Flight Test Exercises - Aircraft Familiarization

2. Aircraft Performance and Limitations/Weight and Balance

Aim

  1. To determine that the candidate can demonstrate a practical knowledge of the recommended operating procedures, performance capabilities and limitations for the aircraft being used for the flight test;
  2. To determine that the candidate can correctly complete weight and balance calculations for the aircraft used for the flight test.

Description

The candidate will be required to state or calculate recommended operating procedures, performance capabilities and limitations for the aircraft to be used on the flight test. Essential performance speeds will be quoted from memory. Other aircraft performance data may be determined from the operating manual.

The candidate will be required, using actual weights, to apply the weight and balance data and complete accurate computations for practical loading situations applicable to the aircraft to be used in the test. If a loading graph or computer is available with the aircraft, it may be utilized. The candidate will be required to correct a situation that is described by the examiner, where the centre of gravity is out of limits or in which the gross weight has been exceeded.

Performance Criteria

Assessment will be based on the candidate's ability to:

  1. State from memory the following speeds:
    1. normal climb speed(s);
    2. stall speed in the landing configuration;
    3. normal approach speed(s); and
    4. never exceed speed.
  2. determine from the operating manual, any other operational data for the aircraft used for the flight test;
  3. determine if the take-off weight and centre of gravity is within permissible limits for the intended flight;
  4. demonstrate practical knowledge of how to correct a situation in which the centre of gravity is out of limits and/or in which the gross weight is exceeded; and
  5. explain the effects of various centre of gravity locations on aircraft flight characteristics.
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