- ISSUE 1/2011
- Copyright and Credits
- Guest Editorial
- Air Taxi Floatplane Operations Workshop Brings B.C. Operators Together
- Flight Operations
- Maintenance and Certification
- Recently Released TSB Reports
- Accident Synopses
- Regulations and You
- Debrief: From the FAA: Loose Equipment in the Flight Compartment and on Glare Shields
- National Aviation Day (poster)
- Take Five: NOTAMs
- Full HTML Version
- PDF Version
Note: The following accident synopses are Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) Class 5 events, which occurred between May 1, 2010, and July 31, 2010. These occurrences do not meet the criteria of classes 1 through 4, and are recorded by the TSB for possible safety analysis, statistical reporting, or archival purposes. The narratives may have been updated by the TSB since publication. For more information on any individual event, please contact the TSB.
— On May 1, 2010, a privately owned Cessna 140A, took off from Runway 23 at the Trois Rivières Airport, Que., for a local flight. During the initial climb, the pilot heard a drop in engine RPM and decided to abort the flight. During the landing run on Runway 23, the tail wheel-equipped Cessna 140A did a ground loop and came to a stop on its nose. The engine and the left wing were substantially damaged. The pilot was not injured. TSB File A10Q0067 .
— On May 1, 2010, a Diamond DA20 with a solo student pilot, was conducting short field/soft field stop-and-go practice on Runway 34 at the Springbank Airport (CYBW) near Calgary, Alta. On the fourth or fifth takeoff, the aircraft was observed over-rotating on liftoff and executing a wing-over type of manoeuvre to the left. The aircraft impacted the ground beside the runway in a vertical nose-down attitude before cartwheeling to an inverted position. The pilot was seriously injured and trapped in the wreckage until released by the emergency response service (ERS) and transported to hospital. TSB File A10W0063.
— On May 2, 2010, an unregistered powered paraglider crashed near Edgewater, B.C. The pilot had been flying without a licence. He was at low altitude (300 to 400 ft) and his engine was not running. He decided to land and, while turning into wind, caught the wing on the ground. He suffered serious injuries. TSB File A10P0116.
— On May 2, 2010, a Cessna 152 was being ferried from Dryden, Ont., to St. Andrews, Man., when the pilot encountered deteriorating weather conditions. The pilot diverted to Lac du Bonnet (CYAX), but weather conditions deteriorated further. While making a precautionary landing on Provincial Road 214, the aircraft struck an electrical wire. The aircraft sustained substantial damage but the pilot was not injured. TSB File A10C0054.
— On May 9, 2010, a de Havilland DHC-6-300 Twin Otter on skis was about 90 NM north of Alert, Nun., when a landing spot was found for survey purposes. The pilot performed a ski drag and landed on the second approach. Once the aircraft was stopped, the right landing gear broke through the ice while both engines were running. The right engine hit the ice under power. Both engines were shut down. The captain called for rescue on the HF radio while the first officer initiated the evacuation of the passengers, the recovery of the survival gear and the activation of the 406 MHz emergency locator transmitter (ELT). All the occupants moved away from the broken ice surface. A camp was set up and communication was made via satellite phone. Two hours later, a helicopter arrived to evacuate all the occupants to Alert. There were no injuries. The aircraft fuselage was last seen submerged up to its wings, tail high. TSB File A10Q0061.
— On May 11, 2010, a Robinson R22 Beta helicopter was on a low speed (12 to 15 kt) night flight at low altitude (between 50 and 75 ft) over fields to prevent the crops from freezing. After making a turn, the pilot felt significant vibrations, and the aircraft went down nose first and made a hard landing. The pilot lowered the collective to stop the aircraft, cut the power and shut off the electrical circuits before evacuating. The aircraft’s tail rotor blades were severed. The pilot, who was alone on board, was not injured. An inspection of the aircraft and the rotor drive belt tensioning systems showed that the straps had come off the pulleys while the rotors were engaged. The rotor engagement time substantially exceeded the standards specified in the aircraft’s operations manual. The manual indicates that if the rotor engagement time exceeds the 5 s limit (before the rotor turns), it can cause the belts to shift and eventually rupture during flight. TSB File A10Q0064.
— On May 13, 2010, a privately owned PA18A-150 aircraft on wheels took off from the St-Mathias Airport, Que., on a VFR flight bound for Île Bellegarde, Que., with the pilot on board. When it had reached its destination, the aircraft landed on a sandy beach. During the landing run, the aircraft did a ground loop. The left wing and the propeller were substantially damaged. TSB File A10Q0066.
— On May 13, 2010, the pilot of a Cessna C185 on amphibious floats was on final approach to a private Galiano Island, B.C., airstrip when the main gear struck a berm at the approach end of the strip. The airplane pitched nose down, breaking off the nose gears and veering off to the side of the runway where it flipped on its back. The pilot was not injured and credits wearing a shoulder harness. TSB File A10P0126.
— On May 13, 2010, an Astar AS350-B2 helicopter was transporting a five-man line crew to a job about 50 mi. south of Dawson City, Y.T. Just prior to touchdown in a mountain saddle, a high rate of descent developed resulting in a hard landing. There were no injuries to the pilot or the passengers but the helicopter had a collapsed right-hand skid and the tail rotor and tail boom were damaged. TSB File A10W0069.
— On May 15, 2010, a Cessna 172 landed in Kingston, Ont., after a flight from Oshawa, Ont. While taxiing from the runway to a parking position at a fixed-base operator (FBO), the aircraft struck its left wing on a fence post. The collision spun the aircraft to the left and the propeller struck the fence and came to a stop. The collision resulted in significant damage to the aircraft; however, both occupants were uninjured. TSB File A10O0091.
— On May 20, 2010, a float-equipped DHC-2 MK 1 aircraft was landing at Rivers Inlet, B.C., after a flight from Coal Harbour, B.C. When the aircraft was about 5 ft above the water, a gust of wind caused the right wing tip and the right float to touch the water; the aircraft cartwheeled and overturned. The pilot, who was the sole occupant on board the aircraft, was not injured. He exited from the aircraft and remained on a float until rescued. The substantially damaged aircraft was towed towards the River Inlet dock but sank in 160 ft of water. The emergency locator transmitter (ELT) was not activated, but the tracking system alerted the operator’s dispatch. The pilot was wearing both a shoulder harness and a life jacket. TSB File A10P0133.
— On May 24, 2010, a Beech V35B was on a VFR flight from Creston B.C. to Nelson, B.C. In the vicinity of Crescent Bay, on Kootenay Lake, the engine (Continental IO-520) began to run roughly. The pilot heard a bang; oil covered the windshield and the engine emitted black smoke. The pilot ditched the aircraft in the lake, close to shore. The pilot and passenger successfully evacuated the aircraft without injury and were rescued by a nearby boat. The emergency locator transmitter (ELT) was not activated and the substantially damaged aircraft sank in shallow water. TSB File A10P0143.
— On May 29, 2010, a de Havilland DHC6 Twin Otter aircraft with two pilots on board was conducting a short takeoff and landing (STOL) training flight in a training area 15 NM east-southeast of the Kuujjuaq Airport, Que. During an approach, the right wing struck a tree and the aircraft returned to land at Kuujjuaq without further incident. The wing’s leading edge, the aileron and the wingtip sustained substantial damage. Neither of the two pilots was injured. TSB File A10Q0084.
— On May 30, 2010, a privately operated Cessna 182 on floats with four people on board was on a VFR flight from Lake Témiscouata, Que., in visual meteorological conditions (VMC). During the take-off run in high winds, the right wing struck the surface of the lake and the aircraft nosed over and came to a stop upside down on the lake’s surface. The passengers were immediately rescued by shoreline residents, but still suffered moderate hypothermia. There was one minor injury and the aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A10Q0082.
Artist’s impression of event as it occurred
— On May 30, 2010, a privately operated Piper PA16X (Clipper) with only the pilot on board was on a VFR flight from the St-Hyacinthe Airport, Que., to the Trois-Rivières Airport, Que. Upon landing in crosswind conditions, the aircraft did a ground loop and went off the runway. The pilot was not injured; however, the aircraft’s front right landing gear, propeller and tail wheel were substantially damaged. TSB File A10Q0081.
— On May 31, 2010, a Cub L-4B on floats was on a VFR flight from lac Miquet, Que., to Petite Décharge River in Alma, Que. During a water landing on glassy water, as the aircraft landed with a high rate of descent, the front float attachment broke and the propeller severed the front section of the float. The aircraft was diverted to lac Sébastien to conduct an emergency water landing. The aircraft landed on its left float, came to a stop near the shore, and the right wing touched the water sustaining no additional damage. No one was injured. TSB File A10Q0088.
— On June 4, 2010, a privately operated Robinson R44 helicopter was landing in an area next to a cottage on Lac Duval, Que. The grass-covered terrain at the landing spot was uneven. Upon touching down, the pilot put collective down abruptly and sensed the helicopter wanted to tilt backwards. The pilot corrected abruptly with cyclic forward and collective up and the helicopter lifted and tilted forward, striking the main rotor on the ground. The pilot and passenger were not injured. The aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A10Q0086.
— On June 5, 2010, a privately operated Piper PA-28-140 was on a local recreational flight in the St. John’s Airport, St. John’s, N.L., area. During a full flap landing on Runway 02, the aircraft touched down hard and bounced resulting in damage to the nose gear, propeller and left-hand (LH) wing tip. The pilot secured the engine and exited the aircraft uninjured. Rescue personnel responded and the aircraft was towed clear of the runway a short time later. TSB File A10A0060.
— On June 8, 2010, a Midget Mustang MM-1 aircraft was on its maiden flight after extensive refurbishing by the pilot owner. During the climb out from Runway 30 at Orillia, Ont., and after its third circuit, the engine lost power, regained it, and lost it a second time. The aircraft turned to the left and quickly descended striking hydro lines by the side of a road before coming to a rest in a wooded area outside the airport boundary. The pilot was seriously injured and subsequently died of his injuries. The aircraft was substantially damaged. There was no post-crash fire and the 406 MHz emergency locator transmitter (ELT) activated. TSB File A10O0112.
— On June 13, 2010, a Piper PA-25-235 had just taken off from Nipawin, Sask., to conduct aerial spraying when the pilot observed a partial loss of engine power. As the pilot turned the aircraft clear of built-up areas to jettison the chemical load, the engine lost all power. The aircraft descended and collided with trees on the east bank of the Saskatchewan River. The aircraft came to rest, inverted with substantial damage The pilot sustained serious injuries. TSB File A10C0085.
— On June 9, 2010, a Cessna 172M was landing at a private strip at Somerset, Man., on a flight from Starbuck, Man. During the landing roll, the pilot’s headset fell to the cockpit floor and became lodged behind the pilot’s rudder/brake pedals. The pilot lost directional control and the aircraft veered off the runway and into an adjacent ditch and overturned. The aircraft sustained substantial damage to its wings and tail; no injuries were reported. TSB File A10C0091.
— On June 25, 2010, a Hughes 369HS (500C) helicopter was conducting spraying operations 1.6 NM north of Aldergrove, B.C., when the helicopter struck a greenhouse. The skids were torn off the helicopter and the engine was overstressed during the pilot’s recovery attempt. The pilot was able to retain control of the helicopter and remained airborne while his ground crew fashioned an improvised landing platform of wood. The pilot then landed the helicopter without further incident. The pilot was not injured but the helicopter was substantially damaged. TSB File A10P0185.
— On June 26, 2010, a Beaver SS basic ultralight took off from a field near Deep Creek, B.C., for a demonstration flight prior to the aircraft being sold. The aircraft took off, began a right turn and then the nose abruptly rose steeply. The aircraft stalled and impacted the ground. The aircraft was destroyed and the pilot was fatally injured. TSB File A10P0186.
— On July 3, 2010, the pilot of a Found Brothers amphibious floatplane model FBA-2C1 departed from the runway at Pitt Meadows Regional Airport in B.C., to conduct circuits over Pitt Lake, B.C. After picking a spot to land on the water near several boats, he carried out his pre-landing check, observed that the landing gear position annunciator lights were illuminated, heard the audio warning that the wheels were down for a landing on land and continued to land on the water. Upon touchdown, the aircraft pitched down and nosed into the water. Initially, the pilot’s door appeared to be jammed but it opened when activated in the opposite direction. The pilot subsequently egressed the submerged cockpit and clung to a float of the overturned aircraft. The pilot released his shoulder harness just prior to exiting the aircraft. He was also wearing a personal floatation device (PFD), which reportedly did not hinder his egress. Since the aircraft was floating close to the surface, the pilot elected not to inflate the PFD. He was rescued shortly thereafter by boaters. TSB File A10P0195.
— On July 3, 2010, an amateur-built PA-18 NG was on a local flight to the St-Jean Airport (CYJN), Que., with only the pilot on board. During landing on Runway 29, the aircraft bounced twice and went off the runway. The aircraft’s right landing gear was substantially damaged. The pilot was not injured. TSB File A10Q0103.
