2016 Flight Crew Recency Requirements Self-Paced Study Program

Refer to paragraph 421.05(2)(d) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) standard.

Completion of this questionnaire satisfies the 24-month recurrent training program requirements of CAR 401.05(2)(a). It is to be retained by the pilot.

All pilots are to answer questions 1 to 30. In addition, aeroplane and ultralight aeroplane pilots are to answer questions 31 to 33; helicopter pilots are to answer questions 34 and 35; glider pilots are to answer questions 36 and 37; gyroplane pilots are to answer questions 38 and 39; and balloon pilots are to answer questions 40 and 41.

References are listed at the end of each question. Many answers may be found in the Transport Canada Aeronautical Information Manual (TC AIM). Some of the material is now found in the AIP Canada (ICAO). Amendments to these publications may result in changes to answers and/or references. The TC AIM is available online at https://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/publications/tp14371-menu-3092.htm

AIP Canada (ICAO) is available online at http://www.navcanada.ca/EN/products-and-services/Pages/AIP.aspx.


Question 1 When an aerodrome is listed in the Canada Flight Supplement (CFS) or Canada Water Aerodrome Supplement (CWAS) as "PPR", what does this mean?
(Ref: TC AIM-AGA 2.2)

Question 2 At aerodromes certified as airports, a dry, Transport Canada (TC) standard wind direction indicator will react to a wind speed of 10 kt with an angle of [fill in the blank]° below horizontal.
(Ref: TC AIM-AGA 5.9)

Question 3 In the air navigation system, only [fill in the blank] and [fill in the blank] have 121.5 MHz capability, and this emergency frequency is only monitored during these facilities' hours of operation.
(Ref: TC AIM-COM 1.12.2)

Question 4 Currently, global positioning system (GPS) horizontal and vertical positions are accurate to [fill in the blank] m and [fill in the blank] m, respectively, 95% of the time.
(Ref: TC AIM-COM 5.2)

Question 5 The pilot briefing service is provided by [fill in the blank].
(Ref: TC AIM-MET 1.1.3)

Question 6 According to the PIREP below, where was the reporting aircraft?

UACN10 CYKA 161752
UA /OV CYDC 320012 /TM 1751 /FL105 /TP C182 /SK 060BKN100 /RM SCT TCU EMBD

(Ref: TC AIM-MET 2.1.1)

Question 7 On a graphic area forecast (GFA), what does a stippled area enclosed by a solid green line symbolize?
(Ref: TC AIM-MET 4.11)

Question 8 What is the purpose of an AIRMET?
(Ref: TC AIM-MET 5.1)

Question 9 Based on the aerodrome forecast (TAF) below, what is the lowest forecast ceiling for CYOW?

TAF CYOW 241741Z 2418/2518 06015G25KT 3/4SM -SN BLSN VV008
TEMPO 2418/2420 3SM -SNPL BR OVC010 PROB30 2418/2420 2SM
FM242000 07020G30KT 5SM -FZRA -PL BR OVC010 TEMPO 2420/2504 1SM
FZRA BR OVC004 PROB30 2421/2504 1SM +FZRA BR
FM250400 07022G32KT 2SM -RA BR OVC005
FM250800 08012G22KT 1SM -SHRA BR OVC003
FM251100 09010KT 1/2SM -DZ FG VV002
FM251500 28012KT P6SM -SHSN BKN015

(Ref: TC AIM-MET 7.4 and MET 8.3(k))

Question 10 Based on the TAF above, what is the forecast visibility for CYOW at 2100Z?
(Ref: TC AIM-MET 7.4)

Question 11 Based on the TAF above, when can you expect visual flight rules (VFR) weather conditions in the CYOW control zone?
(Ref: TC AIM-MET 7.4)

Question 12 In a TAF, "TEMPO" is only used when the modified forecast condition is expected to last less than [fill in the blank] in each instance, and if expected to recur, the total period of the modified condition will not cover more than [fill in the blank] of the total forecast period.
(Ref: TC AIM-MET 7.4)

Question 13 What is the reported visibility in the SPECI below?

SPECI CYMO 232021Z AUTO 07004KT 1 3/4SM -SN BKN011 BKN016
OVC023 M05/M06 A3006 RMK VIS VRB 3/4-3 SLP181=

(Ref: TC AIM-MET 8.3 and MET 8.5.4)

Question 14 In a METAR, is the wind direction given in degrees true or magnetic?
(Ref: TC AIM-MET 8.3)

Question 15 For an airport listed in the CFS as "UNICOM (AU)", what can the Approach UNICOM (AU) operator provide?
(Ref: TC AIM-RAC 1.2.1)

Question 16 Cruising altitudes appropriate to aircraft track shall apply when VFR aircraft are operated at more than [fill in the blank] ft above ground level (AGL).
(Ref: TC AIM-RAC 2.3.1)

Question 17 Low-level airways are controlled low-level airspace extending upward from [fill in the blank] ft AGL up to, but not including, 18 000 ft above sea level (ASL).
(Ref: TC AIM-RAC 2.7.1)

Question 18 In uncontrolled airspace below 1 000 ft AGL, the minimum day VFR flight visibility is [fill in the blank], and the minimum distance from cloud is [fill in the blank].
(Ref: TC AIM-RAC Figure 2.8 and CAR 602.115)

Question 19 Except where the flight is conducted within [fill in the blank] NM of the departure aerodrome, no pilot-in-command shall operate an aircraft in VFR flight unless [fill in the blank] has been filed.
(Ref: TC AIM-RAC 3.6.1)

Question 20 What radio transmission is mandatory after takeoff from an uncontrolled aerodrome within an aerodrome traffic frequency (ATF) area?
(Ref: TC AIM-RAC 4.5.7)

Question 21 Aeronautical Information Circulars (AICs) provide advance notice of major changes to legislation, regulation, procedures or purely administrative matters where the text is not a part of the [fill in the blank] or [fill in the blank].
(Ref: TC AIM-MAP 2.3)

Question 22 When does your aviation document booklet (ADB) expire?
(Ref: TC AIM-LRA 1.2)

Question 23 The flight crew recency requirements address three time periods. To exercise the privileges of your permit, licence or rating you must meet the [fill in the blank] and [fill in the blank] requirements. Additionally, to carry passengers you must also meet the [fill in the blank] requirements.
(Ref: TC AIM-LRA 1.12, CAR 401.05)

Question 24 All known objects [fill in the blank] ft or more AGL are depicted on visual navigation charts. However, because there is only limited knowledge over the erection of man-made objects, there can be [fill in the blank].
(Ref: TC AIM-AIR 2.4)

Question 25 By [fill in the blank] ft ASL the partial pressure of oxygen is low enough that all pilots will experience mild hypoxia and some will become symptomatic.
(Ref: TC AIM-AIR 3.2.1)

For questions 26 to 29 refer to AIP Canada (ICAO), available on NAV CANADA's Web site at http://www.navcanada.ca/EN/products-and-services/Pages/AIP.aspx.

Question 26 AIP Canada (ICAO) GEN 1.5.1 describes survival in sparsely settled areas of Canada. According to Table 1.5.1—Survival Equipment, pencil pyrotechnics used for signalling will not go above [fill in the blank] in winter.
(Ref: AIP Canada (ICAO) GEN 1.5.1)

Question 27 For aeronautical charts covering the less densely populated areas, the topographic base maps are reviewed every [fill in the blank] years and the aeronautical overlays are reviewed every [fill in the blank] years.
(Ref: AIP Canada (ICAO) GEN 3.2.2)

Question 28 New or revised information which is required to be depicted on VFR Navigation Charts (VNCs) is advertised by [fill in the blank] until such time as it can be published in the [fill in the blank] section of the CFS.
(Ref: AIP Canada (ICAO) GEN 3.2.2)

Question 29 Go to the NAV CANADA Web site and familiarize yourself with the AICs and AIP Canada (ICAO) Supplements available at http://www.navcanada.ca/EN/products-and-services/Pages/AIP-current.aspx. Record the most recent AIC number here: [fill in the blank]

Question 30 What is the date of the most current VNC for your area? [fill in the blank] (AIP Canada (ICAO) GEN 3.2.5; http://www.navcanada.ca/EN/products-and-services/Pages/aeronautical-information-products-charts-VFR-navigational-charts.aspx)


Question 31 At uncontrolled aerodromes not within an mandatory frequency (MF) area or when no MF procedures are in effect, aircraft should approach the traffic circuit [fill in the blank]. Alternatively, once the pilot has ascertained without any doubt that there will be no conflict with other traffic entering the circuit or traffic established within the circuit, the pilot may join the circuit [fill in the blank].
(Ref: TC AIM-RAC 4.5.2)

Question 32 In the case of an engine failure at 3 000 ft AGL, what is the gliding speed and no-wind range of the aeroplane that you typically fly? [fill in the blank] indicated air speed (IAS); [fill in the blank]
(Refer to aircraft manuals)

Question 33 For the aeroplane that you typically fly, what is the proper sequence of actions for a go-around procedure?
(Refer to aircraft manuals)


Question 34 Refer to the article entitled "Take Five: Snow Landing and Take-off Techniques for Helicopters" in Aviation Safety Letter [TP 185], 1/2008.

When conducting takeoffs in conditions conducive to re-circulating snow, [fill in the blank] to get the snow blowing while [fill in the blank].
(Ref: Aviation Safety Letter [TP 185] 1/2008)

Question 35 Visit the Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) Web site at http://www.tsb.gc.ca/eng/rapports-reports/aviation/. TSB Aviation Investigation Report A95A0040 says that contributing to the accident was the pilot's decision to conduct a portion of the flight over the river at low altitude without having first [fill in the blank] for obstructions.


Question 36 In a level 50° banked turn, the g load will be [fill in the blank] and the stall speed will increase by [fill in the blank] %.
(Use glider references)

Question 37 If, when prepared for launch, one of the ground crew shouts "STOP" and raises both hands above their head, the glider pilot must [fill in the blank].
(Use glider references)


Question 38 If you experience an engine failure during the initial climb, what should you do first?
(Use gyroplane references)

Question 39 When descending in autorotation, if the rotor RPM decreases, what action other than rounding out your descent would increase your rotor RPM?
(Use gyroplane references)


Question 40 If your balloon contacts a tree and is moving free of it, what should you do to reduce the risk of adverse consequences?
(Use balloon references)

Question 41 If frost develops at a propane tank valve stem, what should you suspect is the cause?
(Use balloon references)

Date completed


Date modified: