Colour Plates

Aerial view of crash site
Plate 1 — On September 22, 1995 a 4-engine USAF E-3B AWACS crashed 43 seconds after takeoff from Elmendorf AFB, Alaska. The aircraft struck a large flock of Canada Geese that had often been observed in the area.

Canada Geese on runway
Plate 2 — Canada Geese on the runway shortly after the September 22 AWACS crash. Twenty-four crew members died in the crash.

Extensive damage to Cessna 441
Plate 3 — This accident involving a Cessna 441 Conquest at Fort Frances, Ontario, was the result of a gull being ingested in the intake of the #1 turboprop engine.

Damaged Falcon 10 engine
Plate 4 — Uncontained engine failure on a Falcon 10 business jet resulting from a bird strike.

Cracked helicopter windshield
Plate 5 — An impact with a Western Grebe (3 lbs) caused considerable damage to this helicopter. The bird struck the pilot in the face. (See Plates 6 and 7)

Side view of helicopter showing damage to rear door
Plate 6 — The impact force of this incident was so severe that after striking the windshield and pilot, the bird damaged the hinges on one rear door.

Helmet covered in bird debris
Plate 7 — The helmet and face-shield probably saved the life of the pilot when he was struck in the face by windshield and bird debris.

B1-B bomber debris
Plate 8 — This is all that remains of a $200 million USAF B1-B bomber that crashed after striking an American White Pelican in Colorado. The airplane weighed 185,000 lbs, the bird 15 lbs. Three crew members died in the crash.

Aerial view of crash site showing charred remains of an ONA DC-10
Plate 9 — After striking a gull on takeoff from JKF International Airport on November 12, 1975, the #3 engine on this ONA DC-10-30 exploded and caused the aircraft to burn out. The 139 passengers, who were all airline employees, safely evacuated the aircraft.

Airplane flying into a flock of Canada Geese
Plate 10 — The #1 engine on this KLM B-747 suffered an uncontained failure as a result of a collision with Canada Geese while landing at Calgary International Airport. Leading edge devices were also damaged.

Shattered windshield on B737
Plate 11 — The windshield on this B737 was severely damaged as a result of a collision with a bird at 10,000 ft. ASL and 250 kts. The captain was injured from debris when the bird penetrated the fuselage above the windshield.

Severely damaged leading edge with embedded bird carcass
Plate 12 — Severe damage to airframe components and leading edge devices is common in bird strike events. When penetrated to the spar, electrical and hydraulic systems can be affected.

Crash site of RCAF CT-114 Tutor
Plate 13 — This RCAF CT-114 Tutor crashed during a training mission over Assiniboia on September 25,1997 after colliding with a single bird. Both crew members ejected safely.

Caribou crossing runway as airplane takes off
Plate 14 — When large animals are allowed access to aircraft movement areas, a high risk situation always results.

Damaged fan blades
Plate 15

Plates 15 and 16 show damage to a small jet engine resulting from impact with a 3 lb Turkey Vulture.

Phase of flight: takeoff

Speed: 140 kts.

The remaining engine was also damaged, but not from striking a bird. It reached an overspeed condition during recovery from the aircraft roll and the fan contacted the shroud throughout the circumference.

Damaged engine
Plate 16 — Damage to the engine included:

  • Loss of nose cone
  • Severence of nose cone shaft
  • Loss of 10 fan blades
  • Fan case damage and flange separation
  • Inner shroud damage
  • Sheared splines in fan hub
  • Fractured fuel pump/fuel control mount flange

Crash site showing charred remains of C-130H
Plate 17 — Thirty-four people died in the bird-strike related crash of this C-130H at Eindhoven AFB, Holland on July 15, 1996.

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