— On July 3, 2010, an amateur-built amphibious Klein KL 1 aircraft was being prepared for a flight at the Langley Airport in B.C. The pilot started the engine, performed a run-up and cockpit check, and noticed that the battery voltage was below 12 V (normal is 13.9 V). He engaged the auxiliary fuel pump and the engine (Hirth Motoren KG, F30) stopped. The pilot saw flames coming out of the air intake on the left side of the engine cowling. He retrieved the aircraft fire extinguisher and discharged all its contents fighting the fire. He abandoned the aircraft and sought assistance. The fire department arrived and extinguished the fire but the aircraft was destroyed. The pilot was not injured. TSB File A10P0197.
— On July 5, 2010, a Bell 206B helicopter was engaged in fungicide application near Esterhazy, Sask., when the main rotor mast of the helicopter contacted an overhead wire and control was lost. The aircraft impacted the ground in a nose-low attitude on the left side. The pilot received minor hand injuries and exited the aircraft. There was no post-crash fire. There was a release of chemicals during the crash. No mechanical problems were evident prior to contact with the wire. The seat belt and shoulder harness were in use and the pilot was wearing a helmet, as mandated by company policy. The aircraft was destroyed. TSB File A10C0107.
— On July 11, 2010, a float-equipped Cessna 185 was departing Salerno Lake, near Irondale, Ont. During the take-off run, in a narrow section of the lake, a small boat appeared and was on a head-on collision course with the aircraft. The pilot aborted the takeoff and then shut the engine off; however, the boat continued and impacted the aircraft between the two floats. One occupant of the boat sustained serious injuries; the four occupants of the aircraft were not injured. The boat sustained extensive damage, while the damage to the aircraft was limited to the floats. The aircraft was secured to a large boat to prevent it from sinking and was towed to shore. TSB File A10O0136.
— On July 13, 2010, a Bell 206B helicopter was working on the east side of Stave Lake near Agassiz, B.C., positioning forest management personnel. While attempting to land with just the pilot on board, a bear paw snagged under a log. The aircraft rolled onto its right-hand side and was a total loss. The pilot was taken to hospital with minor injuries. TSB File A10P0207.
— On July 14, 2010, a AS350BA helicopter landed in a clearing about 50 NM north of Wabasca, Alta., to pick up a fire crew. After liftoff and acceleration through 30 kt, a main rotor vibration was detected, and the aircraft was landed in a clearing about 800 m away. Two main rotor blades had sustained substantial damage in the trim tab area, likely from contact with a tree. The helicopter was grounded on-site and, due to fading daylight, the pilot and four passengers were extracted the next day. TSB File A10W0105.
— On July 16, 2010, a Cessna T210N Centurian was landing on Runway 15 at the Saskatoon, Sask., airport after arriving from Regina, Sask. Upon touchdown, the aircraft landed on its belly and scraped along the runway before veering into the infield. There were no injuries but the aircraft was substantially damaged. During recovery, the aircraft was lifted and the landing gear was cycled down. The landing gear came down and locked normally and the aircraft was towed to the ramp. It was not clear whether the landing gear had been selected down prior to landing. TSB File A10C0124.
— On July 20, 2010, a Cessna 172K was in cruise flight at 6 000 ft, approximately 40 NM east of Senneterre, Que., heading towards Amos, Que., when the engine quit. The pilot applied mixture and carb heat and attempted a restart but was not successful. The pilot conducted a forced landing along a heavily wooded lumber road. The aircraft came to rest after colliding with several large trees. The pilot and passenger were not injured. The aircraft was substantially damaged. The pilot used a SPOT emergency locator transmitter (ELT) to get help. A forestry worker nearby assisted them. Apparently the engine power loss was due to fuel exhaustion. The aircraft had flown 3 hr 55 min since it had last been fuelled. TSB File A10Q0118.
— On July 27, 2010, a privately owned Beech Musketeer Sport (BE-19A), with one pilot and one passenger on board, took off for Chicoutimi, Que., from a gravel runway located 1 NM west of lac Portneuf, Que. After takeoff, the aircraft did not have enough climb performance to clear the obstacles on its flight path. The aircraft hit the trees at the end of the runway and crashed 300 m away. Both passengers sustained minor injuries and the aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A10Q0120.
Worth Watching—Again! The 11 Through the Overcast Video Vignettes
The 11 Through the Overcast video vignettes, varying in length between five and six minutes each, were produced in 1997 to promote safe practices for all sectors of the aviation industry, and to prevent accidents and incident. They have been available on the Transport Canada Website in streaming video format for many years now at: https://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/publications-cd-dvd-vhs-602.html#tp14185. Hosted by renowned aviation safety champion Mike Doiron, these excellent vignettes are a must-watch for anyone involved in our industry. Time well spent!
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