1.2 Interpretation

The following are definitions of terms contained in this document:

1. Aerial Work Operations

Aerial work operations are conducted by aeroplanes or helicopters and the following are the different types of operations that will be utilized by Canadian air operators and NAFTA or FTA foreign air operators:

  • Aerial Advertising: The operation of an aircraft for the purpose of skywriting, banner towing, displaying airborne signs, dispensing leaflets, and making public address announcements.
  • Aerial Construction: The operation of an helicopter for the purpose of conducting external-load operations in support of construction, hoisting of utilities, power line construction and erection of special purpose towers.
  • Aerial Inspection and Surveillance: The operation of an aircraft for the purpose of conducting aerial observation and patrols for surface events, objects and animals.
  • Aerial Harvesting: The operation of an helicopter for the harvesting of pine cones from tree tops.
  • Aerial Mapping: The operation of an aircraft for the purpose of mapping by use of a camera, or other measuring and recording devices.
  • Aerial Photography: The operation of an aircraft for the purpose of taking photographs or recording information by use of a camera, or other measuring and recording device.
  • Aerial Sightseeing: The operation of an aircraft for the purpose of providing recreation to passengers that originates and terminates at the same airport or the same aerodrome.
  • Aerial Spraying: The operation of an aircraft for the dispersal of products.
  • Aerial Surveying: The operation of an aircraft for the purpose of surveying by use of a camera, or other measuring and recording devices.
  • Combat Air Support: The aerial work air operations to assist the Canadian Forces (CF) in conducting realistic operational training as well as maintaining appropriate levels of readiness. It is composed of the following elements such as Target Support, Electronic Warfare (EW), Target Towing, Real Time Performance Quality Assurance (RTPQA) and Qualification Operational Test & Evaluation (QOT&E).
  • External Load: Utilization of an aircraft for the transportation of an external load.
  • Fire Fighting: The operation of an aircraft for the purpose of dispensing water, chemicals, and fire retardants intended for suppressing a fire. This includes the carrying of fire fighters.
  • Flight Testing: The operation of an aircraft for fight testing of avionic systems, navigation systems and other aircraft equipment.
  • Flight Training: Training which follows an approved ground and flight syllabus which permits students to meet all certification requirements for obtaining an airman certificate or rating. The Canadian air operator certificate for Flight Training and the Flight Training air operator certificate for NAFTA will be issued under Part IV of the CAR.
  • Forest Fire Management: The operation of an aircraft for the purpose of fire detection and control, as well as for the purpose of dispensing any substance intended for forest fire suppression and prevention. This does include carrying fire fighters, fire bosses and/or managers from the base camp into the fire area or to the actual fire site as well as within the fire zone.
  • Glider Towing: The towing of a glider by a powered aircraft equipped with a tow hitch.
  • Heli-logging: The operation of an helicopter for the purpose of transporting timber suspended from the fuselage.
  • Human Organs: The transportation services for the retrieval of human organs for human transplants.
  • Parachute Jumping: The operation of an aircraft for the purpose of allowing a person to descend from that aircraft in flight using a parachute during all or part of that descent.
  • Wild Life Management:
    • The utilization of an helicopter for the capturing of animals, the slinging carriage of animal to trailers for relocation, the collecting of samples from animals and the placing of telemetry equipment on animals.
    • The utilization of an aeroplane for the capturing of animals, the collecting of samples from animals and the placing of telemetry equipment on animals.

2. Air Operator

Means a person who is the holder of an air operator certificate;

3. Air Operator Certificate

Means a certificate issued under Part VII of the CARs that authorizes the holder of the certificate to operate a commercial air service;

4. Canadian

"Canadian" means a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident within the meaning of the Immigration Act, a government in Canada or an agent of such a government or a corporation or other entity that is incorporated or formed under the laws of Canada or a province, that is controlled in fact by Canadians and of which at least seventy-five percent, or such lesser percentage as the Governor in Council may by regulation specify, of the voting interests are owned and controlled by Canadians;

5. Commercial Air Service

Means an air service provided by means of an aircraft for hire or reward that is publicly available as defined in subsection 3.(1) of the Aeronautics Act;

6. Domestic Service

Means an air service between points in Canada, from and to the same point in Canada, or between Canada and a point outside Canada that is not in the territory of another country, as defined in section 55 of the Canada Transportation Act;

7. International Service

Means an air service between Canada and a point in the territory of another country, as defined in section 55 of the Canada Transportation Act;

8. Non-Schedule International Service

Means an international service other than a scheduled international service, as defined in section 55 of the Canada Transportation Act;

9. Scheduled International Service

Means an international service, as defined in section 55 of the Canada Transportation Act, that is a scheduled service pursuant to

  1. an agreement or arrangement for the provision of that service to which Canada is a party, or
  2. a determination made under section 70 of the Canada Transportation Act;
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