Appendix 4-C - Functions and Subjective Tests

1. Discussion

Accurate replication of aircraft systems functions will be checked at each flight crew member position qualities, performance and systems operation will be subjectively assessed by an appropriately qualified TC inspector.

The operator may request that the inspector assess the training devices for a special aspect of an operator's training program during the functions and subjective portion of a recurrent evaluation. For example, such an assessment may include a portion of a LOFT scenario or special emphasis items in the operator's training program, if appropriate. Unless directly related to a requirement for the current qualification level, the results of such an evaluation would not affect the training device's current status.

Operational principal navigation systems including inertial navigation systems, OMEGA or other long range systems and the associated electronic display systems will be evaluated if installed. The inspector will include in his/her report the effect of the system operation and system limitations.

2. Test Requirements

The ground and flight tests and other checks required for qualification are listed in the Table of Functions process to assure that the flight training device functions and performs appropriately. It must be understood that there is no direct correlation between the manoeuvres and procedures in this Appendix and any manoeuvre or procedure that may be authorized for a training or checking. Manoeuvres and procedures are also included to address some features of advanced technology aircraft and innovative training programs. For example, "high angle of attack manoeuvring" is included to provide an alternative to "approach to stalls". Such an alternative is necessary for aircraft employing flight envelope limiting systems. The portion of the table addressing pilot functions and manoeuvres is divided by flight phases.

All systems functions will be assessed for normal and, where appropriate, alternate operations. Normal, abnormal and emergency procedures associated with a flight phase will be assessed during the evaluation of manoeuvres or events within that flight phase. Systems are listed separately under "Any Flight Phase" to assure appropriate attention to system checks. The functions and subjective test requirements listed in the table are not applicable in cases in which the training device does not include the system or function to be checked even though it may be indicated by a check mark (x) in the Table. Some tests may be added for rotorcraft FTDs. This is particularly true for Levels2, 4 and 5 which require as little as one functioning system. When using the tables, one must apply logic to permit the required flexibility for these devices and not demand unintended systems.

There are manoeuvres that will be subjectively evaluated under asymmetric thrust conditions. For Level7, this will be applicable only for those highly augmented aeroplanes in which flight test data verifies the absence of motion without pilot input during the manoeuvre being accomplished. In the absence of this data for Level7 and for all situations in Levels2-6, these asymmetric thrust manoeuvres are evaluated here only to verify that the procedures for the specific event may be accomplished satisfactorily. This evaluation does not imply that the manoeuvre itself, or the demonstration of proficiency in the application of the procedures, may be accomplished in any vehicle other than an appropriately qualified simulator or the aircraft.

3. Table of Functions and Subjective Tests

FTD Level Comments
  1 2 3 4 5 6 7  
1. FUNCTIONS AND MANOEUVRES
A. PREPARATION FOR FLIGHT
1. Pre-flight. Accomplish a functions check of all switches, indicators, systems and equipment at all crew members' and instructors' stations and determine that the cockpit or flight deck area design and replicate the appropriate aeroplane.   x x x x x x For Levels2 and 3, cockpit/flight deck area design and functions must be representative of the appropriate set of aeroplanes.
B. SURFACE OPERATIONS (PRE-TAKE-OFF)
1. Engine Start
(a) Normal Start
(b) Alternate Start Procedures
(c) Abnormal Starts and Shutdowns (hot start, hung start, etc.)
  x* x x* x* x x *If appropriate to installed systems.
2. Pushback     x x*   x x  
3. Thrust Response   x x   x x x  
4. Power Level Friction   x x   x x x  
5. Brake Operation (normal/alternate/emergency)   x* x   x* x x  
6. Brake Fade (if applicable)             x  
7. Other                
C. TAKE-OFF
1. Normal                
(a) Powerplant Checks (engine parameter relationships)   x* x x* x* x x *If appropriate to installed systems.
(b) Acceleration Characteristics   x* x   x* x x  
(c) Nosewheel and Rudder Steering   x* x   x* x x  
(d) Effect of Crosswind   x x   x x x  
(e) Special Performance         x x x  
(f) Instrument   x x   x x x  
(g) Landing Gear, Wing Flap, Leading Edge Device Operation   x* x   x* x x  
(h) Other                
2. Abnormal/Emergency                
(a) Rejected     x     x x  
(b) Rejected Special Performance     x     x x  
(c) With Failure of Most Critical Engine at Most Critical Point Along Take-off Path (continued take-off)             x Applicable only to those highly augmented aeroplanes in which test flight data verifies the absence of motion without pilot input during this manoeuvre.
(d) Flight Control System Failure Modes   x x x x x x If appropriate to the aeroplane and the installed systems.
(e) Other                
D. INFLIGHT OPERATION
1. Climb   x x   x x x  
(a) Normal                
(b) One Engine Inoperative Procedures                
(c) Other                
2. Cruise                
(a) Performance Characteristics (speed versus power)   x x   x x x  
(b) Turns With/Without Spoilers (speed brake) Deployed   x x   x x x  
(c) High Altitude Handling   x x   x x x  
(d) High Speed Handling   x x   x x x  
(e) Mach Effects on Control and Trim, Overspeed Warning   x x   x x x If appropriate to the aeroplane or set of aeroplanes.
(f) Normal and Steep Turns   x x   x x x  
(g) Performance Turns   x x   x x x  
(h) Approach to Stalls, ie. Stall Warning: No Motion (cruise, take-off/ approach and landing configuration)   x x   x x x  
(i) High Angle of Attack Manoeuvres (cruise, take-off/ approach and landing)   x x   x x x  
(j) Inflight Engine Shutdown   x* x x* x* x x *If appropriate to installed systems.
(k) Inflight Engine Restart   x* x x* x* x x *If appropriate to installed systems.
(l) Manoeuvring With Engine(s) Inoperative   x x x x x x Level7 - Applicable only to those highly augmented aeroplanes in which flight test data verifies the absence of motion without pilot input during this manoeuvre. In the absence of this data for Level7 and for Level6 and below, this test is accomplished only to verify that the procedures for this situation or condition can be accomplished satisfactorily.
(m) Specific Flight Characteristics           x x  
(n) Manual Flight Control Reversion           x x If appropriate to the aeroplane.
(o) Flight Control System           x x  
(p) Other                
3. Descent                
(a) Normal   x x   x x x  
(b) Maximum Rate   x x   x x x  
(c) Manual Flight Control Reversion           x x  
(d) Flight Control System Failure Modes           x x  
(e) Other                
E. APPROACHES
1. Non Precision                
(a) All Engines Operating   x x   x x x  
(b) One or More Engines Inoperative     x     x x Level7 - Applicable only to those highly augmented aeroplanes in which flight test data verifies the absence of motion without pilot input during this manoeuvre. In the absence of this data for Level7 and for Levels6 and 3, this test is accomplished only to verify that the procedures for this situation or condition can be accomplished satisfactorily.
(c) Approach Procedures NDB, VOR, RNAV, DME ARC, LOC/BC, AZI, LDA, LOC, SDF   x x   x x x  
(d) Missed Approach                
- All Engines Operating   x x   x x x  
- One or More Engines Inoperative (as applicable)             x Applicable only to those highly augmented aeroplanes in which flight test data verifies the absence of motion without pilot input during this manoeuvre.
2. Precision                
(a) PAR - Normal     x     x x As applicable.
(b) ILS
  • Normal
  • CategoryI Published Approach
    • Manually controlled with and without flight director to 100ft. (30 m) below published decision height
  • CategoryII Published Approach
    • With use of auto coupled, auto throttle and auto land, as applicable
  • CategoryIII Published Approach
    • With electrical power
    • With 10Knot tailwind
    • With 10Knot crosswind
  x* x   x* x x As applicable.

*Auto-coupled approach procedures.

Tests accomplished with maximum tailwind and crosswind authorized if less than 10knots.

(c) Effects of Crosswind   x x   x x x As applicable.
(d) With Engine(s) Inoperative   x x   x x x Level7 - Applicable only to those highly augmented aeroplanes in which flight test data verifies the absence of motion without pilot input during this manoeuvre. In the absence of this data for Level7 and for Level6 and below, this test is accomplished only to verify that the procedures for this situation or condition can be accomplished satisfactorily.
(f) Missed Approach                
Normal   x x   x x x As applicable.
With Engine(s) Inoperative   x x   x x x See comments for 2.(e) above.
From Steep Glide Slope   x x   x x x As applicable.
F. SURFACE OPERATIONS (POST LANDING)
1. Landing Roll                
(a) Spoiler Operation   x* x*   x* x x If applicable to installed systems.
(b) Reverse Thrust Operation     x     x x  
(c) Other                
H. ANY FLIGHT PHASE
1. Aircraft and Powerplant Systems Operation   x x x x x x If applicable to installed systems.
(a) Air Conditioning                
(b) Anti-icing/De-icing                
(c) Auxiliary Powerplant                
(d) Communications                
(e) Electrical                
(f) Fire Detection and Suppression                
(g) Flaps                
(h) Flight Controls (including spoilers/speedbrake)                
(i) Fuel and Oil                
(j) Hydraulic                
(k) Landing Gear                
(l) Oxygen                
(m) Pneumatic                
(n) Powerplant                
(o) Pressurization                
2. Flight Management and Guidance Systems   x x x x x x If applicable to installed systems.
(a) Automatic Landing Aids                
(b) Automatic Pilot                
(c) Thrust Management/Auto-Throttle                
(d) Flight Data Displays                
(e) Flight Management Computers                
(f) Flight Director/System Displays
  • Head Down
  • Head Up
               
(g) Navigation System                
(h) Stall Warning/Avoidance                
(i) Stability and Control Augmentation                
(j) Other                
3. Airborne Procedures   x x x x x x If applicable to installed systems.
(a) Holding                
(b) Other                
4. Engine Shutdown and Parking   x x x x x x If applicable to installed systems.
(a) Systems Operation                
(b) Parking Brake Operation                
5. Other                
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