Exercise 14 - Emergencies

GROUND SCHOOL POINTS

AIP - Search and Rescue (SAR)

ANO V No. 6 - Distress and Urgency Signals Order

Flight Manual - Emergency Procedures

PREPARATORY INSTRUCTION

Aim

For the student to learn how to carry out safe procedures following an in-flight emergency.

Motivation

Repeated practice handling in-flight emergencies under simulated conditions, will prepare the student for handling a real emergency should one occur.

Teaching Points

    1. Review the emergency procedures in the flight manual.
    2. Explain that it is good airmanship to make a precautionary landing whenever unusual instrument readings, control forces, vibrations or noises occur, even if the helicopter appears to be performing normally in other respects.
    3. Describe the procedures for making an emergency or precautionary landing as follows:
      1. identify the emergency;
      2. reduce power/airspeed where appropriate;
      3. select a suitable landing area;
      4. transmit a Mayday or Urgency call; and
      5. land, into wind if possible.
    4. Explain that it is important to make a radio call even though it may be transmitted blind. This will often minimize time spent on the ground in cases where the flight cannot be continued.

Confirmation

PRE-FLIGHT BRIEFING

AIR LESSON
    1. Demonstrate in-flight emergencies as appropriate to type.
    2. Student practice.
    3. Demonstrate tail rotor failures and hydraulic off flight
      (if applicable to type).
    4. Student practice.

POST-FLIGHT DEBRIEFING

TIPS FOR INSTRUCTORS
    1. Transit time from all lessons can be utilised to practise reaction to simulated emergencies. A verbal warning should be given in the initial stages.
    2. Discuss the actions to be taken following the landing, all too often a student lands and has no idea what to do once on the ground. Setting scenarios with the student providing the actions to be taken is good practise.
    3. Hydraulics off, if applicable to type, should be introduced in flight at altitude, progressing to approach and landing.
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