joint injuries (f.a. principles the same).

8.8B.2 Describe the characteristics of a good splint.

8.8B.3 Describe how to support and immobilize the following bone and joint injuries of the upper limb:

  1. A fracture of the collarbone using two triangular bandages;
  2. Support and immobilization of a dislocated shoulder using padding, three triangular bandages and the application of cold;
  3. An open fracture of the upper arm when the elbow can be bent, using padding and triangular bandages; and
  4. A closed fracture of the wrist using an improvised or a commercial splint and triangular bandages.

8.8B.4 Demonstrate, on a simulated casualty, how to support and immobilize a closed fracture of the forearm using an improvised or a commercial splint and triangular bandages.

8.8B.5 List the factors that increase the seriousness of a femur (hip) fracture.

8.8B.6 Describe how to support and immobilize the following bone and joint injuries of the lower limbs:

  1. A closed fracture of the upper leg using a long, padded (improvised) splint and a body splint;
  2. A closed fracture of the knee, when the knee cannot be straightened, using two padded (improvised) splints, padding and triangular bandages; and
  3. An open fracture of the lower leg using dressings, protective padding, six triangular bandages and the good leg as a body splint.

8.8B.7 Demonstrate, on a simulated casualty, how to support and immobilize a sprained ankle using a pillow splint or a blanket splint triangular bandages and the application of cold.

8.8C Muscle Strain

8.8C.1 Define the term muscle strain.

8.8C.2 Name the causes of muscle strain.

8.8C.3 State the first aid for muscle strain.

Date modified: