SFO-3b Ground Icing Operations Program Guide


Item * Ref Yes No
Operator's Management Plan 4.0    
Is the management position responsible for the overall program identified? 4.0 ( ) ( )
Are subordinate positions identified? 4.0 ( ) ( )
Are operational responsibilities and procedures described? 4.0 ( ) ( )
Is the chain of command described or an organization chart included? 4.0 ( ) ( )
Is the relationship between operations and maintenance described? 4.0 ( ) ( )
Does operations have sole responsibility for the program or is it shared?  (Note: maintenance must not have sole responsibility.) 4.0 ( ) ( )
Operations 4.0    
Have all elements of the program been developed, integrated and coordinated? first (a) ( ) ( )
Has the program been disseminated to all persons with duties, responsibilities and functions within the program? (b) ( ) ( )
Is a detailed description of the program published in the appropriate company manuals? (c) ( ) ( )
Are there sufficient personnel and adequate facilities and equipment at airports where the program may be applied? (d) ( ) ( )
Is adequate management supervision of the program maintained? (e) ( ) ( )
Who is responsible for deciding when ground icing operations are to begin and end? Is this fully described in their position description? second (a) ( ) ( )
Are the functions, duties and responsibilities (incl. instructions and procedures) of flight crew, dispatchers and management personnel specified? (b) ( ) ( )
Who is responsible for authorizing and co-ordinating the program with ATC and airport authorities...is this described in their position description? (c) ( ) ( )
Maintenance 4.2    
Does maintenance share any responsibility for the Ground Icing Operations Program?  If so: Who is responsible?   ( ) ( )
What personnel, facilities and equipment are required? Are they available?   ( ) ( )
Are functions, duties and responsibilities (incl. instructions and procedures) specified?   ( ) ( )
Aircraft De-icing/Anti-icing Procedures 5.0    
Are these procedures described in a clearly identifiable and separate part of the manual?   ( ) ( )
Do they include the person responsible and the aircraft specific procedures?   ( ) ( )
Is there a detailed description of the weather and aircraft surface conditions under which the program is activated? Does it include the method the program is initiated? (a) ( ) ( )
Is there a detailed description of de-icing/anti-icing procedures and the sequence of application?  (Note: ensure that the sequence starts with representative aircraft surfaces if the operator uses them to fulfil the requirements of the Pre-take-off Contamination Inspection...Refer to 7.1.1.3) (b) ( ) ( )
Holdover Timetables 6.0    
Have holdover timetables been approved?   ( ) ( )
When in use are the following provided:      
  • operational responsibilities of flight crew, flight dispatch (watch), maintenance and ground personnel?
6.1(a) ( ) ( )
  • procedures for the use of timetables (incl. the actions to take if holdover time is exceeded)?
6.1(b) ( ) ( )
  • procedures to be followed by ground and flight crew for establishing start and holdover time?
6.1(c) ( ) ( )
Aircraft Inspection and Reporting Procedures 7.0    
Are the techniques to be used for contamination recognition described in the operator's manual? 7.1 ( ) ( )
Do the above techniques use any of the following:      
  • holdover timetables? If so, have the requirements of Holdover Timetables (above) been complied with?
7.1.1.1 ( ) ( )
  • tactile inspection? Is this physical inspection required to be conducted by a qualified person and does the inspection include the leading edge and upper surface of the wings?
7.1.1.2 ( ) ( )
  • examination of one or more representative aircraft surfaces? If so, have the representative aircraft surfaces been identified by the aircraft manufacturer or approved by the Regional Manager, Commercial and Business Aviation (or Airline Inspection)?
7.1.1.3 ( ) ( )
  • use of sensors? If so, do their installation and use meet applicable airworthiness and operational requirements and are procedures for their use detailed in the operator's program?
7.1.1.4 ( ) ( )
Critical Surface Inspection      
Do procedures for the Critical Surface Inspection indicate the following:
  • that the inspection is mandatory whenever ground icing conditions exist?
  • that the inspection be conducted immediately following the final de-ice/anti-ice application?
  • that the inspection report must be made to the pilot-in-command by a qualified person?
7.1.2 ( ) ( )
Pre-take-off Contamination Inspection      
Is the Pre-take-off Contamination Inspection required by the operator's program? If so, is the inspection required to be conducted from inside or outside the aircraft? visual or tactile? does the inspection use representative aircraft surfaces?  (Note: a tactile inspection must be conducted on all aircraft without leading edge devices and on any other aircraft as designated by the Director, Commercial and Business Aviation.)
  • if visual, does the operator's program specify the conditions (weather, lighting, visibility) under which the inspection can be conducted?
7.1.3 ( ) ( )
Inspection Reporting 7.2    
(Note:  A detailed description of the guidelines and procedures to be followed in communications between the inspector and the PIC, including the use of hand signals, must be included in the appropriate operator's manual.)      
Does the Critical Surface Inspection report include the following:
  • time the last application of de-icing/anti-icing fluid began (where applicable)?
  • the type of fluid used?
  • the ratio of the fluid mixture?
  • the sequence that the critical surfaces were de-iced/anti-iced if the standard documented method was not used?
  • confirmation that all critical surfaces are free of contamination?
7.2.1 ( ) ( )
Where required, does the Pre-take-off Contamination Inspection include confirmation that the critical surfaces are free of contamination?

(Note:  where the standard documented procedure was not followed, the report must describe how the inspection was conducted.)

