- Issue 1/2013
- Copyright and Credits
- Guest Editorial
- To The Letter
- Flight Operations
- Maintenance and Certification
- Recently Released TSB Reports
- Accident Synopses
- The Civil Aviation Medical Examiner and You
- Take Five: Flying near Power Lines
- Know Where to Hold Short (poster)
- Full HTML Version
- PDF Version
Note: The following accident synopses are Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) Class 5 events, which occurred between May 1, 2012, and July 31, 2012. These occurrences do not meet the criteria of classes 1 through 4, and are recorded by the TSB for possible safety analysis, statistical reporting, or archival purposes. The narratives may have been updated by the TSB since publication. For more information on any individual event, please contact the TSB.
— On May 1, 2012, a student and an instructor were conducting multi-engine flight training in a Piper PA-30 Twin Comanche at Cranbrook Airport (CYXC), B.C. During a touch‑and‑go the student unintentionally retracted the gear instead of the flaps. The aircraft was already beginning to lift off and the weight-on-wheels switch was ineffective in preventing gear retraction prior to lift-off. The aircraft settled onto the runway causing significant damage to both propellers and the belly of the aircraft. There were no injuries. TSB File A12P0066.
— On May 2, 2012, a float-equipped Cessna A185F was taking off from Lac Noir near Saint-Jean-de-Matha, Que., with a pilot and one passenger on board. When the aircraft reached about 50 mi/h during the take-off run, it suddenly began to turn to the left. The pilot attempted a correction but the aircraft hit some rocks and flipped over. Both occupants were wearing personal flotation devices and they evacuated the submerged aircraft. No mechanical anomaly was observed during the event. TSB File A12Q0064.
— On May 2, 2012, a commercially operated Beech 1900 was en route from Iqaluit, Nun., to Dewar Lakes (CYUW), Nun. On landing, just after touching down, the pilot in the right-hand seat (who was not at the controls) noticed a bank of compacted snow just as it went under the right engine. Although the landing run was not affected, there was a loud noise. The landing gear unsafe horn sounded and the right landing gear light went off. The brake de-icing hose was also torn off. The aircraft completed its landing run and made a U-turn in order to proceed back up the runway. The intention was to clear the runway, shut down the right engine and have the aircraft inspected. While the aircraft was moving back up the runway, the right landing gear collapsed and the right-hand propeller struck the ground. TSB File A12Q0066.
— On May 5, 2012, a Consolidated Aeronautics LA-4-200 amphibious aircraft was on a flight from Gimli, Man., to Kapekun Lake, Man. At approximately 2200 hrs the aircraft was overdue and a search was initiated. Search and rescue personnel found the aircraft capsized in the water at Kapekun Lake at approximately 0030 on May 6. The pilot, who was the only person on board the aircraft, was fatally injured. TSB File A12C0048.
— On May 6, 012, an amateur-built Bushby Mustang II was departing Pitt Meadows Airport (CYPK), B.C., for Vernon Airport (CYVK), B.C., on the first leg of a flight to Montreal, Que. The aircraft took off on Runway 26L and briefly became airborne, but the pilot put the aircraft back on the runway, landing straight ahead, due to a rough-running engine (Lycoming O-360-A1D). After selecting a different fuel tank, the pilot requested clearance to backtrack on Runway 26L for another take-off attempt but accepted an ATC clearance to take off on Runway 08R (the reciprocal runway heading, 4 692 ft long). After takeoff on 08R the aircraft climbed approximately 200 ft before the engine had a significant reduction in power. The pilot executed a left turn in an attempt to land on Taxiway Golf but crashed in the infield short of the taxiway. The aircraft came to rest upright in a ditch about 700 ft north of Runway 08R. The pilot was able to exit the aircraft but suffered back injuries and burns. The aircraft was destroyed by the impact and post-crash fire. About 40 min prior to the accident, the temperature was 6ºC and the dew point was 5ºC. Twenty minutes after the accident, the temperature was 8ºC and the dew point was 5ºC. Winds were calm and humidity very high throughout. These conditions are conducive to serious carburetor icing at any engine power. A teardown of the engine did not reveal any anomalies that would have caused a power loss. TSB File A12P0068.
