Chapter 6 - A Foreign Operator that Leases a Canadian Aircraft from a Canadian Aircraft Manufacturer
6.1 Regulatory Reference
The regulatory reference for a foreign operator that leases a Canadian aircraft from a Canadian aircraft manufacturer is paragraph 203.02(1)(d).
6.2 Leasing Authorization Required
A leasing authorization is required under this type of leasing operation.
6.3 Applicant Submissions
The applicant, i.e. the Canadian aircraft manufacturer, as the Canadian registered owner shall submit a completed LF-4, the fee, a copy of the lease agreement, and other documentation that confirms compliance with Subpart 203 and Standard 223.03(4). A signed copy of the lease must be submitted to the Minister within 7 days of the authorization being issued.
6.4 Evidential Requirements
The applicant for a leasing authorization must provide evidence about the leasing operation that may:
- be specified within the lease;
- be supplied through other documentation; or
- be established through a Civil Aviation Inspector's review of the proposed leasing operation.
Refer to the checklist in Appendix E of this manual.
6.5 Application Review and Approval
The regional Aircraft Registration and Leasing division will distribute the LF-4 and all other relevant documentation to the following regional/TCC divisions for review and approval:
- Aircraft Maintenance and Manufacturing
- General Aviation
- Commercial and Business Aviation
The LF-4 has a signature coordination block on the bottom. Sign-off by the appropriate divisions is required prior to the issuance of the leasing authorization.
6.6 Purpose of Leasing Authorization
The purpose for permitting this type of leasing operation is to help promote the export sales of Canadian manufactured aircraft. At times, export sales of Canadian manufactured aircraft are contingent upon the foreign air operator being able to operate aircraft with Canadian registration pending the certification of the aircraft in their country. Once the aircraft type certification is completed and the aircraft is eligible for a certificate of airworthiness, it is expected that the aircraft will be registered in the country of the foreign lessee. This type of leasing operation may be used for the purpose of product support.
6.7 Issuance of Leasing Authorization
The Minister will issue a leasing authorization when the applicant has demonstrated that the requirements of Subpart 203 and Standard 223 are met. The leasing authorization shall be issued to the Canadian registered owner by regional Aircraft Registration and Leasing staff who hold Delegation of Authority C-9 (Civil Aviation Licensing Officers).
CARs reference: 203.03(2)
6.8 Conditions of Issue
The Minister will specify in the authorization those conditions governing the operation that are necessary to ensure aviation safety. Where TCCA subject matters experts have specified conditions of issue, they will be added to the leasing authorization under the "conditions of issue" section. In addition, if TCCA and the applicable foreign civil aviation authority have agreed to any mutual obligations, commitments, special conditions or requirements to be fulfilled as part of the lease arrangement, they shall be included or referenced in the leasing authorization.
CARs reference: 203.03(2)
6.9 Leasing Authorization Fee
6.10 Fee Collection
The fee shall be submitted with the application. The fee applies whether or not the applicant is ultimately successful in obtaining an authorization.
6.11 Document Copy/Distribution
Copies of the LF-4 and LF-6 shall be placed on the regional leasing and aircraft files. Copies must also be forwarded to the Chief, Aircraft Registration and Leasing (AARRC).
6.12 Maximum Number of Leased Aircraft/Limitations
There are no limitations on the number of aircraft that a Canadian aircraft manufacturer may lease to a foreign air operator, in this type of leasing operation.
There are no limitations on the period of time that Canadian aircraft manufacturers may lease Canadian aircraft to foreign air operators, in this type of leasing operation, however, a termination date must be specified on the leasing authorization (see section 1.8 of this manual).
6.14 Individual Aircraft/Limitations
There are no limitations on the number of leasing authorizations that may be consecutively issued to a Canadian aircraft.
6.15 Consent of Foreign Civil Aviation Authority
The consent of the applicable foreign civil aviation authority is required before a leasing authorization can be issued. This consent should be in writing.
CARs reference: 203.04(1)
6.16 Airworthiness Eligibility Requirements
The following clarifies the requirements of the regulations and standards and are necessary to ensure the safe operation of a Canadian registered aircraft by a foreign air operator:
a. where the aircraft is to be maintained by or under the authority of the foreign air operator, the organization that will perform and certify the work must have a valid maintenance approval or equivalent document, for the aircraft type, that is the subject of the leasing operation, issued by the airworthiness authority of the country of the lessee. This approval will ensure that the foreign civil aviation regulatory authority has carried out an evaluation of the maintenance organization; and
b. TCCA inspectors must assess the foreign air operators ability to maintain the aircraft to Canadian airworthiness standards by:
- inspecting the proposed maintenance facility, if required;
- reviewing the qualifications of personnel who are assigned maintenance supervision and certification responsibilities;
- ensuring that the operator is aware of and can comply with Canadian requirements in all respects; and
- reviewing foreign maintenance rules to determine that they are acceptable and do not conflict with Canadian maintenance rules.
6.17 Responsibility for Airworthiness Surveillance
Responsibility for airworthiness surveillance will remain with the regional branch where the aircraft is normally based. A surveillance schedule for the leasing operation will be developed based on a risk assessment of the safety of the operation.
6.18 Delegation of Airworthiness Responsibility
The responsibility for airworthiness may be delegated to the foreign airworthiness authority where there is an agreement in force between Canada and the foreign authority that provides for this delegation.
6.19 Long Term Airworthiness Requirements
Certain airworthiness requirements have long term implementation times that are subject to additional compliance action. These include, but are not limited to airworthiness directives that address corrosion prevention and control programs. Aircraft that are subject to these airworthiness directives must be inspected and maintenance records reviewed to determine compliance with the airworthiness directive provisions, paying particular attention to the following:
- corrosion and structural related service bulletins;
- structural modifications and repairs, including major and multiple site damage repairs and damage tolerant repair;
- application of Supplemental Structural Inspection Programs (SSIPs);
- fatigue quality of multiple repairs; and
- major repair documentation, such as drawings, procedures and related technical data.
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