This flight test guide sets out the techniques, procedures and the marking criteria to be used by authorized Civil Aviation Inspectors and Pilot Examiners for the conduct of the flight test required to demonstrate the skill requirements for the issuance of the Commercial Pilot Licence - Aeroplane.

Flight instructors are expected to use this guide when preparing candidates for flight tests. Candidates should be familiar with this guide and refer to the qualification standards during their training, while keeping in mind that the standards expressed are minimum finishing standards for the skill requirement.

Detailed descriptions and explanations of the exercises as numbered on the flight test report can be found by referring to the corresponding chapter number in the Flight Training Manual and the Flight Instructor Guide published under the authority of Transport Canada.

Compliance with this flight test guide will meet the requirements of CAR Standard 428 – Schedule 4 of the Personnel Licensing and Training Standards, respecting the Conduct of Flight Tests.


'examiner' means a Pilot Examiner accredited under section 4.3 of Part 1 of the Aeronautics Act or a Civil Aviation Inspector authorized to conduct this flight test.

'flight test item' means a task, manoeuvre or exercise listed on the flight test report.

'ground items' are the planning and preparatory tasks performed prior to the pre-flight inspection of the aeroplane.

'air items' are tasks or manoeuvres performed with the aeroplane, including the pre-flight inspection, start-up, run-up, taxiing and emergency procedures.

'flight at minimum controllable airspeed' means a speed at which a stall is imminent if there is any further increase in angle of attack, load factor, or a reduction in power.

'proficiency' means having a high degree of competence or skill; expertise; being prepared to handle any situation with which you might reasonably be presented during a flight.

'soft-field' means a grass, unpaved, improvised, soft or rough take-off or landing surface that may present variable rolling resistance or may present a risk of damage to the landing gear, if soft-field technique is not used when operating on soft or rough surfaces.

Vertical sidebars at the right margin indicate text with changes from the previous edition that may affect the performance standard expected and the evaluation of the flight test item. Text changes for the purpose of clarification or grammatical correction are not indicated. Nevertheless, a full review of the document is highly encouraged.

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Changes in this Edition

  1. Several heavy vertical lines along the right margin indicate editorial changes for increased clarity or to denote changes to the flight test.
  2. Definitions refined for "flight near minimum controllable airspeed", "soft field" and "proficiency".
  3. Who is "Pilot-in-Command" is expanded to comply with the amendments to CAR sections 401.19 to 401.27 inclusively.
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