Part V - Standard 507 Appendix D - Standardised Operating Conditions and Limitations

Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) 2017-2

Content last revised: 1996/10/10

  1. 1. Standardised Special Operating Conditions

    Standardised aircraft operating conditions have been developed for amateur-built aircraft to be used as initial operating restrictions and subsequently, as modified operating restrictions. The operating conditions peculiar to the operation are indicated on the flight authority which is issued by the cognisant Regional Director Airworthiness.

  2. 2. Foreign Flight Authority - Validation Considerations

    Aircraft operating condition considerations are as follows:

    1. (a) the aircraft shall be formally or provisionally registered;

    2. (b) an appropriate valid flight authority issued by the State of Registry shall be in force;

    3. (c) the Canadian validation of the foreign flight authority shall be carried on board the aircraft with the foreign registration and flight authority documents during the flight in Canada;

    4. (d) the aircraft owner or pilot involved shall be informed that the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) shall be complied with while the aircraft is in Canadian airspace;

    5. (e) the aircraft shall be operated by licensed pilots holding appropriate certificates or licences, issued or validated by Canada or the country of registry of the aircraft;

    6. (f ) the Canadian validation shall be in the form of a letter or facsimile; and

    7. (g) the validity period shall be specified on the validation document.

  3. 3. Initial Standard Operating Conditions - Amateur-built Aircraft

    The initial operating conditions to be endorsed on a Special C of A for amateur-built aircraft shall be as follows:

    1. (a) the specific base, indicated by Transport Canada, from which the aircraft can be flown so as to afford the maximum level of safety possible;

    2. (b) the aircraft shall not be operated (flown) more than 25 nautical miles from the base mentioned in (a) except with written authorisation of the Regional Director Airworthiness (name of Region), which will be provided, taking into account the safety of the flight;

    3. (c) the aircraft shall not be flown over any built-up area, or open air assembly of persons;

    4. (d) carriage of persons other than for dual instruction is prohibited;

    5. (e) aerobatic flight is prohibited;

    6. (f) day VFR only; and

    7. (g) during the first 5 hours of flight, the aircraft can only be flown only by pilots who have acquired not less than 100 hours of pilot-in-command on the same category of aircraft.

  4. 4. Standardised Operating Conditions - Amateur-built Aircraft Modified

    1. (1) The operating restrictions listed in Section 3 shall apply until the amateur-built aircraft listed below have accumulated the following flight time:

      1. (a) Powered fixed-wing aircraft - shall be the number of hours required to rectify all design and/or construction errors plus an additional 25 hours during which the aircraft has required only the maintenance, repair, and inspection associated with normal aircraft operations.

      2. (b) Fixed-wing gliders - 10 hours.

      3. (c) Helicopters and powered gyroplanes (gyrocopters) - in accordance with sub-paragraph 4(1)(a).

      4. (d) Unpowered gyroplanes (gyrogliders) - 100 flights including 20 flights in which the towline is released at a height of not less than 30 metres (100 feet) above the surface.

      5. (e) Balloons - 10 hours, including 10 flights.

    2. (2) When modified operating conditions are authorised to be endorsed on a Special C of A for amateur-built aircraft, they shall be as follows:

      1. (a) VFR only; and

      2. (b) aerobatic flight is prohibited (except as provided in Section 6 of this Appendix).

  5. 5. Standard Operating Conditions - Aerobatic Flight Certification

    In the case of the following amateur-built aircraft, once the first 25 hours of flight have been completed, the Regional Director Airworthiness can approve the deletion of the aircraft operating condition "aerobatic flight is prohibited" from a Special C of A:

    1. (a) Pitts Special aircraft models S-1, S-1C, S-1 D, S-2E;

    2. (b) Steen Skybolt;

    3. (c) Cuby Acro Trainer;

    4. (d) Zenair CH 150;

    5. (e) Acro Zenith CH 180; and

    6. (f) Christen Eagle 11.

  6. 6. Standard Operating Conditions

    When aerobatic flight is approved for the following aircraft, the pertinent standardised aircraft operating conditions are:

    1. (a) Pitts Special

      The aerobatic flight manoeuvres are restricted by:

      1. (i) the stall boundaries of the aircraft;

      2. (ii) a positive manoeuvring limit load factor of 6.0 (plus 6G);

      3. (iii) a negative manoeuvring limit load factor of -3.0 (minus 3G); and

      4. (iv) VNE 217 MPH.

    2. (b) Steen Skybolt

      1. (i) the aerobatic flight manoeuvres are restricted by the flight envelope graph, figure 2, (Appendix B), in the EAAC Technical Committee evaluation report EEACT-TER-3 which shall form part of the Special C of A;

      2. (ii) canopies fitted for ferrying or normal flight shall be replaced with conventional windshields when performing aerobatics;

      3. (iii) a copy of the flight envelope graph for the Steen Skybolt aircraft shall be attached to each Special C of A issued to a Steen Skybolt for aerobatics;

      4. (iv) where the Special C of A is endorsed for initial operating conditions, the following additional condition shall be included on the Special C of A:

        "Aerobatic flight is prohibited until after the aircraft has flown a minimum of 10 hours". (The condition will not be included on a Special C of A with modified operating conditions).

    3. (c) Cuby Acro Trainer

      The aerobatic flight manoeuvres are restricted by:

      1. (i) the stall boundaries of the aircraft;

      2. (ii) a positive manoeuvring limit load factor of 6.0 (plus 6G) at 1,350 lb. gross weight;

      3. (iii) a negative manoeuvring limit load factor of -3.0 (minus 3G) at 1,350 lb. gross weight; and

      4. (iv) VNE 130 MPH.

    4. (d) Zenair CH150 Zenith

      The aerobatic flight manoeuvres are restricted by:

      1. (i) the stall boundaries of the aircraft;

      2. (ii) fuel to be carried in forward tanks only;

      3. (iii) positive manoeuvring limit load factor of 6.0 (plus 6G) at 1,150 lb. gross weight;

      4. (iv) a negative manoeuvring limit load factor of -3.0 (minus 3G) at 1,150 lb. gross weight; and

      5. (v) VNE 195 MPH.

    5. (e) Acro Zenith CH180

      The aerobatic flight manoeuvres are restricted by:

      1. (i) the stall boundaries of the aircraft;

      2. (ii) positive manoeuvring limit load factor of 8.0 (plus 8G) at 1,150 lb. gross weight;

      3. (iii) negative manoeuvring limit load factor of -8.0 (minus SG) at 1,150 lb. gross weight; and

      4. (iv) VNE 260 MPH.

    6. (f) Christen Eagle 11

      The aerobatic flight manoeuvres are restricted by:

      1. (i) the stall boundaries of the aircraft;

      2. (ii) a positive manoeuvring limit load factor of 6.0 (plus 6G);

      3. (iii) a negative manoeuvring limit load factor of -3.0 (minus 3G);

      4. (iv) VNE of 189 MPH;

      5. (v) pilot instrument panel to be placarded ''minimum fuel for aerobatic flight 6 U.S. gallons";

      6. (vi) aerobatic C of G range 95.411 to 100.0 inches AFT of datum; and

      7. (vii) aircraft to be operated in accordance with Christen Eagle 11 Flight Manual. Revision 03-20-80 (or subsequent).

  7. 7. Flight Permit - Experimental

    Applicable aircraft operating conditions are developed by Transport Canada in regard to experimental flight permit for factory prototype aircraft. In order to afford the maximum level of safety possible, the operating conditions are revised as required and endorsed on the relevant flight permit.

  8. 8. Standard Operating Conditions - One-engine-inoperative Ferry-flight

    Standardised aircraft operating conditions to be endorsed on individual flight permits or validations of a foreign flight authority with respect to the ferry-flight of a three or four engine aircraft with one-engine-inoperative are as follows:

    1. (A) Ferry-flights of Canadian Aircraft through Canadian Airspace, Originating or Terminating in Canada

      1. 1) Valid for one-engine-inoperative ferry-flight from (name of airport or place) to (name of airport or place); take-off from runway(s) (specify by reference to the names tabled in Schedule 2 of this Appendix) is prohibited.

        Information Note:

        A Permit can only be issued for flight from a place where replacement/repairs cannot reasonably be expected to be made to a place where they can be made. Authorisation shall not be granted simply because replacement/repair is more convenient at one location than another.

      2. 2) The company Flight Operations Manual shall contain guidance to flight crews covering pre-flight and in-flight procedures and post-flight reporting requirements with respect to one-engine-inoperative ferry-flights but shall not contravene the Aircraft Flight Manual.

      3. 3) The aircraft shall be flown only by flight crews whose licences have been issued or validated by Transport Canada; within the previous twelve months, the crew shall have completed a training program, accepted by Transport Canada, on one-engine-inoperative ferry-flights on the aircraft type, and be authorised by the Operations Manager as being capable of conducting a safe one-engine-inoperative ferry-flight.

      4. 4) Only essential flight crew members shall be carried. Carriage of passengers or other crew members is prohibited.

      5. 5) The carriage of cargo is prohibited.

        Information Note:

        In the case of aircraft which must be ballasted in order to maintain a proper centre of gravity position, this restriction can be amended to read "The carriage of ballast/cargo in excess of (weight in pounds or kilograms) at fuselage station (specify) is prohibited". The weight/station specifications are to be negotiated with carriers as appropriate.

      6. 6) The maximum gross take-off weight (MGTOW) shall be the minimum necessary with due regard to a safe reserve fuel load and centre of gravity considerations, and the MGTOW shall not exceed that contained in the Aircraft Flight Manual procedures for one-engine-inoperative flights.

      7. 7) The pilot-in-command of the aircraft shall, at least one hour prior to the proposed departure of the flight, inform the Airport Duty Manager and the Air Traffic Control unit at the point of departure and intended landing, of the intention to ferry the aircraft with one-engine-inoperative and provide information on the proposed flight required by those authorities to arrange for emergency equipment, special procedures, etc.; the flight plan shall be annotated "one- engine-inoperative ferry" in the "remarks" block.

      8. 8) One-engine-inoperative ferry-flights are permitted only in compliance with the applicable limitations, procedures and performance data provided in the Aircraft Flight Manual.

      9. 9) Take-off and initial climb to 1,500 feet above ground level shall not be made over the built-up areas of any town or other settlement or over an open air assembly of persons.

      10. 10) The pilot-in-command shall, prior to take-off, ensure that the take-off runway and departure path selected will, in the event of an additional engine failure during or after take-off and climb to 1,500 feet above ground level, enable the flight to continue without jeopardising the safety of persons and property on the ground.

      11. 11) The pilot-in-command of the aircraft shall inform the controlling Air Traffic Control unit, upon each initial radio contact, of the one-engine-inoperative status of the aircraft.

      12. 12) For the flight to take place, the weather at the airport of departure shall be at least VFR, and the weather at the point of intended landing shall be forecast to be at least VFR for the estimated time of arrival.

      13. 13) Each flight shall be authorised in writing (a facsimile is acceptable) by the Operations Manager; the authorisation shall include a certification that the pilot is duly qualified to conduct one-engine-inoperative ferry-flight, and the pilot-in-command shall carry that authorisation and this flight permit in the aircraft during the ferry-flight.

      14. 14) Flight over foreign territory is prohibited without the permission of the foreign Air Authority.

    2. (B) Ferry-flight of Foreign Aircraft Originating Outside of Canada and Terminating in Canada

      At least the following conditions/limitations shall be specified when validating a flight authority regarding a one-engine-inoperative ferry-flight of a foreign aircraft into Canada.

      1. 1) Valid for flight in Canadian airspace from (specify point of entry) to (specify destination).

      2. 2) The aircraft shall be flown only by flight crew whose licences have been validated by (specify country of registry).

      3. 3) Only flight crew members shall be carried. Carriage of passengers or other crew members is prohibited.

      4. 4) The carriage of cargo is prohibited; ballast/cargo is to be carried only in accordance with the Information Note to Condition 5) in Section 8(A) of this appendix.

      5. 5) The maximum gross take-off weight shall be the minimum necessary with due regard to safe fuel reserve and centre of gravity considerations, if ballast/cargo is required.

      6. 6) The approved Aircraft Flight Manual shall contain performance data and operating procedures for all phases of one-engine-inoperative ferry-flights and the aircraft shall be operated in accordance with the performance limitations contained in that manual.

      7. 7) The pilot-in-command shall inform Canadian Air Traffic Control Services, upon initial radio contact of the one-engine-inoperative status of the aircraft.

