2.2 Simulator Evaluation Policy
2.2.1 The simulator shall be assessed in the areas critical to the accomplishment directional responses, performance in take-off, climb, cruise, descent, approach, landing, control checks, cockpit, flight engineer and instructor station function checks and certain additional requirements depending on the complexity of the simulator. The motion and visual systems shall be evaluated to ensure proper operation.
2.2.2 It is desirable to evaluate the simulator as objectively as possible. Pilot acceptance is also an important consideration; therefore, the simulator shall be subjected to functional tests from Appendix2-C which allow a qualitative assessment of the simulator by a TC pilot qualified on type, and validation tests of the type presented in Appendix2-B. Function tests are designed to provide a basis for evaluating a simulator's capability to perform over a typical training period and to verify correct operation of the simulator's controls, instruments and systems. Validation tests are used to objectively compare simulator and aeroplane data to ensure that they agree within a specified tolerance.
2.2.3 For new generation aeroplanes issued an original type certificate after January 1992, significant amendments to an original type certificate or a supplemental type certificate which would result in handling quality or performance changes, only manufacturer's flight test data shall be accepted for initial qualification. Exceptions to this policy shall be submitted to the MSP for review and consideration. For a new type or model of aeroplane, predicted data validated by flight test data which has not received final approval by the manufacturer, can be used for an interim period as determined by TC. In the event predicted data are used in programming the simulator, it shall be updated as soon as practicable when actual aeroplane flight test data become available. Unless specific conditions warrant otherwise, simulator programming shall be updated within six months after release of the final flight test data package by the aircraft manufacturer.
2.2.4 Validation Tests are to be end-to-end tests of the simulator; therefore, test input must be at pilot controls. This means that overall integrated testing of the simulator must be accomplished to assure that the total simulator system meets with the prescribed standards. For an aeroplane simulator to qualify for a LevelB, C, or D approval, it must meet the flight data requirements documented in the International Air Transport Association (IATA) Flight Simulator Design and Performance Data Requirements (Fourth Edition), 1993.
2.2.5 Tolerances listed for parameters in Appendix2-B should not be confused with design tolerances specified for simulator manufacture. Tolerances for the parameters listed in Appendix2-B are the maximum acceptable to TC for simulator validation.
2.2.6 Evaluation dates will not be established until the QTG has been reviewed by the MSP and determined to be in accordance with this Manual. Within 10working days of receiving an acceptable QTG, the MSP will coordinate with the operator to set a mutually acceptable date for the evaluation. To avoid unnecessary delays, operators are encouraged to work closely with the MSP during the QTG development process prior to making formal application.
2.2.7 All simulator initial evaluations and subsequent recurrent evaluations after the date of issue of this manual shall be conducted according to the guidance herein except as provided in section2.7; however, operators are encouraged to make every effort to amend previously approved test guides to be consistent with the guidelines herein.
2.2.8 During evaluations, a sponsor's current, line qualified or designated pilot and a sponsor's or operator's simulator operator will be available to assist in the accomplishment of the functions and validation tests. TC type qualified personnel shall manipulate the controls during the TC evaluation with assistance from the sponsor's pilot at the discretion of TC.
2.2.9 Convertible simulators will be addressed as a separate simulator for each model and series to which the simulator will be converted and an approval sought. A complete QTG and a complete evaluation is required for each configuration. For example, if an operator seeks qualification for two models of an airplane type using a convertible simulator, two complete QTGs, or a supplemented QTG, and two complete evaluations are required.
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