Template for the Development of an Airport Wildlife Management Plan


7. Description of Wildlife Habitats and Resources

It is important to understand the wildlife communities in as much detail as is practical so that consequences of management actions might be considered prior to implementation.

Using existing sources of information and including any wildlife studies undertaken for the purpose of this AWMP, the following sections will describe the functions (i.e., roosts, feeding habitat, breeding colonies, yarding areas) and attributes (i.e., species) associated with wildlife at three landscape categories. Particular interest is in determining the movement patterns, spatially and through time, of wildlife within the airport itself and across the landscape. In terms of wildlife hazards, habitat extends to buildings and agricultural lands as well as more typical wetlands, forests and meadows. All species known to be an issue at the airport should be described as some may not be direct hazards however they may attract hazards (such as voles providing food for Coyotes and hawks).

The first category is the airport itself, where habitats and the wildlife using them will be described in detail. This will rely on site-specific field work and standard techniques for describing vegetation communities (e.g., Ecological Land Classification) and wildlife communities, their use patterns and seasonal variations that have been observed or that might be expected.

The second category is the nearby lands that are not under direct control of the airport. The physical area included in this category should include an area of sufficient size to provide an adequate picture of wildlife movements through the airspace identified later in this document. This assessment is largely based on existing information and remotely sensed habitat analysis rather than site-specific field work. It will describe the location of moderately hazardous land use practices such as wastewater discharge plants and sewage lagoons, crop production, recreational sites and managed or created wildlife habitats. There is no requirement under the regulation to manage these lands however it is important to be aware of potentially hazardous off airport land uses.

The third category is the determination of the presence of extremely hazardous land use practices that may be many kilometres from the airport. At a minimum, food waste disposal sites, outdoor composting and commercial fish plants will be mapped when they occur within 15 km of the airport reference point. Such features may be mapped at greater distances where wildlife associated with them may become a hazard to aircraft using the airport.

The following sections of the AWMP provide the findings of these three categories.

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