Part V - Airworthiness Manual Chapter 537 - Airworthiness Standards Appliances and Parts

Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) 2017-2

Interpretation Provision for Part V Standards

In these Standards:

  1. (a) The passages giving the Minister the power to determine, approve, establish or authorise something without stating the criteria for the use of such power are to be construed as requiring that the power be used in consideration of two factors:  the airworthiness of the appliance or part that is the subject of the determination, approval or authorisation, or of the aircraft on which the appliance or part that is the subject of the determination, approval or authorisation is to be installed, and the aircraft's level of safety;
    (amended 2009/12/01)
  2. (b) the word “approved” or “authorised”, when used without an indication of a method of approval or authorisation, is to be construed as referring to an approval or an authorisation granted under the Aeronautics Act.
    (amended 2009/12/01)

Procurement of Reference Publications

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Technical Standard Orders (TSO) referenced in this Chapter of the Airworthiness Manual are available in English only and may be consulted free at:

  1. Transport Canada (AARDHA)
    Aircraft Certification Technical Reference Centre
    Technical Reference Center
    Place de Ville, Tower C,
    330 Sparks Street, Room 465
    Ottawa, Ontario
    K1A 0N8
    or:

by Internet at:

  1. http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/
    rgTSO.nsf/MainFrame?OpenFrameSet

(amended 2009/12/01)

Preamble

First Edition

Effective: June 1, 1987

The content of this Chapter is based on the Aviation Technical Standard Orders referenced in FAA Advisory Circular No. 20-110C, Appendix 1, the “Index of Aviation Technical Standards Orders”, dated May 13, 1986, published by the Federal Aviation Administration (U.S.); and on standards previously published in the Engineering and Inspection Manual, Part II.

 

Change 537-1

Effective: March 1, 1989

This change contains:

  1. (a) A revised list of Avdard, “Helicopter Passengeiation Technical Standard Orders in Subchapter B, based on Advisory Circular AC 20- 110D, Appendix 1, dated June 12, 1987; and
  2. (b) One additional standard, “Helicopter Passenger Transportation Suit System”, added to Subchapter C.

Changes are identified by brackets; editorial alterations and typographical corrections will not be identified.

The content of this change has been subjected to consultation with the aviation industry and has received general acceptance.

Change 537-2

Effective: February 3, 1992

This change contains:

  1. (a) A revised list of Aviation Technical Standard Orders in Subchapter B based on Advisory Circular, AC 20-110G, Appendix 1, dated June 19, 1991; and
  2. (b) An amendment to Section 537.203 addressing Child Restraint Systems Standards with the following changes:
    1. (1) A revised definition of “Child Restraint System”,
    2. (2) Added the standards of Chapter 921 of the Hazardous Products Act pertaining to child restraint systems manufactured after January 1, 1981.
    3. (3) Amended the FMVSS No. 213 Standards which have been adopted with some limitations in Canada.
    4. (4) Adopted CMVSS No. 213 as Canadian Aviation Standard.

Change 537-3

Effective: December 30, 1993

This change contains:

  1. (a) A revised list of Aviation Technical Standard Orders in Subchapter B, based on Advisory Circular AC 20-110H, Appendix 1, dated May 6, 1993.
  2. (b) A modification of paragraph 537.7that specifies the identification requirements for appliances as contained in the Air Regulations Series II, No.1, section 14; and
  3. (c) A relocation of paragraph 537.9 of the Procurement of Reference Publications to page iv.

Change 537-4

Effective: 29 October 1998

This change contains the following:

  1. (a) A revised list of Aviation Technical Standard Orders in Subchapter B, based on Advisory Circular AC 20-110J, Appendix 1, dated May 30, 1997, including TSO-C149 and TSO-C150 published by FAA after May 30, 1997 . This change was subjected to consultation with the aviation industry through NPA 1998-174, dated 19 August 1998, and has received general acceptance;
  2. (b) Cross reference criteria between FAR and Canadian regulations, that were previously contained in AMA 537/1, and the AMA has been canceled. This change was subjected to consultation with the aviation industry through NPA 1994-16, dated 20 December 1994, and has received general acceptance; and
  3. (c) The addition of an Information Note after paragraph 537.205 (c).

