Part V - Airworthiness Manual Chapter 525 - Transport Category Aeroplanes

Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) 2017-2

Content last revised: 2007/06/30



  • A (525.1-525.2),
  • B (525.21-525.255),
  • C (525.301-525.581),
  • D (525.601-525.899),
  • E (525.901-525.1207),
  • F (525.1301-525.1461),
  • G (525.1501-525.1587)
  • H (525.1701-525.1733)


A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, L, M, N

(2001/06/01; no previous version)


Emergency Evacuation

The following test criteria and procedures must be used for showing compliance with 525.803:

  1. (a) The emergency evacuation shall be conducted with exterior ambient light levels of no greater than 0.3 foot-candles prior to the activation of the aeroplane emergency lighting system. The source(s) of the initial exterior ambient light level may remain active or illuminated during the actual demonstration. There shall, however, be no increase in the exterior ambient light level except for that due to activation of the aeroplane emergency lighting system.
    (amended 2007/03/08)

  2. (b) The aeroplane must be in a normal attitude with landing gear extended.

  3. (c) Unless the aeroplane is equipped with an off-wing descent means, stands or ramps may be used for descent from the wing to the ground. Safety equipment such as mats or inverted life rafts may be placed on the floor or ground to protect participants. No other equipment that is not part of the emergency evacuation equipment of the aeroplane may be used to aid the participants in reaching the ground.

  4. (d) Except as provided in paragraph (a) of this Appendix, only the aeroplane's emergency lighting system may provide illumination.

  5. (e) All emergency equipment required for the planned operation of the aeroplane must be installed.

  6. (f) Each internal door or curtain shall be in the take-off configuration.
    (amended 2007/03/08)

  7. (g) Each crew member shall be seated in the normally assigned seat for take-off and shall remain in the seat until receiving the signal for commencement of the demonstration. Each crew member shall be a person having knowledge of the operation of exits and emergency equipment and, if compliance with section 705.104 is also being demonstrated, each flight attendant must be a member of a regularly scheduled line crew.
    (amended 2007/03/08)

  8. (h) a representative passenger load of persons in normal health must be used as follows:

    1. (1) At least 40 percent of the passenger load must be female.

    2. (2) At least 35 percent of the passenger load must be over 50 years of age.

    3. (3) At least 15 percent of the passenger load must be female and over 50 years of age.

    4. (4) Three life-size dolls, not included as part of the total passenger load, must be carried by passengers to simulate live infants 2 years old or younger.

    5. (5) Crew members, mechanics, and training personnel, who maintain or operated the aeroplane in the normal course of their duties, may not be used as passengers.

  9. (i) No passenger may be assigned a specific seat except as the Minister may require. Except as required by subparagraph (g) of this paragraph, no employee of the applicant may be seated next to an emergency exit.

  10. (j) Seat belts and shoulder harnesses (as required) must be fastened.

  11. (k) Before the start of the demonstration, approximately one-half of the total average amount of carry-on baggage, blankets, pillows, and other similar articles must be distributed at several locations in aisles and emergency exit access ways to create minor obstructions.

  12. (l) No prior indication may be given to any crewmember or passenger of the particular exits to be used in the demonstration.

  13. (m) The applicant may not practice, rehearse, or describe the demonstration for the participants nor may any participant have taken part in this type of demonstration within the preceding 6 months.

  14. (n) Prior to entering the demonstration aeroplane, the passengers may also be advised to follow directions of crew members but not be instructed on the procedures to be followed in the demonstration, except with respect to safety procedures in place for the demonstration or which have to do with the demonstration site. Prior to the start of the demonstration, the pre-take-off passenger briefing required by section 705.43 may be given. Flight attendants may assign demonstration subjects to assist persons from the bottom of a slide, consistent with their approved training program.
    (amended 2007/03/08)

  15. (o) The aeroplane shall be configured to prevent disclosure of the active emergency exits to demonstration participants in the aeroplane until the start of the demonstration.
    (amended 2007/03/08)

  16. (p) Exits used in the demonstration shall consist of one exit from each exit pair. The demonstration may be conducted with the escape slides, if provided, inflated and the exits open at the beginning of the demonstration. In this case, all exits shall be configured such that the active exits are not disclosed to the occupants. If this method is used, the exit preparation time for each exit utilized shall be accounted for, and exits that are not to be used in the demonstration shall not be indicated before the demonstration has started. The exits to be used shall be representative of all the emergency exits on the aeroplane and shall be designated by the applicant, subject to approval by the Minister. At least one floor level exit shall be used.
    (amended 2007/03/08)

  17. (q) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, all evacuees must leave the aeroplane by a means provided as part of the aeroplane's equipment.

  18. (r) The applicant's approved procedures must be fully utilised, except the flight crew must take no active role in assisting others inside the cabin during the demonstration.

  19. (s) The evacuation time period is completed when the last occupant has evacuated the aeroplane and is on the ground. Provided that the acceptance rate of the stand or ramp is no greater than the acceptance rate of the means available on the aeroplane for descent from the wing during an actual crash situation, evacuees using stands or ramps allowed by paragraph (c) of this Appendix are considered to be on the ground when they are on the stand or ramp.

(Change 525-3 (91-11-01))

(Change 525-6 (93-12-30))

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