Accident Synopses

Note:All reported aviation occurrences are assessed by the Transportation Safety Board of Canada(TSB). Each occurrence is assigned a class, from 1 to5, which indicates the depth of investigation. A Class5 consists of data collection pertaining to occurrences that do not meet the criteria of classes 1 through 4, and will be recorded for possible safety analysis, statistical reporting, or archival purposes. The narratives below, which occurred between May1,2008, and July31,2008, are all "Class5," and are unlikely to be followed by a TSB Final Report.

- On May1,2008, a SaabSF340-A aircraft was on a scheduled cargo flight from Deer Lake,N.L., to Gander,N.L. On departure from DeerLake, and when the landing gear was retracted, the hydraulic caution light illuminated. The crew completed the quick reference handbook(QRH)checklist, turned off the hydraulic pump, and diverted to St.John’s,N.L., where maintenance was available. On approach to St.John’s, the hydraulic pump switch was moved to the override position for gear extension and the gear extended to the down-and-locked position; however, the hydraulic quantity indication had now dropped to below the green arc. An uneventful landing was carried out on Runway11 and the aircraft was slowed to a safe taxi speed by using reverse thrust. Since braking and nose wheel steering were still available, it was decided to taxi to the hangar. Upon reaching the hangar apron, the propellers were feathered; however, as the propellers were moving to the feather position, some thrust was produced and the aircraft continued moving forward. By this time, the hydraulic fluid was depleted and braking was no longer available. The aircraft continued to roll forward until it struck a hangar, causing substantial damage to the nose of the aircraft and minor damage to the hangar. There were no injuries to the crew. Maintenance found that a "banjo fitting" on the return side of the right main gear down lock actuator had failed. TSBFileA08A0062.

- On May 4,2008, a privately registered Cessna 210 Centurion was landing at Springbank,Alta., when the nose gear collapsed. A propeller strike followed. There was no injury to the lone occupant. Maintenance found the nose landing gear actuator failed on the rod end. A Service Difficulty Report(SDR)will be filed with Transport Canada. TSBFileA08W0082.

- On May11,2008, a Let L33 Solo glider was on final approach to Runway13 at Pendleton,Ont., when the pilot realized that the glider had insufficient altitude to reach the threshold of the runway. Trees and a swamp were located before the runway and the pilot decided to mush the glider into the trees to reduce the impact forces from the forced landing. The pilot evacuated the glider, and suffered minor injuries. The glider was substantially damaged. The weather was reported as:wind from 100° at 15kt, gusting to 20kt, and the sky was clear. The pilot had accumulated approximately 700hr of glider flying time and was experienced on the type. TSBFileA08O0119.

- On May15,2008, a Cessna 172N was taxiing north on Apron 1 for a departure from Runway07 at Windsor,Ont. During the taxi, the left wing of the aircraft struck a fire truck that was parked at the fire hall. The wing of the aircraft was substantially damaged; there were no injuries. TSBFileA08O0130.

- On May16,2008, a float-equipped DHC-3 Otter had just landed on the water at the Lac du Bonnet,Man., seaplane base(CJS9)when a gust of wind lifted the right wing. The left wing contacted the water and the aircraft overturned. The pilot and passenger were not injured. They evacuated the aircraft, and were picked up by a nearby boat. TSBFileA08C0104.

- On May18,2008, an amateur-built Elem was landing at a private strip at Grassy Lake,Ont. During the landing, the aircraft bounced and the pilot attempted a go-around. During the go-around, the aircraft hit some wires located at the end of the strip and then impacted the ground. The pilot, the sole occupant, received minor injuries. TSBFileA08O0129.

- On May22,2008, a RansS-7SCourier advanced ultralight was taking off from a private airstrip in Berwick,N.S., on its inaugural flight. During the initial climb, at an altitude of approximately 500ft, the engine(Rotax912ULS)suddenly stopped. The pilot attempted to glide the aircraft to a nearby open field; however, the aircraft struck the tops of hardwood trees and came to rest about 30ft above the ground, in the trees. The pilot, the sole occupant, was uninjured. The aircraft sustained substantial damage. TSBFileA08A0071.

- On May24,2008, a Cessna180B took off from Stonecliffe,Ont. The Cessna was declared missing on May26,2008. The next morning, May27,2008, the aircraft was found capsized in Paul Joncas Lake,Que. The two occupants sustained fatal injuries. The aircraft was significantly damaged. TSBFileA08Q0095.

- On May25,2008, a Cessna185E with a pilot and one passenger aboard had just taken off from Trois-Rivières,Que., when the engine(Teledyne Continental IO-520-D)quit. The pilot tried to return to land on the runway, but could not due to insufficient altitude. A forced landing was made in trees. No one was injured. The two occupants evacuated the aircraft, and walked to the airport. The aircraft sustained major damage. TSBFileA08Q0094.

- On May25,2008, a Bell206B helicopter was on a demonstration flight near Timmins,Ont. During a demonstrated autorotation with a power recovery, the aircraft impacted the ground in a tail-low attitude. The main rotor blades impacted the tail rotor drive shaft and severed the shaft. There were no injuries. TSBFileA08O0137.

- On May30,2008, a Cessna172L with a pilot and one passenger aboard was on approach heading north toward Polen Lake. On final, the pilot realized that the wind was blowing from the south. The pilot conducted a go-around, and turned while pulling up. The aircraft descended and crashed in trees. The floatplane sustained significant damage. The occupants suffered minor injuries. TSBFileA08Q0098.

- OnMay 30,2008, a CessnaU206G floatplane was landing at Sparrowhawk Lake,Man., on a flight from Willow Point,Man., in calm wind/glassy water conditions. The aircraft touched down several times, and on the last touchdown, landed hard. The aircraft’s right float struts collapsed and the aircraft nosed over, capsized and sank. The occupants exited the aircraft without injury, swam to shore and called for assistance via satellite phone. TSBFileA08C0114.

- On May30,2008, a TexasChuckbirdX2 ultralight was on a local flight out of a farm airstrip near Charlie Lake,B.C. The ultralight was observed to enter a right turn at low altitude and descend almost vertically into trees. The pilot sustained fatal injuries and the ultralight was destroyed. Surface winds were described as strong and gusty. The pilot was unlicensed and the ultralight was reportedly modified from the original design. The TSB was not requested to attend the accident site and the district coroner has conducted a field examination of the wreckage using local aviation resources. To the extent the wreckage was examined, there was no evidence of an in-flight structural failure of the airframe. TSBFileA08W0100.

- On June1,2008, several light aircraft were arriving at the uncontrolled Lacombe,Alta., airport to attend an annual fly-in breakfast. Two inbound ultralights were established in the circuit for Runway16, one on short final and one turning base leg to final for the same runway, at about 400ft above ground. Both ultralights had crossed midfield and joined the circuit abeam the midpoint of the runway on the downwind leg. When the lead ultralight was a few hundred feet from touchdown, an amateur-built HirondellePGK1 joined the traffic pattern straight-in from the north, heading south at about 200ft above ground on the approach to Runway16, behind the ultralight on short final and below the ultralight turning base to final. The distance between the lead ultralight and the Hirondelle closed rapidly. The Hirondelle suddenly banked sharply to the right and after about 90° of turn the nose dropped and the aircraft descended in a near vertical attitude into a level, cultivated barley field. The aircraft came to rest approximately 500 m northwest of the runway threshold. The aircraft was destroyed and the pilot sustained serious injuries. The aerodrome traffic frequency(122.8MHz)was in use and was being monitored at the time of the occurrence. The aircraft was VHF-equipped; however, there had been no radio communication from the Hirondelle prior to the accident. TSBFileA08W0101.

- OnJune 9,2008, an amateur-built CompAirComp4 was conducting the first flight since build completion, at the Springbank,Alta., airport. During departure on Runway34, at approximately 150ft above ground level(AGL), the engine(Subaru/Eggenfellner E6T/220)lost all power. The pilot declared an emergency, and the aircraft entered a steep right turn and crashed in the infield east of the runway. The pilot, who was the sole occupant, was fatally injured. TSBFileA08W0106.

- On June9,2008, an Aerospatiale AS350-B2 helicopter was conducting training at the Villeneuve,Alta., airport. During a hydraulics-off exercise, control was lost and the helicopter contacted the ground, resulting in it rolling over on its left side. The helicopter was substantially damaged, but the two flight crew members sustained no injuries. TSBFileA08W0107.

- OnJune 13,2008, a float-equipped Cessna 182P with a pilot and one passenger aboard took off from St-Mathias,Que., bound for Réservoir Gouin, Que. Upon reaching Réservoir Gouin, the pilot was to land on glassy water. The pilot executed an approach at a low rate of descent, and then conducted a go-around. The aircraft did not climb fast enough and hit some trees. The floatplane capsized and came to a stop. The aircraft was significantly damaged. The two occupants suffered serious injuries. TSBFileA08Q0107.

- On June13,2008, a Cameron hot air balloonZ-105 with a pilot and five passengers aboard took off from Iberville,Que., bound for Carignan/St-Hubert,Que. To avoid flying over St-Hubert at dusk, the pilot executed a precautionary landing in an industrial park on the outskirts of St-Hubert. The balloon made a hard landing in a paved parking lot, and then flipped on its side. The balloon was not damaged. One passenger sustained a serious injury. TSBFileA08Q0108.

- OnJune 22,2008, a PezetelSZD-55-1 glider was on final approach at Rockton,Ont., with the air brakes fully deployed. As the glider descended, the pilot pitched the nose up to climb over the trees on the approach path, but did not retract the air brakes. The nose up attitude and reduced airspeed resulted in the glider stalling and striking the trees in a steep nose-down angle. The pilot was extricated by witnesses and received no injuries. The glider was substantially damaged during the tree impact. TSBFileA08O0157.

- On June22,2008, a ThorpT-18 aircraft was on a local flight about 3 NM northwest of Windsor,Ont., with the pilot and one passenger on board when, at an altitude of 2 000ft above sea level(ASL), a loud bang was heard and the engine(Avco LycomingIO-320-B1A)quit. The pilot searched for a landing area while the passenger, also a pilot, contacted ATC and advised them of the engine failure and that a forced landing was going to be performed. An unpaved service road between a railway yard and a residential street was chosen for the landing. As the aircraft descended, it struck hydro wires that were running across the road, and immediately after, the right wing struck a hydro pole located beside the road. The aircraft struck the ground and a fire erupted. The passenger evacuated the aircraft with some difficulty and received serious burn injuries. The pilot remained in the aircraft and was seriously burned. Due to the extent of the burns, the pilot died the following day. TSBFileA08O0158.

- On June23,2008, a Cessna208 was taxiing on the apron atSasktoon,Sask. The pilot turned the aircraft around a parked ATR42. The vertical stabilizer of the C208 struck the wing of the ATR42. Damage to the ATR42 was minor. The spar and front cap of the vertical stabilizer of the C208 were replaced. TSBFileA08C0135.

- OnJune 26,2008, a Bell205B helicopter operating near Babin Lake,B.C., was on approach to pick up a load on the longline, when the engine(GE T-53-17B s/n LE-07727C)had an uncontained and catastrophic failure of the turbine section. The pilot landed the helicopter heavily, but was not injured. The skids and tail boom were damaged on landing, and the rotor blades suffered engine shrapnel damage. TSBFileA08P0195.

- On June29,2008, at George River,Que., the pilot of an AS350B2 helicopter wanted to make boarding easier for a passenger, and chose to land with a wind blowing from the left. Upon touchdown, while the aircraft was still light on the landing gear, the pilot felt the right skid catch in vegetation. The aircraft suddenly freed itself, and started to swing toward the left. The pilot immediately brought the helicopter back to the ground, and made a hard landing. Only the skids touched the ground. However, the impact was serious enough to wrinkle the surface of the tail boom. TSBFileA08Q0121.

