- Issue 3/2012
- Copyright and Credits
- Guest Editorial
- Flight Operations
- Maintenance and Certification
- Recently Released TSB Reports
- Accident Synopses
- Regulations and You
A Just Culture
- Authorized? Be sure! Runway Incursions Are Real! (poster)
- Safety in the air starts on the ground—Maintenance (poster)
- Full HTML Version
- PDF Version
Note: The following accident synopses are Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) Class 5 events, which occurred between November 1, 2011, and January 31, 2012. These occurrences do not meet the criteria of classes 1 through 4, and are recorded by the TSB for possible safety analysis, statistical reporting, or archival purposes. The narratives may have been updated by the TSB since publication. For more information on any individual event, please contact the TSB.
— On November 4, 2011, a privately operated Cessna 182G experienced a brake failure while being taxied into a parking position at the airport at Sudbury/Coniston (CSC9), Ont., resulting in a collision with an adjacent Cessna 172L, and causing substantial damage to the right wing and propeller of the 182 and damage to the left wing and propeller of the 172. The 182 had been brought to a complete stop without any braking difficulty after taxiing clear of the runway. After the mishap, the right brake pedal went completely to the floor. TSB File A11O0209.
— On November 6, 2011, a privately operated Cessna A185E approached a private landing strip at McKellar, Ont., with a slight tailwind, resulting in the aircraft floating beyond the intended touchdown point. An overshoot was initiated and shortly thereafter, the aircraft stalled, dropping the left wing. The aircraft struck the ground adjacent to the left side of the runway and sustained substantial damage to the landing gear and propeller. The pilot, wearing a three-point harness, was uninjured. The emergency locator transmitter (ELT) activated and was turned off by the pilot. TSB File A11O0211.
— On November 17, 2011, the pilot of a Cessna 172 was flying locally and practising circuits at the airport at Ottawa/Rockcliffe (CYRO), Ont. During the landing approach, at a height of approximately 10 ft over Runway 27, the stall warning horn sounded and the pilot added power. The added power was insufficient and the aircraft stalled and hit the ground hard, bending the nose gear and right main landing gear. The aircraft veered off the runway and struck its right wing and stabilizer before coming to a rest near Taxiway Bravo. The pilot and two passengers were uninjured, but the aircraft suffered substantial damage. TSB File A11O0215.
— On November 19, 2011, a Piper J-3C-65 was on a VFR flight in the Boisbriand, Que., region. The pilot was accompanied by one passenger. The pilot had earlier landed without incident in an adjoining field. Although the wind was from the northwest, the final approach to the field being used as a landing strip was conducted in a southerly direction. Although its speed was 50 mph, the aircraft pitched nose-down at a height at which the pilot was unable to regain control. The aircraft crashed but did not catch fire. Both occupants were quickly rescued and were transported to hospital with serious injuries. TSB File A11Q0212.
— On November 22, 2011, a student pilot was receiving tail-wheel training in a Bellanca 7ECA in the circuit at Bassano (CEN2), Alta. The exercise was crosswind landings and departures, with a crosswind of about 45° from the left. On climb-out after a touch-and-go, the instructor in the rear seat failed the engine for a forced landing. He expected the pilot to turn left into wind for a landing in the adjacent open field. Instead, the pilot attempted to land straight ahead as he had been taught. The instructor took control just prior to a hard landing that resulted in damage to the right-hand fuselage, landing gear, propeller and engine. There were no injuries. TSB File A11W0178.
— On November 23, 2011, a private Piper PA24-250 was on a VFR flight from Kitchener/Waterloo (CYKF), Ont., to Burlington (CZBA), Ont. During the approach, the landing gear was not selected down and the aircraft landed with the gear fully retracted. The aircraft sustained damage to the propeller, engine and lower fuselage skin. The pilot, the sole occupant, was uninjured. TSB File A11O0233.