Information note:

Effective 1 December 1998 a new Chapter 551of the Airworthiness Manual, entitled “Aircraft Equipment and Installation Standards” has been published. This chapter contains the acceptable design standards as well as installation standards for use by installers and users of these items of equipment.

Chapter 537 “Appliances” of this manual remains valid; it specifies the current standards for issuance of a Type Certificate for new aviation appliances and is designer / manufacturer oriented.

Change 537-5

Published: December 1, 2003

1. General

This change introduces a new amendment format.  This new amendment format is introduced in Chapter 537 of the Airworthiness Manual in order to be more consistent with the administrative procedures followed to amend the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs).

The following changes to the amendment procedures are introduced in this Change 537-5:

  • the preamble will become the focal point regarding the sections affected by this Change.  The change number will no longer be provided at the end of an amended section.  Rather, for the current change only, an amendment tag identifying the “coming into force date” of the provision will follow the amended text. (example:  (amended 2003/06/01)).
  • brackets “[ ]” will no longer be used to identify new or revised text.  In the paper version, new or revised text will be highlighted.  In the electronic version, new or revised text will not be highlighted but followed by an electronic link to the previous version of the modified text. (example:  (amended 2003/06/01; previous version)).
  • the preamble will include a table of change information.  This table will include the Notices of Proposed Amendments (NPAs) with the corresponding amended sections.

2. Simplified Process for the Amendment of the Design Standards of Airworthiness by Adopting by Reference a Foreign Amendment

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section
  • 2001-250 (Effective: 1 October 2001)
  • 2002-028 (Effective: 15 April 2002)
  • 537.103

These proposed amendments adopt by reference recently amended and published Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Technical Standard Orders (TSO) to harmonize section 537.103 with the FAA's list of TSOs.

3. CARAC Proposed Amendment Recommendations

This change implements the following amendments to the standard recommended by the CARAC Technical Committee Part V- Aircraft Certification

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section
  • 1998-284
  • 537.207

With the publication of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) in 1996 and the revocation of the Engineering and Inspection Manual (E&I Manual), some information contained in Part II, Chapter III, section 3.12 of the E&I Manual regarding emergency locator transmitters (ELT), especially ELT batteries, would be lost.  The CARAC Equipment Standards – Airworthiness Manual 551/537 Working Group studied the above problem and recommended that a new section be added to Chapter 537 of the Airworthiness Manual to capture information that will be left out as a result of the revocation of the E&I Manual.

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section
  • 2001-018
  • 537.205

The CARAC Technical Committee Part V - Aircraft Certification, 551/537 Working Group recommended in its final report that the revised CGSB standards for helicopter passenger transportation suit systems be reviewed for adoption when it comes into effect.  The revision to this CGSB standard is an attempt to harmonize the CAN/CGSB 65.16 standard for marine abandonment immersion suit systems so as to achieve possible dual role certification.  The Aircraft Certification Branch of Transport Canada was involved in the development of this revision to the CGSB standards.

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section
  • 2000-110
  • 537.103

This proposed amendment adopts the FAA TSO for Terrain Awareness Warning System (TAWS) harmonizes section 537.103 with the FAA's list of TSOs.

Change 537-6

Published: December 1, 2005

1. Simplified Process for the Amendment of the Design Standards of Airworthiness by Adopting by Reference a Foreign Amendment

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section
  • 2003-134
    (effective July 9, 2003)
  • 537.103

This amendment updates the list of Transport Canada approved TSOs from the FAA list of recently amended and published Technical Standard Orders (TSO).  The adoption of these FAA TSOs harmonizes section 537.103 with the FAA's list of TSOs.

2. CARAC Proposed Amendment Recommendations

This change implements the following amendments to the standard recommended by the CARAC Technical Committee Part V:

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section
  • 2004-037
  • 537.201
  • 537.205
  • 537.207

This amendment deletes the requirements for aircraft passenger transportation suit systems and emergency locator transmitters.  These requirements are deleted from Chapter 537 in order to transfer these requirements into the more appropriate location of Chapter 551.

Change 537-7

Published: December 30, 2006

This change contains the following:

Technical Standard Orders

Effective: June 8, 2004

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section
  • 2005-011
  • 537.103

This amendment updates the list of Transport Canada approved TSOs from the FAA list of recently amended and published Technical Standard Orders (TSO). The adoption of these FAA TSOs harmonizes section 537.103 with the FAA's list of TSOs.

Change 537-8

Published: June 30, 2007

This change contains the following:

Technical Standard Orders

Effective: March 8, 2007

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section New/Revised TSO Cancelled TSO
  • 2006-004
  • 537.103
TSO-C1d TSO-C1c
TSO-C26d TSO-C26c
TSO-C39c TSO-C39b
TSO-C54c TSO-C54b
TSO-C132  
TSO-C155  
TSO-C157  
TSO-C158  
TSO-C159  
TSO-C163  
TSO-C164  
TSO-C165  
TSO-C166  
TSO-C167  
TSO-C169  
TSO-C170  
TSO-C171  
TSO-C173  

This amendment updates the list of Transport Canada adopted Technical Standard Orders (TSOs) with those recently amended and published TSOs identified from the FAA list of current TSOs, as modified between 30 September 2003 and 2 May 2005.  The adoption of these FAA TSOs is in order to harmonize section 537.103 with the FAA's current list of TSOs.

Technical Standard Orders

Effective: March 8, 2007

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section New/Revised TSO Cancelled TSO
  • 2006-009
  • 537.103
TSO-C59a TSO-C59
TSO-C122a TSO-C122
TSO-C128a TSO-C128
TSO-C139 -
TSO-C154a TSO-C154
TSO-C174 -

This amendment updates the list of Transport Canada adopted Technical Standard Orders (TSOs) with those recently amended and published TSOs identified from the FAA list of current TSOs, as modified between 3 May 2005 and 26 August 2005.  The adoption of these FAA TSOs harmonizes section 537.103 with the FAA's current list of TSOs.

Change 537-9

Published: December 30, 2007

This change contains the following:

Technical Standard Orders

Effective: July 16, 2007

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section New/Revised TSO Cancelled TSO
  • 2007-019
  • 537.103
  TSO-C31d
  TSO-C32d
  TSO-C37d
  TSO-C38d
TSO-C16a TSO-C16
  TSO-C16 A-1
TSO-C44c TSO-C44b
TSO-C45b TSO-C45a
  TSO-C50c
TSO-C56b TSO-C56a
  TSO-C57a
  TSO-C58a
TSO-C62e TSO-C62d
TSO-C121a TSO-C121
TSO-C123b TSO-C123a
TSO-C142a TSO-C142
TSO-C175  
TSO-C176  
TSO-C177  
TSO-C178  
TSO-C179  

This amendment updates the list of Transport Canada adopted Technical Standard Orders (TSOs) with those recently amended and published TSOs identified from the FAA list of current TSOs, as modified between 17 May 2004 and 22 August 2006.

TSO-C31d and TSO-C32d are deleted from AWM 537.103 because TSO-170 High Frequency (HF) Radio Communications Transceiver Equipment Operating Within the Radio Frequency combines the requirements of the cancelled TSO-C31d, High Frequency Radio Communications Transmitting Equipment Operating Within the Radio Frequency Range of 1.5 to 30 Megahertz and TSO-C32d, High Frequency Radio Communications Receiving Equipment Operating Within the Radio Frequency Range of 1.5 to 30 Megahertz.

TSO-C37d and TSO-C38d are deleted from the AWM 537.103 because TSO-169 VHF Radio Communications Transceiver Equipment Operating Within the Radio Frequency Range 117.975 combines the requirements of TSO-C37d, VHF Radio Communications Transmitting Equipment Operating within the Radio Frequency Range 117.975 – 136.000 Megahertz and TSO-C38d, VHF Radio Communications Receiving Equipment Operating within the Radio Frequency Range 117.975 – 136.000 Megahertz, as well as updates the requirements to include 8.33 Kilohertz (kHz) channel spacing capability.

TSO-C50c, TSO-C57a and TSO-C58a are deleted from the AWM 537.103 because TSO-C139 Aircraft Audio Systems and Equipment affects new applications submitted after its effective date. The FAA cancelled TSO-C50c, Audio Selector Panels and Amplifiers, TSO-C57a, Headsets and Speakers, and TSO-C58a, Aircraft Microphones, after publishing TSO-C139.

Change 537-10

Published: December 30, 2008

This change contains the following:

Technical Standard Orders

Effective: October 30, 2008

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section New/Revised TSO Cancelled TSO
  • 2007-029
  • 537.103
TSO-C5f TSO-C5e
TSO-C8e TSO-C8d
TSO-C76a TSO-C76
TSO-C88b TSO-C88a
TSO-C124b TSO-C124a
TSO-C144a TSO-C144
TSO-C145b TSO-C145a
TSO-C146b TSO-C146a
TSO-C154b TSO-C154a
TSO-C166a TSO-C166
TSO-C190  

This amendment updates the list of Transport Canada adopted Technical Standard Orders (TSOs) with those recently amended and published TSOs identified from the FAA list of current TSOs, as modified between 23 August 2006 and 17 April 2007.  The adoption of these FAA TSOs harmonizes section 537.103 with the FAA's current list of TSOs.

Change 537-11

Published: June 30, 2009

This change contains the following:

Technical Standard Orders

Effective: May 11, 2009

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section New/Revised TSO Cancelled TSO
  • 2009-006
  • 537.103
TSO-C3e TSO-C3d
TSO-C6e TSO-C6d
TSO-C22g
with note
-
TSO-C47a TSO-C47
TSO-C55a TSO-C55
TSO-C64b TSO-C64a
TSO-C78a TSO-C78
TSO-C74d TSO-C74c
TSO-C85b TSO-C85a
TSO-C89a TSO-C89
- TSO-94a
TSO-C95a TSO-C95
TSO-C99a TSO-C99
TSO-C112c TSO-C112b
- TSO-C120
TSO-C126a TSO-C126
TSO-C137a TSO-C137
TSO-C145c TSO-C145b
TSO-C146c TSO-C146b
TSO-C160 -
TSO-C163a TSO-C163
TSO-C169a TSO-C169

This amendment updates the list of Transport Canada adopted Technical Standard Orders (TSOs) with those recently amended and published TSOs identified from the FAA list of current TSOs, as modified between May 17, 2007 and February 6, 2009. The adoption of these FAA TSOs is in order to harmonize section 537.103 with the FAA's current list of TSOs.

Change 537-12

Published: December 1, 2009

On December 1, 2009, Part V Subpart 21 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CAR 521) came into force. CAR 521 replaces the following Regulations in Part V - Airworthiness:

Subpart 11 - Approval of the Type Design of an Aeronautical Product
Subpart 13 - Approval of Modification and Repair Designs
Subpart 16 - Aircraft Emissions
Subpart 22 - Gliders and Powered Gliders
Subpart 23 - Normal, Utility, Aerobatic and Commuter Category Aeroplanes
Subpart 25 - Transport Category Aeroplanes
Subpart 27 - Normal Category Rotorcraft
Subpart 29 - Transport Category Rotorcraft
Subpart 31 - Manned Free Balloons
Subpart 33 - Aircraft Engines
Subpart 35 - Aircraft Propellers
Subpart 37 - Aircraft Appliances and Other Aeronautical Products
Subpart 41 - Airships
Subpart 51 - Aircraft Equipment
Subpart 91 - Service Difficulty Reporting
Subpart 93 - Airworthiness Directives

In addition, with publication of CAR 521, the following Chapters of the Airworthiness Manual have been withdrawn:

Chapter 511 - Approval of the Type Design of an Aeronautical Product
Chapter 513 - Approval of Modification and Repair Designs
Standard 591 - Service Difficulty Reporting
Standard 593 - Airworthiness Directives

This change amends Chapter 537 of the AWM to reflect changes in legal drafting style, in terminology and in references required because of the introduction of CAR 521.

Subchapter A is amended to refer to the new Canadian Technical Standard Order (CAN-TSO) design approval and to make related changes.
The general provisions of Subchapter B have been modified to reflect our new CAN-TSO and to add a new column to the table to provide the CAN-TSO number that corresponds to the adopted FAA TSO.

Subchapter C is amended to delete section 537.203 on child restraint systems, which is now part of Chapter 551 of the AWM.

Change 537-13

Published: December 1, 2010


This change contains the following:

Technical Standard Orders

Effective: May 27, 2010

Table of Change Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section New/Revised TSO Cancelled CAN-TSO
  • 2009-122
  • 537.103
CAN-TSO-C19c CAN-TSO-C19b
CAN-TSO-C48a CAN-TSO-C48
CAN-TSO-C116a CAN-TSO-C116
CAN-TSO-C119c CAN-TSO-C119b
CAN-TSO-C135a CAN-TSO-C135
CAN-TSO-C154c CAN-TSO-C154b
CAN-TSO-C161a CAN-TSO-C161
CAN-TSO-C162a CAN-TSO-C162
CAN-TSO-C166b CAN-TSO-C166a
CAN-TSO-C196  

This amendment updates the list of Transport Canada adopted Canadian Technical Standard Orders (CAN-TSOs) with those recently amended and published CAN-TSOs identified from the FAA list of current TSOs, as modified between February 7, 2009 and December 17, 2009. The adoption of these FAA TSOs harmonizes section 537.103 with the FAA's current list of TSOs.

In addition, editorial revisions to the section and paragraph numbering of 537.101 and 537.103 are made to restore the location of adopted FAA TSOs to section 537.103. Continued use of section 537.103 to identify those adopted FAA TSOs will simplify and therefore better enable ongoing determination of historical and current effective dates of FAA TSOs in Canada, through the use of the CARAC Notice of Proposed Amendments System database search function, allowing the use of the single search criteria of “537.103” to obtain an appropriate listing.

Change 537-14

Published: July 31, 2014

This change contains the following:

Technical Standard Orders

Effective: January 28, 2013

Table of changed Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section New/Revised CAN-TSO Replaced/Cancelled CAN-TSO
  • 2011-016
  • 537.103
  CAN-TSO-C9c
  CAN-TSO-C27A-2
CAN-TSO-C39b  
CAN-TSO-C43d  
CAN-TSO-C44  
  CAN-TSO-C52b
CAN-TSO-C54 CAN-TSO-C54c
  CAN-TSO-C60b
CAN-TSOC63d CAN-TSO-C63c
CAN-TSO-C76b  
CAN-TSO-C90d  
  **CAN-TSO-C97**
CAN-TSO-C100c CAN -TSO-C 100b
CAN-TSO-C112d  
CAN-TSO-C113a CAN-TSO-C113
CAN-TSO-C115c CAN-TSO-C115b
CAN-TSO-C121b  
  CAN-TSO-C129a
CAN-TSO-C150a  
CAN-TSO-C155a CAN-TSO-C155
CAN-TSO-C157a CAN-TSO-C157
CAN-TSO-C159a CAN-TSO-C159
CAN-TSO-C160a CAN-TSO-C160
CAN-TSO-C172  
CAN-TSO-C179a CAN-TSO-C179
CAN-TSO-C184  
CAN-TSO-C195a  
CAN-TSO-C196a CAN-TSO-C196
CAN-TSO-C197  
CAN-TSO-C198  

This amendment updates the list of adopted Canadian Technical Standard Orders (CAN-TSOs) in Chapter 537 of the Airworthiness Manual with those recently amended and published TSOs identified from the FAA list, as modified between December 18, 2009 and May 3, 2012.

CAN-TSOs removed from the current list are no longer eligible to be used by an applicant for a new design approval, but designs approved under historical CAN-TSOs may continue to be manufactured by an appropriately authorized manufacturer, subject to the conditions of their manufacturer approval.

Change 537-15

Published: December 18, 2015

This change contains the following:

Technical Standard Orders

Effective: August 4, 2015

Table of changed Information
Notice of Proposed Amendment Amended Section New/Revised CAN-TSO Replaced/Cancelled CAN-TSO
2015-011 537.103

CAN-TSO-C1e

 

CAN-TSO-C23f

CAN-TSO-C23d

CAN-TSO-C43c

CAN-TSO-C43d

CAN-TSO-C44c

CAN-TSO-C44d

 

CAN-TSO-C65a

 

CAN-TSO-C67

 

CAN-TSO-C68a

CAN-TSO-C70b

CAN-TSO-C70a

CAN-TSO-C87a

CAN-TSO-C87

 

CAN-TSO-C90c

 

CAN-TSO-C91a

 

CAN -TSO-C112c

CAN -TSO-C112e

CAN -TSO-C112d

CAN-TSO-C118a

CAN-TSO-C118

CAN-TSO-C119d

CAN-TSO-C119c

 

CAN-TSO-C121a

CAN-TSO-C123c

CAN-TSO-C123b

CAN-TSO-C124c

CAN-TSO-C124b

CAN-TSO-C126b

CAN-TSO-C126a

CAN-TSO-C127b

CAN-TSO-C127a

CAN-TSO-C139a

CAN-TSO-C139

CAN-TSO-C145d

CAN-TSO-C145c

CAN-TSO-C146d

CAN-TSO-C146c

CAN-TSO-C147a

CAN-TSO-C147

 

CAN-TSO-C150

CAN-TSO-C151c

CAN-TSO-C151b

CAN-TSO-C159b

CAN-TSO-C159a

CAN-TSO-C165a

CAN-TSO-C165

CAN-TSO-C172

 

CAN-TSO-C173a

CAN-TSO-C173

CAN-TSO-C176a

CAN-TSO-C176

CAN-TSO-C177a

CAN-TSO-C177

CAN-TSO-C184

 

 

CAN-TSO-C195

CAN-TSO-C195b

CAN-TSO-C195a

CAN-TSO-C196b

CAN-TSO-C196a

CAN-TSO-C199

 

CAN-TSO-C200

 

CAN-TSO-C201

 

CAN-TSO-C203

 

CAN-TSO-C204

 

CAN-TSO-C205

 

CAN-TSO-C206

 

CAN-TSO-C207

 

CAN-TSO-2C500a

 

CAN-TSO-2C501

 

CAN-TSO-2C502

 

CAN-TSO-2C503

 

CAN-TSO-2C504

 

CAN-TSO-2C505a

 

CAN-TSO-2C509

 

CAN-TSO-2C512

 

CAN-TSO-2C513

 

CAN-TSO-2C514

 

CAN-TSO-3C503

 

This amendment updates the list of Transport Canada adopted Canadian Technical Standard Orders (CAN-TSOs) with those recently amended and published CAN-TSOs identified from the FAA list of current TSOs, as modified between May 4, 2012 and March 18, 2015. The adoption of these FAA TSOs harmonizes section 537.103 with the FAA’s current list of TSOs.

This amendment adopts into AWM Chapter 537 those European Technical Standard Orders (ETSOs), as published by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), that form part of Index 2 to Subpart B of Certification Specification (CS), CS-ETSO – Amendment 9.

This amendment further introduces into AWM Chapter 537 the CAN-TSO-3C503 – Helicopter Passenger Transportation Suit Systems (HPTSS), developed by the Minister and issued on January 23, 2015 pursuant to paragraph 521.106(b) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

Finally, this amendment renames the title of AWM 537.103, to move the list of current CAN-TSOs from AWM 537.103 to a newly introduced AWM 537 Appendix A – List of Canadian Technical Standard Orders and to subdivide the list of current CAN-TSOs into Indexes 1, 2 and 3.

CAN-TSOs removed from the current list are no longer eligible for use by an applicant for a new CAN-TSO design approval, but designs approved under historical CAN-TSOs may continue to be manufactured by an appropriately authorized manufacturer, subject to the conditions of their manufacturer approval.

Date modified: