Template for the Development of an Airport Wildlife Management Plan

SECTION A: RISK ASSESSMENT

8. On the Airport

Figure 2 illustrates the primary habitats found on the airport lands.

[Figure 2 should be an aerial photograph or base mapping of the airport at 1:10,000 or better, with primary wildlife habitats and vegetation communities delineated. Habitats could include for example: short grass meadow, long grass meadow, shrub wetland, marsh, ponds, deciduous forest, buildings, etc. Where provincial standards exist for describing vegetation communities, these could be used. Text should indicate which are the most common habitats occurring at the airport.

This would be followed by a table listing species of wildlife, separated into bird, mammal and other groupings. Thirty or more bird species might be found and might include species such as: Canada Goose, Ring-billed Gull, Mew Gull, European Starling or Horned Lark; while possible mammals found might include: Mule Deer, Red Fox, Northern Raccoon or Meadow Vole. Associated with each species listed, will be information on the seasonal occurrence, abundance, and location of use within the airport lands. Text should make mention of the commonest species found as well as addressing regulated species.]

Vegetation

Overall the vegetation communities other than the extensive grassed areas, are...

Figure 2. Coarse Wildlife Habitat Mapping

Breeding Birds

Habitat for Migrant Birds

Winter Wildlife Habitat

Amphibians and Reptiles

Mammals

Table 7 lists the wildlife species known to occur on the airport.

[In this table list all species, not just hazardous ones; some examples are provided below in each category.]

Table 7. Overview of Wildlife Species Known to Occur on the Airport

Common Name Scientific Name Seasonal Occurrence Locations, Abundance
Birds
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Regular March to November Low numbers, ponds, ditches with amphibians
or fish, flying over airfield
Canada Goose Branta canadensis March to December Attempts to breed at ponds, non-breeders sometimes forage airside on turf, fly-overs
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis February to November Occasionally forages airside on pavement or short grass, usually small flocks, frequent fly-overs, often present at landfill, associated flightlines poorly known
Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens Year round Breeds, low numbers in treed areas
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica April to September Occasionally breeds in buildings, regular over airside areas July to September, sometimes in moderate-sized flocks
(e.g., 50). In cooler
periods will rest on runway, poor response to pyros
Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus February to December Breeds, migrants, prefers longer grass, feeds on insects and grass seeds, flocks, may be numerous, often seen crossing airfield, sometimes
feeding in long or short grass
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis December to April Winter, migrants, feeds airside, runway, flocks, sometimes in larger numbers (100s), prefers seed heads over snow
Amphibians and Reptiles
Northern Leopard Frog Rana pipiens April to October Breeds in ponds, forages airside, sometimes numerous
Common Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina April to October Occasionally seen crossing runway from ponds, especially in early June when nesting
Mammals
American Beaver Castor canadensis March to December Present and persistent in wetlands and drainage features mostly not airside, numbers variable, may be controlled by Coyotes
White-tailed Deer Odocoileus virginianus Year round Frequent outside airfield, now rarely airside

8.1 Adjacent Lands and Extremely Hazardous Land use Practices

Figure 3 illustrates some of the moderately hazardous land use practices within 8 km of the airport reference points and the extremely hazardous land use practices within 15 km [Or further if thought to be relevant.]

[A topographic map or aerial photograph mosaic should be provided with attractants indicated (e.g., wastewater discharge plants, sewage lagoons, crop production areas, recreational sites, managed and supplemental natural habitats). Land uses falling under the extremely hazardous category type (i.e., food waste disposal sites, outdoor composting areas, commercial fish plants or other areas where potential wildlife foods are exposed) should also be indicated with a separate key on this map. Text should describe and summarize each of the hazardous lands present.]

Of particular note is the landfill located... Agricultural fields can attract birds at certain times (e.g., April for worms and fall during harvesting or ploughing).. several known and regular hotspots are indicated on Figure 3.

Date modified: