Section 1: Air Law and Procedures

CARs

Some Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) refer to their associated standards. Questions from the CARs may test knowledge from the regulation or the standard.

PART I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

  • 101 - INTERPRETATION
    • 101.01 Interpretation (Definitions)
  • 103 - ADMINISTRATION AND COMPLIANCE

COMPLIANCE

  • 103.02 Inspection of Aircraft, Requests for Production of Documents and Prohibitions
  • 103.03 Return of Canadian Aviation Documents
  • 103.04 Record Keeping

PART II - AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION AND REGISTRATION

  • 202 - AIRCRAFT MARKING AND REGISTRATION

AIRCRAFT MARKS

  • 202.01 Requirements for Marks on Aircraft

CERTIFICATES OF REGISTRATION

  • 202.26 Carrying Certificate of Registration on Board

TRANSFER OF LEGAL CUSTODY AND CONTROL

  • 202.35 General
  • 203 - OPERATION OF A LEASED AIRCRAFT BY A NON-REGISTERED OWNER
    • 203.02 Application
    • 203.03 Leasing Operations - General

PART III - AERODROMES AND AIRPORTS

  • 300 - INTERPRETATION
    • 300.01 Interpretation
  • 301 - AERODROMES
    • 301.01 Application
    • 301.04 Markers and Markings
    • 301.07 Lighting
    • 301.08 Prohibitions
    • 301.09 Fire Prevention
  • 302 - AIRPORTS
    • 302.10 Prohibitions
    • 302.11 Fire Prevention

PART IV - PERSONNEL LICENSING AND TRAINING

  • 400 - GENERAL
    • 400.01 Interpretation
  • 401 - FLIGHT CREW PERMITS, LICENCES AND RATINGS

GENERAL

  • 401.03 Requirement to Hold a Flight Crew Permit, Licence or Rating
  • 401.04 Flight Crew Members of Aircraft Registered in Contracting States Other Than Canada
  • 401.05 Recency Requirements
  • 401.08 Personal Logs

COMMERCIAL PILOT LICENCE - AEROPLANE

  • 401.30 Privileges
  • 404 - MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS

MEDICAL CERTIFICATE

  • 404.03 Requirement to Hold a Medical Certificate (MC)
  • 404.04 Issuance, Renewal and Validity Period of MC
  • 404.06 Prohibition Regarding Exercise of Privileges

MEDICAL EXAMINERS

  • 404.18 Permission to Continue to Exercise the Privileges of a Licence or Rating
  • 406 - FLIGHT TRAINING UNITS
    • 406.02 Application
    • 406.03 Requirement to Hold a Flight Training Unit Operating Certificate

PART VI - GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES

  • 600 - INTERPRETATION
    • 600.01 Interpretation
  • 601 - AIRSPACE

AIRSPACE STRUCTURE, CLASSIFICATION AND USE

  • 601.01 Airspace Structure
  • 601.02 Airspace Classification
  • 601.03 Transponder Airspace
  • 601.04 IFR or VFR Flight in Class F Special Use Restricted Airspace or Class F Special Use Advisory Airspace
  • 601.06 Visual Flight Rules (VFR) Flight in Class A Airspace
  • 601.07 VFR Flight in Class B Airspace
  • 601.08 VFR Flight in Class C Airspace
  • 601.09 VFR Flight in Class D Airspace

AIRCRAFT OPERATING RESTRICTIONS AND HAZARDS TO AVIATION SAFETY

  • 601.14 Interpreation
  • 601.15 Forest Fire Aircraft Operating Restrictions
  • 601.16 Issuance of NOTAM for Forest Fire
  • 601.17 Exceptions
  • 601.20 Projection of Directed Bright Light Source at an Aircraft
  • 602 - OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES

GENERAL

  • 602.01 Reckless or Negligent Operation of Aircraft
  • 602.02 Fitness of Flight Crew Members
  • 602.03 Alcohol or Drugs - Crew Members
  • 602.04 Alcohol or Drugs - Passengers
  • 602.05 Compliance with Instructions
  • 602.06 Smoking
  • 602.07 Aircraft Operating Limitations
  • 602.08 Portable Electronic Devices
  • 602.09 Fuelling with Engines Running
  • 602.10 Starting and Ground Running of Aircraft Engines
  • 602.11 Aircraft Icing
  • 602.12 Overflight of Built-up Areas or Open-air Assemblies of Persons during Take-offs, Approaches and Landings
  • 602.13 Take-offs, Approaches and Landing within Built-up Areas of Cities and Towns
  • 602.14 Minimum Altitudes and Distances
  • 602.15 Permissible Low Altitude Flight
  • 602.19 Right-of-Way - General
  • 602.20 Right-of-Way - Aircraft Manoeuvring on Water
  • 602.21 Avoidance of Collision
  • 602.22 Towing
  • 602.23 Dropping of Objects
  • 602.24 Formation Flight
  • 602.25 Entering or Leaving an Aircraft in Flight
  • 602.26 Parachute Descents
  • 602.27 Aerobatic Manoeuvres - Prohibited Areas and Flight Conditions
  • 602.28 Aerobatic Manoeuvres with Passengers
  • 602.30 Fuel Dumping
  • 602.31 Compliance with Air Traffic Control Instructions and Clearances
  • 602.32 Airspeed Limitations
  • 602.34 Cruising Altitudes and Cruising Flight Levels
  • 602.35 Altimeter Setting and Operating Procedures in the Altimeter-setting Region
  • 602.36 Altimeter Setting and Operating Procedures in the Standard Pressure Region
  • 602.37 Altimeter Setting and Operating Procedures in Transition Between Regions
  • 602.40 Landing at or Take-off from an Aerodrome at Night
  • 602.41 Unmanned Air Vehicles
  • 602.46 Refusal to Transport

OPERATIONAL AND EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS

  • 602.58 Prohibition
  • 602.59 Equipment Standards
  • 602.60 Requirements for Power-driven Aircraft
  • 602.61 Survival Equipment - Flights over Land
  • 602.62 Life Preservers and Flotation Devices
  • 602.63 Life Rafts and Survival Equipment - Flight over Water

FLIGHT PREPARATION, FLIGHT PLANS & FLIGHT ITINERARIES

  • 602.70 Interpretation - Definitions
  • 602.71 Pre-flight Information
  • 602.72 Weather Information
  • 602.73 Requirements to File a Flight Plan or a Flight Itinerary
  • 602.74 Contents of a Flight Plan or Flight Itinerary
  • 602.75 Filing of a Flight Plan or Flight Itinerary
  • 602.76 Changes in the Flight Plan - Sub-sections (3) and (4)
  • 602.77 Requirements to File an Arrival Report
  • 602.78 Contents of an Arrival Report
  • 602.79 Overdue Aircraft Report

PRE-FLIGHT AND FUEL REQUIREMENTS

  • 602.86 Carry-on Baggage, Equipment and Cargo
  • 602.87 Crew Member Instructions
  • 602.88 Fuel Requirements - Sub-sections (1), (2), (3) and (5)
  • 602.89 Passenger Briefings

OPERATION AT OR IN THE VICINITY OF AN AERODROME

  • 602.96 General
  • 602.97 VFR and IFR Aircraft Operations at Uncontrolled Aerodromes within a Mandatory Frequency (MF) Area
  • 602.98 General MF Reporting Requirements
  • 602.99 MF Reporting Procedures before Entering Manoeuvring Area
  • 602.100 MF Reporting Procedures on Departure
  • 602.101 MF Reporting Procedures on Arrival
  • 602.102 MF Reporting Procedures when Flying Continuous Circuits
  • 602.103 Reporting Procedures when Flying Through an MF Area
  • 602.105 Noise Operating Criteria
  • 602.106 Noise Restricted Runways

VISUAL FLIGHT RULES

  • 602.114 Minimum Visual Meteorological Conditions for VFR Flight in Controlled Airspace
  • 602.115 Minimum Visual Meteorological Conditions for VFR Flight in Uncontrolled Airspace
  • 602.116 VFR Over-the-Top
  • 602.117 Special VFR Flight

RADIOCOMMUNICATIONS

  • 602.136 Continuous Listening Watch
  • 602.138 Two-way Radiocommunication Failure in VFR Flight

EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS AND SECURITY

  • 602.143 Emergency Radio Frequency Capability
  • 602.144 Interception Signals, Interception of Aircraft and Instructions to Land
  • 602.145 ADIZ
  • 602.146 ESCAT Plan
  • 603 - SPECIAL FLIGHT OPERATIONS

