Section 1: Air Law and Procedures

CANADIAN AVIATION REGULATIONS (CARs)

Some Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) refer to their associated standards. Questions from the CARs may test knowledge from the regulation or the standard.

PART I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

  • 101 - INTERPRETATION
    • 101.01 Interpretation
  • 103 - ADMINISTRATION AND COMPLIANCE
    • 103.02 Inspection of Aircraft, Requests for Production of Documents and Prohibition
    • 103.03 Return of Canadian Aviation Document
    • 103.04 Record Keeping
    • 103.06 Notices of Refusal to Issue, Amend or Renew and Notices of Suspension or Cancellation
    • 103.07 Administrative Grounds for Suspension, Cancellation or Refusal to Renew

PART III - AERODROME AND AIRPORTS

  • 300 - INTERPRETATION
    • 300.01 Interpretation
  • 301 - AERODROME
    • 301.01 Application
    • 301.04 Markers and Markings
    • 301.06 Wind Direction Indicator
    • 301.07 Lighting
    • 301.08 Prohibitions
    • 301.09 Fire Prevention
  • 302 - AIRPORTS
    • 302.10 Prohibitions
    • 302.11 Fire Prevention

PART IV - PERSONNEL LICENCING AND TRAINING

  • 400 - GENERAL
    • 400.01 Interpretation
  • 401 - FLIGHT CREW PERMITS LICENCES AND RATINGS
    • 401.03 Requirements to Hold a Flight Crew Permit, Licence or Rating
    • 401.04 Flight Crew Members of Aircraft Registered in Contracting States other than Canada
    • 401.05 Recency Requirements
    • 401.08 Personal Logs
    • 401.13 Examination Prerequisites
    • 401.37 Privileges
  • 403 - AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE LICENCES AND RATINGS
    • 403.01 Application
    • 403.02 Requirements to hold AME Licence
    • 403.05 Recency Requirements
    • 403.08 Approved Training Organization
  • 404 - MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS
    • 404.03 Requirement to Hold a Medical Certificate
    • 404.04 Issuance, Renewal and Validity Period of Medical Certificate
    • 404.06 Prohibitions regarding Exercise of Privileges
    • 404.10 Medical Certificate Requirements for Personnel Licences
    • 404.18 Permission to Continue to Exercise the Privileges of a Permit, Licence or Rating

PART V - AIRWORTHINESS

  • 507 - FLIGHT AUTHORITY and CERTIFICATE OF NOISE COMPLIANCE
    • 507.01 Application
    • 507.02 Certificate of Airworthiness
    • 507.03 Special Certificate of Airworthiness
    • 507.04 Flight Permit
    • 507.05 Validity of Foreign Flight Authority
    • 507.10 Persons Who May Attest to Condition and Conformity
    • 507.11 Duration of a Flight Authority
  • 571 - AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS
    • 571.01 Application
    • 571.02 Maintenance and Elementary Work Performance Rules
    • 571.03 Recording of Maintenance and Elementary Work
    • 571.04 Specialized Maintenance
    • 571.10 Maintenance Release
    • 571.11 Persons Who May Sign a Maintenance Release
  • 591 - SERVICE DIFFICULTY REPORTING
    • 591.01 Reporting Requirements

STANDARDS

Airworthiness Manual Chapter 525 - Transport Category Aeroplanes Subchapter D - Design And Construction

  • 525.855 - Cargo and Baggage Compartments
  • 525.857 - Cargo Compartment Classification

PART VI - GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES

  • 600 - INTERPRETATION
    • 600.01 Interpretation
  • 602 - OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES
    • 602.01 Reckless or Negligent Operation of Aircraft
    • 602.02 Fitness of Flight Crew Members
    • 602.03 Alcohol or Drugs - Crew Members
    • 602.04 Alcohol or Drugs - Passengers
    • 602.06 Smoking
    • 602.07 Aircraft Operating Limitations
    • 602.08 Portable Electronic Devices
    • 602.09 Fueling with Engines Running
    • 602.10 Starting and Ground Running of Aircraft Engines
    • 602.11 Aircraft Icing
    • 602.30 Fuel Dumping
    • 602.58 Prohibition
    • 602.59 Equipment Standards
    • 602.60 Requirements for Power-driven Aircraft
    • 602.61 Survival Equipment - Flights over Land
    • 602.62 Life Preservers and Personal Flotation Devices
    • 602.63 Life Rafts and Survival Equipment - Flights over Water
    • 602.87 Crew Member Instructions
    • 602.88 Fuel Requirements
    • 602.89 Passenger Briefings
  • 604 – PRIVATE OPERATOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION

GENERAL PROVISIONS

  • 604.01 Interpretation
  • 604.02 Application
  • 604.03 Prohibition

FLIGHT OPERATIONS

  • 604.25 Operational Control System
  • 604.26 Designation of Pilot-in command and Second-in-command
  • 604.28 Instrument Approaches - Landing

FLIGHT OPERATIONS - DOCUMENTS

  • 604.36 Checklist
  • 604.37 Aircraft Operating Manual
  • 604.38 Operational Flight Data Sheet

FLIGHT OPERATIONS - PASSENGERS

  • 604.81 Flight Attendants
  • 604.82 Cabin Safety
  • 604.83 Fuelling with Passengers on Board
  • 604.84 Fuelling with Passengers on Board and an Engine Running
  • 604.85 Briefing of Passengers
  • 604.86 Safety Features Card

FLIGHT TIME AND FLIGHT DUTY TIME

  • 604.98 Flight Time Limits
  • 604.99 Flight Duty Time and Rest Periods
  • 604.100 Split Flight duty Time
  • 604.102 Unforeseen Operational Circumstances
  • 604.103 Delayed Reporting Time
  • 604.104 Time with no Assigned Duties
  • 604.105 Rest Period – Flight Crew Member Positioning
  • 604.106 Controlled Rest on the Flight Deck

MAINTENANCE

  • 604.127 Maintenance Control System
  • 604.128 Maintenance, Elementary Work and Servicing
  • 604.129 Defect Reporting and Control Procedures

PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS

  • 604.139 Validity Periods
  • 604.143 Flight Crew Member qualifications and Training

OPERATIONS MANUAL

  • 604.198 Distribution

SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

  • 604.205 Duties of Personnel
  • 604 - PRIVATE OPERATOR PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION
    • 604.01 Interpretation
    • 604.02 - Application
    • 604.03 - Certificate
    • 604.04 - Management System
    • 604.05 - Contents of a Certificate
    • 604.06 - Issuance of Authorizations
    • 604.07 - Ministerial Orders if Safety Compromised
    • 604.25 - Navigation System
    • 604.26 - Training Program
    • 604.27 - Aircraft Operating Manual
  • 605 - AIRCRAFT REQUIREMENTS
    • 605.03 Flight Authority
    • 605.04 Availability of Aircraft Flight Manual
    • 605.05 Markings and Placards
    • 605.06 Aircraft Equipment Standards and Serviceability
    • 605.07 Minimum Equipment Lists
    • 605.08 Unserviceable and Removed Equipment - General
    • 605.09 Unserviceable and Removed Equipment - Aircraft with a Minimum Equipment List
    • 605.10 Unserviceable and Removed Equipment - Aircraft without a Minimum Equipment List

AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS

  • 605.14 Power-driven Aircraft - Day VFR
  • 605.15 Power-driven Aircraft - VFR OTT
  • 605.16 Power-driven Aircraft - Night VFR
  • 605.17 Use of Position and Anti-collision Lights
  • 605.22 Seat and Safety-Belt Requirements
  • 605.23 Restraint System Requirements
  • 605.24 Shoulder Harness Requirements
  • 605.25 General use of Safety Belts and Restraints System
  • 605.26 Use of Passenger Safety Belts and Restraints System
  • 605.27 Use of Crew Member Safety Belts
  • 605.28 Child Restraint System
  • 605.29 Flight Control Locks
  • 605.30 De-icing or Anti-icing Equipment
  • 605.31 Oxygen Equipment and Supply
  • 605.32 Use of Oxygen
  • 605.33 Flight Data Recorder and Cockpit Voice Recorder Requirements
  • 605.34 Use of Flight Data Recorders and Cockpit Voice Recorders
  • 605.35 Transponder and Automatic Pressure- altitude Reporting Equipment
  • 605.36 Altitude Alerting Systems or Devices
  • 605.37 Ground Proximity Warning System
  • 605.38 ELT
  • 605.39 Use of ELTs
  • 605.40 ELT Activation
  • 605.41 Third Attitude Indicator
  • 605.84 Aircraft Maintenance - General
  • 605.85 Maintenance Release and Elementary Work
  • 605.86 Maintenance Schedule
  • 605.87 Transfer of Aeronautical Products between Maintenance Schedules
  • 605.88 Inspection after Abnormal Occurrences

TECHNICAL RECORDS

  • 605.92 - Requirement to Keep Technical Records
  • 605.93 Technical Records - General
  • 605.94 Journey Log Requirements
  • 605.95 Journey Log - Carrying on Board
  • 605.96 Requirements for Technical Records Other Than the Journey Log
  • 605.97 Transfer of Records
  • 606 – MISCELLANEOUS
  • 606.01 Munitions of War

PART VII - COMMERCIAL AIR SERVICES

  • 700 - COMMERCIAL AIR SERVICES

FLIGHT TIME AND FLIGHT DUTY TIME LIMITATIONS AND REST PERIODS

  • 700.14 - Monitoring System
  • 700.15 Flight Time Limitations
  • 700.16 Flight Duty Time Limitations and Rest Periods
  • 700.17 Unforeseen Operational Circumstances
  • 700.18 Delayed Reporting Time
  • 700.19 Requirements for Time Free from Duty
  • 700.20 Flight Crew Positioning
  • 700.21 Flight Crew Members on Reserve
  • 700.22 Long-Range Flights
  • 700.23 Controlled Rest on the Flight Deck
  • 705 - AIRLINE OPERATIONS

FLIGHT OPERATIONS

  • 705.16 Exceptions
  • 705.17 Operating Instructions
  • 705.18 General Operational Information
  • 705.19 Scheduled Air Service Requirements
  • 705.20 Operational Control System
  • 705.21 Flight Authorization
  • 705.22 Operational Flight Plan
  • 705.23 Maintenance of Aircraft
  • 705.25 Fuel Requirements
  • 705.26 Extended Twin-engined Operations
  • 705.27 Admission to Flight Deck
  • 705.29 Flight Crew Members at Controls
  • 705.31 - Crew Member Briefing
  • 705.39 - Weight and Balance Control
  • 705.40 - Passenger and Cabin Safety Procedures
  • 705.41 - Flight Attendant Stations
  • 705.42 - Carry-on Baggage
  • 705.43 - Briefing of Passengers
  • 705.44 - Safety Features Card
  • 705.45 - Closing and Locking of Flight Deck Door

AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE OPERATING LIMITATIONS

  • 705.54 - Exceptions
  • 705.55 - General Requirements
  • 705.56 - Take-off Weight Limitations
  • 705.57 - Net Take-off Flight Path
  • 705.58 - Enroute Limitations with One Engine Inoperative
  • 705.59 - Enroute Limitations with Two Engines Inoperative
  • 705.60 - Dispatch Limitations: Landing at Destination and Alternate Aerodromes
  • 705.61 - Dispatch Limitations: Wet Runway - Turbo-jet-powered Aeroplanes

AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS

  • 705.67 - General Requirements
  • 705.68 - Landing Lights
  • 705.69 - Operation of Aircraft in Icing Conditions
  • 705.70 - Weather Radar Equipment
  • 705.71 - Protective Breathing Equipment
  • 705.72 - First Aid Oxygen
  • 705.73 - Interphone System
  • 705.74 - Public Address System
  • 705.75 - Crew Member Shoulder Harnesses
  • 705.76 - Lavatory Fire Protection
  • 705.77 - Flammability Requirements for Aeroplane Seat Cushions
  • 705.78 - Floor Proximity Emergency Escape Path Markings
  • 705.79 - Flashlight Stowage
  • 705.80 - Doors and Locks
  • 705.81 - Cargo and Baggage Compartment Fire Protection

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT

  • 705.89 - Megaphones
  • 705.90 - First Aid Kits
  • 705.91 - Emergency Medical Kit
  • 705.92 - Crash Axe
  • 705.93 - Hand-held Fire Extinguishers
  • 705.94 - Portable Oxygen
  • 705.95 - Survival Equipment
  • 705.96 - Inspection Requirements
  • 705.97 – Flashlights

PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS

  • 705.107 Flight Engineer and Second Officer Qualifications

TRAINING

  • 705.124 - Training Program
  • 705.125 - Conditional Approval of Training Program
  • 705.127 - Training and Qualification Records

TC AIM CANADA

OTHER LEGISLATION

1 Canada Transportation Act Part II Air Transportation Licences, Prohibitions (section 57); Air Transportation Regulations (sections 3 and 7)

2 Canada Labour Code Part II –Occupational Safety & Health, Employee Rights & Duties (sections 126, 127 and 128)

3 Transportation of Dangerous Goods by Air (TC AIM - RAC Annex 3.0)

TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD OF CANADA (TSB) - A.I.M. GEN 3.0

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