- On June30,2008, an Astar 350B helicopter was being used for an archaeological exploratory flight over the Steen River. During a left-hand turn toward the downwind leg, the pilot lost control of the aircraft. The helicopter made several 360° turns to the left and then crashed in 5ft of water, about 30ft from shore. The helicopter was severely damaged. However, the pilot and three passengers were not hurt, and walked a mile toward a shelter to request help. At the beginning of the turn, the helicopter was at an altitude of 200ft and a speed of about 40-50 mph. The aircraft was at 97percent of its maximum gross weight. The wind was blowing at 16kt with gusts to 21 kt. In such conditions, a loss of tail rotor efficiency may occur if the aircraft loses speed. A decrease in collective pitch combined with a forward cyclic input usually helps regain control of the aircraft. Aircraft inspection showed no anomalies before the accident. TSBFileA08Q0118.

- On July2,2008, an instructor was to demonstrate soft-field takeoffs and landings to a student-pilot at Lac Etchemin,Que. The instructor landed the Cessna172 downwind on the first third of Runway06. Although the instructor applied the breaks after landing, the aircraft did not decelerate sufficiently to prevent it from overrunning the runway. Realizing that the aircraft was about to overrun the runway, the instructor applied the left pedal and shut off the mixture. The aircraft came to a stop when it hit the grassy field and the forest at the edge of the hangars. The two occupants were not injured. The aircraft sustained significant damage. TSBFileA08Q0119.

- On July3,2008, a Super Cyclone with a pilot and one passenger aboard had just taken off from Marina Venise,Que., for a local flight. During the initial climb, when the aircraft was at approximately 800ft above sea level(ASL), the engine(Teledyne Continental IO-520D)quit. The pilot tried to restart the engine by switching fuel selectors, but was unsuccessful. The aircraft descended in a nose low attitude toward Mille-Îles River. In order to decrease aircraft speed, the pilot selected full flaps. Because space was restricted, the landing was very hard, the floats buckled upwards, and the aircraft flipped over and came to a stop in an inverted position. The two occupants evacuated the aircraft and were rescued by recreational boaters. The occupants were taken to the hospital with minor injuries. TSBFileA08Q0124.

- On July6,2008, a PiperPA-17 was started by handpropping at the Smith-Falls/Montague Airport,Ont. After the start, the aircraft began to move and the pilot was unable to reach the throttle or magnetos to stop it. The airplane traveled about 100ft across the apron, dragging the pilot, before striking a parked Cessna182. The Cessna182’s engine was running. Both airplanes sustained substantial damage. The occupants of the Cessna182 were unhurt; the pilot of the PA-17 received minor injuries. TSBFileA08O0169.

Artist’s impression of the runaway PA-17

Artist’s impression of the runaway PA-17
after the hand-propping went wrong

- On July11,2008, a Grumman G-164A Ag Cat was applying product to a field 8NM east of Miniota,Man., when the engine(P&W R1340)suddenly lost power. The aircraft landed straight ahead into a field and overturned during the forced landing. The pilot was not injured and the aircraft sustained substantial damage. Air humidity levels were very high and the operator considers carburetor icing the likely reason for the engine power loss. The pilot had checked the carb heat before takeoff and was operating without carb heat at the time of the power loss. TSBFileA08C0159.

- On July13,2008, a CessnaA188B was entering a field 2 NM southeast of Outlook,Sask., to spray a headland, when the aircraft collided with a power line. The pilot sustained serious injuries and the aircraft was substantially damaged. TSBFileA08C0148.

- On July16,2008, an Aerospatiale AS350BA helicopter had just arrived at a drilling site approximately 38NM west of Baker Lake,Nun. Four passengers had deplaned and the helicopter was idling. One of the passengers was unloading several 8-to 10-ft long sections of steel core tube shells. The tubes inadvertently came in contact with the main rotor. The rotor became unbalanced and the helicopter sustained substantial damage from rotor movement and vibration. The passenger and pilot sustained minor injuries. TSBFileA08C0151.

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