      8. 8) For the flight to take place, the weather at the airport of departure shall be at least VFR at take-off.

      9. 9) In order to enable the validation of the flight authority to provide the maximum degree of safety for the operation of the aircraft, the flight shall be authorised in writing (a facsimile is acceptable) by the Operations Manager. The authorisation shall include a certification that the pilot-in-command is duly qualified to conduct the one-engine-inoperative flight.

      10. 10) A flight permit for the flight shall have been issued by the State of Registry, and that permit, together with this validation, shall be carried aboard the aircraft.

      11. 11) Valid in Canadian airspace only.

    3. (C) Ferry-flight of Foreign Aircraft Originating in Canada and Terminating Outside of Canada

      At least the following conditions/limitations shall be specified when validating foreign flight authority for a one-engine-inoperative ferry-flight of a foreign registered aircraft from Canada:

      1. 1) Valid for a one-engine-inoperative ferry-flight from (name of airport or place) to (point of departure from Canadian airspace; take-off from runway(s) (specify by reference to Schedule 2 of this Appendix where applicable) is prohibited.

      2. 2) The aircraft shall be flown only by flight crews whose licences have been issued or validated by (specify country of registry).

      3. 3) Only flight crew members shall be carried. Carriage of passengers or other crew members is prohibited.

      4. 4) The carriage of cargo is prohibited; ballast/cargo is to be carried only in accordance with the Information Note to Condition 5) in Section 8(A) of this appendix.

      5. 5) The maximum gross take-off weight shall be the minimum necessary with due regard to safe reserve fuel load and centre of gravity considerations.

      6. 6) The pilot-in-command of the aircraft shall, at least one hour prior to the proposed departure of the flight, inform the Airport Duty Manager and the Air Traffic Control unit at the point of departure and intended landing, of the intention to ferry the aircraft with one-engine-inoperative, and to provide information on the proposed flight as required by those authorities to arrange for emergency equipment, special procedures, etc.; the flight plan shall be annotated "one-engine-inoperative ferry" in the remarks block.

      7. 7) The approved aircraft flight manual shall contain performance data and operating procedures for all phases of one-engine-inoperative ferry-flights and the aircraft shall be operated in accordance with the performance limitations contained in that manual.

      8. 8) Take-off and initial climb to 1,500 feet above ground level shall not be made over the built-up areas of any town or other settlement or over an open air assembly of persons.

      9. 9) The pilot-in-command shall, prior to take-off, ensure that the take-off runway and departure path selected will, in the event of an additional engine failure during or after take-off and climb to 1,500 feet above ground level, enable the flight to continue without jeopardising the safety of persons and property on the ground.

      10. 10) The pilot-in-command of the aircraft shall inform the controlling Air Traffic Control unit, upon each initial radio contact, of the one-engine-inoperative status of the aircraft.

      11. 11) For the flight to take place, the weather at the airport of departure shall be at least VFR.

      12. 12) In order to enable the validation of the flight authority to provide the maximum degree of safety for the operation of the aircraft, each flight shall be authorised in writing (a facsimile is acceptable) by the Operations Manager; the authorisation shall include a certification that the pilot-in-command is duly qualified to conduct the one-engine-inoperative ferry-flight.

      13. 13) A flight permit for the flight shall have been issued by the State of Registry of the aircraft and that permit, together with this validation shall be carried aboard the aircraft.

      14. 14) Valid in Canadian airspace only.

  9. 9. Ferry-flight after an Accident

    When an aircraft requires a flight permit for ferry to a maintenance base subsequent to an accident, the Regional Director Aviation Licensing shall develop, and provide to the Regional Director Airworthiness, appropriate aircraft operating conditions to ensure the safety of that flight.

  10. 10. Aircraft Operating Conditions (Matrix)

    Transport Canada regional offices will, using the matrix tabled in Schedule 1 of this appendix, develop and specify the operating conditions for all flight authorities listed thereon.

    Information Notes:

    The matrix is intended to provide a basis for specifications of appropriate aircraft operating conditions only, and will not in itself automatically provide all the operating conditions that will be required in every situation. Thus, in order to afford the highest degree of safety possible, it is expected that once the matrix has been consulted and the basic operating conditions set, the regional offices will thoroughly review the operating conditions and add or delete as required.

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