Conduct of the Flight Test

The flight test for the flight instructor rating consists of three phases - Ground, In-flight and Post-flight.  Barring unforeseen circumstances, such as weather or aircraft unserviceabliities, the test, including all phases, should normally not require more than a half of a day to complete.

The privileges sought will determine the nature of the test.  Although the candidate must be prepared to demonstrate the ability to instruct effectively any of the applicable exercises, the test is a sampling of performance designed to permit completion of the test in a reasonable time.  The test for an aeroplane or helicopter flight instructor rating will sample the exercises required for training toward a private or commercial pilot licence, night rating, or Class 4 instructor rating, as appropriate.

The test for upgrading to a Class 2 rating, aeroplane or helicopter, will include an assessment of knowledge of CFI and supervisor responsibilities.  The test for upgrading to a Class 1 rating will include an assessment of the ability to train instructors.  The test for an aerobatic instructor rating will sample the aerobatic manoeuvres listed in CAR 421.91(3) of the Personnel Licensing Standards.  Renewal flight tests for these ratings will, at the discretion of the examiner, include assessments related to any of the privileges of the Flight Instructor Rating.

After determining the candidate’s admissibility for the flight test, the examiner will present a training scenario applicable to a student pilot of average ability detailing background knowledge and flight experience.  This can be done by describing the student or by providing an actual or sample PTR or logbook.  The candidate will then prepare an appropriate training lesson.

During the ground portion, the candidate will present preparatory ground instruction and a pre-flight briefing appropriate to the planned lesson.  The examiner will play the role of the student and will endeavour to keep the scenario as realistic as possible by responding to questions and inquiring for further detail where details may be sketchy in a manner that emulates a typical motivated student pilot.

During the flight portion, the examiner will occupy the seat normally occupied by the student and will have the candidate teach the exercise for which preparatory ground instruction has been given during the ground portion of the test and then will choose other impromptu exercises to be taught.  For these impromptu exercises, it will be assumed that all necessary preparatory instruction and pre-flight briefing have been given.  Upon return, the candidate will conduct a post-flight debriefing of the examiner’s performance while role-playing as a student during the flight.

After the flight test is completed, the examiner will conduct a de-briefing of the candidate's performance.  Where the candidate has been recommended for the test, the recommending instructor should be present at the de-briefing.

Role-playing may have to be suspended from time to time in order to accommodate various situations.  The examiner will make clear when the role-play is being suspended and when it is being re-started.  If the examiner determines that a demonstration or explanation is sketchy, unclear or the outcome uncertain, the examiner may require the candidate to repeat all or portions of that task or manoeuvre.  For the flight portion, role-play should commence after the run-up to allow the candidate to focus on the run-up task.

The examiner or candidate may discontinue the test at any time when the degree of competency demonstrated makes the candidate ineligible for the rating sought.

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