Exercise 5 - Climbs and Descents

GROUND SCHOOL POINTS

Flight Manual - Power limitations and performance data as appropriate to type.

PREPARATORY INSTRUCTION

Aim

For the student to learn how to climb and descend at recommended airspeed and power settings.

Review

Exercise 4 - Airspeed and Power Changes

Motivation

Accurate control of the helicopter is vital in later air lessons.

Airmanship

    1. Lookout
    2. Aircraft limitations

Teaching Points

    1. State the power settings and airspeed to be used in this exercise, as appropriate to type.
    2. Describe how to proceed from straight and level cruise to the climb:
      1. Lookout
      2. Select ATTITUDE for climb speed ATTITUDE
      3. Increase POWER to required setting POWER
      4. Prevent yaw TRIM
      5. ADJUST if necessary
    3. Describe how to level out from the climb to the cruise:
      1. Anticipate required altitude
      2. Select ATTITUDE for straight and level cruise
      3. Allow airspeed to increase ATTITUDE
      4. Reduce POWER to cruise setting POWER
      5. Prevent yaw TRIM
      6. ADJUST as necessary
    4. Describe how to proceed from straight and level cruise to the descent:
      1. Lookout
      2. Reduce POWER to required setting POWER
      3. Prevent yaw
      4. Select ATTITUDE for descent speed ATTITUDE
      5. ADJUST if necessary TRIM
    5. Describe how to level out from a descent to the cruise:
      1. Anticipate required altitude
      2. Increase POWER to cruise setting POWER
      3. Prevent yaw
      4. Select ATTITUDE for cruise speed ATTITUDE
      5. ADJUST as necessary TRIM
    6. Describe how to proceed direct from a descent to the climb:
      1. Lookout
      2. Increase power to climb setting
      3. Prevent yaw
      4. Maintain airspeed or select climb speed as required.

Confirmation 

PRE-FLIGHT BRIEFING

AIR LESSON
    1. Review straight and level cruising flight
    2. Demonstrate establishing a climb at a selected power and airspeed, and levelling out to cruise flight
    3. Student practice
    4. Demonstrate establishing a descent at a selected power and airspeed, and levelling out to cruise flight
    5. Student practice
    6. Demonstrate climbing to a pre-selected altitude
    7. Student practice
    8. Demonstrate descending to a pre-selected altitude
    9. Student practice
    10. Demonstrate proceeding direct from a descent to the climb
    11. Student practice
    12. Turns can be introduced if the student grasps this exercise easily.

POST FLIGHT DEBRIEFING

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