Part III - Lesson Plans

Private Pilot Flight Syllabus

Lesson Plans for the Private Pilot Flight Training Syllabus, which follow, provide guidance for the new instructor, and a ready reference for the more experienced instructor. Flight times are not specified since it is essential that the required competency in each exercise is achieved, regardless of the flight time involved, before proceeding with the next lesson.

While it is recommended that flight instructors carefully follow these Lesson Plans as outlined, the personal instructional techniques of an individual flight instructor may be cause for modification of this syllabus, in which case, it should be committed to writing and followed with care. In either case, special circumstances such as aircraft availability, geographic location, or weather conditions may necessitate a departure from the written numerical order of the Lesson Plans.

It must be clearly understood that each Lesson Plan does not necessarily constitute a single flight - the number of flights will vary according to Lesson Plan content and student ability. The reference manual for the material contained in the Lesson Plans is Transport Canada's Flight Training Manual. Training aids will vary according to the subject, but the model aircraft, chalkboard, and aircraft flight manual are practically essential in each case.

To ensure that the student understands exactly what will take place during the air exercise, a pre-flight briefing should be carried out. This is essentially a practical briefing using the "Air Instructions" as a guide, avoiding theory, but including the important aspects:

  • What we are going to do.
  • How we are going to do it.
  • Safety considerations.

The pre-flight briefing should be conducted just prior to the air exercise. Key points of the proposed flight should be reviewed and the student questioned briefly to determine that there is sufficient understanding to proceed with the air exercise. Part IV of the Flight Instructor Guide contains some suggested typical questions which may be used to determine the student's knowledge of the air exercises.

Each lesson plan outlines the air exercises which should be taught, reviewed, or practised, and also states the expected level of competency at that stage of the student's training. Bearing in mind that perfection is the goal, during each successive flight, the instructor should impose performance standards with that goal in mind.

Following the Learning Factor of Primacy, provision has been made whenever possible, to give a brief demonstration of any new exercise which will be taught during the next training period. It need not necessarily be accompanied by an in-flight explanation and is essentially a familiarization demonstration which will enable the student to more fully understand the written text relating to the exercise in the Flight Training Manual.

A brief discussion (post-flight debriefing) conducted at the conclusion of the training flight is essential to give the student an opportunity to discuss, and obtain clarification of any points involved in the lesson. Study assignments to help the student prepare for the next lesson should be made as part of the post-flight debriefing.

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