Appendix 8-D - Flight Training and Checking Credits - Rotorcraft

1. Discussion

This Appendix describes the training credits that may be granted to a rotorcraft simulator pursuant to the CARs.

ColumnI of the table outlines the flight phase or manoeuvre, and ColumnII outlines the minimum standard of simulator required to conduct the ColumnI activity. Where neither a simulator nor the aircraft is designated, the flight phase or manoeuvre can be trained and checked in a flight training device. Since the level of training device is not always an adequate indicator of what performance is required for credit for each manoeuvre or flight phase, credit will be determined on a case by case basis. It can be assumed, however, that a Level6 or 7 training device can gain credit for all items not specifically annotated to a full flight simulator or the aircraft.

Simulators or training devices may be used in the certificate holder's approved training and checking program; however, each simulator used in the program must be specifically approved for the certificate holder and by the type of rotorcraft and, if applicable, the particular rotorcraft type variant being used by the certificate holder. The simulator must be essentially identical to the certificate holder's rotorcraft for it to be used in a program. In some cases, differences between the simulator and the certificate holder's rotorcraft can be addressed by additional ground or rotorcraft differences training. Where the TC approved program permits type endorsement of pilots not current on a similar type rotorcraft without any rotorcraft training, a LevelC simulator must be used for the type endorsement training. For flight engineers or second officers, some aircraft training is always required.

Programs that are approved for a specific certificate holder using advanced simulators must be conducted entirely in the approved advanced simulator to gain the credits granted that level of advanced simulator.

Flight Engineer training credits are not separately identified within this Appendix, as the applicable credits can all be achieved with a LevelA simulator, except for the visual exterior and interior pre-flight inspections, for which training must be provided on the rotorcraft.

2. Flight Training Credits - Rotorcraft

Note: A "x" in COLUMN II indicates the minimum standard simulator to conduct the COLUMNI activity. A "x" in the ROTORCRAFT column means that only the operator's rotorcraft can be used.

- pre-start, start and pre-takeoff check procedures, and
1. Pre-flight
a. Aircraft inspection         x
(1) the pre flight inspection, including -        
- visual inspection of the exterior and interior of the aircraft,        
- pre start, start and pre takeoff check procedures, and   x    
- communications, navigation systems and instrument checks.   x    
2. Inflight
a. Taxi and hover manoeuvres in ground effect.     x    
b. Departures, approaches and landings:          
(1) transition from hover to forward flight and a rejected departure procedure;     x    
(2) transition from hover to forward flight and climb to assigned altitude;     x    
(3) level surface landing;     x    
(4) slope surface landing:     x    
(5) out of wind approach to hover and landing;     x    
(6) autorotation;     x    
(7) steep approach; and   x      
(8) run-on landing          
c. Inflight:          
(1) turns to left and right through at least 180° change of direction using a bank angle of not less than 30° while maintaining assigned altitude and airspeed;   x      
(2) simulated engine failure at assigned altitude with subsequent autorotational approach for single engine rotorcraft; and     x    
(3) simulated engine failure and subsequent one engine inoperative approach and landing for multi engine rotorcraft.     x    
d. Instrument:          
(1) instrument departure;          
(2) area departure and area arrival;          
(3) holding;          
(4) instrument approaches to hover or touch down -          
- straight in, and     x    
- circling; and     x1 x1  
(5) instrument approaches to run-on landing -          
- straight in, and   x      
- circling; and   x1      
(6) missed approach with engine failure;          
e. Emergency and malfunction procedures:          
(1) emergency and malfunction procedures, including -          
- fire in flight,   x      
- smoke control,   x      
- anti torque system malfunction or failure,       x  
- hydraulic and electrical system malfunctions and failures,       x  
- stability augmentation system failures and malfunctions,       x  
- gear box failures and malfunctions, and   x      
- failure of navigation or communication equipment; and   x      
(2) any other emergency procedures outlined in the approved aircraft flight manual or aircraft operating manual.   x2      

1 Authorized provided the simulator has an adequate field of view and is specifically qualified for circling approaches.

2 To be determined on a per system basis.

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