Bombardier Learjet 60 / 60XR

Operational Evaluation Board (OEB) Report – Bombardier Learjet 60 / Bombardier Learjet 60XR (Original Issue)

Bombardier Learjet 60/60XR

Table of contents

Revision Record

Part 1 - OEB Report

  1. Executive Summary
  2. Purpose and Applicability
  3. Acronyms
  4. Background
  5. Pilot "Type rating" Requirements
  6. Master Common Requirements
  7. Master Difference Requirements (MDRs)
  8. Acceptable "Operator Difference Requirements" (ODRs) Tables
  9. Specifications for Training
  10. Specifications for Checking
  11. Specifications for Currency
  12. Aircraft Regulatory Compliance Checklist
  13. Specifications for Devices and Simulators
  14. Application of Report
  15. Alternate Means of Compliance to this Report
  16. References

Part 2 - OEB Report

APPENDIX 1. OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR)

Annex A – ODR Tables – Learjet 60 to Learjet 60XR

Annex B – ODR Tables – Learjet 60XR to Learjet 60

APPENDIX 2. REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLISTS

Report Prepared and Submitted by:

Alain Charlebois
Chairman, Learjet 60XR
Operational Evaluation Board

Transport Canada Civil Aviation
Commercial & Business Aviation
700 Leigh-Capreol
Dorval (QC) H4Y 1G7

Telephone: (514) 633-3840
Fax: (514) 633-3697
E-Mail: charlea@tc.gc.ca

Roman Marushko
Program Manager, Flight Technical
Transport Canada, Safety and Security
Certification and Operational Standards
Standards Branch
Place de Ville, Tower C, 330 Sparks Street
Ottawa, ON K1A 0N8

Telephone: 613-993-4692
Fax: 613-954-1602
E-Mail: roman.marushko@tc.gc.ca

Wayne Chapin
Chief, Certification & Operational Standards
Standards Branch
Transport Canada, Civil Aviation

Don Sherritt
Director, Standards Branch
Transport Canada, Civil Aviation

Revision Record

Revision No. Section Page # Date
Original All All May 12, 2008
       
       
       
       
       
       

Part 1 - OEB Report

1. Executive Summary

In March 2008 Transport Canada conducted an operational evaluation (OE) of the Bombardier Learjet 60XR.

Beginning with aircraft serial number 319, Bombardier Learjet introduced a modified configuration of the Learjet Model 60 as the new production aircraft. The older Learjet 60 configuration was discontinued and the new production configuration is marketed as the Learjet 60XR. As stated, the Learjet 60XR is not a new aircraft but an upgrade of a certified aircraft that has been in service for fourteen (14) years. Both aircraft are listed on TCCA Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) A-128 and share the same model number. For purpose of brevity and clarity the nomenclature “LJ60 and LJ60XR.will be used from this point forward in this report to distinguish between the Learjet Model 60 variants.

Bombardier’s application, dated 29 February 2008 states that: Since the most restrictive training, checking and currency differences are proposed at Level C/B/C,… request that all the benefits associated with Same Type Rating be granted to the LJ60 and LJ60XR. The application also proposed Operator Differences Requirements (ODR) tables to identify the training checking and currency requirements for pilots transitioning from one variant to the other.

The Transport Canada Operational Evaluation was conducted in accordance with the procedures described in the Common Procedures Document (CPD) for Conducting Operational Evaluation Boards dated 10 June 2004.

TCCA did not have a formal OE process when the LJ60 was introduced. This report addresses both the LJ60 and LJ60XR variants.

This report details the findings of the OEB and accepts Bombardier’s proposal that the LJ60 and the LJ60XR should share the same type rating. This report will help Canadian commercial air operators in the development of training programs and Principal Operations Inspectors (POI) in the approval of operator training programs pursuant to Canadian Aviation Regulations Part VII Subpart 4. Provisions of this report are effective until amended, superseded, or withdrawn by subsequent operational evaluation determinations.

2. Purpose and Applicability

The primary purpose of this report is to specify Transport Canada master training, checking and currency requirements applicable to crews operating the Bombardier LJ60 and LJ60XR aircraft. This report will help commercial air operators in the development of training programs and POIs in the approval of operator training programs pursuant to Canadian Aviation Regulations Part VII Subpart 4. Provisions of this report are effective until amended, superseded, or withdrawn by subsequent operational evaluation determinations.

This report does not address the operation of this aircraft under CAR 604/CBAA POC.

3. Acronyms

Relevant acronyms are defined as follows:

AARTF
Certification and Operational Standards
AFCS
Automatic Flight Control System
AFM
Aircraft Flight Manual
C&BA
Commercial and Business Aviation
CAR
Canadian Aviation Regulation
CASS
Canadian Aviation Regulation Standard
CPD
Common Procedures Document for Conducting
Operational Evaluation Boards, 10 June 2004.
CRT
Cathode ray tubes
EASA
European Aviation Safety Agency
EFIS
Electronic Flight Information system
EIS
Engine Indicating System
EVS
Enhanced Vision System
FAA
Federal Aviation Administration
FAR
Federal Aviation Regulation
FCOM
Flight Crew Operating Manual
FMS
Flight Management System
FSB
Flight Standardization Board
HUD
Head Up Display
JAA
Joint Aviation Authorities
JOEB
Joint Operational Evaluation Board
LCD
Liquid crystal displays
LJ60
Learjet Model 60
LJ60XR
Learjet Model 60XR (serial 60-319 an on)
LOF
Line-oriented flying
LOFT
Line-oriented flying training
MCR
Master Common Requirements
MFF
Mixed Fleet Flying
MLW
Maximum Landing Weight
MMEL
Master Minimum Equipment List
NSEP
National Simulator Evaluation Program
ODR
Operator Differences Requirements
OE
Operational Evaluation
OEB
Operational Evaluation Board
ORI
Operational Review Item
POI
Principal Operations Inspector
PPC
Pilot Proficiency Check
QRH
Quick Reference Handbook
SID
Standard Instrument Departure
SLD
Super cooled liquid droplet
STAR
Standard Terminal Arrival
SVS
Synthetic Vision System
TCCA
Transport Canada Civil Aviation
TCDS
Type Certificate Data Sheet
VNAV
Vertical Navigation

4. Background

Transport Canada (TCCA) Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) A-128 identifies the Learjet 60XR aircraft as Model 60 (serial number 60-319 and on). A detailed description of the new variant is provided as Note 5 of the TCDS.

The LJ60 and LJ60XR are all metal, pressurized, low-wing, turbofan-powered aircraft. Thrust is provided by two pod-mounted PW305A turbofan engines manufactured by Pratt and Whitney Canada, Inc. Each engine delivers 4600 lb of thrust at sea level. Engine-driven hydraulic pumps supply hydraulic power for braking, extending and retracting the landing gear, wing flaps, and spoilers. The flight controls are manually controlled through cables, bell cranks, pulleys, and push-pull tubes. Lateral and directional trim is accomplished by electrically-actuated trim tabs installed on the left aileron and the rudder. Longitudinal trim is accomplished by changing the angle of incidence of the horizontal stabilizer with an electrically operated linear actuator. Aircraft environmental systems provide heating, cooling, and pressurization for the crew, passenger, and cabin baggage compartments.

The new LJ60XR variant introduces new passenger cabin configurations, increased legroom, light emitting diode (LED) lighting and a new audio-visual system. The most significant LJ60XR upgrade is to the cockpit. The LJ60XR aircraft is equipped with a Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 avionics suite; the out of production LJ60 has the older Rockwell Collins Pro Line 4 avionics.

The LJ60 and LJ60XR aircraft is capable of maintaining a cruise speed of up to 0.81 Mach. The aircraft maximum operating altitude is 51,000 ft. The maximum operating range is 2499 nm (4.625 km) with four passengers, ISA, and IFR reserves.

Both the FAA and EASA/JAAT in their operational evaluation reports identified that transitioning from the Pro Line 4 equipped LJ60 to the Pro Line 21 equipped LJ60XR can be addressed by differences training.
The FAA FSB report dated June 4, 2007 identified that the minimum training requirement are satisfied at level C. The EASA/JAAT JOEB report dated 08 August 2007 shared the FAA findings.

Bombardier requested that an OEB be conducted to validate the FAA and EASA/JAAT findings and to award same type rating. The OEB Chairman is a qualified LJ60 captain. TCCA and Bombardier Aerospace agreed that the OEB exercise would consist of a modified T3 exercise which would be followed by a LJ60/ LJ60XR OEB administrative catch-up exercise. The FSB and JOEB reports along with the Common Procedures Document are the primary references.

This operational evaluation is based on a LJ60 to LJ60XR differences ground training provided by Bombardier, Flight Training Center, DFW Airport, Texas. No Flight training was conducted but a T3 limited evaluation was completed in the LJ60XR FFS simulator (TC ID #405)

The first phase of the operational evaluation was conducted at the Bombardier DFW training center in Texas. During the period March 27-29 the OEB Chairman completed:

  • Recurrency training in the LJ60 full flight simulator (FFS) (TC ID #210);
  • Three days of instructor-led LJ60XR ground school difference training;
  • T3 test in Learjet LJ60XR FFS (TC ID #405);

The second phase, completed on March 30th and 31st, consisting of an administrative catch-up process created this OEB report that addresses both the LJ60 and LJ60XR. The OEB findings presented in this report are based upon the OEB Chairman’s initial and differences training and his LJ60 operational experience. The FAA FSB report and EASA’s JOEB reports were also used as references in making the TCCA findings.

The OEB did not conduct any Operational Suitability Flights, nor submit any Operational Review Items (ORI’s) to Bombardier because the scope of the TCCA operational evaluation was the validation of the EASA and FAA operational evaluations of the Learjet Model 60XR.

The OEB is responsible for conducting future evaluations of the LJ60 and LJ60XR aircraft. Re-evaluation may be required if a new derivative is produced or significant hardware or software modifications are made to existing production LJ60XR aircraft. OEB activity may also be required when new systems such as HUD, EVS or SVS are introduced. The Board will then determine the associated impact on training, checking and currency and will amend this report accordingly.

5. Pilot "Type Rating" Requirements

With reference to Canadian Aviation Regulation CAR 401.06 a new pilot's type rating is assigned to the Learjet Model 60 and the designated licence endorsement is: LR60. This operational evaluation has determined that same type rating can be awarded and that the LJ60XR should share the LR60 licensing designator with the older production aircraft.

The aircraft currently considered a high performance aircraft requiring an individual type rating that can be issued after a qualifying flight in accordance with CASS 421.40(3)(c). The Canadian Type Certificate Data Sheet (A-128) for the LR60 specifies the needs for One Pilot and One Copilot The issuance of a type rating would require a completion of a Pilot Proficiency Check for Commercial Operations in accordance with CASS 421.40(3)(a)(iii)(A).

6. Master Common Requirements

The Master Common Requirements specify those items of crew qualification that apply to both variants.

  • Aircraft Operating Weights
    • Aircraft maximum operating weights are the same for both aircraft.
  • Handling and Performance
    • Handling and performance are identical for both aircraft.
  • V Speeds (V1, VR, V2, VREF, VApp)
    • All maximum speeds for landing gear and flaps are identical for both aircraft.
      V Speeds for takeoffs and approaches are dependent upon aircraft weight and are identical for both aircraft when operated at the same weight.
    • Presentation of critical Vspeeds is identical for both aircraft.
  • Normal ‘Final’ Landing Flap Setting
    • The normal ‘final’ landing flap is the same for both aircraft.
  • Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS)
    • The AFCS pilot/machine interface is similar for both aircraft.
  • Engine Indicating System (EIS)
    • Electrical/mechanical or analog gauges were replaced by EIS. Although a major change in display technology was introduced, the displayed information is similar in format and intuitive to the pilot.
  • Primary and Secondary Flight Controls
    • Pilot operation of the primary and secondary flight controls is the same for both aircraft.
  • Aircraft Systems
    • The operation of all systems is the same on both aircraft.
  • Takeoff, Climb and Descent Profiles
    • The takeoff, climb and descent profiles are the same for both aircraft.
  • Approach Profiles
    • The approach profiles are the same for both aircraft.
  • Landing Minima Category
    • This operational evaluation is limited to category 1 operation’s.
  • The following straight-in approach minima (based on Maximum Landing Weight (MLW) for both aircraft are:

    Aircraft Landing Flap Category
    LJ60 40 degrees C
    LJ60XR 40 degrees C

Forward Observer Seat

  • Neither the LJ60 or LJ60XR are equipped with a forward observer’s seat. Checking should be conducted in a suitable flight-training device with an observer seat that provides the check pilot a suitable view of the flight deck for the purpose of checking.
  • Compliance with CASS 720.16(2)(a) cannot be demonstrated because of the lack of a forward observer's seat on the flight deck or suitable forward passenger seat.

Immediate Action Items

  • Immediate Action items are identical for both aircraft.
  • Abnormal and emergency procedures are presented in Quick Reference Handbooks (QRH). The QRH’s for both aircraft share an identical presentation format and direct the pilots to carry out emergency or abnormal procedures in a methodical and structured manner.

Operational Documents

  • Both the LR60 and LR60XR share the same QRH, FCOM, AFM and MMEL.

7. Master Difference Requirements (MDRs)

Master Difference Requirements (MDRs) for the LJ60 and LJ60XR are shown in the table below. The requirements apply to operators whose crews operate both variants, or apply for conversion between variants. The Difference Level Definitions (e.g. A/A/A) are specified in accordance with the criteria contained in, Common Procedures Document for Operational Evaluation Board (OEB) FAA -JAA –TCCA where the first letter refers to training requirements, the second to checking requirements, and the third to currency requirements.

AIRPLANE TYPE
RATING - LR60
FROM AIRPLANE



TO AIRPLANE
  LJ60 LJ60XR

LJ60

--------- C/B/C
LJ60XR C/B/C ---------

MDR Table

Level C differences training is the highest level required for the LJ60 and LJ60XR. In the case of pilots moving from one variant to the other, operators and training providers must provide pilots with training permitting them to become fully cognizant of the differences in flight deck layout and avionics controls.

