3.5Flight Crew Training and Evaluation Program

3.5.1 The air operator's training program in respect to extended range operations shall provide training for flight crew members followed by subsequent evaluations and proficiency checks as well as recurrent training in the following areas:

  1. introduction to ETOPS regulations/operational approvals;
  2. routes and airports intended to be used in the ER area of operations;
  3. performance:

    1. flight planning, and plotting, including all contingencies;

    2. flight performance progress monitoring; and

  4. procedures:

    1. diversion procedures and diversion "decision making". Special initial and recurrent training to prepare flight crews to evaluate probable propulsion and airframe failures should be conducted. The goal of this training should be to establish crew competency in dealing with the most probable operating contingencies;

    2. use of appropriate navigation and communication systems including appropriate flight management devices;

    3. flight crews should be provided with detailed initial and recurrent training that emphasizes abnormal and emergency procedures to be followed in the event of foreseeable failures for each area of operation, including:
      1. procedures for single and multiple equipment failures in flight that would precipitate go/no-go and diversion decisions. If standby sources of electrical power significantly degrade cockpit instrumentation, then approved training that simulates approaches with the standby generator as the sole power source should be conducted during initial and recurrent training;
      2. operational restrictions associated with these failures including any applicable MEL considerations;
      3. procedures for in-flight restart of the propulsion systems, including APU, if required; and
      4. crew incapacitation.

    4. use of emergency equipment including protective breathing and ditching equipment;

    5. procedures to be followed in the event that there is a change in conditions at designated en route alternates that would preclude a safe approach and landing;

    6. understanding and effective use of approved additional or modified equipment required for ETOPS;

    7. fuel requirements and management: Flight crews shall be trained on the fuel requirements and management procedures to be followed during the en route portion of the flight. These procedures should provide for an independent cross-check of fuel quantity indicators. (e.g. fuel flows could be used to calculate fuel burned and compared to indicated fuel remaining.

    8. dispatch considerations (MEL, CDL, weather minima, and flight crew performed maintenance service checks); and

    9. flight crew documentation.

3.5.2 Air operators shall standardize flight crew practices and procedures for ETOPS operations. Furthermore, only pilots with a demonstrated understanding of ETOPS operations shall be designated as training and/or check pilots for ETOPS operations.

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