3.11.1 Ramp inspections may be conducted at originating, en route and destination stops. These inspections are conducted to determine the air operator's method for complying with regulatory requirements such as flight crew certification, instrument and equipment requirements, weight and balance procedure, dispatch procedures and an overall evaluation of the operations being conducted. Inspectors should take particular notice of the procedures used by ground personnel to determine if they are performing their assigned duties with a high degree of safety. Also ensure that company instructions through manuals and bulletins are adequate.
3.11.2 Discretion should be used in ramp inspections, i.e., unless safety is specifically a factor at the time, it should not interfere with flight or ground crew performing their normal duties. In the case of a departing flight, the inspection should be completed in sufficient time so that the scheduled departure time will not be affected. A ramp inspection will not normally be conducted on a flight that is scheduled for an in-flight inspection.
3.11.3 All Canadian commercial air operators may be ramp inspected for special surveillance purposes; this is particularly useful when time is not available for a scheduled in-flight route inspection. Ramp inspections can be done without prior arrangements with the air operator.
3.11.4 A sample "Ramp Check" inspection form is attached as AppendixC. Completed forms are to be retained by the office that conducted the inspection.
3.11.5 Special Surveillance: While ramp inspections are conducted on an aircraft and crew on a routine or when required basis, spot checks may be performed for a specific objective/purpose and involve weather, aircraft, loads, flight plans, air operator traffic movements records at Flight Service Stations (FSS) and control towers or a combination of all of the preceding, e.g., single engine at night with passengers, commercial air operator operations without a valid Operating Certificate and single engine land plane beyond gliding distance from shore.
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