- ISSUE 4/2011
- Copyright and Credits
- Guest Editorial
- Flight Operations
- Maintenance and Certification
- Recently Released TSB Reports
- Accident Synopses
- Regulations and You
- Debrief: Get Your Head in the Game: Three R44s fuelled with Jet Fuel!
- Self-Paced Study Program
- Full HTML Version
- PDF Version
Note: The following accident synopses are Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) Class 5 events, which occurred between February 1, 2011, and April 30, 2011. These occurrences do not meet the criteria of Classes 1 through 4, and are recorded by the TSB for possible safety analysis, statistical reporting, or archival purposes. The narratives may have been updated by the TSB since publication. For more information on any individual event, please contact the TSB.
— On February 3, 2011, a Bell 206B helicopter was harvesting pine cones and was descending to unload. At about 100 ft above ground, as the pilot was checking his descent and turning into wind, tail rotor authority was lost and the helicopter began to rotate. The main rotor contacted trees and the helicopter crashed on its left side. The pilot was the sole occupant and sustained minor injuries. He was transported to Peace River by ground ambulance. Winds were reported to have been from the northwest at about 5 to 10 kt. TSB File A11W0018.
— On February 4, 2011, a privately operated ski-equipped Piper PA20X (Pacer) was executing touch-and-go landings from Lake Otis, Que., with two people on board. After takeoff, the left ski struck a snow windrow and broke. The left wing touched the snow and the aircraft ground looped. No one was injured, but the propeller and fuselage sustained major damage. There was no fire following impact. TSB File A11Q0027.
— On February 8, 2011, a Found Brothers FBA-2C1 aircraft was on approach for Runway 34 at the Sioux Lookout airport. Immediately after touchdown, the aircraft veered to the left and then nosed down. The aircraft did not overturn and came to a rest in a nose down position on the runway. There were no injuries, but the aircraft was substantially damaged. The runway was closed for approximately 15 min to tow the aircraft off the runway. Runway conditions were bare and dry. Wind conditions at the time were 270° at 12 kt gusting to 17 kt. TSB File A11C0016.
— On February 9, 2011, an amateur built Van's RV-4 took off from Runway 13 at Courtenay Airpark, B.C. Shortly after takeoff, at about 50 ft altitude, the engine (Lycoming O-320D2A) stopped. The pilot headed straight ahead and landed hard along the shoreline. The main landing gear was damaged and the propeller struck the ground. The tide was low at the time and the aircraft was out of the water. The RCMP and fire crews responded. The aircraft was moved to keep it out of the water at high tide. The pilot observed a white crystalline substance in suspension when he dipped the tanks during an earlier stop at Port Alberni, and noted a relatively dark blue tint to the fuel from that location. The engine and fuel system will be examined further to assess any possible fuel blockage or contamination. TSB File A11P0028.
— On February 18, 2011, a Piper PA28-140 was landing on Runway 15 at Saskatoon John G. Diefenbaker International Airport, Saskatoon, Sask., following a local flight. The wind was 340° at 2 kt. The landing was flat, on all three wheels, and the aircraft began to steer to the side of the runway immediately after touchdown. Then the aircraft departed the other side of the runway and tipped nose down when it entered the snow. The propeller was damaged and the nose gear strut was bent. The pilot was uninjured. TSB File A11C0024.
— On February 22, 2011, a privately registered Cessna 310 was arriving in Peterborough, Ont., on a VFR flight from Goderich, Ont. Upon touchdown the nose wheel tire blew and after a strong shimmy, the aircraft came to a rest 700 ft down the runway. The nose wheel rim was damaged and several significant wrinkles were found on the fuselage area surrounding the nose gear. Both occupants were uninjured. TSB File A11O0021.
— On February 24, 2011, a Cessna U206G was conducting wildlife telemetry services in the vicinity of Wabasca, Alta. The pilot elected to land at the Buffalo Creek airstrip (abandoned) and during the landing, the aircraft encountered deep snow, resulting in both wing tips and the propeller contacting the ground. There was approximately 24 in. of snow on the airstrip. The aircraft's 406 ELT activated and the pilot also selected 911 on the SPOT. In addition, the aircraft was equipped with satellite tracking equipment, which gave the accident location to Alberta Sustainable Resources flight following centre. A helicopter associated with the wildlife operation retrieved the pilot within 30 min. The pilot sustained minor injuries and was transported to the medical facilities in Wabasca. There was substantial damage to fuselage and wings. TSB File A11W0026.