7.2.2 ( ) ( )
Training and Testing 8.0    
Does the operator's program include initial and annual training for all operations and ground/maintenance personnel who have responsibilities within the program?   ( ) ( )
Does the operator's program include testing of crew members and other operations and ground/maintenance personnel who have responsibilities within the program?   ( ) ( )
Initial De-icing/Anti-icing Operations Training 8.1    
Does this program include:      

1.effects of contamination on critical surfaces, including:

  • procedures for reporting contamination on arrival to the person responsible for co-ordinating de-icing/anti-icing operations?
  • the effects of freezing precipitation, frost (incl. hoar frost), freezing fog, snow, rain and high humidity on cold-soaked critical surfaces and under wings?
  • identification of critical surfaces (representative aircraft surfaces if applicable) by aircraft type?
  • types, purpose, characteristics and uses of de-icing/anti-icing fluids? 
  • how fluids affect performance and handling
8.1.1 ( ) ( )

2. aircraft de-icing/anti-icing procedures, including:

  • safety precautions during application?
  • methods of applying de-icing/anti-icing fluids?
  • composition and identification of de-icing/anti-icing fluids?
  • remote de-icing/anti-icing procedures including where applicable, aircraft specific and location specific procedures?
  • supervisory responsibilities of flight crew with regard to contractor services when the operator does not arrange for contractor training and qualification of personnel?
8.1.2 ( ) ( )

3. aircraft inspection procedures (aircraft specific), including:

  • identification of critical surfaces and representative aircraft surfaces (where applicable) to be inspected?
  • techniques for detecting and recognizing contamination on aircraft?
  • types of aircraft inspections?
  • communication procedures to be followed by flight crew when contacting ground personnel, ATC, or company station personnel to co-ordinate aircraft inspections?
8.1.3 ( ) ( )

4. the use of holdover timetables, including:

  • source of holdover timetables data?
  • precipitation category and intensity and relationship of a change in precipitation to holdover time?
  • relationship between holdover time and fluid concentration?
  • definition of when holdover time begins and ends?
  • when holdover times are used for decision making, the following:
  • communication procedures to inform flight crew of the type of fluid used, start time of the final application and any requirements for co-ordinating with other agencies?
  • procedures to be followed when holdover time is exceeded including inspection requirements, alternate means of determining whether surfaces are contaminated, and other requirements regarding repeat applications?
8.1.4 ( ) ( )
Recurrent De-icing/Anti-icing Operations Training 8.2    
Does the recurrent de-icing/anti-icing operations training include the following:
  • a review of current de-icing/anti-icing operations and inspection procedures?
  • highlights of any program changes?
  • the latest available research and development information on ground de-icing/anti-icing operations?

(Note:  operators should distribute an information circular prior to commencement of winter operations to all affected personnel reviewing procedures and presenting any new information not covered in the annual recurrent training.)

  ( ) ( )
Initial Ground/Maintenance Personnel Training 8.3    
Does the initial ground/maintenance personnel training program include the following:      

1. effects of surface contamination including the following:

  • procedures for reporting contamination on arrival to the person responsible for co-ordinating de-icing/anti-icing operations?
  • the effects of freezing precipitation, frost (incl. hoar frost), freezing fog, snow, rain and high humidity on cold-soaked critical surfaces and under wings?
  • identification of critical surfaces (representative aircraft surfaces if applicable) by aircraft type?
  • types, purpose, characteristics and uses of de-icing/anti-icing fluids?
  • effects of contamination on ram-air intakes and instrument pick-up points?
  • potential FOD to engines?
8.3.1 ( ) ( )

2. aircraft de-icing/anti-icing procedures including the following:

  • safety precautions during application?
  • methods of applying de-icing/anti-icing fluids?
  • composition and identification of de-icing/anti-icing fluids?
  • remote de-icing/anti-icing procedures including where applicable, aircraft specific and location specific procedures?
  • description of, and qualifications to operate, various types of de-icing/anti-icing equipment?
  • instruction in the operation of de-icing/anti-icing equipment?
  • the determination of the start of holdover time
8.3.2 ( ) ( )

3. aircraft inspection procedures (aircraft specific) including the following:

  • identification of critical surfaces and representative aircraft surfaces (where applicable) to be inspected?
  • techniques for detecting and recognizing contamination on aircraft?
  • types of aircraft inspections?
  • inspection techniques for conducting a Critical Surface Inspection?
  ( ) ( )
Recurrent Ground/Maintenance Personnel Training 8.4    
Does the annual recurrent ground/maintenance training program include the following:
  • a review of current de-icing/anti-icing operations and inspection procedures?
  • highlights of any program changes?
  • the latest available research and development information on ground de-icing/anti-icing operations?

(Note:  operators should distribute an information circular prior to commencement of winter operations to all affected personnel reviewing procedures and presenting any new information not covered in the annual recurrent training.)

  ( ) ( )
Contractor Training 8.5    
Does the operator contract de-icing/anti-icing services from another organization?   ( ) ( )
If so, does the training program of the contractor and application of de-icing/anti-icing operations standards meet the operator's own Ground Icing Operations Program?   ( ) ( )
Are the contractors procedures and training programs documented through the operator?   ( ) ( )
Testing 8.6    
Does the operator's program include testing following each initial and recurrent training?   ( ) ( )
Are all personnel tested on all information covered in the training programs?   ( ) ( )
Are records documenting initial and recurrent training maintained for each person?   ( ) ( )

Note:  All references are to 622.11 of the General Operating and Flight Rules Standards

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