— On May 10, 2012, a privately operated Piper PA34-220T was taxiing for takeoff at Deer Lake Airport (CYDF), N.L., for a planned flight to Charlottetown Airport (CYYG), P.E.I., with the pilot and one passenger on board. While manoeuvring on the apron, a loud noise was heard; the pilot informed ATC and shut down the aircraft to investigate. It was discovered that the right propeller came in contact with a length of reinforcement bar that was being used as a marker for maintenance being conducted at the airport. The damaged propeller was subsequently removed for repairs, and the right engine was also to be removed for internal inspection. TSB File A12A0055.
— On May 13, 2012, a privately operated Beaver RX-28 ultralight was on a local VFR flight out of Dolbeau, Que., with a pilot on board. During manoeuvres while cruising, the aircraft began to spin and the pilot was unable to regain control before impact with trees and the ground. The pilot was not injured but the aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A12Q0072.
— On May 14, 2012, a privately operated Cessna 185F was on a VFR flight from Joliette (CSG3), Que., to La Macaza/Mont-Tremblant (CYFJ), Que., with a pilot and two passengers on board. When landing, the aircraft bounced, and when it made final contact with the runway, it ground-looped. No one was injured but the aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A12Q0073.
— On May 16, 2012, a Piper PA-44-180 was on a training flight at Saint‑Hubert (CYHU), Que. with an instructor and a pilot on board. After an engine failure exercise, the landing gear was not extended during landing and both propellers struck the runway. The crew pulled up and then returned and landed without further incident. The crew did not declare an emergency or report the problem to ATC. Both propellers were damaged. TSB File A12Q0108.
— On May 16, 2012, during landing at a farm strip 6 NM west of Blackfalds, Alta., a private Cessna 182P porpoised twice, resulting in separation of the nose gear. The aircraft settled onto its nose, damaging the propeller. There were no injuries to the pilot who was the only person on board. The emergency locator transmitter (ELT) activated briefly before the pilot deactivated it. TSB File A12W0058.
— On May 17, 2012, a de Havilland DHC-2 Beaver was landing toward the west at Lammers airstrip, Y.T., following a flight from Dawson City, Y.T. The aircraft touched down on a frost heave on the gravel runway, bounced, and departed the left side of the strip. Upon striking a gravel pile close to the edge of the strip, the left main landing gear, fuselage and propeller were substantially damaged. There were no injuries to the pilot or passenger. This was the pilot's second trip to the Lammers airstrip; the first was earlier in the day, accompanied by an experienced pilot for line indoctrination. The pilot had flown approximately 6 hr on type since being recently checked out. TSB File A12W0059.
— On May 17, 2012, a Messerschmitt MBB-BK117 helicopter was on the ground shutting down at Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport (CYWG) in Winnipeg, Man., when the cyclic was displaced forward and the main rotor contacted the upper wire strike protector. One main rotor blade was damaged beyond limits. No crew members were injured. TSB File A12C0058.
— On May 18, 2012, a Pilatus PC-12/45 departed Sioux Lookout, Ont., en route to Thunder Bay, Ont. Shortly after departure, the flight deviated around a known thunderstorm to the southeast of Sioux Lookout. The aircraft then encountered rain, which gave way to hail at 4 000 to 5 000 ft ASL. The aircraft continued to its destination without further incident. Inspection revealed substantial damage to the leading edges of the wings, and the aircraft was removed from service for repairs. TSB File A12C0059.
— On May 19, 2012, a privately operated Schleicher ASW 27 single-seat glider was on a cross-country flight1 from Saint-Dominique (CSS4), Que., to Bromont (CZBM), Que., with the intention of returning to the point of departure. The pilot was unable to continue the cross-country flight and landed in a field 3 NM north of CZBM. After landing, the right wing touched the grass, which was about 20 cm high, and the glider ground-looped. The pilot was not injured but the aircraft’s tail boom and flight controls were substantially damaged. TSB File A12Q0088.
— On May 20, 2012, a Cessna 152 took off from Saint-Hubert (CYHU), Que. for Saint-Donat (CSY4), Que. with one pilot and one passenger on board. Upon arrival, the aircraft overflew the runway at low altitude at a speed of about 70 mi/h, with the flaps at 20°. After pulling up and positioning the flaps at 10°, the pilot judged the aircraft's climb rate insufficient to clear the terrain ahead of him, and decided to land on the runway. The aircraft went off the end of the runway. The nose wheel became stuck in the sand and the aircraft nosed over. The aircraft was substantially damaged. The two occupants were not injured in the accident. TSB File A12Q0075.
— On May 20, 2012, an amateur-built Sonerai II was taking off from Mascouche (CSK3), Que., for a local recreational flight, with the pilot alone on board. At an altitude of about 1 500 ft, the canopy opened all the way, remaining attached at the hinge on the left side of the cockpit. The aircraft was not able to maintain altitude and the pilot decided to make a forced landing in a ploughed field. The aircraft was substantially damaged during the landing. The pilot was not injured in the accident. TSB File A12Q0076.
— On May 25, 2012, an amateur-built Dan-B-Wolf on floats was on a VFR flight from Lac Pipmuacan, Que., to Lac Damasse, Que. The aircraft was reported missing on Friday, May 25, 2012, and was found on Sunday, May 27, 2012, at the bottom of Lac Pipmuacan. Debris was spotted Saturday morning on the shore of the lake by a military search and rescue team. The aircraft was spotted by a group of divers from Sûreté du Québec. The pilot was fatally injured and the aircraft was destroyed by the force of the impact. TSB File A12Q0081.
— On May 26, 2012, a Piper Cherokee PA-28-181 was en route from Rockcliffe Airport (CYRO), Ont., to London, Ont. In the vicinity of Oakville, Ont., the aircraft engine (Avco Lycoming, O-360-A4M) lost power and the pilot made an emergency landing in a field. There were no injuries but the aircraft was substantially damaged. A post-flight inspection revealed that there was zero fuel in the left tank and carburetor, while the right tank had full fuel. TSB File A12O0073.
— On May 27, 2012, the pilot and owner of an RS Ultra Kangook B powered parachute had been flying for about 15 min some 150 ft above a field bordering the St. Lawrence River in Bécancour, Que. The aircraft was seen making a tight turn and then descending with a spinning motion. The pilot was unable to regain control before impact with the ground and he succumbed to his injuries. Inspection of the aircraft revealed no damage to the chute or the controls, and the engine was gaining power at the time of impact. TSB File A12Q0082.
— On May 28, 2012, a Bell 206B helicopter was conducting mosquito control operations 3 NM north of the Erik Nielsen Whitehorse International Airport (CYXY) in Whitehorse, Y.T. During the initial departure to commence application operations, the pilot flew towards the rising sun and suffered a wire strike when the helicopter’s forward transmission fairing contacted an unmarked three-strand power line. The pilot was able to maintain control and conducted an immediate landing onto a creek bed. The helicopter remained upright; however, the tail rotor struck the application hopper during the flare and touchdown. The pilot was uninjured. TSB File A12W0069.
Artist impression of occurrence A12W0069.
— On June 5, 2012, a Quad City Challenger II ultralight was being used for pilot training at the Carleton Place aerodrome (CNR6) in Carleton Place, Ont. The airspeed was allowed to decay on final approach and the instructor took control. The aircraft stalled from approximately 10 ft, bounced off the runway and struck trees to the left of the runway before the instructor had regained control. The aircraft was substantially damaged but neither pilot was injured. TSB File A12O0079.
— On June 6, 2012, a Glastar amateur-built aircraft was on a local pleasure flight near Exeter, Ont., when the engine lost power. The pilot conducted a forced landing in a wheat field. As the aircraft touched down, the main wheels caught in the crop and the aircraft nosed over. The pilot was not injured. The power loss was due to fuel exhaustion. TSB File A12O0082.
— On June 8, 2012, a Eurocopter AS 350B2 helicopter was engaged in aerial wildlife management activity 40 NM northwest of Hebron, N.L. While manoeuvring near wildlife at low altitude, the tail rotor struck rocks and a large vibration was noted in the pedals. The pilot landed beside the nearby river without further incident and called the company to report. The subsequent inspection revealed damage to the tail rotor blades and drive shafts, the tail boom, and the vertical and horizontal stabilizers. The aircraft was to be slung to Goose Bay for repairs. TSB File A12A0063.
— On June 9, 2012, a Pezetel PZL-104 WILGA 35 on floats, with one pilot and one passenger on board, was on a VFR flight from Gouin, Que., to a private campsite. As the aircraft was flying alongside the Saint-Maurice River in the area of Weymontachie, Que., the pilot noticed a higher than normal cylinder temperature. Thinking that he might have to land, the pilot turned to align himself above the river and into the wind. During the steep, low-altitude turn, the aircraft lost altitude. Once the wings were level again and even though full power was applied, the aircraft touched the ground on the bank of the river. It travelled some 75 ft before coming to rest at the edge of the forest. The two occupants suffered minor injuries. Once out of the aircraft, they used a satellite telephone to call for help. TSB File A12Q0093.
— On June 10, 2012, an amateur-built Aerocruiser SE on floats was on a low-altitude flight in the area of Notre-Dame-de-Pontmain, Que., when the aircraft was seen nosing down after a steep turn. It crashed in the water. The two occupants managed to evacuate the aircraft and were rescued by people on shore. The aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A12Q0091.
— On June 10, 2012, a Cessna 172 with a student pilot and an instructor on board had just touched down. At the end of the landing run, the aircraft left the runway. Neither occupant was injured. The propeller contacted the ground or some object, which made an internal check of the engine necessary. TSB File A12Q0096.
— On June 11, 2012, the pilot of a Zenair CH-701 was conducting high-speed taxi training at 108 Mile House Airport (CZML), B.C., in preparation for a solo flight. The pilot was unable to maintain directional control and decided to abort the taxi. During the process, the aircraft inadvertently became airborne for a short distance and, after crossing a fence, struck trees just beyond the aerodrome boundary. The aircraft was substantially damaged and the pilot was uninjured. TSB File A12P0088.
— On June 16, 2012, a Cessna 180AA was on a camp service flight from Tasumitt Lake, Ont., to Ear Falls, Ont. While en route at low altitude, the aircraft manoeuvred to avoid a flock of birds, struck a tree and came to rest overturned in a small lake near Confederation Lake, Ont. An overflying pilot observed the aircraft and passed the information to the Red Lake flight service station (FSS), who initiated a communications search. It was discovered that the Cessna was overdue; an aircraft from Ear Falls was dispatched to the scene and transported the pilot to Red Lake with serious injuries. There were no passengers on board. The aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A12C0075.
— On June 22, 2012, a Robinson R44 helicopter was conducting a visual patrol of the oil fields northeast of Whitecourt, Alta. After being airborne for approximately 35 min, the engine (Avco Lycoming O-540-F1B5) began to lose power. The pilot picked an oil well lease site for a precautionary landing and while descending to the intended landing spot, the engine lost and regained power and then finally quit. The pilot entered autorotation and the aircraft bounced on landing, resulting in the skid gear spreading and the mast rocking. The pilot, who was the sole occupant, was uninjured. TSB File A12W0081.
— On June 22, 2012, an amateur built Rotorway Exec 162F was conducting a local sightseeing flight in the Red Deer, Alta. area, when power to the tail rotor was lost. The helicopter began to rotate and the pilot entered autorotation. However, while avoiding high tension power lines, the aircraft landed with a sideways motion resulting in a rollover. There were no injuries to the pilot or passenger. The helicopter was substantially damaged. The middle/centre Kevlar tail rotor drive belt was found to have split in two. TSB File A12W0082.
— On June 25, 2012, a Cessna 180E on floats was on a VFR flight from the Gouin Reservoir, Que., to Lac à la Tortue, Que. When the aircraft was at its cruising altitude of 2 700 ft and about 9 min from its final destination, the engine (Teledyne Continental O-470-R) sputtered and then stopped completely. The pilot tried to restart the engine, but without success. He made an emergency landing, but no convenient body of water was available and the aircraft ended up in some trees. The two people on board were not injured but the aircraft was substantially damaged. The two people contacted the Quebec City flight information centre (FIC) by satellite telephone. TSB File A12Q0105.
— On June 30, 2012, a Grumman American AA-1C took off from Runway 33 at Saint-Mathieu de Beloeil (CSB3), Que., for a recreational flight, with two people on board. After takeoff, the aircraft was unable to climb and it crashed on Highway 20 just northwest of the runway. After touching the ground, the aircraft struck a vehicle before coming to a stop. At the time of takeoff, the outside temperature was 26°C and the wind was 230º at 15 kt gusting to 25 kt. The aircraft was severely damaged and the two occupants suffered serious injuries. TSB File A12Q0106.
— On July 5, 2012, a private Cessna 177B was on a VFR flight from Rimouski (CYXK), Que., to Île aux Grues (CSH2), Que. with one pilot and one passenger on board. During landing, the aircraft touched down about half way along the runway and completed its landing run about 20 m beyond the threshold. No one was injured, but the aircraft was substantially damaged when the nose wheel broke. TSB File A12Q0110.
— On July 7, 2012, a Piper PA-23-160 took off from Runway 23 at the Vernon airport (CYVK), B.C. The pilot retracted the landing gear and stayed in ground effect prior to climbing steeply at the end of the runway. The aircraft reached about 400 ft then banked steeply left and, after about a 120º turn, descended with a steep nose down and bank attitude until it collided with the ground. It impacted the ground hard, bounced, and skidded to a stop on its belly facing 180º from the take-off heading. An explosion occurred and the aircraft was engulfed by fire and black smoke. The two occupants died and the fire destroyed the aircraft. A person sitting on a bench that was hit by the aircraft escaped without physical injury. TSB File A12P0097.
— On July 9, 2012, a float-equipped Cessna 180A was taking off on Pigeon Lake, Ont., in a northwest direction. At the same time a transport barge was crossing the lake in a southerly direction with seven people on board. As the aircraft approached the barge there was no aircraft change of heading. The aircraft was on the step when its right wing collided with the barge. The aircraft cart-wheeled to the right and eventually sank in an inverted position. Nearby witnesses rushed to the scene on boats, and after several attempts to gain access, they eventually removed the pilot and brought him to the surface where CPR was administered. A boat carried the pilot to the nearby marina where emergency services were waiting to transport the pilot to hospital. The pilot succumbed to serious injuries in hospital and one passenger on the barge suffered minor injuries. TSB File A12O0106.
— On July 9, 2012, a privately operated Bell 206B helicopter was on a VFR flight from a private residence to Lake Germain, Que, which is about 18 NM from Rouyn-Noranda, Que., with a pilot and one passenger on board. After the helicopter landed, a decision was made to move it slightly and the right-hand skid sank into the ground. There was a dynamic rollover, and the blades of the main rotor hit the ground, causing significant damage to the aircraft. The pilot sustained minor injuries. TSB File A12Q0113.