— On March 7, 2011 a Diamond DA40 aircraft was en route from Halifax, N.S. to Québec City, Que. While flying in American airspace over Maine, the aircraft encountered icing conditions and the pilot declared an emergency. The aircraft eventually descended below minimum vectoring altitude (MVA). After losing communications, the Montréal Centre attempted to reach the pilot via relay without success. Canadian and American search and rescue centres were then notified. The aircraft was located at 46°45'4"N, 069°5'3"W (Maine, U.S.) 2 mi. from the Que. border. The aircraft was destroyed when it struck a hill. One occupant was fatally injured and the other had serious injuries. The U.S. NTSB is investigating and an Accredited Representative from the TSB has been appointed. TSB File A11F0038.
— On March 8, 2011, a ski-equipped Cessna 185 was on the take-off roll from a private airstrip at Scroggie Creek, Y.T., when control was lost and the aircraft departed the left side of the runway, crossing a ditch. The aircraft sustained substantial damage to the main landing gear, empennage and propeller. The pilot, who was the only person on board, was not injured. TSB File A11W0034.
— On March 8, 2011, a Eurocopter AS350 B2 helicopter was engaged in survey operations near Pellet Lake, N.W.T. The flight was operating an altitude of approximately 150 ft AGL and following a survey line, which was near the snow-covered surface of Pellet Lake. The flight encountered whiteout conditions and the pilot lost visual reference with lake surface. Shortly afterward, the helicopter contacted the lake surface and rolled over. The pilot and 2 passengers were able to exit the helicopter without injuries; however, a post-crash fire ensued, which destroyed most of the fuselage and all survival gear onboard. TSB File A11C0038.
— On March 13, 2011, a McDonnell Douglas 369D helicopter was landing at a remote well lease site approximately 15 NM south east of Conklin, Alta., to pick up a seismic crew. The sky conditions were clear, the visibility was good, and the winds were light to calm. The lease site was approximately the size of a football field; however, most of the surface within the cleared area was very rough and only the outer edges of the site, adjacent to the perimeter trees, were suitable for landing. On short final to the usual touchdown area, the pilot elected to change the touchdown point. As the helicopter was being manoeuvred towards the new touchdown point the tail rotor struck a large rock. The tail rotor drive shaft sheared and the tail rotor sustained substantial damage; however, the helicopter remained upright on landing. The pilot, who was the only occupant, was not injured. TSB File A11W0037.
— On March 15, 2011, a ski-equipped Piper PA-18-150 Super Cub took off from Lac des Trois Caribous, Que., using the packed snow of a skidoo trail. The destination was St-Mathieu de Beloeil (CSB3). The trail ran along the edge of the lake. Immediately after takeoff, the aircraft was carried off course to the right and crashed into the trees. It sustained major damage. The pilot, who was alone on board, was able to get out through the broken windshield and suffered only minor injuries. The emergency locator transmitter began transmitting a signal on 406 MHz at 13:24 and it indicated the crash site at 13:30. TSB File A11Q0054.
— On March 20, 2011, a Rand-Kar advanced ultra-light had flown approximately 6 hr throughout the day. Approximately 5 NM from destination, the pilot realized that fuel was low. A precautionary landing was executed in a field. During the initial landing roll, the front skis hit a ditch made by a snowmobile. The front ski's strut collapsed, causing the aircraft to flip over. Neither of the two occupants was injured. The aircraft front ski and propeller were damaged. The aircraft has a fuel autonomy of 6 to 7 hr. TSB File A11Q0057.
— On March 29, 2011, a private Rockwell International Aero Commander 112 was to carry out a training flight with an instructor and a student pilot on board. The aircraft was getting ready to taxi when the landing gear alarm sounded. The instructor retracted the landing gear in order to resolve the problem. The nose wheel retracted and the aircraft fell onto its nose. The propeller, the engine, and the landing gear door sustained major damage. The instructor and student pilot were uninjured. TSB File A11Q0062.
— On April 1, 2011, a privately operated Cessna 177 was on a VFR flight from Claxton-Evans County Airport (KCWV) to Columbia Metropolitan Airport (KCAE) in the United States with two people on board. During a hard landing on Runway 29, the nosewheel collapsed and the propeller touched the surface of the runway. No one was injured, but the aircraft sustained major damage to the fuselage. TSB File A11F0069.
— On April 8, 2011, a Cessna 172S was returning to Cooking Lake airport from a solo training flight. The initial approach was attempted on Runway 28; however, winds appeared to favour Runway 10. An overshoot was completed and the student made a number of attempts to land on Runway 28 while encountering a strong crosswind. On the final attempt for landing on Runway 10, the student pilot lost control of the aircraft and veered to the left. The aircraft departed the runway at about the midpoint of the runway and collided with a snowbank. The aircraft flipped onto its back. The pilot was uninjured. TSB File A11W0053.
— On April 12, 2011, a privately registered Cessna 182 was parked in a drive-through hangar on a private airstrip near Williams Lake, B.C. A start was attempted and the propellor would not turn over. The master switch was turned off and the pilot attempted to turn the propeller by hand to loosen the oil. The magnetos were live, the throttle was at maximum, the mixture was rich, the parking brake was off, and the chocks were out. When the propeller was turned, the engine started and the empty aircraft shot out of the hangar, skipped 400 ft attempting to fly and struck a berm. The pilot was not injured. The aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A11P0067.
— On April 19, 2011, a Cessna 310K was on an IFR flight from Toronto/Buttonville municipal airport (CYKZ), Ont., to Mirabel International Airport (CYMX), Que. When the aircraft was on short final, the control centre was notified of a problem with the front landing gear. The pilot confirmed his intention to land on Runway 06. Upon landing, the front landing gear folded and the aircraft slid along the runway before coming to a stop. No one was injured. The aircraft sustained damage to the nosewheel and two propellers. TSB File A11Q0075.
— On April 23, 2011, a Hughes 500 helicopter was spraying when it struck the top of a tree during a turn. The pilot's vision was affected by windshield glare from the rising sun. The lower chin bubble windshield was shattered and the mount for the anti-torque control pedals was broken. The helicopter landed without further incident. TSB File A11P0081.
— On April 24, 2011, a Cessna 210H was on final approach to Cochrane, Ont., when the right main landing gear failed to extend. The aircraft continued to land and touched down on the nose and left main landing gear. The aircraft came to rest on the right wing tip and right horizontal stabilizer. Maintenance found the right brake hydraulic line had moved away from the landing gear strut and had caught in the release mechanism, preventing landing gear extension. TSB File A11O0053.
— On April 27, 2011, a Cessna 180 departed Vulcan, Alta. for Springhouse, B.C. with an ETA of 09:00 PDT. When the aircraft was reported late, the rescue co-ordination centre (RCC) was notified and a search was initiated. With the help of the Golden, B.C. RCMP detachment, an ELT 406 signal, "Spot Tracker" information, SAR aircraft, and a Parks Canada helicopter, the wreckage was located at 5 000 ft ASL in an area with a high risk of avalanche. There was no fire and the pilot sustained fatal injuries. The TSB has offered assistance to the Coroner. TSB File A11P0077.
— On April 30, 2011, a Beech BE24 Super Musketeer had just touched down and was taxiing to the aerodrome in St-Hyacinthe, Que., when the nosewheel collapsed and the aircraft left the runway. The aircraft was stationary for a while on the runway and it sustained major damage. The TSB is awaiting additional information. TSB File A11Q0081.
— On April 30, 2011, a Piper PA18 was waiting for the runway at the aerodrome in St-Hyacinthe, Que., to clear so that it could land. There was a Beech BE24 on the runway (see report #A11Q0081 above) whose nosewheel had collapsed while taxiing. The pilot of the Piper reported that his passenger was ill and that he had decided to land on the grass next to the runway. The Piper nosed over upon landing. The aircraft sustained major damage but no one was injured. TSB File A11Q0082.
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