Aircraft Exit Profiles

B-727-100/200 Doors (Type I)

  • 2 plug type doors, 1 FWD (L), 1 center (R).
  • Both operate identically, inward then outward and forward.
  • H - 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) 1L/1R W - 0.86 m (2 ft 10 in) 1L/1R
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open position (Normal and Emergency): 21 kg (46 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to open/close door (Normal): 23 kg (50 lbs). To open (Emergency): 32 kg (70 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to pull manual inflation handle for slide: 9 kg (20 lbs). Slide Disconnect Handle: 9 kg (20 lbs). Slide inflation time: 10 sec.
  • Some models equipped with FWD airstairs 1L.
  • Doors ARMED/DISARMED manually by engaging/disengaging girt bar into floor brackets.
  • Doors held open by "Gust Lock Device."
  • All doors equipped with inflatable slides (some models equipped with "auto-inflate" feature).

Note: Some models operated in COMBI configurations.

Overwing Exits (Type III)

  • 4 overwing exits, 2 on each side.
  • H - 0.97 m (3 ft 2 in) W - 0.51 (1 ft 8 in)
  • Approximate weight of exit: 21 kg (45 lbs).
  • Equivalent force required to move window exit operating handle from stowed/locked position to open position: 7 kg (15 lbs).
  • Some models have cover plates over control handles.
  • Handles pulled inward and downward.
  • Escape tapes fitted in sill area.
  • AFT overwing exits equipped with "pop-down" step to assist to wing.

Aft Airstairs (Ventral)

  • H - 1.93 (6 ft 4 in) W - 0.81 m (2 ft 8 in)
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open position: 10 kg (22 lbs).
  • Door and Control Handle - 100 Series Control Handle has button on top of handle used in conjunction with handle to electrically raise/lower stair assembly.
  • Emergency Use (100 series) - inside stairway. Remove emergency access covers; pull sharply on release handle (inward). Action will cause uplocks to be sheared and forcibly extend stairs extensive damage will be caused to system).

/200

  • 4 plug type I exits (2 FWD-L/R, 2 AFT-L/R).
  • H - 1.52 m (5 ft 0 in) W - 0.76 (2 ft 6 in)
  • Approximate force required move door control handle (Normal and Emergency) from closed/locked position to open position: 18 kg (40 lbs). To open door in Emergency: 25 kg (55 lbs).
  • AFT Service Doors - control handles mounted differently on door panel surface. Handles must be pulled out to engage prior to rotating in direction of arrow.
  • Overwing Exits - same design and operation with no description of any cover plate over Control Handle mechanism.
  • AFT Airstairs no alternate emergency handles NORMAL and EMERGENCY functions controlled by the single door control handle.

References

  • Boeing 727 Operating Manual
  • Boeing - Airworthiness Division
  • Bradley Air Services F/A Manual

B-737-200/300/400/500 Doors (Type I)

  • H - 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) W - 0.86 m (2 ft 0 in)
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open position Normal and Emergency): 21 kg (46 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to open a door from the closed to open position (Normal): 23 kg (50 lbs); (Emergency): 32 kg (70 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to pull manual inflation handle/slide disconnect handle: 9 kg (20 lbs); Inflation time: 10 sec.
  • 4 plug type I exits identical in design and operation as FWD type I exits on B727-100/200 with "auto-inflate" slides equipped with manual inflation handles (back-up). Some with slide "quick release".
  • Overwing Exits identical in design and operation to 727-200.
  • H - 0.97 m (3 ft 2 in) W - 0.51 m (1 ft 8 in)
  • Approximate weight of overwing exits: 18 kg (39 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to move exit control handle from closed/locked position to open position: 7 kg (15 lbs).
  • Some models equipped with FWD Airstairs.
  • Doors Armed/Disarmed manually by engaging/disengaging girt bars into floor brackets.

/COMBI

  • AFT Airstairs - completely different in design, control mechanisms and operating procedures from any other airstair design.
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from "Door Locked" to "Door Unlocked" position: 21 kg (45 lbs). To move from "Door Unlocked" to "Emergency" position: 30 kg (65 lbs).

References

  • Boeing 737 Operations Manual
  • Boeing - Airworthiness Division
  • Canadian F/A Manual

B-757-200 (6 Door Model) Doors (Type I)

  • (Doors 1L/R, 2L/R, 4L/R)
  • H - 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) W - 0.84 m (2 ft 9 in)
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed locked position to open position (Normal and Emergency): 18.2 kg (40 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to open door (Normal): 1L/R, 21.8 kg (48 lbs); 2L/R, 19 kg (42 lbs); 4L/R, 25 kg (55 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to open a door (Emergency), if power/pneumatic assist failed: 1L/R, 41 kg (90 lbs); 2L/R, 29.2 kg (65 lbs); 4L/R, 41 kg (90 lbs).
  • Plug Type exits.
  • All exits open/close identically.
  • Lift Gust Lock latch to release located in doorframe.
  • Slide Light (Armed - "White"), above exit.
  • Arming Lever + Slide Engaged Sign (pop-out) + Safety Pin/Streamer.
  • Emergency Mode - Power Assist (Pneumatic).
  • Double channel slides door 2L/R.
  • Doors Armed/Disarmed by moving slide selector lever sideways to Armed or Disarmed.

B-757-200 (6 Door Model)

  • (Doors 3L/3R) Type I
  • H - 1.32 m (4 ft 4 in) W - 0.51 m (2 ft 6 in)
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open position (Emergency): 20.5 kg (45 lbs).
  • Permanently armed.
  • Hinged at bottom.
  • Door Control Handle - lift upward fully.
  • Door moves inward and upward, push outward.
  • Single channel slide.

B-757-200 (4 Door Model)

  • In this configuration, there are 4 Type III Overwing Exits.
  • Approximate weight: 22.7 kg (50 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to pull control handle from closed/locked position to open position: 14 kg (30 lbs).

References

  • Boeing 757 Operations Manual
  • Boeing - Airworthiness Division
  • Canada 3000 F/A Manual

B-767-200/300ER (Doors 1L/R FWD, 2L/R AFT)

Note: Some models equipped with 2 additional type 1 exits L/R just forward of wing.

  • H - 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) W - 1.07 m (3 ft 6 in); Type A
  • Equivalent force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open position (Normal and Emergency): 12 kg (26 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to open a door (lift upward) from unlocked to open: 18 kg (40lbs).
  • "Counterbalance" opening design.
  • Inward/upward opening doors.
  • Manually operated except some models equipped with electrical (normal operation) opening/closing option (FWD Entry Door).
  • Unique arming/disarming mechanism (lever, indicators).
    • Release button must be depressed and held to move arming lever to "Slide Armed" mode.
    • Yellow plastic "Emergency Use Only" (bendable) flag moves upward in front of Door Control Handle when slide is in armed mode.
    • Double channel slides.
  • Upward rotating Door Control Handle.
  • "Uplatch" mechanism holds door in open position. Button must be depressed while door is lowered initial few inches, to release.

Overwing exits -200 (2), -300 (4)

  • H - 0.97 m (3 ft 2 in) W - 0.51 m (1 ft 8 in); Type III
  • Cover plate over control handle must be removed to access control handle.
  • Equivalent force required to move window exit control handle from stowed/locked position to open position: 14 kg (30 lbs).
  • Weight: 27 kg (60 lbs).
  • Double Channel/Ramp/Slides.
  • Manual Inflation Handles back-up "Auto Inflate" feature located in upper "sill" area (AFT) all accessible only after exit removed (beneath clothe cover). Distance (downward) of MIH movement: 2.5 cm (1.0 in).
  • Escape tape located in frame of each fwd (L/R) window exit.

References

  • Boeing 767 Flight Attendant Manual
  • Canadian F/A Manual
  • Air Canada Manual 356
  • Boeing - Airworthiness Division

B-747-100/200 Main Deck Doors (Type I)

  • H - 1.93 m (6 ft 4 in) W - 1.07 m (3 ft 6 in)
  • All (plug type); open inward, outward and forward of opening.
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open position (Normal and Emergency): 10 kg (22 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to pull manual inflation handle and slide, slide/raft disconnect handle: 14 kg (30 lbs).
  • All operate identically in both NORMAL and EMERGENCY modes.
  • Power Assist feature on all (Emergency/Armed mode).
  • Doors 3 L/R additional feature "Off-Wing Escape Slide" Manual, Controls" - Manual Deployment Handle/Ditching Deactivation Handle.
  • Doors Armed/Disarmed by moving slide selector lever Up/Down to Armed/Automatic or Disarmed/Manual (lift cover).
  • Some models equipped with "Locking Pin/Streamer."
  • Some models - slide or slide/raft Manual Inflation Handle located on side of door (only visible with door open).
  • All main deck - Double Channel Slides or Slide/Rafts or Rafts.

Note: If the power assist system is failed, force is applied to the door assist handle after the door control handle is rotated. The peak force of 210 lbs occurs at the point the slide is released, when the door angle with respect to the body is approximately 64 degrees. This calculated peak force does not consider the inertia of the door, which will lessen the load required to pass through this position, nor does it consider optimizing the force direction, which can lessen the force in actual operation.

Upper Deck Doors (Crew Service Doors)

Some differences in method of operation for Crew Service Door escape slide between series (i.e. series 233B) (Auto/Manual slide deployment).

B-747- 400 Main Deck Doors

  • Doors 3L/R DO NOT have Manual Controls.

Upper Deck Doors (Type A)

  • Type A classification may be derated to Type 1 due to interior configuration.
  • Electrically operated doors that move upward and outward when operated (Normal).
  • Pneumatic operation (Emergency). Pressure gauge above door.
  • Never used without slide inflation (Single Channel Slides).
  • Manual Inflation Handle under clothes cover.
  • Slight mechanical difference in operation of Slide Arming Lever from Main Deck doors (lever is moved Up/Down to Arm/Disarm) (lift cover).
  • Cover will not close unless lever is properly in either mode.
  • Opened in Emergency by rotating Door Control Handle upward fully.
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open position (Normal and Emergency): 18 kg (40 lbs).
  • Door Ground mode Light.
  • Battery OK Light.

References

  • Boeing 747 Operations Manual
  • Air Canada F/A Manual 356
  • Canadian F/A Manual
  • Boeing - Airworthiness Division

DC-10-30 Doors (Type I)

  • Electrically operated doors that move inward and upward into ceiling stowage.
  • Three possible drive modes:
    1. Electrical;
    2. Pneumatic; and
    3. Manual.

  • Differences in mechanical design and operation between Door Control Handles and Slide Arming Levers at doors 1 L/R and 2, 3, 4 L/R. Door Control Handles (1L/R remain in Emergency Open Position when moved. Door Control Handles at doors 2, 3, 4 L/R return to stowed position following selection of Emergency Open.
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle (all doors) from stowed to full emergency open position: 15.86 kg (35 lbs).
  • Slide Arming Lever pushed/pulled to Arm/Disarm (locked for Disarm) 2, 3, 4 L/R. Moved Up/Down to Arm/Disarm (locked for Disarm) 1L/R.
  • Double Channel Slides - all doors.
  • Override feature to pneumatically power doors open without deployment of slide raft.
  • Directional Door Control Switches on F/A console to electrically drive doors open and closed.
  • Some models - doors operated electrically using Door Control Handle (Trigger Mechanism) with Slide Selector Lever in "DISARMED" mode.
  • Pressure Gauge Viewing Port located in ceiling area adjacent to applicable door (needle in green band area indicates sufficient PSI for pneumatic drive of door, if selected).
  • Slide Mode Verification Indicators (floor area) adjacent to each exit. "ARMED" OR BLANK appears accordingly.
  • Door RESET procedure must be enacted to re-lock door following inadvertent selection of EMERGENCY mode with Door Control Handle.
  • Plastic Guard over Door Control Handle (models equipped with Door Directional Control Switches) automatically dislodges when Door Control Handle is moved in emergency mode.
  • All doors equipped with Slide Inflation Cylinder Low Pressure Light directly over each slide/raft stowage container.
  • Approximate force required to open a door manually with slide armed ("Lift Bar"): 1 L/R; 84 kg (185 lbs) for initial 6 inches, then when slide drops off door the weight of the door reduces to 36.4 kg (80 lbs).
  • Doors 2 and 4 - app. 124 kg (273 lbs) for initial 6 in then, 45.5 kg (100 lbs).
  • Door 3 - app. 164 kg (361 lbs) for initial 6 in then, 45.5 kg (100 lbs).