— On July 15, 2012, the pilot of the amateur-built Myers M-2 and his passenger were in cruise flight at about 2 000 ft ASL in the vicinity of Nanoose Bay, B.C., when the engine (Lycoming 0-235) began to lose power progressively from 2400 RPM down to 1400 RPM; it stopped abruptly. There was no indication of engine distress with oil pressure or temperature. The propeller was not wind milling and the pilot attempted to restart the engine but it did not crank over. He radioed a “Mayday” call to the Nanaimo flight service station (FSS) and prepared to ditch the aircraft about 300 m from Ada Islands. The aircraft impacted the water hard at about 45 kt; it remained upright. The two occupants wore their shoulder harnesses and lap belts and managed to egress the aircraft uninjured. They grabbed life preservers and began to swim toward the island shoreline. After 25 min in the water, having gained only about 200 ft because of the current, they were rescued by a Canadian Coast Guard cutter and taken to Nanoose Bay, B.C., where they were attended to by RCMP and ambulance services, but were not taken to hospital. TSB File A12P0102.
— On July 15, 2012, a Eurocopter AS 350 B3 helicopter was on a routine ferry flight between Brandon, Man., and Winnipeg, Man. Shortly after departing Brandon the pilot noted a vibration in the rudder pedals. After discussion with an onboard maintenance person, the decision was made to land and assess the cause of the vibration. During the landing, it was determined that the vibration was coming from the tail rotor. The flight to Winnipeg, where maintenance would be available, resumed, but approximately 20 min after lift-off, the vibration worsened and was accompanied by a noise; the pilot initiated a precautionary landing near Austin, Man. The maintenance engineer inspected the tail rotor and noted that the tail rotor half-shell bearings had failed and that the rotor blade cuff appeared to have separated from the rotor spar. The helicopter was removed from service and is awaiting replacement parts. On July 6, 2012, the tail rotor half-shell bearings (P/N 704A33-6332-61) on the tail rotor blade (P/N 355A12-0055-00 S/N 18126) were replaced. The aircraft had 91.3 hr total airframe time. TSB File A12C0089.
— On July 23, 2012, a privately operated Cessna TR182 was on a VFR flight from Rockliffe (CYRO), Ont., to Montreal/Mascouche (CSK3), Que. to take on fuel and pick up another passenger. When landing on Runway 11, touchdown came too late and the pilot pulled up and went around for a second approach and second landing. While the pilot was pulling up, the flaps were raised completely and the aircraft lost altitude and struck some trees about 1 NM from the end of the runway. Both people were injured and taken to hospital. The aircraft was severely damaged. TSB File A12Q0123.
— On July 24, 2012, a Cessna 172S was being used to practice landings at Greenbank Airfield (CNP8), Ont., with an instructor and a student on board. During approach to Runway 34 in gusty wind conditions the aircraft pitched down. The instructor attempted to recover by adding full power and pitching up; however, the aircraft struck the up‑sloping terrain approximately 100 ft short of the runway. The student suffered minor injuries and the instructor was uninjured. The aircraft was significantly damaged. TSB File A12O0114.
— On July 26, 2012, a privately owned Robinson R44-II helicopter was on a VFR flight in the area of Murdochville, Que. The pilot was accompanied by one passenger. During the initial climb, the low rotor rpm warning horn sounded and the pilot attempted to land on a highway. The aircraft flipped over into the ditch at the side of the road. Both people on board suffered minor injuries and the aircraft was substantially damaged. TSB File A12Q0125.
Planning to fly in mountainous areas?
Take a few minutes to read Transport Canada’s
“Take-Five” pamphlet on mountain flying!
1 The term “cross country flight” applies to gliders which, when upslope wind conditions allow, leave their local area and fly cross country or make a large circuit while keeping emergency landing fields in sight in case thermal uplifts are not available.
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