Flight Operations - Carriage of Firearms and Ammunition On Board an Aircraft

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In Canada, the Canadian Aviation Security Regulations (CASR) regulates the transportation of firearms, and the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (TDGR) regulates the handling, offering for transport, or transportation of ammunition to, from, and within Canada.

The CASR prohibit the transport of loaded firearms on board an aircraft.

The CASR state that peace officers, as defined in the CASR, are permitted to carry or have access to unloaded firearms on board an aircraft if they require access to the firearm immediately before, during or immediately after the flight (such as a prisoner escort). Certain conditions must be met, and are outlined in the CASR.

The CASR defines a peace officer as:

"(a) a member of the Correctional Service of Canada who is designated a peace officer under PartI of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and any other officer or permanent employee of a prison other than a penitentiary as defined in PartI of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act;

(b) a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and a police officer, police constable or any person who is designated by the Solicitor General, the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or a provincial minister as a peace officer for the purpose of the preservation and maintenance of the public peace at an aerodrome; and

(c) an immigration officer who is enforcing any provision of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act or any regulations, warrant, order or direction made under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act respecting the arrest, detention or removal from Canada of any person."

As ammunitions are considered to be dangerous goods, their transportation by air is regulated by the International Civil Aviation Organization Technical Instructions (ICAO TI), as referenced in the TDGR. Ammunitions are not allowed in carry-on baggage. Police officers or peace officers may carry ammunition in checked baggage in compliance with the ICAO TI's Part8 - Provisions for Passengers and Crew.

For the requirements governing the transport of ammunition as cargo on board an aircraft, refer to sections12.1 and 12.4 of the TDGR.

To learn more about both the CASR and the TDGR, you may consult the Transport Canada Web site at http://www.tc.gc.ca/.

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