SPECIAL AVIATION EVENTS

  • 603.01 Certification Requirements for Special Aviation Events

PARACHUTING

  • 603.36 Application
  • 603.37 Certification Requirements for Parachute Operations

MISCELLANEOUS SPECIAL FLIGHT OPERATIONS

  • 603.65 Application
  • 603.66 Certification Requirements
  • 604 – PRIVATE OPERATOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • 604.02 Application
    • 604.03 Prohibition

FLIGHT OPERATIONS

  • 604.25 Operational Control System
  • 604.26 Designation of Pilot-in command and Second-in-command

FLIGHT OPERATIONS - DOCUMENTS

  • 604.36 Checklist
  • 604.37 Aircraft Operating Manual
  • 604.38 Operational Flight Data Sheet

FLIGHT OPERATIONS - PASSENGERS

  • 604.81 Flight Attendants
  • 604.82 Cabin Safety
  • 604.85 Briefing of Passengers
  • 604.86 Safety Features Card

FLIGHT TIME AND FLIGHT DUTY TIME

  • 604.98 Flight Time Limits
  • 604.99 Flight Duty Time and Rest Periods
  • 604.100 Split Flight duty Time
  • 604.102 Unforeseen Operational Circumstances

MAINTENANCE

  • 604.128 Maintenance, Elementary Work and Servicing

PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS

  • 604.139 Validity Periods
  • 604.143 Flight Crew Member qualifications and Training

OPERATIONS MANUAL

  • 604.198 Distribution

SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

  • 604.205 Duties of Personnel
  • 604 - PRIVATE OPERATOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION

GENERAL

  • 604.02 Application
  • 604.03 Certificate
  • 605 - AIRCRAFT REQUIREMENTS

GENERAL

  • 605.03 Flight Authority
  • 605.04 Availability of Aircraft Flight Manual
  • 605.05 Markings and Placards
  • 605.06 Aircraft Equipment Standards and Serviceability
  • 605.07 Minimum Equipment List
  • 605.08 Unserviceable and Removed Equipment - General
  • 605.09 Unserviceable and Removed Equipment - Aircraft with a Minimum Equipment List
  • 605.10 Unserviceable and Removed Equipment - Aircraft without a Minimum Equipment List

AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS

  • 605.14 Power-driven Aircraft - Day VFR
  • 605.15 Power-driven Aircraft - VFR OTT
  • 605.16 Power-driven Aircraft - Night VFR
  • 605.17 Use of Position and Anti-collision Lights
  • 605.22 Seat and Safety Belt Requirements
  • 605.23 Restraint System Requirements
  • 605.24 Shoulder Harness Requirements
  • 605.25 General Use of Safety Belts and Restraint Systems
  • 605.26 Use of Passenger Safety Belts and Restraint System
  • 605.27 Use of Crew Member Safety Belts
  • 605.28 Child Restraint System
  • 605.29 Flight Control Locks
  • 605.30 De-icing or Anti-icing Equipment
  • 605.31 Oxygen Equipment and Supply
  • 605.32 Use of Oxygen
  • 605.35 Transponder and Automatic Pressure Altitude Reporting Equipment
  • 605.38 ELT - Sub-sections (1), (2) and 3(d), (e) and (g)
  • 605.39 Use of ELTs
  • 605.40 ELT Activation

AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS

  • 605.84 Aircraft Maintenance - General
  • 605.85 Maintenance Release and Elementary Work
  • 605.86 Maintenance Schedule
  • 605.88 Inspection After Abnormal Occurrences

TECHNICAL RECORDS

  • 605.92 Requirement to Keep Technical Records Sub-section (1) and (2)
  • 605.93 Technical Records - General
  • 605.94 Journey Log Requirements
  • 605.95 Journey Log - Carrying on Board
  • 605.97 Transfer of Records
  • 606 - MISCELLANEOUS
    • 606.01 Munitions of War
    • 606.03 Synthetic Flight Training Equipment

PART VII - COMMERCIAL AIR SERVICES

  • 700 - GENERAL
    • 700.02 Requirements for Air Operator Certificates

FLIGHT TIME AND FLIGHT DUTY TIME LIMITATIONS AND REST PERIODS

  • 700.14 Monitoring System - Sub-section (2)
  • 700.15 Flight Time Limitations - Sub-sections (1) (a), (b), (c) and (e)
  • 700.16 Flight Duty Time Limitations and Rest Periods - Sub-section (1), (3) and (4)
  • 700.17 Unforeseen Operational Circumstances
  • 702 - AERIAL WORK OPERATIONS

GENERAL

  • 702.01 Application

FLIGHT OPERATIONS

  • 702.11 Operating Instructions - Sub-section (2)
  • 702.13 Flight Authorization
  • 702.14 Operational Flight Plan
  • 702.16 Carriage of Persons
  • 702.17 VFR Flight Minimum Flight Visibility - Uncontrolled Airspace
  • 702.18 Night VFR OTT and IFR Operations
  • 702.20 Aircraft Operating over Water
  • 702.23 Briefing of Persons other than Flight Crew Members
  • 702.24 Operation of Aircraft in Icing Conditions

AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS

  • 702.42 Night and IMC Flights - Sub-section (1)
  • 702.44 Shoulder Harness
  • 702.45 External Load Equipment

PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS

  • 702.64 Designation of Pilot-in-command and Second-in-command
  • 702.65 Flight Crew Member Qualifications - Sub-sections (a), (c) and (d)
  • 702.67 Validity Period - Sub-sections (1) and (2)

TRAINING

  • 702.76 Training Program - Sub-sections (1) and (2)

MANUALS

  • 702.83 Distribution of Company Operations Manual
  • 702.84 Standard Operating Procedures
  • 703 - AIR TAXI OPERATIONS

GENERAL

  • 703.01 Application

FLIGHT OPERATIONS

  • 703.14 Operating Instructions - Sub-section (2)
  • 703.17 Flight Authorization
  • 703.18 Operational Flight Plan
  • 703.22 Transport of Passengers in Single-Engined Aircraft
  • 703.23 Aircraft Operating over Water
  • 703.24 Number of Passengers in Single-Engined Aircraft
  • 703.25 Carriage of External Loads
  • 703.26 Simulation of Emergency Situations
  • 703.27 VFR Flight Obstacle Clearance Requirements
  • 703.28 VFR Flight Minimum Flight Visibility - Uncontrolled Airspace
  • 703.29 VFR Flight Weather Conditions
  • 703.33 VFR OTT Flight
  • 703.34 Routes in Uncontrolled Airspace
  • 703.37 Weight and Balance Control - Sub-section (1)
  • 703.39 Briefing of Passengers
  • 703.42 Operation of Aircraft in Icing Conditions

AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS

  • 703.64 General RequirementsNight and IMC Flight - Sub-section (2)
  • 703.69 Shoulder Harness

PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS

  • 703.87 Designation of Pilot-in-command and Second-in-command
  • 703.88 Flight Crew Member Qualifications - Sub-sections (1) and (3)
  • 703.91 Validity Period - Sub-section (1)

TRAINING

  • 703.98 Training Program - Sub-sections (1) and (2)

MANUALS

  • 703.106 Distribution of Company Operations Manual
  • 703.107 Standard Operating Procedures
  • 706 - AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR AIR OPERATORS
    • 706.02 Maintenance Control System
    • 706.09 Maintenance Arrangements
    • 706.10 Elementary Work
    • 706.11 Servicing

TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD OF CANADA (TSB) - (TC AIM - GEN 3.0)

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES AND PROCEDURES

  • 1 Air Traffic and Advisory Services
  • 2 Flight Service Stations, Flight Information Centres
  • 3 Communication Procedures
  • 4 Radar Service - Clock Position System
  • 5 ATC Clearances/Instructions/ Mandatory Readback Procedures
  • 6 Wake Turbulence Separation
  • 7 Aerodrome Operations - Controlled
  • 8 Aerodrome Operations - Uncontrolled
  • 9 Mandatory and Aerodrome Traffic Frequencies
  • 10 VFR En Route Procedures
  • 11 Procedures for the Prevention of Runway Incursions
  • 12 ESCAT Plan

INTERNATIONAL FLIGHT PROCEDURES

1 Entry, Transit and Departure of Aircraft (TC AIM - FAL 2.0)

OTHER LEGISLATION

1 Canada Transportation Act Part II - Air Transportation Licences, Prohibitions (section 57);

Air Transportation Regulations (sections 3 and 7)

2 Canada Labour Code Part II - Occupational Safety & Health, Employee Rights & Duties

(sections 126, 127 and 128)

3 Transportation of Dangerous Goods by Air (TC AIM - RAC Annex 3.0)

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