Flight Test Items – 10. Precautionary Landing

Please note: Sections that are highlighted in yellow indicate new topic areas or important changes in criteria or policy.


To determine that the candidate can carry out the procedure for evaluating an unfamiliar airstrip or a landing area where the suitability of the landing surface is unknown.


The examiner will assign a potential landing area. The candidate will be required to determine whether or not the site would be suitable for a landing, using an organized procedure to assess factors such as obstacles, softness or hardness of the surface, slope, roughness, length, width, wind direction or other factors affecting a landing.

Note: The candidate will explain to the examiner, when they are on the ground, what procedure he or she intends to follow in order to successfully complete this flight test item. The touchdown area will also be specified.

Performance Criteria

Assessment will be based on the candidate’s ability to:

  1. establish circuits at an appropriate distance from the runway or landing area;

  2. overfly the landing area in stabilized flight that will permit an effective assessment of surface conditions and maintain a safe obstacle clearance altitude;

  3. maintain appropriate altitude and heading;

  4. select the most suitable touchdown zone considering wind conditions, landing surface and obstructions;

  5. prepare the passenger for landing; and

  6. complete appropriate checks.
Date modified: