Template for the Development of an Airport Wildlife Management Plan


17. Summary of Activities and Approaches

Several of the proposed management techniques in the previous sections are duplicated. For example, the removal of a particular habitat feature, such as a pond, will reduce the hazard and risk associated with several groups of species (e.g., geese, ducks and blackbirds).

In this section, a brief bullet point summary of activities is provided, along with other requirements such as permits.

[Summarize all proposed actions and steps required to ensure these actions are possible, e.g., permits, requisition of special equipment. The following sections are examples and they should be replaced with planned activities for this airport.]


  1. Short grass length at the airport will be increased to 12 cm target height with a maximum cut to 9 cm (except where shorter grass is required for navigation aids and drainage areas).
  2. Long grass areas will be maintained at 30 to 50 cm.
  3. Bare unvegetated areas will be minimized.
  4. Both grass lengths will include efforts to cut prior to seeding and in the late fall to remove high standing seed-heads.
  5. A grass management plan will be developed to reduce forbs and promote good grass growth without the use of fertilizer. Seed-head suppression technology will be investigated for application to grass.
  6. Efforts will be made to find a grass-cutting method for tall grass in wet conditions.
  7. Wetland vegetation associated with drainage features will be cut and minimized.
  8. Vegetation along the ElectroBraidT fence will be cut as required and the fence will be checked daily.
  9. Interference of the ElectroBraidT fence by deep snow will be monitored and appropriate actions taken; this will mean the turning off of one or two strands, or the entire fence unless tracks indicate deer activity.
  10. Drainage features, if and when re-built, will have 4:1 side slopes, preferably with hard edges, and will be piped where feasible.
  11. No crops will be grown at the airport.
  12. In conjunction with airport development, the ponds on airport property will be filled.
  13. Any ponds necessary for stormwater management will be subject to engineered overwiring.
  14. Future stormwater outflows must be beaver-proof.
  15. Local farmers will be asked to consider night-time ploughing.
  16. All garbage bins on site will be wildlife proofed.
  17. Airport policy to ban feeding of wildlife by staff and visitors will be initiated and posted.
  18. Breeding ledges for Rock Doves will be wire netted to reduce nesting opportunities.
  19. Entry holes for starlings, Rock Doves and swallows will be identified and filled or covered.
  20. Masting tree species (e.g., maple, oak and beech) will be opportunistically removed.


  1. Wildlife patrols will be maintained at irregular intervals throughout the times when the airport is open.
  2. Sweeping of runway and taxiway areas will be undertaken in spring and fall following mass emergence of earthworms.
  3. Gulls will be selectively shot at the airport to reinforce deterrents.
  4. Geese will be shot in March and in fall as necessary to act as a deterrent.
  5. Mallard may be shot in April to deter breeding.
  6. Canada Goose, Mallard, Killdeer, Barn Swallow and Cliff Swallow nests will be searched for at appropriate times (each species twice per season minimum) and destroyed.
  7. A spring baiting program will be initiated to kill nesting Rock Doves (if they occur).
  8. Wildlife patrols will note any dead wildlife as strikes within 200 m of the runway.
  9. Wildlife patrols will photograph any struck wildlife and if necessary bag some specimen material for identification by specialists.
  10. Any animal carcasses on the airport or the adjacent road will be recorded, removed by wildlife patrols and disposed of in a manner that makes them unavailable to scavengers.
  11. Wildlife patrols will inspect the ElectroBraidTM fence daily, especially at drainage features, and will ensure rapid repairs.
  12. Wildlife patrols will undertake a beaver activity sweep weekly, April to November.
  13. Beaver activity will result in immediate trapping. Lodges and dams will be completely removed.
  14. Pyrotechnics and report shells (reinforced with live shooting where appropriate) will be used whenever high or moderate risk species are seen during wildlife patrols.
  15. Wildlife patrols will be increased in April and August or when monitoring shows increased use of the airport by gulls.
  16. Wildlife patrols will be undertaken prior to MEDIVAC flights, or when night time flights are due, provided advance notice is given and staff are available.
  17. Active Coyote dens within the airport will be destroyed during the summer.
  18. Common Snapping Turtles found airside will be removed to alternate wetland or creek locations.
  19. Wild Turkey and White-tailed Deer hunting will be encouraged on the airport.


  1. A Daily Wildlife Management Log will be established using prepared field data sheets and computer software for data storage and analysis.
  2. Monthly summaries will be established within the wildlife log.
  3. An annual strike report will be prepared and submitted to Transport Canada by March 01 of the following year.
  4. A hazard awareness program for Canada Geese (to include Rock Doves and ducks) will be developed using PowerPointTM and presented to municipal staff, the adjacent golf course and local farmers.
  5. A hazard awareness program for gulls (to include Turkey Vultures) will be developed using PowerPoint and shown to City staff and the landfill operator. The local landfill will be asked to address the gull issue.
  6. A combined hazardous awareness program will be prepared for general audience use (e.g., local government).
  7. The AWMP will be reviewed and updated prior to [Enter date two years hence].

Equipment, Contract Requirements and Permits

  1. An equipment list will be prepared for the AWMP.
  2. A mowing device appropriate for cutting long grass in wet areas will be required.
  3. A pest control specialist will be contracted for pigeon baiting (if nesting occurs).
  4. A contract will be let for beaver trapping on a 48-hour response.
  5. A Wildlife Management and Wildlife Strike software program will be purchased.
  6. Federal firearm permits and federal kill permits for migratory birds will be updated to include the additional species (kill permits for gulls, geese, mallard, and nest destruction permits for Killdeer, Mallard, Canada Geese, Barn Swallows and Cliff Swallows).
  7. Provincial/territorial hunting licences, trapping permits and kill permits will be updated.
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