Template for the Development of an Airport Wildlife Management Plan


Template for the Development of a
Airport Wildlife Management Plan


XXX Regional Airport

Address: ___________________________________________
Phone: ___________________________________________
Fax: ___________________________________________


This document was prepared by:


Current date (date of this version)
To be reviewed a minimum of every two (2) years

Question or Comments should be directed to:

Sections provided in [square brackets and/or italics]
are guidance notes to be deleted when
this template is used

Distribution List:

(Updates to the Airport Wildlife Management Plan will be circulated to this list.)

Name and Title Agency Copies



1. Introduction

In 2005, Transport Canada introduced the addition of a Wildlife Planning and Management Regulation to the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs), Part III, Subpart 2 - Airports. The reasons for the need for these new regulations are discussed in the following paragraphs.

  • The populations of some wildlife species that are particularly hazardous to aircraft are increasing at a rapid rate.

    Goose, Snow Goose, Mallard, gulls, Coyotes, owls and other large raptors, cranes and herons. Many of these species are also urban-tolerant, finding suitable habitat in close proximity to human activity, including airports.


  • There is an increasing number of aircraft flying today, particularly turbine-powered aircraft that are most susceptible to damaging bird strikes.

    Although, like many other industrial sectors, aircraft movements are likely to go through cycles of activity, overall, the number of aircraft movements is increasing worldwide. Dramatic shifts in aircraft movements can occur in airports of all sizes. It has been estimated that globally, the number of aircraft flying hours will double between 1996 and 2016.


  • Airport operators play a key role in the management of risks associated with wildlife.

    Approximately 80% of all bird strikes take place in the landing or takeoff phases of flight. Airport operators, therefore, have a key role to fulfill in reducing exposure to hazards and managing wildlife strike risk. They also have a role to play in increasing general awareness of the wildlife hazard issue and influencing land use policies and practices in the vicinity of airports.


  • New information and management techniques are now available and all airports that meet the criteria should establish well-conceived, well-managed, wildlife management programs of consistent approach across Canada.

    Much has been learned over the past few decades regarding the management of wildlife, the kinds of hazards that exist and the technique of risk assessment. Airports now have the knowledge to prepare a systematic, science-based approach to airport wildlife management.


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