Section 1: Air Law and Procedures

Some Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) refer to their associated standards. Questions from the CARs may test knowledge from the regulation or the standard.

S and RG   SUBJECT
 
CANADIAN AVIATION REGULATIONS (CARs)
 
1.1   PART I - GENERAL PROVISIONS
 
1.1.1   101 - DEFINITION
 
.1   101.01 Definitions
 
1.1.2   103 - ADMINISTRATION AND COMPLIANCE
 
.1   103.02 Inspection of Aircraft, Requests for Production of Documents and Prohibitions
.2   103.03 Return of Canadian Aviation Documents
.3   103.04 Record Keeping
 
1.2   PART III - AERODROMES AND AIRPORTS
 
1.2.1   300 - INTERPRETATION
 
.1   300.01 Interpretation
 
1.2.2   301 - AERODROMES
 
.1   301.01 Application
.2   301.04 Markers and Markings
.3   301.06 Wind Direction Indicator
.4   301.07 Lighting
.5   301.08 Prohibitions
.6   301.09 Fire Prevention
 
1.2.3   302 - AIRPORTS
 
.1   302.10 Prohibitions
.2   302.11 Fire Prevention
 
1.4   PART VI - GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES
 
1.4.1   600 - INTERPRETATION
 
.1   600.01 Interpretation
 
1.4.2   601 - AIRSPACE STRUCTURE, CLASSIFICATION AND USE
 
.1   601.01 Airspace Structure
.2   601.02 Airspace Classification
.3   601.03 Transponder Airspace
.4   601.04 IFR or VFR Flight in Class F Special Use Restricted Airspace or Class F Special Use Advisory Airspace
.5   601.05 IFR Flight in Class A, B, C, D or E Airspace or Class F Special Use Restricted or Advisory Controlled Airspace
.6   601.06 VFR Flight in Class A Airspace
.7   601.07 VFR Flight in Class B Airspace
.8   601.08 VFR Flight in Class C Airspace
.9   601.09 VFR Flight in Class D Airspace
.10   601.14 Interpretation
.11   601.15 Forest Fire Aircraft Operating Restrictions
.12   601.16 Issuance of NOTAM for Forest Fire Aircraft Operating Restrictions
.13   601.17 Exceptions
 
1.4.3   602 - OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES
 
GENERAL
 
.1   602.01 Reckless or Negligent Operation of Aircraft
.2   602.02 Fitness of Flight Crew Members
.3   602.03 Alcohol or Drugs - Crew Members
.4   602.04 Alcohol or Drugs - Passengers
.5   602.06 Smoking
.6   602.07 Aircraft Operating Limitations
.7   602.08 Portable Electronic Devices
.8   602.09 Fueling with Engines Running
.9   602.10 Starting and Ground Running of Aircraft Engine
.10   602.11 Aircraft Icing
.11   602.12 Overflight of Built-up Areas or Open-Air Assemblies of Persons during Take-offs, Approaches and Landings
.12   602.13 Take-offs, Approaches and Landings within Built-up Areas of Cities and Towns
.13   602.14 Minimum Altitudes and Distances
.14   602.15 Permissible Low Altitude Flight
.15   602.17 Carriage of Persons during Low Altitude Flight
.16   602.19 Right-of-Way - General
.17   602.20 Right-of-Way - Aircraft Manoeuvering on Water
.18   602.21 Avoidance of Collision
.19   602.22 Towing
.20   602.23 Dropping of Objects
.21   602.24 Formation Flight
.22   602.25 Entering or Leaving an Aircraft in Flight
.23   602.26 Parachute Descents
.24   602.27 Aerobatic Maneuvers - Prohibited Areas and Flight Conditions
.25   602.28 Aerobatic Maneuvers with Passengers
.26   602.30 Fuel Dumping
.27   602.31 Compliance with Air Traffic Control Instructions and Clearances
.28   602.32 Airspeed Limitations
.29   602.33 Supersonic Flight
.30   602.34 Cruising Altitudes and Cruising Flight Levels
.31   602.35 Altimeter Setting and Operating Procedures in the Altimeter-Setting Region
.32   602.36 Altimeter setting and Operating Procedures in the Standard Pressure Region
.33   602.37 Altimeter setting and Operating Procedures in Transition between Regions
.34   602.38 Flight over the High Seas
.35   602.39 Transoceanic Flight
.36   602.40 Landing at or Take-off from an Aerodrome at Night
 
    OPERATIONAL AND EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS
 
.37   602.58 Prohibition
.38   602.59 Equipment Standards
.39   602.60 Requirements for Power-driven Aircraft
.40   602.61 Survival Equipment - Flights Over Land
.41   602.62 Life Preservers and Flotation Devices
.42   602.63 Life Rafts and Survival Equipment - Flights over Water
 
    FLIGHT PREPARATION, FLIGHT PLANS AND FLIGHT ITINERARIES
 
.43   602.70 Interpretation
.44   602.71 Pre-flight Information
.45   602.72 Weather Information
.46   602.73 Requirement to File a Flight Plan or a Flight Itinerary
.47   602.74 Contents of a Flight Plan or Flight Itinerary
.48   602.75 Filing of a Flight Plan or Flight Itinerary
.49   602.76 Changes in the Flight Plan
.50   602.77 Requirement to File an Arrival Report
.51   602.78 Contents of an Arrival Report
.52   602.79 Overdue Aircraft Report
.53   602.86 Carry-on Baggage, Equipment and Cargo
.54   602.87 Crew Member Instructions
.55   602.88 Fuel Requirements
.56   602.89 Passenger Briefings
 
    OPERATIONS AT OR IN THE VICINITY OF AN AERODROME
 
.57   602.96 General
.58   602.97 VFR and IFR Aircraft Operations at Uncontrolled Aerodromes within an MF Area
.59   602.98 General MF Reporting Requirements
.60   602.99 MF Reporting Procedures before Entering  Maneuvering Area
.61   602.100 MF Reporting Procedures on Departure
.62   602.101> MF Reporting Procedures on Arrival
.63   602.102 MF Reporting Procedures When Flying Continuous Circuits
.64   602.103 Reporting Procedures When Flying Through an MF Area
.65   602.104 Reporting Procedures for IFR Aircraft When Approaching or Landing at an Uncontrolled Aerodrome
.66   602.105 Noise Operating Criteria
.67   602.106 Noise-Restricted Runways
 
    VISUAL FLIGHT RULES
 
.68   602.114 Minimum Visual Meteorological Conditions for VFR Flight in Controlled Airspace
.69   602.115 Minimum Visual Meteorological Conditions for VFR Flight in Uncontrolled Airspace
.70   602.116 VFR Over-the-Top
.71   602.117 Special VFR Flight
 
    INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES
 
.72   602.121 General Requirements
.73   602.122 Alternate Aerodrome Requirements
.74   602.123 Alternate Aerodrome Weather
.75   602.124 Minimum Altitudes to Ensure Obstacle Clearance
.76   602.125 Enroute IFR Position Reports
.77   602.126 Take-off Minima
.78   602.127 Instrument Approaches
.79   602.128 Landing Minima
.80   602.129 Approach Ban - General
.81   602.130 Approach Ban - Cat III
 
    RADIOCOMMUNICATIONS
 
.82   602.136 Continuous Listening Watch
.83   602.137 Two-way Radio communication Failure in IFR Flight
.84   602.138 Two-way Radio communication Failure in VFR Flight
 
    EMERGENCY COMMUNICATION AND SECURITY
 
.85   602.143 Emergency Radio Frequency Capability
.86   602.144 Interception Signals, Interception of Aircraft and Instructions to Land
.87   602.145 ADIZ
.88   602.146 ESCAT (SCATANA) Plan
 
1.4.4   604 - PRIVATE OPERATOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION
 
    GENERAL
 
.1   604.01 Application
 
    FLIGHT OPERATIONS
 
.2   604.10 Checklist
.3   604.11 Operational Flight Data Sheet
.4   604.12 VFR Flight Minimum Flight Visibility - Uncontrolled Airspace
.5   604.13 No Alternate Aerodrome - IFR Flight
.6   604.14 Take-off Minima
.7   604.15 Instrument Approach Procedures
.8   604.16 Flight Attendant Requirement
.9   604.17 Cabin Safety Procedures
.10   604.18 Briefing of Passengers
 
    FLIGHT TIME AND FLIGHT DUTY TIME LIMITATIONS AND REST PERIODS
 
.11   604.26 Flight Time Limitations
.12   604.27 Flight Duty Time Limitations and Rest Periods
.13   604.28 Split Flight Duty Time
.14   604.29 Extension of Flight Duty Time
.15   604.30 Unforeseen Operational Circumstances
.16   604.31 Delayed Reporting Time
.17   604.32 Requirements for Time Free from Duty
.18   604.33 Flight Crew Positioning
 
    EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
 
.19   604.38 Survival Equipment
.20   604.39 First Aid Kits
.21   604.40 Protective Breathing Equipment
.22   604.41 Hand-held Fire Extinguishers
 
    PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS
 
.23   604.65 Designation of Pilot-in-command and Second-in-command
.24   604.66 Crew Member Qualifications
.25   604.68 Validity Period
.26   604.73 Training Program
 
    MANUALS
 
.27   604.80 Requirements Relating to Operations Manual
.28   604.81 Contents of Operations Manual
.29   604.82 Distribution of Operations Manual
.30   604.83 Aircraft Operating Manual
.31   604.84 Standard Operating Procedures
 
1.4.5   605 - AIRCRAFT REQUIREMENTS
 
    GENERAL
 
.1   605.03 Flight Authority
.2   605.04 Availability of Aircraft Flight Manual
.3   605.05 Markings and Placards
.4   605.06 Aircraft Equipment Standards and Serviceability
.5   605.07 Minimum Equipment Lists
.6   605.08 Unserviceable and Removed Equipment - General
.7   605.09 Unserviceable and Removed Equipment - Aircraft with a Minimum Equipment List
.8   605.10 Unserviceable and Removed Equipment - Aircraft without a Minimum Equipment List
 
    AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS
 
.9   605.14 Power-driven Aircraft - Day VFR
.10   605.15 Power-driven Aircraft - VFR OTT
.11   605.16 Power-driven Aircraft - Night VFR
.12   605.17 Use of Position and Anti-collision Lights
.13   605.22 Seat and Safety-Belt Requirements
.14   605.23 Restraint System Requirements
.15   605.24 Shoulder Harness Requirements
.16   605.25 General Use of Safety Belts and Restraints System
.17   605.26 Use of Passenger Safety Belts and Restraint Systems
.18   605.27 Use of Crew Member Safety Belts
.19   605.28 Child Restraint System
.20   605.29 Flight Control Locks
.21   605.30 De-icing or Anti-icing Equipment
.22   605.31 Oxygen Equipment and Supply
.23   605.32 Use of Oxygen
.24   605.33 Flight Data Recorder and Cockpit Voice Recorder Requirements
.25   605.34 Use of Flight Data Recorders and Cockpit Voice Recorders
.26   605.35 Transponder and Automatic Pressure-Altitude Reporting Equipment
.27   605.36 Altitude Alerting System or Device
.28   605.37 Ground Proximity Warning System
.29   605.38 ELT
.30   605.39 Use of ELTs
.31   605.40 ELT Activation
.32   605.41 Standby Attitude Indicator
.33   605.84 Aircraft Maintenance - General
.34   605.85 Maintenance Release and Elementary Work
.35   605.86 Maintenance Schedule
.36   605.87 Transfer of Aeronautical Products Between Maintenance Schedules
.37   605.88 Inspection after Abnormal Occurrences
 
    TECHNICAL RECORD
 
.38   605.93 Technical Records - General
.39   605.94 Journey Log Requirements
.40   605.95 Journey Log - Carrying on Board
.41   605.96 Requirements for Technical Records Other Than the Journey Log
.42   605.97 Transfer of Records
 
1.5   PART VII - COMMERCIAL AIR SERVICES
 
1.5.1   700 - COMMERCIAL AIR SERVICES
 
    GENERAL
 
.1   700.01 Definitions
 
    FLIGHT TIME AND FLIGHT DUTY TIME LIMITATIONS AND REST PERIODS
 
.2   700.15 Flight Time Limitations
.3   700.16 Flight Duty Time Limitations and Rest Periods
.4   700.17 Unforeseen Operational Circumstances
.5   700.18 Delayed Reporting Time
.6   700.19 Requirements for Time Free from Duty
.7   700.20 Flight Crew Positioning
.8   700.21 Flight Crew Members on Reserve
.9   700.22 Long Range Flights
.10   700.23 Controlled Rest on the Flight Deck
 
1.5.4   704 - COMMUTER OPERATIONS
 
    GENERAL
 
.1   704.01 Application
 
    FLIGHT OPERATIONS
 
.2   704.12 Operating Instructions
.3   704.13 General Operational Information
.4   704.16 Flight Authorization
.5   704.17 Operational Flight Plan
.6   704.19 Checklist
.7   704.20 Fuel Requirements
.8   704.22 Simulations of Emergency Situations
.9   704.23 VFR Flight Obstacle Clearance Requirements
.10   704.24 VFR Flight Minimum Flight Visibility - Uncontrolled Airspace
.11   704.25 VFR Flight Weather Conditions
.12   704.26 Take-off Minima
.13   704.27 No Alternate Aerodrome - IFR Flight
.14   704.29 Routes in Uncontrolled Airspace
.15   704.30 Instrument Approach Procedures
.16   704.32 Weight and Balance Control
.17   704.33 Apron and Cabin Safety Procedures
.18   704.34 Briefing of Passengers
 
    AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE OPERATION LIMITATIONS
 
.19   704.46 Take-off Weight Limitations
.20   704.47 Net Take-Off Flight Path
.21   704.48 Enroute Limitations with One Engine Inoperative
.22   704.49 Dispatch Limitations: Landing at Destination and Alternate Aerodromes
.23   704.50 Dispatch Limitations: Wet Runway - Turbo-jet-powered Aeroplanes
 
    AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS
 
.24   704.62 General Requirements
.25   704.63 Operation of Aircraft in Icing Conditions
.26   704.64 Airborne Thunderstorm Detection and Weather Radar Equipment
.27   704.65 Additional Equipment for Single-Pilot Operations
.28   704.66 Protective Breathing Equipment
.29   704.67 First Aid Oxygen
.30   704.68 Shoulder Harness
 
    EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
 
.31   704.83 Hand-Held Fire Extinguisher
.32   704.84 Equipment Standards and Inspection
 
    PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS
 
.33   704.106 Minimum Crew
.34   704.107 Designation of Pilot-in-command and Second-in-command
.35   704.108 Flight Crew Member Qualifications
.36   704.111 Validity Period
 
    MANUALS
 
.37   704.122 Distribution of Company Operations Manual
.38   704.123 Aircraft Operating Manual
.39   704.124 Standard Operating Procedures
 
1.5.5   705 -  AIRLINE OPERATION
 
    GENERAL
 
.1   705.01 Application
 
    FLIGHT OPERATIONS
 
.2   705.16 Exceptions
.3   705.20 Operational Control System
.4   705.21 Flight Authorization
.5   705.22 Operational Flight Plan
.6   705.23 Maintenance of Aircraft
.7   705.24 Checklist
.8   705.25 Fuel Requirements
.9   705.26 Extended Range Twin-engined Operations
.10   705.27 Admission to the Flight Deck
.11   705.28 Seats for Cabin Safety Inspectors
.12   705.29 Flight Crew Members at Controls
.13   705.30 Simulation of Emergency Situations
.14   705.31 Crew Member Briefing
.15   705.32 VFR Flight Obstacle Clearance Requirements
.16   705.33 VFR Flight Weather Conditions
.17   705.34 Take-off Minima
.18   705.35 No Alternate Aerodrome - IFR Flight
.19   705.37 Routes in Uncontrolled Airspace
.20   705.38 Instrument Approach Procedures
.21   705.39 Weight and Balance Control
.22   705.40 Passenger and Cabin Safety Procedures
.23   705.42 Carry-on Baggage
.24   705.43 Briefing of Passengers
 
    AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE OPERATING LIMITATIONS
 
.25   705.55 General Requirements
.26   705.56 Take-off Weight Requirements
.27   705.57 Net Take-off Flight Path
.28   705.58 Enroute Limitations with One Engine Operative
.29   705.59 Enroute Limitations with Two Engines Inoperative
.30   705.60 Dispatch Limitations: Landing at Destination and Alternate Aerodromes
.31   705.61 Dispatch Limitations: Wet Runway - Turbo-jet-Powered Aeroplanes
 
    AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS
 
.32   705.67 General Requirements
.33   705.68 Landing Lights
.34   705.69 Operation of Aircraft in Icing Conditions
.35   705.70 Weather Radar Equipment
.36   705.71 Protective Breathing Equipment
.37   705.72 First Aid Oxygen
.38   705.73 Interphone System
.39   705.74 Public Address System
.40   705.75 Crew Member Shoulder Harness
.41   705.76 Lavatory Fire Protection
.42   705.78 Floor Proximity Emergency Escape Path Markings
.43   705.79 Flashlight Stowage
 
    EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
 
.44   705.89 Megaphones
.45   705.90 First Aid Kits
.46   705.91 Emergency Medical Kit
.47   705.92 Crash Axe
.48   705.93 Hand-held Fire Extinguishers
.49   705.94 Portable Oxygen
 
    PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS
 
.50   705.103 Designation of Pilot-in-command and Second-in-command
.51   705.104 Flight Attendant Requirements
.52   705.106 Pilot Qualifications
.53   705.107 Flight Engineer and Second Officer Qualifications
.54   705.108 Crew Pairing
.55   705.111 Route and Aerodrome Qualifications
.56   705.113 Validity Period
 
    MANUALS
 
.57   705.136 Distribution of Company Operations Manual
.58   705.137 Aircraft Operating Manual
.59   705.138 Standard Operating Procedures
 
1.6   NOTAM
    (proficiency level 5)
 
1.7   A.I.P. CANADA
    (proficiency level 5)
 
.1   A.I.P. Canada
.2   A.I.P. Supplements
.3   Aeronautical Information Circulars
.4   Aviation Notices
.5   AIRAC Canada
.6   CAP
.7   CFS
 
1.8   TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD OF CANADA (TSB) - A.I.P. CANADA, GEN 3.0
    (proficiency level 2)
 
1.9   AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES AND PROCEDURES
    (proficiency level 5)
 
.1   Air Traffic and Advisory Services
.2   Flight Service Stations
.3   Communications Procedures
.4   Radar Service
.5   ATC Clearances and Instructions
.6   ESCAT Plan (formerly SCATANA)
.7   Wake Turbulence Separation
.8   Airport/Aerodrome Operations - Uncontrolled
.9   Airport/Aerodrome Operations - Controlled
.10   Mandatory and Aerodrome Traffic Frequencies
.11   VFR En Route Procedures
.12   VFR Holding Procedures
.13   Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO)
.14   Clearway/Stopway
 
1.10   OPERATIONS IN HIGH LEVEL DOMESTIC AIRSPACE
    (proficiency level 4)
 
.1   Altimeter Setting Procedures
.2   Cruising Altitudes
.3   Mach Number/TAS Changes
.4   High Level Holding Procedures
.5   Profile Descent
.6   Leaving or Entering Uncontrolled Airspace
.7   Uncontrolled Airspace Procedures
 
1.11   CANADIAN MINIMUM NAVIGATION PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS (CMNPS) AIRSPACE
(proficiency level 5)
 
.1   General
.2   Partial or Complete Loss of Navigation Capability
.3   Position Reporting
 
1.12   CANADIAN MINIMUM NAVIGATION PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS (CMNPS) CERTIFICATION
(proficiency level 5)
 
.1   General
.2   Certification
.3   Navigation System Requirements
.4   Transition Between CMNPS Airspace and the Canadian Domestic Airway Structure
.5   Separation Minima
 
1.13   ATC SPECIAL PROCEDURES
    (proficiency level 5)
 
.1   Adherence to Mach Number
.2   Parallel and Offset Procedures
.3   Structured Airspace
.4   Required Navigation Performance Capability Airspace (RNPC)
.5   Canadian Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications Airspace (CMNPS)
.6   Canadian Domestic Routes
.7   Canadian Track Structures
.8   Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance Systems (TCAS)
.9   Declaring and Emergency
 
1.14   NORTH ATLANTIC OPERATIONS
    (proficiency level 5)
 
.1   General Aviation Aircraft
.2   North American Routes (NAR)
.3   NAT Organized Track System
.4   Flight Rules and Flight Planning Procedures
.5   Clearances, Position Reports, Communications Failure
.6   Transponder Operation
 
1.15   RVSM
    (proficiency level 5)
 
.1   General
.2   RVSM Airspace
.3   RVSM Transition Airspace
.4   Air Traffic Control (ATC) Procedures
.5   Aircraft Requirements
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