References

  • DC-10 Flight Crew Operating Manual
  • Canadian F/A Manual
  • McDonnell Douglas - Interior Design
  • Technical Specialist

L1011-1 /500 Doors (Type A)

  • 6 FWD doors operate either electrically or manually (Normal Mode).
  • H - 1.93 m (6 ft 4 in) W - 1.07 m (3 ft 6 in)
  • All doors open inward and upward to ceiling stowage.
  • H - 1.52 m (5 ft 0 in) W - 0.61 m (2ft 0 in)
  • AFT two doors are for Emergency use only (Type 1).
  • Slide Selector Lever (Engage/Detach) Electrical Open/Close Switches and plastic covered Emergency (Pull Down) "T" handle all configured on door control handle forward of each exit.
  • Slide Selector Lever moved sideways to Arm/Disarm.
  • Approximate force required to move "T" handle from stowed position to first detent: 5.45 kg (12 lbs), to second detent: 6.4 kg (14 lbs).
  • Pulling fully downward (2nd detent) of "T" handle drives all doors open by a preloaded counterbalance. "T" handle must be returned to fully stowed position following selection to lock door in position.
  • Slide Selector Lever must be in the "Engage" position in order to electrically close doors.
  • Slide Selector Lever placed in Engage with "T" handle positioned to first detent to Manually (Hand Crank) door closed.
  • Slide mode verification indicators (floor area) adjacent to each exit "ENGAGED" or blank.
  • Approximate force required to pull manual inflation handle: 6.4 kg (14 lbs).
  • Average slide, slide/raft inflation time: 10 seconds (max.).
  • Double Channel Slides - all except 4L/R.
  • "T" Handle must be returned to fully stowed position following use of manual procedures.
  • 2 unique versions of the L1011-1 currently not in service are equipped with a "Lower Lounge" with 2 additional exits on the lower deck. One is equipped with a Slide (R) and 1 is equipped with an Airstair (L).

/500

  • All features same except - 500 does not have furthest AFT 2 doors.
  • Equipped with 6 Type I doors.

References

  • L1011 Operating Manual
  • Air Transat F/A Manual
  • Air Canada Manual 356
  • Lockheed - Commercial Engineering Dept.

A320 Doors (Type I)

  • 8 outward and forward sliding plug type doors.
  • H - 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in) W - 0.81 m (2 ft 8 in)
  • Each door equipped with single lane automatic inflate slides or slide/rafts.
  • Approximate force required to pull manual inflation handle to activate slide or slide/raft: 14.2 kg (31.4 lbs). Inflation time: 3 sec. Approximate force required to pull slide, slide/raft disconnect handle: 15.2 kg (33.7 lbs).
  • Normal operation is manual with hydraulic damping.
  • Each door equipped with:
    • Mechanical Locking Indicator for visual check of lock (green) and /unlock (red) position;
    • ARMED (White) Warning Light; and
    • CABIN PRESSURE (Red) Warning Light.
  • Slide arming lever pushed outboard (Armed) pulled inboard (Disarmed).
  • Single Channel Slides all doors Double Channel (off-wing) overwing exits (some models may be equipped with slide/rafts).
  • Pneumatic Assist triggered when opening the door in the ARMED mode.
  • Should Pneumatic Assist feature fail, apply steady pressure to push door open manually. Approximate force required to open door with assist failure: Slide - 25.4 kg (56.2 lbs); Slide/Raft - 30.5 kg (67.4 lbs).
  • Door Control Handle rotates inward and upward to OPEN position.
  • Approximate force required to move (rotate) Door Control Handle from closed/locked position to open position (Normal and Emergency): 16 kg (35 lbs).
  • Safety Pin/Streamer inserts to lock ARMING Lever in DISARMED mode.

Overwing Exits (Type III)

  • Always in ARMED configuration.
  • H - 1.02 m (3 ft 4 in) W - 1.02 m (1 ft 8 in)
  • Approximate weight: 14.7 kg (32.5 lbs).
  • 4 overwing exits, 2 on each side of cabin, each side equipped with dual lane inflatable ramp/slides.
  • Covered Control Handle.
  • When cover removed, Handle Light and Slide Armed Light illuminate.
  • Handle pulled inward and downward fully. Approximate force required to move window exit control handle from closed/stowed to open position: 3.0 kg (6.7 lbs).
  • Manual Ramp/Slide Inflation Handle is located behind a cloth cover in the top of each exit frame. Handle must be pulled "down" a min. of: 90 mm. (6") to activate. Approximate force required to activate manual inflation handle: 0.13 kg (.29 lbs). Ramp/Slide inflation time: 5 sec.

References

  • Airbus A320 Flight Crew Operating Manual
  • Airbus Industry, Office of Airworthiness
  • Canadian F/A Manual
  • Air Canada F/A Manual 356

A310-300 Doors (Type I)

  • 4 doors, 2 on each side of cabin similar.
  • H - 1.93 m (6 ft 4 in) W - 1.07 m (3 ft 6 in)
  • Arming Mechanism slightly different from A320 (Slide Selector Lever is moved sideways on door panel surface to Arm or Disarm. Safety Pin/Streamer used to lock lever in Disarm.
  • All doors equipped with dual lane slide or slide/rafts.

Overwing Exits

  • Have Arm/Disarm capability.
  • H - 1.39 m (4 ft 6.75 in) W - 0.67 m (2 ft 2.5 in)
  • Exits open outward and swing downward.
  • Door Control Handles are rotated in an upward direction to unlock door.

Reference

  • Airbus Flight Crew Operating Manual

BAe-146 Doors (Type I)

  • 2 entry doors on left.
  • H - 1.83 m (6 ft 4 in) W - 1.07 (3 ft 6 in)
  • 2 service doors on right (approx. 1' shorter).
  • FWD doors open outward in FWD direction.
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open: L-1 7.5 kg (16 lbs); R-1, 8 kg (18 lbs); L-2 10.3 kg (22.6 lbs); R-2, 12.7 kg (28 lbs).

Note: Highest force factor is required to operate R-2 door control handle.

  • AFT doors open outward in AFT direction.
  • All doors equipped with:
    • Shoot Bolt Viewing Windows;
    • Door Release Handle;
    • Arm/Disarm Lever (Velcro Holding Strap) [Girt Bar/Floor Brackets];
    • Arm/Disarm Lever pushed (Arm) remove velcro strap pulled (Disarm) (install velcro strap);
    • Single lane slides - all doors;
    • Placards to align Door Control Handle to for open/closed positions; and
    • Internal "Damping" device to prevent door from slamming against fuselage.
  • FWD Entry Door Equipped with manually extended and hydraulically retracted airstairs which slide along track to stowed position. A "foot latch release" mechanism is used to release the assembly from both the stowed and doorway (extended position).
  • All doors connected by micro-switches to both the FWD F/A control Panel and the Flight Deck.
  • In the case of a door not being closed, appropriate LEDs on both panels illuminate and a single audio chime is sounded.

References

  • BAe-146 Operations Manual
  • Air Nova F/A Manual
  • Air Atlantic F/A Manual
  • BAe - Safety and Certification Dept.

DC-9-10/30/31/32/40/50 Doors (Type 1)

  • 1 FWD entry door (L) + 1 FWD service door (R).
  • L-1, H - 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) W - 0.85 (2 ft 9.5 in)
  • Some models equipped with Airstairs door 1L (electrically extended/retracted)" Internal Latch Release Handle"(below F/A panel, must be closed to allow the entrance door to be closed and locked.
  • Both doors inward/outward/forward opening.
  • Both doors equipped with spring loaded "Bayonet Roller Assembly".
  • Doors ARMED manually by engaging girt bar into floor brackets.
  • Single channel slides - all doors.
  • Some models slides are MANUAL inflate ONLY.
  • Approximate force required to pull manual inflation handle: 6.80 kg (15 lbs), Inflation time: 3-5 sec.
  • "Gust Lock" or "Hold Open" device is disengaged by pulling on the assist handle located on door face (inward).
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open position (Normal and Emergency): 18.14 kg (40 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to open door with slide armed: 18.14 kg (40 lbs) max weight until slide deploys, then weight reduces to 4.54 kg (10 lbs) for Entry Door (Normal door opening figure), or 3.63 kg (8 lbs) for FWD Service Door (Normal door opening figure).

DC-9 Overwing Exits

  • Variance in numbers depending on model/series type.
  • H - 0.91 m (3 ft 0 in) W - 0.51 (1 ft 8 in); Weight: 14.06 kg (31 lbs)
  • Opened by pulling inward of upper release handle. Handle is hinged and moves sideways into cabin.
  • Approximate force required to move exit-operating handle from closed to open position: 20.41 kg (45 lbs).

AFT Fuselage Exit

  • Tailcone (Jettisonable) is accessed via door in the aft pressure bulkhead. Remove by lifting upward on the handle located on the top of the door. Pull door inward and stow Pull red release handle (lower left side).
  • Approximate force required to move bulkhead handle from closed to open position: 6.80 kg (15 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to pull tailcone jettison release handle: 13.61 kg (30 lbs).
  • Escape Tape fitted to facilitate evacuation located at end of walkway (top).

References

  • DC-9 Airplane Operating Manual
  • Air Canada F/A Manual Pub. 356
  • McDonnell Douglas - Interior Design Division

DC-8-43 /52 /53 Doors (Type 1)

  • 4 plug type 1 exits, 2 on each side of cabin.
  • H - 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) W - 0.88 (2 ft 0 in)
  • All doors open initially inward then outward and forward.
  • All equipped with inflatable slides (some with "quick release").
  • All doors equipped with spring loaded "Bayonet Roller Assembly".
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open position (Normal and Emergency): 18.14 kg (40 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to open a door from the closed to open position: 4.54 kg (10 lbs); Emergency 18.14 kg (40 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to pull manual inflation handle for slide: 6.80 kg (15 lbs); Slide Inflation Time: 4-6 sec.
  • Doors ARMED/DISARMED manually by engaging disengaging girt bar into floor brackets.
  • Single channel slides - all doors.
  • "Gust Lock" or "Hold Open device is disengaged by pulling on the upper door hinge.

Overwing Exits

  • 4 type III exits, 2 on each side of cabin.
  • Handles pulled straight inboard to release locking mechanism.
  • AFT overwing exits equipped with "pop down" step to assist to wing surface.
  • Weight of overwing exits: 14.0 kg (31 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to move window exit operation handle from stowed/locked position: 20.4 kg (45 lbs).

DC-8-61/62/63

  • Additional feature to all the above, 2 "Jet Escapes" forward of wing.
  • Hinged at bottom.
  • Remove cover, pull control handle inward and downward, push top of exit outward.
  • Approximate force required to move door control handle from closed/locked position to open position 18.14 kg (40 lbs). Slide Inflation Time: 4-6 sec.
  • Single lane slide should auto inflate, manual inflation handle provided.
  • 2 additional type 1 exits aft of wing center cabin area.

References

  • DC-8 Operating Manual
  • McDonnell Douglas - Interior Design Division

F-28 Doors (Type I)

  • Main entry door on left fitted with integral stairs.
  • (1L) H - 1.93 m (6 ft 4 in) W - 0.86 m (2 ft 10 in):
    • Door Control Handle pulled out then rotated upwards and outwards to "Detent 1". Approximate force required: 15 kg (33 lbs).
    • Control Button on end of handle used to electrically extend stairs,
    • Stairs pushed outward in emergency after Door Control Handle is set to "Detent 2". Approximate force required: 20 kg (44 lbs).
  • Service door opposite main equipped with escape slide.
  • (1R) H - 1.27 m (4 ft 2 in) W - 0.61 m (2 ft 0 in):
    • Inward moving and upward sliding,
    • Door Control Handle turned upward 45 degrees to open.
    • Auto inflatable slide stowed in galley compartment either to left or right of door.
    • In case door does not slide upwards, press red button pull door into aircraft, turn on side, throw clear of aircraft.

Overwing Exits (Type III)

  • H - 0.91 m (3 ft 0 in) W - 0.51 m (1 ft 8 in)
  • 2 overwing exits, one left and one right:
    • Control Handle movement is inward and downward.
    • Escape Rope located behind access cover.
  • Approximate weight of exit: 15.5 kg (34.1 lbs).
  • Approximate force required to move exit-operating handle from stowed/locked position, to open position: 14.9 kg (32.78 lbs).

Note: The following information is different from Fokker Manual (11/76) and is published in 2 (1 current and 1 former) air operator F/A Manuals. Aircraft Certification Dept. at Fokker confirms that there are indeed two different operational designs for the forward passenger entry door controls. Design two was the original design. It has been replaced by Design 1 on the production line from aircraft s/n 11111 onwards. Also, many earlier aircraft have since been modified by means of a Service Bulletin.

Main Cabin Door

  • To open (NORMAL): press lock release lever down, move handle to unlocked "OPEN" position, press door "OPEN" button and continue to depress until door actuator stops and door is in complete open position.
  • To close (NORMAL): ensure handrails are connected, press door "CLOSE" button until door is fully closed, move handle down to LOCKED position. (Red lock rollers must be checked that they are in the full up position - safe position, this is to be done visually without pushing the thumb lever up and down). Both F/A's must verify that the door is properly closed and locked. Physically move the handle back and forth to ensure mechanical lock is in place, without pushing the thumb lever and always looking at the lock roller.
  • To open (EMERGENCY): depress "LOCK LEVER" down, force handle upwards as far as movement will allow to "EMERGENCY OPEN", continue to hold the handle at "EMERGENCY OPEN", push outwards on upper portion of stairs.
  • Slide Deployment: open slide pack storage box and put slide pack in "ready" position, lock box cover to floor fitting, open velcro cover, kick slide pack out of door, pull inflation handle.
  • Single lane slide.

Overwing Window Exits

  • 2 overwing window exits, L/R overwing area.
  • To open: break cover, grasp handle, pull downward, pull exit inward, turn exit sideways and throw outside of aircraft, break cover and remove escape rope from overhead compartment and throw out over the leading edge of wing.

References

  • Fokker F-28 Pilots Manual
  • Fokker F-28 Operating Manual
  • Fokker Aircraft Certification Dept.
  • Canadian Regional F/A Manual

Challenger 601 Door Exit (Type I)

  • Passenger/Crew Entrance door hinged at bottom. Opens outward and downward. Fitted with integral stairs.
  • Single lever internal handle is pulled upward fully, unlatches door allowing it to be opened when pushed outward.
  • Door is opened and closed manually.

Overwing Exit (Type III)

  • 1 overwing exit, located on right hand side overwing.
  • Remove cover, pull control handle, lift up exit, throw exit out.

References

  • Canadair Challenger Operating Manual
  • Execaire Inc. F/A Manual

Falcon 900 Door Exit (Type I)

  • H - 1.72 m (5 ft 7.75 in) W - 0.80 m (2 ft 7.5 in)
  • 1 entry door hinged at bottom opens outward and downward and is fitted with integral stairs.
  • To open: move door mounted handle upwards, move operating handle to "UNLOCK" position and push door outward.
  • When door is closed and locked, check that arrows are aligned on the upper door corner to indicate correct locked position of the handle.

Overwing Exit (Type I)

  • H - 0.91 m (2 ft 11.7 5in) W - 0.53 m (1 ft 8.5 in),
  • 1 overwing exit, located right hand side overwing.
  • To open: remove ledge at bottom of window, remove cover, pull control handle, lift exit up, throw out.
  • Lifeline stowed in pouch adjacent to exit.

References

  • Mystere - Falcon 900 Operating Manual (Description)
  • Execaire Inc. F/A Manual

Canadair RJ Passenger Door

  • FWD port side of fuselage.
  • H - 178 cm (70 in) W - 91 cm (36 in) Type 1
  • Incorporates integral stairs with a retractable top and bottom step and two folding handrails
  • Opens outward and downward.
  • Opened by lifting upwards on door operating handle.
  • Approximate force required to move door-operating handle from closed to open position: 7.27 kg (16 lbs). Approximate outward force required to open door: 6.81 kg (15 lbs).
  • Door is then pushed outwards and downwards (dampened by counterbalance gas springs).
  • Handrails secured - both pins in place thrum posts.
  • Maximum number of persons permitted on stair - 4.
  • Door closed by; unpin handrails and pull door upwards and inwards using levers and grips.
  • Rotate handle downward to locked position.
  • Visual indications of proper "door latched": Upper rotary latches (2) red stripes must be visible and aligned Latch pins (3 FWD, 3 AFT), red stripes must be visible.

Galley Service Door

  • FWD starboard side of fuselage.
  • H - 122 cm (48 in) W - 61 cm (24 in) Type 1
  • Plug type door, outward opening with an initial inward opening and upward movement.
  • Door has an articulated hinge and upper stabilizer arm.
  • Door operating handle rotates clockwise to unlock (OPEN) and counter clockwise to lock (CLOSE).
  • Door operating handle is pushed and rotated clockwise away from the guard, disengaging two latch pins and raising the door to a position free from the door stops.
  • Approximate force required to move handle away from guard and rotate from the closed to the open position: 13.63 kg (30 lbs). Approximate force required to push door outward and forward of exit opening: 4.54 kg (10 lbs).
  • Push outward and forward and when stowed adjacent to the fuselage is locked in position.
  • To close: pull the latch knob, door is then moved into the door opening and pulled in.
  • Rotate door operating handle counter clockwise to overcome the uplock spring detent.
  • Door slides downwards guided by rollers.
  • Continued rotation of the handle, engages the latch pins and positions the handle behind the guard.
  • Visual indication of door latched is indicated by a green mark alignment seen through the visual indication window located below the internal door handle.

Canadair RJ Overwing Exits

  • 1 overwing exit on either side.
  • H - 91 cm (36 in) W - 51 cm (20 in) Type III.
  • Approximate weight: 16.8 kg (35 lbs). Approximate force required to pull exit operating handle from closed/locked position to open: 11.36 kg (25 lbs).
  • Both open inward and can be opened from inside and outside.
  • Pull inward on exit operating handle, lift exit inward using handle (assist) grip on lower portion of each unit.

References

  • Canadair Region Jet - Flight Crew Operating Manual CSP A-013
  • Bombardier Inc./Canadair Group - Airworthiness Dept.

DHC-7 Door Exit

  • AFT Port H - 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in) W - 0.76 m (2 ft 6 in)
  • 2 independently and manually operated sections, a small upper section hinged at its upper edge and opens outward and upward a main lower section, hinged at its lower edge to a torque shaft below the door sill and which opens outward and downward.
  • Spring motor and damper assembly provides door restraint during opening (downward motion).
  • Inflation and deflation of the door seal is automatic in operation, charging and discharging of air pressure occurring simultaneously with door lock operation.
  • To open the lower door from inside, the internal handle (located at floor level) must be pulled upward to the limit of its travel to unlock and displace the door, it will then open under its own weight and the handrails unfold.
  • In the opening process the door control handle should be raised initially a couple of inches to break the pressure seal.
  • Once the lower portion of the door is open, the upper section must be opened by moving the handle in the direction of the arrow and pushing outward and upward.

Note: In EMERGENCY conditions the upper section remains closed.

  • FWD Emergency Exits, Type III (one on either side) H - 0.91 m (3 ft 0 in) W - 0.51 m (1 ft 8 in).
  • To open, the control handle above the window is pulled inward and downward. The exit is pulled upward and inward, tipped sideways and thrown out
  • Rear Starboard Emergency Exit, H - 1.35 m (4 ft 5 in) W - 0.61 m (2 ft 0 in) full floor level exit, which drops out of the aircraft, once it is open. Two inspection windows are provided for verification of the door locked condition and a micro-switch.
  • To open, one hand is placed in the assist handle located on the right side of the door and the other is placed under the operation handle located on the left side. Pull up on the door control handle and the assist handle at the same time, lift up the exit and push the door out.

Note: There appears to be some variance on location of exits depending upon the actual model being operated. Some models are operated in mixed (COMBI) configurations.

References

  • DeHavilland Canada Dash 7 Operating Data
  • Voyageur Airways Cabin Attendant Manual

DHC-8-100 Door Exit

  • FWD left, fitted with stair assembly H - 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) W - 0.76 m (2 ft 6 in). Door is opened/closed manually. Door open motion is upward, outward and downward and extends under it's own weight.
  • 2 positions Door Control Handle (Internal Operating Handle) OPEN/LOCKED located on upper third area of adjacent blkhd. Movement is Upward/Outboard.
  • To open: move Operating Handle upwards from LOCKED to OPEN Initially handle is to be raised approximately 2-4 inches and held for 2-4 seconds (to allow door seal to depressurize). Handle is then moved to the end of it's travel (OPEN) so the door slowly "free falls" to the open position.
  • After the stairs/door is fully extended they are locked into position by the operator stepping downward on the top step.
  • EMERGENCY door operation - the main entry door is operated in the same manner as described above with the exception of the pause in handle movement to allow for seal deflation. The door operating handle should be immediately pushed upwards to the full open position and the door/stairs are pushed outward. Operator should again step downward on top step to lock door stairs into open position.

FWD (Starboard) Emergency Exit

  • Floor level exit - H - 54 in. W - 20 in.
  • To open: pull fully inward and downward on Door Control (Operating) Handle. One hand on control handles the other placed in/on lower assist handle.
  • Exit is lifted into cabin (thrown out).

Window Exits

  • 2 window exits, located mid-cabin 1 on either side (port/starboard).
  • H - 36 in. W - 20 in. Operated in similar manner to FWD Emergency Exits. Door Control (Operating) Handle is pulled fully inward and downward. Exit is lifted into cabin (thrown out).

Note: Interesting to note that if upon first attempt the exit(s) do not move in NORMAL/EMERGENCY modes (all Dash models). It may be because the cabin is still pressurized. This would be confirmed by the noise of cabin air escaping through the venting dish(s). Air noise will subside as the cabin is depressurized.

References

  • DeHavilland Inc. Dash 8-100 Operating Data
  • Air Ontario F/A Manual
  • Air Nova F/A Manual
  • TimeAir F/A Manual
  • Air Atlantic F/A Manual
  • Air BC F/A Manual
  • Canadian Regional F/A Manual

DHC-8-300

  • Door Exit FWD left, same in design and operation NORMAL and EMERGENCY as DHC-8-100.
  • Window Exits, same in design and operation as DHC-8-300.
  • FWD (Starboard) Emergency Exit H - 54 in, W - 24 in. Pull "UP" fully on Door Control (Operating) Handle (left side of exit) Exit will lift slightly upward. Push out on exit. Exit will fall "OUT" of aircraft.

Service Door (if installed)

  • AFT starboard location, floor level, designed to facilitate access to aft galley unit.
  • "Door is not considered an emergency exit, however may be used as an alternate route of escape should no other means me available". Quoted from an air operator flight attendant manual, not from manufacturers' publication.
  • Plug type and opens inward and upwards along tracks on ceiling.
  • To open: operating handle is turned counter-clockwise in the direction of arrow. Exit will move inward and then is manually slid (lifted) upwards fully. Ensure "gust lock" device engages to lock door into the overhead position.
  • After closing the door, ensure that the "Red Dot" on the operating handle is aligned with the "Red Dot" at the handle-closed position on the door.

References

  • DeHavilland Inc Dash 8 Series 300 Operating Data
  • Air Ontario F/A Manual
  • Canadian Regional F/A Manual
  • Air BC F/A Manual
  • Air Atlantic F/A Manual

Gulfstream 159 (G-159) Door Exit (Type I)

  • H - 1.72 m (5 ft 2 in) W - 0.91 m (3 ft 0 in)
  • 1 located on FWD left hand side. Door is hinged at bottom and opens outward and downward and is fitted with integral stairs.
  • To open: raise red latch, push door control handle upward and push door out.
  • To close: push switch upward, once door is closed, raise red latch, pull door control handle down to lock door.

Overwing Exit (Type IV)

  • 4 overwing exits, 2 on each side of cabin.
  • To open: draw shade upward; push adjacent seat backs down FWD. Remove plastic cover over handle, pull red "T" handle downward grasp red handles on each side and pull window inward.

Baggage Compartment Door Exit

  • Outward opening, plug type door.
  • To open: pull striped handle up, pull red handle up, push door outward.

References

  • Gulfstream 1 Airplane Operating Manual
  • Execaire F/A Manual
  • Ptarmigan Airways F/A Manual

F-27 Passenger Entry Door

  • To open: press button in center of handle in clockwise direction (app. 45 degrees, pull top of door inwards, lift and pull bottom of door inwards, slide door to rear until spring-loaded retaining mechanism is engaged.
  • To close: slide door forward to the stop, with the top resting inwards, lift and push bottom of door outwards into frame, press button in handle center and rotate handle counter-clockwise until button again protrudes check that handle is securely locked.
  • Door can be opened from outside as well.
  • Passenger Entry Door (Jammed Sliding Mechanism) - press center button and rotate handle fully clockwise to withdraw lock pins, break window and press Emergency Button (red) to disengage door from rail, pull inside and turn over to remove it from aircraft.
  • Some models equipped with integral stairs, in this configuration door opening procedure is different from that previously described.
  • If stairs equipped: depress button on end of door operating handle and rotate handle inward and fully upward, push outward on stair assembly.

Window Exits

  • 2 window exits, one on either side port/starboard.
  • To open: remove cover, pull inward on door operating handle, lift exit into aircraft, turn sideways and throw out.

Service Door

  • May be same as operation as Small Cargo Door A.
  • Remove cover, rotate door-operating handle inward and aft, lift door inward and throw out of aircraft.

Small Cargo Door (if installed) Door A

  • FWD port side of fuselage.
  • To open: push in red button in center of door operating handle and rotate handle (clockwise), pull door inward and slide upwards to fully open position.

OR (Some Models) Door B

  • To open: rotate door operating handle inward and aft, swing door outward and forward.

Reference

  • Fokker F-27 Operating Manual

ATR-42

  • 5 emergency exits in the cabin: 1) Entry Door, 2) Service Door, 3) Cargo Compartment Door, and 2 Window Type Exits.
  • Emergency situations, all exits are used as emergency exits.
  • No difference in operations (Normal/Emergency) L/R aft cabin doors.

Entry Door

  • AFT port side of aircraft.
  • Outward opening, non-plug type door.
  • Equipped with five integral steps and a sixth top-folding step.
  • Handrail attached to the stair structure extends automatically when it is on the ground, a second handrail, stowed either in the aft cargo compartment or on the aft partition, is to be installed for boarding/deplaning.
  • To open and unlock: lift door locking handle, door lock indicators turn red and indicate UNLOCKED, push door outward.
  • To close: remove portable handrail and stow, grasp door control handle and push down, restow portable handrail strut, when door is in frame, grab door locking handle, lower it, door locking indicators turn green and indicate LOCKED.

Service Door

  • Located AFT starboard side of fuselage.
  • Used for galley servicing and as an emergency exit.
  • To open: pull inner handle inwards and rotate 90 degrees counter-clockwise, (door lock indicators turn red), push door outwards, rotate door forward and against fuselage until locked (outer handle engages in the retaining hook).

Emergency Window Exits

  • 2 emergency window exits, located FWD (left and right).
  • To open: insert finger into hole of plastic cover and pull off, grasp handle, insert hand in assist hole, pull the control handle down, lift exit inward.

References

  • ATR42 Flight Crew Operating Manual
  • Canadian Partner F/A Manual

SD3-60 Main Cabin Door

  • AFT cabin port side.
  • To open (NORMAL): release stairs from cradle by pushing up the lever on the side of stairs, then pull stairs up, and lower down to release.
  • Operation (EMERGENCY): leave stairs attached to the door (this will allow for a clear exit area when the door is opened), rotate door control handle upward, door swings outward and forward, ensure door is in full open and latched position.
  • To close: release safety latch on door and pull closed, rotate door control handle downward to locked position.

Rear Emergency Exit Door

  • AFT cabin starboard side of fuselage.
  • To open: rotate handle upward and push door outward and forward until it is in the full open and latched position.
  • Door remains attached to aircraft

Window Exits

  • 2 window exits, located FWD 1 each port and starboard.
  • To open: rotate handle upward and push exit out and forward to the full open and latched position.
  • Windows remain attached to the aircraft.

Reference

  • Canadian Regional F/A Manual

CV-580/440/640 Main Entry Door

  • FWD port side fuselage, equipped with retractable hydraulically operated stair.
  • This exit in not necessarily considered an EMERGENCY exit, as it may not open in an emergency situation due to electrical or hydraulic failure.
  • To open (NORMAL): ensure "Cabin Pressure Warning Light (Red) is not illuminated, remove safety strap from stair (if app.), move interior locking handle outward (FWD) to OPEN position, open compartment and press stair selector button/valve down until the door is open and the stairs are at the end of their travel.
  • To close: hold the valve selector up in the CLOSE position until stairs have fully retracted and door is fully closed, pull the interior locking handle inward to CLOSED position, attach safety strap to stairs (if app.). Visually check both doors "Hooks" are in place.
  • Some models equipped with Emergency Stair Release Handle located in lavatory behind refuse container or in compartment just aft of door. Move interior locking handle outward to OPEN position, pull the red "T" handle fully inward maintain pull pressure and push stairs outward. As the stairs begin to move outward they will push the door open.

Service Door

  • AFT port side of fuselage.
  • Equipped with "auto" inflate slide which is armed/disarmed for departure/arrival. Slide is equipped with manual back-up inflation handle (some models equipped with non-inflatable slides).
  • Slide girt bar is removed from container and secured into floor fittings.
  • To open (EMERGENCY): rotate Door Control Handle clockwise (direction of arrow) (some models have plastic handle over DCH) to "OPEN" position, push door out and forward and ensure gust lock engages, pull manual inflation handle until it comes completely free.
  • To close (NORMAL): pull gust lock release lever, pull door "in" to the cabin, rotate door handle counter-clockwise until the handle comes to the end of its travel and is pointing to the "LOCKED" placard, physically check all four door hooks are properly in place (on some models door hook covers must be opened at the bottom of the door and a flashlight is used to visually ensure that the hooks are in their proper position).
  • Some operators specify procedures for use of slide as flotation device in ditching situation.

Window Exits

  • 5 window exits, 4 located over wing and 1 AFT of starboard wing.
  • Some models equipped with "access cover" over release handle.
  • To open (EMERGENCY): remove access cover over handle, or insert fingers through access cover flap, pull operating handle inward and downward, pull window into aircraft, turn sideways and throw out.
  • Some window exits equipped with escape ropes.

References

  • Allison Division GMC Prop-Jet Convair Flight Manual
  • Air Niagara Cabin Crew Manual
  • Canadian Regional F/A Manual

HS-748 Passenger Door/AFT Baggage Door

  • AFT port side of fuselage.
  • H - 1.57 m (5 ft 2 in) W - 0.76 m (2 ft 4 in).
  • To open: lift plastic cover, pull handle in and down, push door out and slide forward by using the assist handle and lock against the fuselage by turning the assist handle.
  • There are two main locking systems on every door, however due to the location of the aft baggage door it is equipped with a tertiary locking method to ensure the door will not be tampered with in-flight (Pressure Locks and Speed Locks).
  • Some models equipped with non-inflatable slides - under floor or in ceiling compartment.
  • Some models equipped with auto inflate slide (manual back up handle). Slide is armed by lifting girt bar locking arms off slide pack hooks, swing girt bar down towards floor so that engagement spigots engage with spigot cups in floor, close locking arms to lock spigots onto spigot cups and to push locking slide fully towards door plunger, pull up on girt bar assembly to ensure it is secure, to disarm, unlock girt bar locking arms, gently lift up the girt bar, releasing the spigots from the spigot cups, replace the girt bar locking arms on the restraining hooks on the slide pack.
  • Some models equipped with door mounted slides (Auto Inflate feature with back up Manual Inflation Handle).
  • Some models equipped with stowable type of stairs assembly.

Crew/Freight Door

  • Some models equipped with; FWD port side.
  • Some models equipped with folding stairs.
  • Located in forward cargo compartment.
  • Used as a secondary exit.
  • Door motion is outward and upward.
  • To open: lift plastic cover, pull handle in and down, push lever down to raise door, lock door open, push stairs out.
  • To close: raise stairs, push down on lever to release tension on the locking pin, pull up on the lever to close door, pull in and up on handle, to lock door closed (claws will extend over the plates of the door frame).

Overwing Exits

  • 2 overwing exits, one on each side port/starboard over wing area.
  • To open: lift flap, pull handle inward and downward, push window out.
  • Variation in slides (door mount, floor mount, inflatable/non-inflatable).
  • Some models operated in COMBI configurations.
  • Some models equipped with sliding cargo door (AFT).

References

  • Bradley Air Services /First Air Cabin Attendant Manual
  • Hawker Siddeley 748 Maintenance Manual

EMB-120 Passenger Entry Door

  • FWD port side of fuselage.
  • Hinged at bottom and equipped with five folding steps, opens outward and downward.
  • No difference in operation between NORMAL and EMERGENCY.
  • To open: lift door-locking handles, push door outwards and let it fall down.
  • To close: press door control button down until door rises up into frame, pull door in using assist handle, lock the door by pulling the door locking handle down, verify door is locked by checking the red bands on the door and door frame are aligned.

Emergency Exits

  • 3 emergency exits, one on each side overwing, and one floor level exit starboard.
  • To open: remove plastic cover, grasp handle, grasp assist handle with other hand, pull handle inward to unlock the latch, pull top of exit inward and then lift the exit out of the frame, rotate the exit and throw it outside of the aircraft.

Cargo Door

  • AFT port side of fuselage.
  • Can be opened only from exterior.

DC-3 Main Cabin Door

  • Generally located aft port side of fuselage. Some may have MCD on starboard side.
  • Equipped with integral stairs.
  • Door is hinged at bottom and opens outward and downward.
  • To open (NORMAL and EMERGENCY operation same): unlock latch (left side of door), safety chain will fall free, turn door handle clockwise and push door out.
  • To close: pull door up using safety chain, turn door handle counter clockwise, attach chain to latch.
  • Some models equipped with large freight door and portable stairs - door swings outward and forward.

Note: The safety chain is a short chain fastened, inside the cabin, to a metal latch as the final step in closing a door with integral stairs. It is released as the first step when opening the door. In a planned emergency situation, the chain is released as part of exit preparation. The other chain referred to is a long chain used as a handhold when using the stairs.

Window Exits

  • 2 or more window exits located overwing, one on either side port and starboard, 1 located starboard side aft of wing. To open: remove plastic cover, turn handle clockwise (breaking the witness wire), push window upward and out (window is hinged at the top, but must be supported in the open position).

References

  • DC-3 Maintenance Manual
  • Sioux Narrows Airways F/A Manual

DC-4 Main Cabin Door

  • Located AFT port side of fuselage.
  • Door opens outward and forward of opening.
  • Equipped with non-inflatable slide, which is armed by attaching the slide strap hooks to the corresponding attachment points located on the fuselage wall immediately FWD and AFT of the door and the two floor mounted attachment points.
  • To open (EMERGENCY): rotate both door control handles upwards to the 90-degree position, push door out.
  • Ditching Rope located behind a panel immediately above and slightly forward of the door (used to lower the first two evacuees) to assist in holding the non-inflatable slide (Apron) for evacuation.

Forward Entry Door

  • Located directly behind the first officer's seat on the starboard side of the aircraft flight deck.
  • To open: rotate the door control handle up to the open position and pull the door in and forward. Secure the door in the open position.

Emergency Exit Windows

  • 4 emergency exit windows, 2 starboard and 2 port side of fuselage.
  • To open: turn the handle clockwise (breaking the witness wire), swing the window inward and upward fully until the hinges disengage and the window falls free (windows can only be opened from inside the aircraft).
  • 2 AFT window exits equipped with "Ditching Ropes".

References

  • DC-4 Aircraft Operating Manual
  • Air North Charter and Training Ltd F/A Manual
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