Part V - Airworthiness Manual Chapter 529 - Transport Category Rotorcraft

Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) 2017-2

Content last revised: 2003/12/01

Preamble

SUBCHAPTERS 

  • A (529.1-529.20), 
  • B (529.21-529.300), 
  • C (529.301-529.600), 
  • D (529.601-529.900), 
  • E (529.901-529.1300), 
  • F (529.1301-529.1500), 
  • G (529.1501-529.1589)

APPENDICES 

ABCDE

Appendix D
Criteria for Demonstration of Emergency Evacuation Procedures under 529.803

  1. (a) The demonstration shall be conducted either during the dark of the night or during daylight with the dark of night simulated. If the demonstration is conducted indoors during daylight hours, it shall be conducted inside a darkened hangar having doors and windows covered. In addition, the doors and windows of the rotorcraft shall be covered if the hangar illumination exceeds that of a moonless night. Illumination on the floor or ground may be used, but it shall be kept low and shielded against shining into the rotorcraft’s windows or doors.
  2. (b) The rotorcraft shall be in a normal attitude with landing gear extended.
  3. (c) Safety equipment such as mats or inverted life rafts may be placed on the floor or ground to protect participants. No other equipment that is not part of the rotorcraft’s emergency evacuation equipment may be used to aid the participants in reaching the ground.
  4. (d) Except as provided in paragraph (a) of this Appendix, only the rotorcraft’s emergency lighting system may provide illumination.
  5. (e) All emergency equipment required for the planned operation of the rotorcraft shall be installed.
  6. (f) Each external door and exit and each internal door or curtain shall be in the take-off configuration.
  7. (g) Each crew member shall be seated on the normally assigned seat for take-off and shall remain in that seat until receiving the signal for commencement of the demonstration. For compliance with this section, each crew member shall be:
    1. (1) a member of a regularly scheduled line crew; or
    2. (2) a person having knowledge of the operation of exits and emergency equipment.
  8. (h) A representative passenger load of persons in normal health shall be used as follows:
    1. (1) at least 25 percent shall be over 50 years of age, with at least 40 percent of these being females;
    2. (2) the remaining 75 percent or less, shall be 50 years of age or younger, with at least 30 percent of these being females;
    3. (3) three life-size dolls, not included as part of the total passenger load, shall be carried by passengers to simulate live infants 2 years old or younger, except for a total passenger load of fewer than 44 but more than 19, one doll shall be carried. A doll is not required for a 19 or fewer passenger load;
    4. (4) crew members, mechanics and training personnel who maintain or operate the rotorcraft in the normal course of their duties may not be used as passengers.
  9. (i) No passenger may be assigned a specific seat except as the Minister may require. Except as required by paragraph (g)(1) of this appendix, no employee of the applicant may be seated next to an emergency exit, except as allowed by the Minister.
  10. (j) Seat belts and shoulder harnesses (as required) shall be fastened.
  11. (k) Before the start of the demonstration, approximately one-half of the total average amount of carry-on baggage, blankets, pillows and other similar articles shall be distributed at several locations in the aisles and emergency exit access ways to create minor obstructions.
  12. (l) No prior indication may be given to any crew member or passenger of the particular exits to be used in the demonstration.
  13. (m) The applicant may not practice, rehearse or describe the demonstration for the participants nor may any participant have taken part in this type of demonstration within the preceding 6 months.
  14. (n) A pretake-off passenger briefing may be given. The passengers may also be advised to follow directions of crew members, but not be instructed on the procedures to be followed in the demonstration.
  15. (o) If safety equipment, as allowed by paragraph (c) of this appendix, is provided, either all passenger and cockpit windows shall be blacked out or all emergency exits shall have safety equipment to prevent disclosure of the available emergency exits.
  16. (p) Not more than 50 percent of the emergency exits in the sides of the fuselage of a rotorcraft that meet all of the requirements applicable to the required emergency exits for that rotorcraft may be used for demonstration. Exits that are not to be used for the demonstration shall have the exit handle deactivated or shall be indicated by red lights, red tape, or other acceptable means placed outside the exits to indicate fire or other reasons why they are unuseable. The exits to be used shall be representative of all the emergency exits on the rotorcraft and shall be designated by the applicant, subject to approval by the Minister. If installed, at least one floor level exit (Type I; 529.807 (a)(1) shall be used as required by section 529.807 (c).
  17. (q) All evacuees shall leave the rotorcraft by a means provided as part of the rotorcraft’s equipment.
  18. (r) Approved procedures shall be fully utilized during the demonstration.
  19. (s) The evacuation time period is completed when the last occupant has evacuated the rotorcraft and is on the ground.
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