— On November 26, 2011, a Cessna 150L had departed on a VFR flight from the airport at Bromont (CZBM), Que., to Québec/Jean Lesage International Airport (CYQB), Que. Approximately 15 min after takeoff, the engine (Teledyne Continental O-200-A) lost power, decreasing from 2 400 RPM to 2 000 RPM and then to 1 200 RPM. The pilot made a forced landing in a field. During the final landing phase of the flight, the left wing was sectioned when it hit a telephone pole, causing the aircraft to pivot left. The right main landing gear collapsed and the tail section was bent. The two occupants sustained minor injuries. The aircraft was substantially damaged. The temperature and dew point were conducive to serious carburetor icing conditions. TSB File A11Q0218.
— On November 26, 2011, an AS350 B2 helicopter was supporting drill operations from a staging area located 6 NM west of the airport at Wabush (CYWK), N.L. The pilot landed the aircraft, keeping the main rotor at full RPM, but while he turned in his seat to retrieve his gloves from behind him, the helicopter lifted and abruptly turned right. The pilot was unable to reach the collective, cyclic and pedal controls in time to arrest the lift-off and right turn. The collective lock latch had not been secured. The helicopter turned over and came to rest on its right side approximately 30 ft from the original landing spot. The pilot was seriously injured. One person working on the ground was not injured. The aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A11Q0217.
— On December 3, 2011, a privately operated Luscombe Silvaire 8F airplane on floats was being taxied for takeoff on Smiths Mill Pond, near Scotland, Ont. After taxiing a short distance, the pilot attempted to turn back to shore because of ice on the intended take-off path. During the turn, the outside float caught beneath the ice, resulting in the aircraft nosing over and coming to rest inverted. Neither the pilot nor the passenger was injured; both egressed safely. Both floats sustained damage, allowing water to leak into the forward compartments. TSB File A11O0232.
— On December 3, 2011, a Cessna 172 was overturned by the propeller blast from a Convair 340 that was doing a maintenance-related full-power run-up at Kelowna Airport (CYLW), B.C. The Cessna was taxiing on an uncontrolled section of the airport, en route for takeoff to conduct flight training. The flight instructor and the student on board the Cessna were not injured, but the aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A11P0163.
— On December 4, 2011, a Piper PA-44-180 aircraft was on a local flight with a pilot and instructor on board. During an approach to land at Gander, N.L., the landing gear was selected down and an unsafe nose indication was received. The pilot observed the nose gear down in the mirror on the cowling, and the tower confirmed the gear was down when the aircraft did a fly-by. The gear was cycled a few times and although an emergency extension was carried out, the nose gear still did not show down and locked. Numerous attempts were made to jolt the nose gear down into the locked position, but all were unsuccessful. The pilot declared an emergency and was cleared to land on Runway 21 with emergency response services (ERS) on standby. After touchdown, the nose gear collapsed and the aircraft came to rest about 3 200 ft from the intersection of runways 13 and 34. There were no injuries and the aircraft sustained damage to the nose landing gear doors, nose gear and lower fuselage. Company maintenance noted that one of the nose gear door rods had fractured, which would have prevented the nose gear from coming down. TSB File A11A0093.
— On December 6, 2011, a DHC-6-300 was on a night cargo flight from Iqaluit, Nun., to Kimmirut, Nun. During the area navigation (RNAV) approach to Runway 34, the crew noticed an increase in the ground speed due to an estimated 10-to-15-kt tailwind. The reported surface wind was from the east and estimated to be 10 kt. In an attempt to land as close as possible to the runway threshold, the pilot at the controls reduced the power to idle when the aircraft was on short final. However, the aircraft touched down on rocky ground approximately 5 to 10 ft before the runway threshold. The right wheel struck a large rock and the right landing gear strut broke. Having spun 180°, the aircraft came to rest in the middle of the runway. Neither of the two pilots, the sole occupants of the aircraft, sustained any injury. Repairs were carried out and the aircraft was ferried to Iqaluit for further repairs. The crew was aware of a NOTAM stating that the light on the wind direction indicator was out of service. The emergency locator transmitter (ELT) did not activate. TSB File A11Q0220.
— On December 8, 2011, an amateur-built CUBY aircraft ground-looped upon landing at the airport in Sorel, Que. The pilot, who was the only person on board, was not injured. The aircraft was significantly damaged. TSB File A11Q0227.
— On December 15, 2011, a Beech King Air 100 took off, with two pilots on board, from Val-d’Or, Que., on an IFR flight to Rouyn, Que. Having carried out a missed approach procedure because of bad weather at Rouyn, the aircraft returned to land at Val-d’Or. During the ground run, around 500 ft from the touchdown point, the landing gear lever was inadvertently pulled instead of the flap lever. The main gear retracted during the ground run. The propeller of the right engine struck the runway surface, the flaps and gear doors were damaged as well as a part of the belly surface. The aircraft came to rest on the runway and both pilots walked away unhurt. TSB File A11Q0231.
— On January 3, 2012, an R44 II helicopter was repositioning in a hover along a tree-lined road about 75 NM north of Fort St. John, B.C., when the main rotor blades clipped a tree. Control was lost, and the helicopter rolled on its side. The aircraft was substantially damaged, and the pilot and passenger sustained minor injuries. The 406 MHz emergency locator transmitter (ELT) activated. TSB File A12W0001.
— On January 5, 2012, a Cessna 172I was on a local flight in the vicinity of St. Claude, Man., with only the pilot on board. The pilot landed the aircraft in a northerly direction on a provincial road and the left wing came up during the landing roll. The pilot lost directional control of the aircraft and hit a utility pole. The pilot was not injured and the aircraft was substantially damaged. The winds were from the west, gusting to 18 kt. TSB File A12C0003.
— On January 7, 2012, a Eurocopter AS350 BA helicopter had lifted off to reposition for refuelling in a seismic operation staging area 20 NM west of Steen River, Alta., when the long line became entangled in the tail rotor. The aircraft landed with no injuries to the pilot, and substantial damage to the helicopter’s tail rotor system and tail boom. TSB File A12W0002.
— On January 22, 2012, a Cessna 205 departed Springhouse Airpark (CAQ4), B.C., around 08:30 Pacific Standard Time (PST) to conduct moose inventory in the Big Creek area, about 70 NM southwest of Williams Lake, B.C. About an hour later, Caribou Fire Centre noticed the aircraft’s on-board tracking system was displaying a red icon, and the pilot had not radioed in as required. The appropriate authorities were notified and a company aircraft departed CAQ4 to locate the missing aircraft. The search aircraft received an emergency locator transmitter (ELT) signal, but was forced to return to CAQ4 due to turbulence. A search and rescue (SAR) Buffalo aircraft located the crash site at about 13:00 PST and paradropped SAR technicians. A SAR Cormorant helicopter and a Bell 206B arrived about half an hour later and transported the pilot, three passengers and SAR technicians to Williams Lake. At the time of the accident the sky was overcast and as a result of the flat light, the aircraft was flown low over the snow-covered terrain to allow the spotters to identify moose tracks. At the end of a run heading toward rising terrain, the aircraft encountered a strong downdraft and was unable to outclimb the terrain. It struck the hillside at about 7 300 ft above sea level (ASL), overturned and was significantly damaged. One spotter was thrown from the aircraft on impact and received minor injuries. The pilot and the other two spotters were not injured. TSB File A12P0010.
— On January 29, 2012, a Cessna A185F equipped with Fluidyne 3600-type retractable skis was taxiing on the snow-covered surface of Lake Mercier, Que., to go to the take-off area. Because there was water under the snow covering, the pilot had to maintain a speed of around 25 kt. The right ski went under the snow, which caused the aircraft to flip over. There was damage to the propeller, the right wing and the empennage. None of the four occupants was injured. TSB File A12Q0016.
— On January 30, 2012, a Bell 212HP helicopter on heli-ski operations near McBride, B.C., was struck by an avalanche. The helicopter had dropped off skiers at the top of the ski run and the pilot was in the process of shutting down the Pratt &Whitney PT6T “twin-pack” engines after landing at the staging area at the bottom of the hill. The rotors were turning at idle RPM when the helicopter was struck by the avalanche. The snow pushed the helicopter onto its side and broke the tail boom. The pilot was the only person on board and he escaped with minor injuries. The avalanche did not affect the skiers. TSB File A12P0014.
Terrain Awareness and Warning Systems -
Regulations Published in Canada Gazette Part 2
On July 4, 2012, Transport Canada announced new regulations requiring the installation and operation of Terrain Awareness and Warning Systems (TAWS) in private turbine-powered and commercial airplanes configured with six or more passenger seats.
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