# Study and Reference Guide - "M" Rating Technical Examinations

### Standard Practices

The topics contained in this section of the guide are applicable to the SPM - Standard Practices examination for the M rating.

1.0 MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS

1.1 Shop mathematics, graphs and charts - Theory and application
1.2 Measurement systems and conversion - Calculation and application
1.3 Speed acceleration and motion - Theory and application
1.4 Stress and strain - Theory and application
1.5 Energy and work - Theory and application
1.6 Chemical and physical nature of matter - Theory and application
1.7 Gas laws and fluid mechanics - Theory and application
1.8 Properties of atmosphere - Theory and application

2.0 ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRONICS

2.1 Safety procedures around electrical equipment - Theory and application
2.2 Sources of electrical energy - Basic theory
2.3 Batteries, primary cells and secondary cells - Theory and application
2.4 Magnetism/electromagnetism - Theory and application
2.5 DC theory - Application
2.6 AC theory - Application
2.7 Power distribution - Theory and application
2.8 Wiring practices - Theory and application
2.9 Digital integrated circuits - Theory and application
2.10 Boolean Expression, logic gates and truth tables - Theory and application
2.11 Basic semiconductor circuits - Theory and application
2.12 AC and DC Motors - Theory and application
2.13 Switches and relays - Theory and application
2.14 Fuses and circuit breakers - Theory and application
2.15 Synchros - Theory and application
2.16 Diodes - Theory and application
2.17 Transistors - Theory and application
2.18 Electrical load analysis - Theory and calculation
2.19 Decimal, binary, hexadecimal and octal number systems - Computation and conversion

3.0 AIRCRAFT HARDWARE

3.1 Specifications and standards - Basic theory and application
3.2 Rivets - Identification and use
3.3 Threaded fasteners - Identification and use
3.4 Special fasteners - Theory and application - Identification and use
3.5 Control cables, terminals and turnbuckles - Identification and use
3.6 Bearings and seals - Identification and application
3.7 Gears - Identification, proper use and gear ratio calculation
3.8 Electrical hardware - Wire, terminals, splices, connectors, switches - Identification and use
3.9 Rigid lines, flexible lines and fittings - Characteristics, fabrication, material and size designation
3.10 Sealant - Types and application

4.0 AIRCRAFT DRAWING

4.1 Types of drawings - Application
4.2 Interpretation of drawings, diagrams and charts - Theory and application
4.3 Station diagrams - Theory and application

5.0 WEIGHT AND BALANCE

5.1 C of G design limits and range - Knowledge and application
5.2 Weighing procedures and calculations - Knowledge and application

6.0 METALURGY AND CORROSION PREVENTION

6.1 Types of corrosion - Identification
6.2 Inspection processes - Theory and application
6.3 Removal and treatment of corrosion - Theory and application
6.4 Heat treatment, annealing and temper designation - Theory and application

7.0 NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING

7.1 Inspection techniques - Theory, types and application

8.0 GENERAL SERVICING AND STANDARD PRACTICES

8.1 Fire protection - Types, prevention and extinguishing
8.2 Jacking, hoisting and leveling - Theory and application
8.3 Ground servicing equipment - Theory and application
8.4 Aircraft fueling and defueling procedures - Theory and application
8.5 Aviation fluids including fuel and additive - Types and application

9.0 TOOLS AND MEASURING DEVICES

9.1 Hand tools - Identification and use
9.2 Power tools - Identification and use
9.3 Measuring devices - Identification and use
9.4 Test equipment - Identification and application

10.0 AIRCRAFT SHEET METAL, TUBULAR, WOOD AND COMPOSITE STRUCTURES

10.1 Sheet metal materials - Theory and application
10.2 Aircraft fabrics - Theory and application
10.3 Wood - Theory and application
10.4 Plastics, fiberglass and composite materials - Theory and application
10.5 Basic welding - Theory and application
10.6 Rivet layout pattern designs and installation - Theory and application

AIRFRAME

The topics contained in this section of the guide are applicable to the AF - Airframe examination for the M rating.

11.0 BASIC AERODYNAMICS

11.1 Fixed-wing aircraft - Theory of flight
11.2 The atmosphere - Theory and application
11.3 Aerodynamic lift - Theory and application

12.0 AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES

12.1 Fuselages and aircraft structures - Types, inspection and repair
12.2 Structures that produce and control lift - Theory, inspection, repair, servicing and installation
12.3 Windows and doors - Inspection, repair, servicing and installation

13.0 FIXED WING CONTROLS AND RIGGING

13.1 Mechanical/servo powered flight controls - Theory and application
13.2 Symmetry check and adjustments - Theory and application
13.3 Control surface rigging - Theory and application

14.0 FUNDAMENTALS OF ROTARY-WING AIRCRAFT

14.1 Rotary-wing aircraft - Theory of flight
14.2 Types of rotor systems - Characteristics, components, inspection and construction
14.3 Rigging of controls - Theory and application
14.4 Vibration analysis - Theory and application
14.5 Power train - Transmissions and clutches - Theory and operation
14.6 Auto rotation - Theory and application

15.0 ROTARY WING CONTROLS AND RIGGING

15.1 Flight control system rigging - Theory and application
15.2 Rotor tracking/balancing - Theory and application
15.3 Gearboxes and drive shaft system - Theory and application

16.0 METAL STRUCTURAL

16.1 Sheet metal structures - Theory and application
16.2 Types of structural stress - Theory and application
16.3 Heat treatment, annealing and temper designation - Theory and application

17.0 WOOD AND COMPOSITE STRUCTURE

17.1 Wood components and characteristics - Theory and application
17.2 Finishing wood surfaces - Theory and application
17.3 Plywood skin repairs - Theory and application
17.4 Composite material - Theory and application
17.5 Honeycomb structures - Identification and repairs

18.0 FABRIC COVERING

18.1 Aircraft fabric - Terminology, specification and application
18.2 Repairs and inspection of fabric coverings - Theory and application
18.3 Dope and finishing materials - Theory and application

19.0 WELDING AND TUBULAR STRUCTURE

19.1 Inspection of welds - Theory and application
19.2 Tubular repairs - Theory and application

20.0 PAINTING AND FINISHING

20.1 Metal aircraft and parts - Theory and application
20.2 Fabric aircraft and parts - Theory and application

21.0 ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION

21.1 Ice detection systems - Components, adjustments and operating principles
21.2 Anti ice systems - Components, adjustments and operating principles
21.3 De-ice systems - Components, adjustments and operating principles
21.4 Windshield wiper systems - Components, adjustments and operating principles
21.5 Rain repellent systems - Components, adjustments and operating principles

22.0 HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS

22.1 Safety precautions - Theory and application
22.2 High pressure bottles/accumulators - Theory and application
22.3 Hydraulic systems - Components, adjustments and operating principles
22.4 Pneumatic systems - Components, adjustments and operating principles

23.0 LANDING GEAR SYSTEMS

23.1 Landing gear systems - Components, adjustment, theory and application
23.2 Nose wheel steering systems - Components, adjustments and application
23.3 Skids, floats and skis - Components, adjustments and operating principles
23.4 Wheels, tires and brakes - Theory, components, adjustments and operating principles

24.0 AIRCRAFT CABIN AND ATMOSPHERIC CONTROL SYSTEMS

24.1 Pressurization systems - Theory, inspection and operating principles
24.2 Air conditioning systems - Theory, components, inspection and operating principles
24.3 Heating systems - Theory, components, inspection and operating principles
24.4 Oxygen systems - Theory, components, inspection and operating principles

25.0 AIRCRAFT FUEL SYSTEMS

25.1 Gravity and pressure-feed systems - Safety, theory, components, inspection and operating principles
25.2 Storage and distribution - Safety, theory, components, inspection and operating principles

26.0 AIRCRAFT FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS

26.1 Fire detection systems - Components, adjustments and operating principles
26.2 Fire extinguishing systems - Components, adjustments and operating principles

27.0 AIRCRAFT ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

27.1 Batteries - Theory, construction, inspection and operating principles
27.2 AC and DC electrical systems - Theory, construction, inspection and application
27.3 Wiring - Construction and inspection
27.4 Aircraft electrical systems - Troubleshooting

28.0 AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENT SYSTEMS

28.1 Instrument systems - Theory and application
28.2 Pitot-static systems - Theory and application, inspection and operating principles
28.3 Compass systems - Theory and application, inspection and operating principles
28.4 Air data computer - Theory and application, inspection and operating principles

29.0 COMMUNICATION - NAVIGATION AND RECORDING SYSTEMS

29.1 Radio transceivers - Theory, inspection and operating principles
29.2 Antennas - Theory, inspection and operating principles
29.3 Weather radar - Theory, installation, inspection and operating principles
29.4 Navigation systems - Theory, inspection and operating principles
29.5 Traffic Collision Avoidance System TCAS - Theory
29.6 Emergency frequencies and safety procedures - Application and operating principles
29.7 Flight Data Recorder (FDR) - Theory, components and inspection/test
29.8 Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) - Theory, components and inspection/test

30.0 AUTOPILOT SYSTEMS

30.1 Autopilot systems - Theory and operating principles
30.2 Flight management systems - Theory and operating principles

POWERPLANT

The topics contained in this section of the guide are applicable to the PP - Power Plant examination for the M rating.

31.0 RECIPROCATING ENGINES

31.1 Reciprocating engines - Theory and application, inspection and operating principles
31.2 Engine mounts - Theory, construction, and inspection
31.3 Corrosion prevention - Theory, types, prevention and inspection
31.4 Gear boxes - Theory and operation
31.5 Engine instruments - Theory, inspection and operating principles
31.6 Trend monitoring - Theory and application

32.0 RECIPROCATING ENGINE FUEL AND CONTROL

32.1 Carburetion - Theory and operation
32.2 Fuel injection systems - Theory and operation
32.3 Turbo charger systems - Theory and application
32.4 System indication - Theory and application

33.0 RECIPROCATING ENGINE IGNITION AND STARTING SYSTEMS

33.1 Ignition systems - Types, theory, inspection and operation
33.2 Starting systems - Types, theory, inspection and operation

34.0 RECIPROCATING ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS

34.1 Engine lubrication - Components, theory, inspection and operation
34.2 Engine cooling - Components, theory, inspection and operation
34.3 Spectrometric Oil Analysis Program (SOAP) - Theory and application

35.0 ENGINE FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS

35.1 Engine fire detection - Components, theory, inspection and operation
35.2 Engine fire extinguishing - Components, theory, inspection and operation

36.0 TURBINE ENGINES

36.1 Turbine engines - Theory and application, inspection and operating principles
36.2 Engine instruments - Theory, inspection and operating principles
36.3 Gear boxes, accessory drives and gear reduction - Construction and operating principles
36.4 Engine mounts - Design and inspection
36.5 Trend monitoring - Theory and application

37.0 TURBINE ENGINE LUBRICATION AND COOLING SYSTEMS

37.1 Engine lubrication - Components, theory, inspection and operation
37.2 Engine cooling - Components, theory, inspection and operation

38.0 TURBINE ENGINE FUEL AND CONTROL

38.1 Electronic and hydro-mechanical control - Theory and application
38.2 Governors - Theory and application
38.3 Manifolds and nozzles - Theory and application
38.4 Fuel Heaters - Theory and application
38.5 Oil coolers - Theory and application
38.6 Filters - Theory and application
38.7 System indication - Theory and application

39.0 TURBINE ENGINE INDUCTION AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS

39.1 Inlets and inlet screens - Construction
39.2 Exhaust - Theory, inspection and operating principles`
39.3 Thrust reversers - Construction and operating principles
39.4 Anti-ice systems - Theory, inspection and operating principles

40.0 POWER PLANT RECORDING AND INDICATING SYSTEMS

40.1 Speed/temperature/pressure indication - Theory and application
40.2 Fuel and Oil - Theory and application
40.3 Ratio/torque/vibration - Theory and application
40.4 Built In Test Equipment (BITE) - Theory and application
40.5 Fault detection - Theory and application

41.0 WATER INJECTION

41.1 Water methanol injection systems - Theory and application

42.0 PROPELLERS AND SYSTEMS

42.1 Propellers - Fixed/controllable pitch types, theory and application
42.2 Propeller systems - Components, terminology, theory, inspection and application

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