8. Acceptable "Operator Difference Requirements" (ODRs) Tables

ODR tables are used to show an operator's compliance method. Acceptable ODR tables for operators conducting Mixed Fleet Flying (MFF) operations, or convert between the LJ60 and LJ60XR are shown in Appendix 1. MFF is defined as operations in which crews alternately fly the LJ60 and LJ60XR between PPC /training events.

The ODR tables represent an acceptable means to comply with MDR provisions, for the aircraft evaluated, based on those differences and compliance methods shown. The tables do not necessarily represent the only acceptable means of compliance for operators with aircraft having other differences, where compliance methods (e.g., devices, simulators, etc) are different, or for combinations of aircraft not evaluated. For operators flying variants, which are the same as the aircraft used for the ODR table development, and using the same compliance methods, the ODR tables in Appendix 2 have been found acceptable by TCCA. Equivalent tables, therefore, may be approved by the POI for a particular operator.

Operators flying variants with differences not shown in, or addressed by, the acceptable ODR tables attached in Appendix 1; or operators seeking a different means of compliance, must prepare and seek TCCA approval of specific ODR tables applicable to their fleet. New ODR tables proposed by operators should be coordinated with the Program Manager, Flight Technical in Certification and Operational Standards (AARTF) to ensure consistent treatment of variants between various operators’ ODR tables and compatibility of the MDR table with MDR provisions. The operator retains the originals of the approved ODR tables. The Program Manager Flight Technical will retain copies of approved Learjet aircraft ODR tables.

9. Specifications for Training

In accordance with CAR 421.40 the pilot type rating for the Learjet 60 and Learjet 60XR is designated as LR60.

Further, due to the design of this aircraft, the type shall not be eligible for PPC grouping in accordance with CAR Parts VI or VII. The concept of grouping is not applicable in the context of the LJ60 and LJ60XR variants as they are the same type-rating.

Initial, Transition and Upgrade Training:

The Bombardier DFW Training Center LJ60XR training program was closely modeled upon the original LJ60 training program and shares the same philosophy in use of resource material and courseware presentation whenever possible. Minimum training times requirements specified in CASS 724.115(31) Table 1 apply. Commercial operators must ensure that their approved training programs requirements are meet when contracting theirs crew member training to another organization.

Recurrent Training:

Annual recurrent training is accomplished in accordance with the operators approved training program that meets the standards of CASS 724.115. Minimum Ground and Flight (Simulator) specified in CASS 724.115(31) Table 2 apply.

Differences Training:

When any combination of the LJ60 and LJ60XR are flown, appropriate instruction in design and systems differences will be required for both airplanes, consistent with MDR provisions detailed in Section 8. In the future, when significant hardware or software product improvements are introduced for a single aircraft variant or for both the LJ60 and LJ60XR a reassessment of the differences training requirements may be undertaken by TCCA.

  • Operator training from LJ60 to LJ60XR should emphasize the differences between the Pro Line 4 installation and the upgraded Pro Line 21 system.
  • The OEB recommends that the amount of differences ground school training and systems integration training when transitioning from LJ60 to the LJ60XR is:

    Day Classroom Training Systems Integration Training Hours
    1 Introduction, Airplane General, Aural and Visual Warning, Lighting, System Indications, Communications, Navigation, Review ------- 8.0
    2 Flight Instruments, AFCS, FMS, Review ------- 4.0
      Systems Integration 4.0
    3   Systems Integration 4.0
      *Systems Integration 4.0
    Exam    
      Training Totals   24.0**


    * If a pilot in training is proficient with programming the FMS-5000 after the first two four-hour blocks of system integration training, the last four hours may be waived.
    **Does not include time required for Exam

The training times provided in the preceding table were found to be acceptable by the OEB. These times should not be considered a minimum requirement if the student can demonstrate by test that the training objectives have been met in a shorter period of time.

  • The OEB recommends that systems integrations training be at level C using the minimum devices that meet the level C requirements specified by the MDR table on page 11 Programming the Rockwell Collins FMS-5000 must be mastered before flight crew advance to flight training. If a pilot in training is proficient with programming the FMS-5000 after the first two hours blocks of system integration training, the last fours hours may be waived if the student passes a written tests consolidating knowledge and skills.

Special Event Training

  • Special event training is recommended. Such training should be conducted to improve basic crew understanding and confidence regarding aircraft handling qualities, options and procedures as these relate to design characteristics and limitations. Examples of this training should include the following:

    • Recovery from unusual attitudes;
    • Handling qualities and procedures during recovery from an upset condition (e.g., wake vortex encounter);
    • Operation of aircraft in icing environments including super cooled liquid droplet (SLD) events;
    • Low Energy Awareness Training;
    • High Altitude Stall Recovery;
    • Engine Failure/Malfunction Recognition Training;
  • The OEB also found that early exposure to the automatic flight control system (AFCS), and flight management system (FMS) is important, especially for pilots with no previous FMS experience. Establishing early confidence in manually flying the aircraft, converting from manual to automatic (FMS controlled) flight mode and back is equally important due to heavy reliance on the AFCS. In the event of a flight path deviation due to input error or system malfunction, the flight crew must be able to comfortably transition from automatic to manual mode and back in an orderly fashion.
  • Similarly, exposure to the use of VNAV in the terminal environment including SIDs, STARs and LNAV/VNAV approaches is important. Establishing confidence in converting from basic autopilot modes to FMS VNAV controlled flight modes and back is equally important in order to cope with ATC clearance amendments to speed and altitude constraints.
Display of Jeppesen Approach Charts on MFD:
  • Jeppesen approach and airport charts that can be displayed on the MFD do not meet requirements for an electronic flight bag because these charts cannot be displayed during all phases of flight. In particular, when the battery is placed in the “EMER” position, the MFD display is not powered. This constraint would require that valid charts in another approved format be available during IFR flight. CBAAC 0231 dated 2004.07.20 provides guidance to operators on the use of Electronic Flight Bags.

10. Specifications for Checking

Checking conducted shall be in accordance with CASS 724.108 schedule 1, as required.

11. Specifications for Currency

Currency is considered to be common for the LJ60 and LJ60XR. Currency will be maintained, or re-established, in accordance with CASS 724.115 through the approved Company training program.

The assessment of currency was not restricted to take-off and landing currency as the scope of this OE was to specifically evaluate the differences in avionics between the LJ60 and LJ60XR. The differences in avionics form the primary differences between the two aircraft.

Level C currency was assigned for ATA 34 Navigation related to the Proline 4/21 pilot interface to the avionics and Universal and Collins FMS when the LJ60XR is the base aircraft and the LJ60 the variant. The purpose of this currency level assignment was to ensure consistency with the currency level assigned when the LJ60 was the base aircraft and the LJ60XR was the variant. This OEB arrived at this determination based on analysis, rather than a practical evaluation.

12. Aircraft Regulatory Compliance Checklist

Any Canadian operator wishing to operate the LJ60 or LJ60XR aircraft will have to demonstrate to Transport Canada that the aircraft fully complies with all applicable CAR 605/704 parts before that aircraft enters service. A sample compliance checklist is included in Appendix 2 of this report.

POIs may contact the Program Manager of Flight Technical in Certification and Operational Standards, Flight Technical to obtain a sample checklist for guidance in determining an operator’s compliance with all applicable CAR 605/704.

13. Specifications for Devices and Simulators

Device and simulator characteristics are designated in Aeroplane and Rotorcraft Simulator Manual (TP 9685). The acceptability of differences between devices, simulators, and aircraft must be addressed by the POI. Requests for device approval should be made to the POI. The POI may approve those devices for that operator if their characteristics clearly meet the established TC criteria and have been qualified by the National Simulator Evaluation Program (NSEP).

14. Application of Report

All relevant parts of this report are applicable to operators on the effective date of this report.

15. Alternate Means of Compliance To This Report

The TCCA Program Manager Flight Technical should be consulted by the POI when alternate means of compliance, other than those specified in this report, are proposed. If an alternate means of compliance is sought, operators will be required to submit a proposed alternate means for approval that provides an equivalent level of safety to the provisions of CPD and this OEB report. Analysis, demonstrations, proof of concept testing, differences documentation, and/or other evidence may be required.

In the event that alternate compliance is sought, training program hour reductions, simulator approvals, and device approvals may be significantly limited and reporting requirements may be increased to ensure an equivalent level of training, checking, and currency. TCCA or CBAA (if applicable) will generally not consider relief through alternate compliance means unless sufficient lead-time has been planned by an operator to allow for any necessary testing and evaluation.

16. References

  1. Common Procedures Document (CPD) for Conducting Operational Evaluation Boards dated 10 June 2004;
  2. Transport Canada Commercial and Business Aviation Advisory Circular (CBAAC) No. 231; Electronic Flight Bags; dated 2004.07.20.
  3. European Safety Agency; Bombardier Learjet 60, Bombardier Learjet 60XR JOEB Report dated 08 August 2007, Issue 1;
  4. FAA Flight Standardization Board Report, Bombardier Learjet Inc. Model LR-60XR, dated June 4, 2007, Revision Original.

Part 2 - OEB Report

Documents kept on file at TCCA C&BA Operational Standards Flight Technical are as follows:

LJ60 and LJ60XR Master Minimum Equipment List
LJ60 and LJ60XR Operational Manuals
LJ60 and LJ60XR Training syllabus
LJ60 and LJ60XR Aircraft Flight Manuals

APPENDIX 1. OPERATOR DIFFERENCE REQUIREMENTS (ODR)

Annex A – ODR Tables – Learjet 60 to Learjet 60XR

Definitions ODR Training Level
“HO”  = Handout A
“S/T” = Slide/Tape presentations
“TCBT” = Tutorial Computer Based Training
“SU” = Stand-up lectures
“VT” = Video Tapes
B
“ICBT” = Interactive Computer Based Training
“CSS” = Cockpit System Simulators
“CPT” = Cockpit Procedures Trainers
“PTT” = Part Task Trainers
“FTD 4-5” = Flight Training Devices (level 4-5)
C
“FTD 6-7” = Flight training devices (level 6-7)
“FFS A-D” = Full Flight Simulators (level D or lower )
D
“FFS C-D” = Full Flight Simulators (level C or D)
“ACFT” = Aircraft
E

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60XR
BASE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60
APPROVED BY
(POI)____________________


 
COMPLIANCE METHOD
TRAINING CHKG/CURR
DESIGN REMARKS FLT
CHAR
PROC
CHNG
LVL
A
LVL
B
LVL
C
LVL
D
CHK CURR
Weights Max Ramp Weight- Unchanged
Max Take-off Weight- Unchanged
Max Zero Fuel Weight- Unchanged
No No X       A A
Dimensions No Change No No X       A A

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60XR
BASE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60
APPROVED BY
(POI)____________________


 
 
TRAINING CHKG/CURR
SYSTEM REMARKS FLT
CHAR
PROC
CHNG
LVL
A
LVL
B
LVL
C
LVL
D
CHK CURR
21 Air
Conditioning
EIS Crew/Cabin Temp Control Valve
Position Display replaces
electromechanical Crew/Cabin Temp
Control Valve Position Indicators
No Minor X       A A
22 Auto Flight Pro Line 21 Coupled Autopilot replaces
Pro Line 4 Independent Autopilot
No Minor     X   B A
22 Auto Flight Flight Control Panel (FCP) with ALTS
and LVL CHG modes removed and
SPD mode changed to FLC replaces
Flight Control Panel (FCP) with ALTS,
LVL CHG and SPD modes
No Minor   X     A A
23
Communications
RTU 4220 Radio Tuning Units replace
RTU 870 Radio Tuning Units.
No Minor   X     A A
23
Communications
EIS SELCAL Display replaces
SELCAL Annunciator panel
No Minor X       A A
24 Electrical
Power
EIS Electrical Display replaces Power
Monitor
No Minor X       A A
27 Flight Controls EIS Pitch, Aileron and Rudder Trim
Display replaces Electromechanical
Pitch, Aileron and Rudder Trim
Indicators
 
No Minor X       A A
27 Flight Controls EIS Flaps and Spoilers Display replaces
electromechanical Flaps and Spoilers
indicator
No Minor X       A A
32 Landing Gear EIS Gear Display replaces Gear
Annunciator Lamps
No Minor X       A A
33 Lights Circuit Breaker and Integral cockpit
panel lighting and some switch/lights
changed to LEDs
No No   X     A A
34 Navigation Pro Line 21 EFIS 8x10 displays replace
Pro Line 4 EFIS 6x7 displays.
Air Data Reference Panel (ARP),
Attitude Awareness Panel (AAP), Course Heading Panel (CHP) removed,
replaced by Display Control Panel
(DCP) (On-Side PFD), Cursor Control
Panel (On-Side MFD), Heading Speed
Altitude Panel (HSA) and Course Panel
No Major     X   B C
34 Navigation Pro Line 21 Attitude Heading System
(AHS) replaces Pro Line 4 Attitude
Heading System (AHS)
No Minor X       B A
34 Navigation Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 FMS
replaces Universal FMS
No Major     X   B C
34 Navigation Pilot/Copilot EFIS Control Panel
modified
No Minor   X     A A
34 Navigation Standby instruments, Electro-pneumatic
standby Altitude/Airspeed and Attitude
instruments replaced by an Electronic
Standby Instrument System (ESIS)
No Minor X       A A
34 Navigation Backup RTU HSI display replaces
Sensor Display Unit (SDU) and Sensor
Display Driver (SDD)
No Minor X       A A
34 Navigation Capable of supporting optional:
Enhanced map displays, XM/Universal
weather display, etc.
No Minor X       A A
77 Engine
Indicating
EIS Engine Display replaces
electromechanical engine indicators
(N1, N2, ITT, OP, OT and FF)
No Minor X       A A
77 Engine
Indicating
Backup Engine Indications on the RTU No No X       A A
78 Engine Control EIS Thrust Reverser (TR), Engine
SYNC and APR annunciations replace
TR, SYNC and APR Annunciator
Lamps in glare shield Warning Panel
No Minor   X     A A

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60XR
BASE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60
APPROVED BY
(POI)____________________


 
COMPLIANCE METHOD
TRAINING CHKG/CURR
MANOEUVRE REMARKS FLT
CHAR
PROC
CHNG
LVL
A
LVL
B
LVL
C
LVL
D
CHK CURR
PTS
Manoeuvres
No Changes No No            

Annex B– ODR Tables – Learjet 60XR to Learjet 60

Definitions ODR Training Level
“HO”  = Handout A
“S/T” = Slide/Tape presentations
“TCBT” = Tutorial Computer Based Training
“SU” = Stand-up lectures
“VT” = Video Tapes
B
“ICBT” = Interactive Computer Based Training
“CSS” = Cockpit System Simulators
“CPT” = Cockpit Procedures Trainers
“PTT” = Part Task Trainers
“FTD 4-5” = Flight Training Devices (level 4-5)
C
“FTD 6-7” = Flight training devices (level 6-7)
“FFS A-D” = Full Flight Simulators (level D or lower )
D
“FFS C-D” = Full Flight Simulators (level C or D)
“ACFT” = Aircraft
E

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60
BASE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60XR
APPROVED BY
(POI)____________________


 
COMPLIANCE METHOD
TRAINING CHKG/CURR
DESIGN REMARKS FLT
CHAR
PROC
CHNG
LVL
A
LVL
B
LVL
C
LVL
D
CHK CURR
Weights Max Ramp Weight- Unchanged
Max Take-off Weight- Unchanged
Max Zero Fuel Weight- Unchanged
No No X       A A
Dimensions No Change No No X       A A

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60
BASE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60XR
APPROVED BY
(POI)____________________


 
 
TRAINING CHKG/CURR
SYSTEM REMARKS FLT
CHAR
PROC
CHNG
LVL
A
LVL
B
LVL
C
LVL
D
CHK CURR
21 Air
Conditioning
Electromechanical Crew/Cabin Temp
Control Valve Position Display replaces
EIS Crew/Cabin Temp Control Valve
Position Indicators
No Minor X       A A
22 Auto Flight Pro Line 4 Coupled Autopilot replaces
Pro Line 21 Independent Autopilot
No Minor     X   B A
22 Auto Flight Flight Control Panel (FCP) with ALTS
and LVL CHG modes added and FLC
mode changed to SPD replaces Flight
Control Panel (FCP) with FLC modes
No Minor   X     A A
23
Communications
RTU 870 Radio Tuning Units replaces
RTU 4220 Radio Tuning Units.
No Minor   X     A A
23
Communications
SELCAL Annunciator panel replaces
EIS SELCAL Display
No Minor X       A A
24 Electrical
Power
Electrical Power Monitor replaces EIS
Electrical Display
No Minor         A A
27 Flight Controls Electromechanical Pitch, Aileron and
Rudder Trim Indicators replaces EIS
Pitch, Aileron and Rudder Trim Display
 
No Minor X       A A
27 Flight Controls Electromechanical Flaps and Spoilers
indicator replaces EIS Flaps and
Spoilers Display
No Minor X       A A
32 Landing Gear Gear Annunciator Lamps replaces EIS
Gear Display
No Minor X       A A
33 Lights Circuit Breaker and Integral cockpit
panel lighting and some switch/lights
changed to bulbs and
electroluminescent lighting.
No No   X     A A
34 Navigation Pro Line 4 EFIS 8x10 displays replaces
Pro Line 21 EFIS, 4 6x7 displays.
Air Data Reference Panel (ARP),
Attitude Awareness Panel (AAP),
Course Heading Panel (CHP) replaces,
Display Control Panel (DCP) (On-Side
PFD), Cursor Control Panel (On-Side
MFD), Heading Speed Altitude Panel
(HSA) and Course Panel
No Major     X   B C
34 Navigation Pro Line 4 Attitude Heading System
(AHS) replaces Pro Line 21 Attitude
Heading System (AHS)
No Minor X       A A
34 Navigation Rockwell Collins Pro Line 21 FMS
replaced by Universal FMS
No Major     X   B C
34 Navigation Pilot/Copilot EFIS Control Panel
modified
No Minor   X     A A
34 Navigation Standby instruments, Electro-pneumatic
standby Altitude/Airspeed and Attitude
instruments replaces Electronic Standby
Instrument System (ESIS)
No Minor X       A A
34 Navigation Backup RTU HSI display replaced by
Sensor Display Unit (SDU) and Sensor
Display Driver (SDD)
No Minor X       A A
34 Navigation Optional: Enhanced map displays,
XM/Universal weather display, etc.
not available
No Minor X       A A
77 Engine
Indicating
EIS Engine Display replaced by
electromechanical engine indicators
(N1, N2, ITT, OP, OT and FF)
No Minor X       A A
77 Engine
Indicating
Backup Engine Indications on the RTU
not available.
No No X       A A
78 Engine Control EIS Thrust Reverser (TR), Engine
SYNC and APR annunciations replaced
by TR, SYNC and APR Annunciator
Lamps in glare shield Warning Panel
No Minor   X     A A

DIFFERENCE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60
BASE AIRCRAFT: Learjet 60XR
APPROVED BY
(POI)____________________


 
COMPLIANCE METHOD
TRAINING CHKG/CURR
MANOEUVRE REMARKS FLT
CHAR
PROC
CHNG
LVL
A
LVL
B
LVL
C
LVL
D
CHK CURR
PTS
Manoeuvres
No Changes No No            

APPENDIX 2. REGULATORY COMPLIANCE CHECKLISTS

Any Canadian operator wishing to operate the Learjet LJ60(LJ60XR) aircraft will have to demonstrate to Transport Canada that the aircraft fully complies with all applicable CAR 605/704 parts prior to that aircraft entering service. This checklist may be used by the operator to show compliance with those items listed in it.

CAR Amdt. Requirement Learjet Position Learjet Comment TCCA Finding
* CAR 605 – Aircraft Requirements *
605.01
1)a-b
2)a-d
2006/0
6/30

Application

  • 1) Applies to

    1. Canadian A/C
    2. Foreign A/C operated by Canadian citizens, residents or corporations.
  • 2) Apply to persons operating foreign A/C in Canada, other than (1)(b)

    1. Carry a flight authority
    2. Transponder and automatic pressure-altitude
    3. ELT
    4. Radio communication and radio navigation


1) Noted






2) Not Applicable
Operator
Responsibility
 
605.03   Flight Authority Not applicable    
605.04
1)
2)
 

Availability of Aircraft Flight Manual

  • 1) If flight manual is required, the flight manual or operating manual must be available to the flight crew
  • 2) Flight manual or incorporated parts in A/C operating manual shall include all the amendments and supplementary material
All flight manuals & supplements are provided at delivery. Complies  
605.05   Markings and Placards
No take-off without proper markings or placards installed
Aircraft will be delivered with the appropriate markings and placards as required by the certification basis. (See TCDS T00008WI) Operator responsibility  
605.06   Aircraft Equipment Standards and Serviceability Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.07
1)
2)
3)
 

Aircraft Requirements General – Minimum equipment List

  1. Master minimum equipment list established by the Minister
  2. Supplement by Minister if issued by foreign state
  3. Approved by the Minister for each operator
An approved MMEL is available for each delivered aircraft. Operator responsibility  
605.08   Aircraft Requirements General- Unserviceable and removed equipment –general Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.09 1)a-b
2)
 

Aircraft Requirements General- Unserviceable and removed equipment –aircraft with a minimum equipment list

  1. No take-off unless

    1. Accordance with conditions in the min. equipment list
    2. Min. equipment list carried on board
  2. Airworthiness prevails on min. equipment list
An approved MMEL is available for each delivered aircraft Operator responsibility  
605.10
1) a-e
2) a-c
 

Aircraft Requirements General- Unserviceable and removed equipment –aircraft without a minimum equipment list

  1. No take-off where the equipment is required by

    1. Day or night VFR or IFR flight standards
    2. Equipment list published by the manufacturer
    3. Air operator certificate, private operator certificate, special flight operations cert., flight training unit cert.
    4. Airworthiness directive
    5. Regulations
  2. No take-off unless

    1. Unserviceable equipment isolated or secured
    2. Placards installed
    3. Journey log entry
An approved MMEL is available for each delivered aircraft Operator responsibility  
605.11 to 605.13   Reserved   Noted  
605.14 a-n  

Power driven aircraft – Day VFR

No take-off unless

  1. Altimeter in uncontrolled airspace
  2. Sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure in controlled airspace
  3. Airspeed indicator
  4. Magnetic compass or magnetic direction indicator
  5. Tachometer
  6. Oil pressure indicator
  7. Coolant temperature indicator
  8. Oil temperature indicator
  9. Manifold pressure gauge

    1. Variable-pitch propeller
    2. N/A (helicopter)
    3. Supercharged engine
    4. Turbocharged engine
  10. Means for

    1. Fuel quantity
    2. Position of landing gear
  11. Radiocommunication system if A/C

    1. Class B, C, D airspace
    2. MF area
    3. ADIZ
  12. Radiocommunication system
  13. Radio navigation equipment for Class B airspace
  14. Radio navigation adequate to receive radio signals for Subpart 4 of this Part or Subpart 5 of Part VII
Aircraft included the required equipment for Day VFR


















g.  Not applicable



i .  Not applicable

Aircraft Complies  
605.15
1) a-i
2)
 

Power driven aircraft – VFR OTT

  1. No take-off unless

    1. Equipment in 605.14(c) to (j)
    2. Sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure
    3. Means of icing for airspeed indicator
    4. Gyroscopic direction indicator or stabilized magnetic direction indicator
    5. Attitude indicator
    6. Turn and slip indicator or turn coordinator
    7. Means of establishing direction not dependant on a magnetic source for Northern Domestic Airspace
    8. Radiocommunication
    9. Radio navigation
  2. With a 3rd attitude indicator 360°, turn and slip indicator can be replace with a slip-skid indicator
Aircraft includes the required equipment for VFR OTT Aircraft Complies  
605.16
1) a-k
2)
3)
4) a-d
 

Power driven aircraft – Night VFR

  1. No take-off unless

    1. Equipment in 605.14 (c) to (n)
    2. Sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure
    3. Turn and slip indicator or turn coordinator
    4. Energy for all electrical and radio
    5. Spare fuses (>50%)
    6. Stabilized magnetic direction indicator or gyroscopic direction indicator if aerodrome is not visible
    7. Means of establishing direction not dependant on a magnetic source for Northern Domestic Airspace
    8. Radar reflectors if operated in controlled airspace
    9. Illumination for instruments
    10. Landing light if passengers
    11. Position and anti-collision lights if passenger
  2. With a 3rd attitude indicator 360°, turn and slip indicator can be replace with a slip-skid indicator
  3. No lights other than navigation light
  4. For Subpart 4 of this Part or Subpart 2 to 5 of Part VII, no operation unless

    1. Attitude indicator
    2. Vertical speed indicator
    3. Means of icing airspeed indicator
    4. Outside air temperature gauge

Aircraft includes the required equipment for Night VFR















e. Not applicable














h. Not applicable

Aircraft Complies  
605.17
1)
2)
 

Use of Position and Anti-collision Lights

  1. No operation without position light and anti-collision light turned on
  2. Anti-collision can be turned off for safety interests
Position and Anti-collision lights are included in the aircraft Operator responsibility  
605.18 a-j  

Power driven aircraft – IFR
No take-off unless

  1. By day, equipment required in 605.16(a) to (h)
  2. By night, equipment required in 605.16(1)(a) to (k)
  3. Attitude indicator
  4. Vertical speed indicator
  5. Outside air temperature gauge
  6. Means of icing airspeed indicator
  7. Warning device or vacuum indicator showing the power available to gyroscopic instruments
  8. Alternative source of static pressure for altimeter, airspeed indicator and vertical speed indicator
  9. Radio communication
  10. Radio navigation and instrument display

    1. For destination aerodrome or other suitable landing
    2. For instrument approach or missed approach procedure, in IMC
Aircraft complies to requirements of Power driven aircraft-IFR Aircraft Complies  
605.19   Balloons – Day VFR Not applicable    
605.20   Balloons – Night VFR Not applicable    
605.21   Gliders – Day VFR Not applicable    
605.22
1)
2)
3)
 

Aircraft equipment requirements – seat and safety belt requirements

  1. Safety belt for each person except infant
  2. (1) Not applicable for two persons safety belt A/C
  3. Latching device of the metal-to-metal type
Operator responsibility to ensure that an approved seat/safety belt is provided for each passenger. Standard A/C configuration baseline is furnished with two approved flight crew belts (TSO C-22g) and approved shoulder harnesses (TSO C-114) Operator responsibility  
605.23   Restraint system requirements Not Applicable    
605.24
1)
2)
3)
4)
5) a-c
 

Shoulder harness requirements

  1. All front seat or flight deck seat
  2. Flight attendant seat for transport category
  3. Forward or aft-facing seat
  4. N/A (helicopter)
  5. For each person when A/C is performing the following operations

    1. Aerobatic maneuvers
    2. N/A (helicopter)
    3. Aerial application, aerial inspection other than calibrating


  1. Aircraft Complies
  2. Not applicable
  3. Fitted w/approved harness (C-22g)
  4. Not applicable
  5. Fitted w/approved harness (C-114)
Operator responsibility  
605.25   General use of safety belts and restraint systems Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.26   Use of passenger safety belts and restraint systems. Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.27   Use of crew member safety belts Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.28   Child restraint system Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.29 a-b  

Flight control locks No usage unless

  1. Incapable of becoming engaged when A/C operated b. Unmistakable warning
The primary flight control systems on the standard aircraft complies. The on-ground gust locking of the control surfaces is accomplished by installing an adjustable nylon strap connecting the pilot's right-hand rudder pedal to the control wheel. This strap is not an integral part of the flight control systems. The presence and, in turn, engagement of the gust lock is unmistakable by the flight crew as it resides in their direct line of interface with the control column and rudder pedals. It is not possible to taxi or to move any of the primary flight controls without first removing the gust lock. Engagement of the gust lock thus requires intentional effort by the flight crew. Aircraft Complies  
605.30 a-b  

De-icing or icing conditions No take-off where icing conditions unless

  1. A/C is equipped adequately
  2. Weather or pilot reports indicate that icing conditions no longer exist
A/C approved to operate in icing conditions. (Ref AFM) Operator responsibility  
605.31
1)
2)
 

Oxygen equipment and supply

  1. N/A (unpressurized aircraft)
  2. Sufficient oxygen units and supply for pressurized A/C, see requirements Table


  1. Not applicable
  2. A/C complies
Operator responsibility to demonstrate compliance to this requirement.  
605.32
1)
2)
3) a-b
 

Use of oxygen

  1. Cabin-pressure between 10,000 feet and 13,000 feet oxygen mask for crew members
  2. Cabin-pressure above13,000 feet oxygen mask for each person
  3. Oxygen mask for pilot

    1. Above flight level 250 without quick-donning mask
    2. Above flight level 410 with quick-donning mask
A/C complies Operator responsibility to address passenger requirements.  
605.33
1) a-d
2)
 

Flight Data recorder and cockpit voice recorder

  1. Flight Data recorder needed for following multi-engined turbine-powered A/C witch

    1. TC authorizing 30 or fewer passenger, configured for 10 or more passengers seats
    2. TC authorizing 30 or fewer passenger, configured for 20 to 30 passengers seats
    3. TC authorizing more than 30 passenger
    4. TC authorizing cargo transport
  2. Cockpit voice recorder needed for multi-engined turbine-powered of six or more passengers seats and two pilots.

Not Applicable – Aircraft configured to a maximum of 8 passengers.

1) FDR is available as an option per Modsum 060T000109.

2) An approved Cockpit Voice Recorder is included in the 60XR baseline configuration.

A 2 hour Cockpit Voice Recorder is available as an option per Modsum 060T000315.

Operator responsibility  
605.34
1) a-b
2)
3)
4) a-b
5) a-b
 

Use of flight data recorders and cockpit voice recorders

  1. For A/C that required flight data recorder or cockpit voice recorder

    1. Flight data recorder operated from take-off to landing
    2. Cockpit voice recorder operated while electrical power is provided
  2. No person shall erase any communication
  3. In accordance with the minimum equipment list, A/C can be operate without serviceable flight data recorder and voice recorder
  4. If no min. equipment list, A/C can operate for 90 days without flight data recorder if

    1. Cockpit voice recorder is serviceable
    2. Technical records show the date of failure
  5. If no min. equipment list, A/C can operate for 90 days without cockpit voice recorder if

    1. Flight data recorder is serviceable
    2. Technical records shows the date of failure

1a) FDR is available as an option per Modsum 060T000109.


1b) The CVR is powered from Right DC Bus 1.



2-5) Operator responsibility

Operator responsibility  
605.35
1)
2) a-b
3) a-c
 

Transponder and Automatic Pressure-altitude reporting equipment

  1. In transponder airspace, transponder and automatic pressure-altitude reporting equipment is required
  2. A/C can be operated without if
    1. Accordance with min. equipment list
    2. If no min. equipment list, A/C can be operated

      1. To next aerodrome
      2. Accordance to air traffic, etc.
  3. Air traffic control unit may authorize operation without if

    1. ATCU provides air traffic control service
    2. ATCU received a request to operate
    3. Safety not affected

1) Transponders certified to TSO C112 are included in the standard aircraft.

2-3) Operator responsibility

Operator responsibility  
605.36
1)
2) a-b
 

Altitude Alerting system or Device

  1. Required for take-off of turbo-jet-powered aeroplane
  2. May be operated without if

    1. Accordance with the min. equipment list
    2. If no min. equipment list

      1. To next place where the A/C can be equipped
      2. Flight test, pilot proficiency check, flight crew member training
      3. To next aerodrome where it can be repaired or replaced

Altitude Alerting function is performed by the ADC’s and aural and visual warnings (EFIS) are provided.

2. Operator responsibility

Operator responsibility  
605.37
1)
2)
3)
 

Ground Proximity warning system

  1. Required for turbo-jet-powered aeroplane with MCTOW >15 000kg and 10 or more passengers
  2. May be operated without if accordance to min. equipment list
  3. May be operated without for safety interests

A/C Complies. An approved GPWS is available.

  1. Not applicable
Operator responsibility  
605.38
1)
2)
3) a-h
4) a-b
  ELT
  1. One or more ELTs required to operate A/C
  2. Quantity and type of ELTs defined in ELT Requirements table
  3. May be operated without if

    1. N/A (glider, balloon, etc.)
    2. Repealed
    3. Special agreement and serviceable radio transmitter that

      1. Approved by state
      2. Distinctive audio signal and designated frequencies
    4. Flight training
    5. Flight test
    6. Flight operations to manufacture, preparation or delivery
    7. Parachute
    8. Accordance with 605.39
  4. ELTs on 406 MHz must be registered with

    1. Canadian beacon Registry of the National Search and Rescue Secreteriat
    2. Authority of the country

A/C Complies. An ELT is provided.

3. a,b Not applicable

Complies  
605.39   Use of ELT’s Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.40   ELT Activation Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.41
1) a-b
2) a-c
3) a-c
4)
  Third Attitude Indicator
  1. Required for turbo-jet-powered aeroplane under Part VII unless

    1. MCTOW < 5 700kg
    2. Was operated in Canada in a commercial air service Oct. 10, 1996
  2. May take-off without if

    1. N/A (helicopter)
    2. Powered by reciprocating engine
    3. Not operated pursuant to Part VII
  3. Required for turbo-propeller under Part VII unless

    1. Passenger seating config <= 30
    2. Payload capacity <= 3 207kg
    3. Manufactured prior March 20, 1997
  4. After December 20, 2010, required for turbo-propeller with Passenger seating config <= 10 under Part VII
A standby attitude indicator is provided as part of A/C configuration. Aircraft Complies  
605.42 – 605.83   [ reserved ] Noted    
605.84
1) a-c
2)
3) a-b
4)
 

Aircraft Maintenance – General

  1. Special certificate of airworthiness in owner-maintenance required to take-off unless

    1. Accordance with any airworthiness limitations
    2. Meets reqs of airworthiness directives 593.02
    3. Meets reqs of notices equivalent to airworthiness directives

      1. Authority of foreign state responsible for type certification
      2. Authority of foreign state manufactured product
  2. Airworthiness prevails on a foreign notice
  3. Canadian aircraft owner can be exempt to comply of airworthiness directive if

    1. Compliance is impractical or unnecessary
    2. Level of safety equivalent
  4. Alternative means of compliance can be approved if level of safety is provided, etc.
Manuals provided with A/C Complies  
605.85   Maintenance Release and Elementary Work Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.86
1) a-b
2)
3) a-b
 

Maintenance Schedule

  1. No take-off unless the A/C is maintained in accordance with

    1. Maintenance schedule conforms to Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards
    2. Maintenance approved by the Minister
  2. Minister approve schedule conforms to Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Standards
  3. Minister authorize deviation of schedule if

    1. Submit a request
    2. Not affect safety
Manuals provided with A/C Complies  
605.87   Transfer of aeronautical products between maintenance schedules Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.88
1)
2)
 

Inspection after Abnormal Occurrences

  1. Inspection accordance to Aircraft Equipment and Maintenance Schedule is needed when A/C been subjected to abnormal occurrence
  2. Pilot-in-command may performed inspection if not involving disassembly
Unscheduled maintenance tasks are provided in the Aircraft Maintenance manual Operator responsibility  
605.89 – 605.91   [ reserved ] Noted    
605.92   Requirement to keep technical records Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.93   Technical records Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.94   Journey Log requirements Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.95   Journey Log – Carrying on Board Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.96   Requirements for Technical records other than a journey log Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.97   Transfer of records Not applicable Operator responsibility  
605.98 – 605.110   [ reserved ] Noted    
CAR Amdt. Requirement Learjet Position Learjet Comment TCCA Finding
* CAR 704 – Aircraft Requirements *
704.01 a-c  

General – Application

(a) a multi-engined aeroplane that has a MCTOW of 8 618 kg (19,000 pounds) or less and a seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of 10 to 19 inclusive;

(b) a turbo-jet-powered aeroplane that has a maximum zero fuel weight of 22 680 kg (50,000 pounds) or less and for which a Canadian type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of not more than 19 passengers;

(b.1) a multi-engined helicopter with a seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of 10 to 19 inclusive, unless it is certified for operation with one pilot and operated under VFR; and

(c) any aircraft that is authorized by the Minister to be operated under this Subpart.

Noted    
704.02   Aircraft Operation Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.03 – 704.06   [reserved] Noted    
704.07   Issuance of amendment of approved operator certificate Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.08   Content of air operator certificate Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.09   General conditions of air operator certificate Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.10 – 704.11   [reserved] Noted Operator responsibility  
704.12   Flight operations – Operating instructions Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.13   General operational information Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.14   Scheduled Air Service Requirements Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.15   Operational Control System Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.16   Flight authorization Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.17   Operational flight plan Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.18   Maintenance of aircraft

A/C has to be maintained in accordance to operator’s maintenance control system
Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.19   Checklist Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.20   Fuel requirements Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.21   Admission to flight deck Not applicable Not applicable  
704.22   Simulation of emergency situations

No emergency simulation that could affect the A/C when passengers on board
Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.23   VFR Flight Obstacle Clearance Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.24   VFR Flight Minimum Flight Visibility - Uncontrolled Airspace Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.25   VFR flight weather conditions Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.26   Take off minima Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.27   No Alternate Aerodrome - IFR Flight Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.28   VFR OTT flight Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.29   Routes in uncontrolled airspace Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.30   [reserved] Noted    
704.31   Minimum altitudes and distances Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.32
1)
2)
3)
  Weight and balance control
  1. Load restrictions, weight and center of gravity conform to flight manual during flight
  2. Weight and balance system that meets the Commercial Air Service Standards
  3. Operation manual include weight and balance system and Instructions to employees regarding weight and balance forms
Actual weight and balance information is provided at delivery for each aircraft. Weight and balance instructions are provided in the Aircraft manual. Operator responsibility  
704.33   Apron and Cabin Safety Procedures Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.34   Briefing of passengers Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.35   Safety features card

Operator provide safety features card to each passenger
Safety Cards provided Operator responsibility  
704.36
1) a-b
2) a-b
 

Instrument Approach Procedures

  1. No person shall conduct a CAT II or CAT III precision approach unless

    1. air operator is authorized to do so
    2. approach is conducted in accordance w/Manual of All Weather Operations (Categories II and III)
  2. No person shall terminate an instrument approach w/a landing unless, immediately prior to landing, pilot-in-command ascertains, by means of radio communication or visual inspection,

    1. condition of runway or surface of intended landing; and
    2. wind direction and speed
Operator responsibility Operator responsibility  
704.37
1) a-d
2) a-d
3) a-e
4) a-d
 

Approach Bans-Non-precision, APV and CAT I Precision

  1. For the purposes of subsection (2) to (4), the visibility w/respect to aeroplane is less than the min. visibility required for non-precision approach, an APV or a CAT I precision approach if, in respect of the advisory visibility specified in the Canada Air Pilot and set out in column I of an item in the table to this section.
  2. No person shall continue a non-precision approach or an APV unless;
  3. No person shall continue an SCDA non-precision approach unless;
  4. No person shall continue a CAT I precision approach to a runway with centerline lighting or a CAT I precision approach in an aeroplane equipped w/ a HUD unless;
Operator responsibility Operator responsibility  
704.38 – 704.43   [ reserved ] Noted    
704.44 a-b  

Aircraft performance operating limitations – Exceptions

Person may operate A/C without complying with reqs of this Division if

  1. Authorized in air operator certificate
  2. Complies with Commercial Air Service Standards
Noted Operator responsibility  
704.45  

General requirements

704.46 to 704.50 shall be based on data set from flight manual
Noted    
704.46   Take-off weight limitations Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.47   Net Take-off Flight Path Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.48   Enroute limitations with one engine inoperative Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.49   Dispatch limitations landing at destination and alternate Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.50   Dispatch Limitations: Wet Runway Turbo Jet powered airplanes Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.51 – 704.61   [ reserved ] Noted    
704.62
1) a-b
2)
3)
 

Division V – Aircraft equipment requirements: General requirements

  1. No operation in IMC unless

    1. At least two generators, driven by separate engine and half of which sufficient for emergency operation
    2. Two independent sources of energy and means of selecting either source, etc.
  2. N/A (helicopter)
  3. No operation at night unless one landing light
Aircraft Complies


















2. Not applicable
   
704.63
1)
2)
 

Operation of Aircraft in Icing

  1. No take-off when icing condition unless the A/C is equipped and certified to operate in such condition
  2. No operation at night when icing condition unless a means to illuminate or detect ice formation
A/C is approved to operate in icing condition, reference AFM. In addition, an optional Ice Detection System is available per Modsum 060T000111. Aircraft Complies  
704.64  

Airborne Thunderstorm Detection and Weather Radar Equipment

No operation with passengers on board in IMC when thunderstorms unless the A/C equipped with thunderstorms detection or weather radar

Stormscope is available as an option per Modsum 060T000115 and meets TSO C110a.

Weather Radar is available as an option per Modsum 060T000114 and meets TSO C63c Class 7.
Operator responsibility  
704.65   Additional Equipment for Single-Pilot operations Not applicable    
704.66
1)
2)
 

Protective Breathing Equipment

  1. No operation of pressurized A/C unless adequate protective breathing equipment for flight crew
  2. (1) May be used to meet the crew members oxygen reqs of 605.31
A/C complies    
704.67   First aid oxygen A/C complies    
704.68  

Shoulder harness

Shoulder harness for the pilot seat and any seat beside
A/C complies Operator responsibility  
704.69  

Pitot Heat Indication System

After June 30, no take-off when equipped w/flight instrument Pitot heating system unless also equipped w/Pitot heat indication system meeting requirements of section 525.1326 of Chapter 525-Transport Category Aeroplanes of the Airworthiness Manual
Aircraft complies. The Learjet 60XR is equipped with pitot heat indication that complies with CAR 525.1326 Complies  
704.70
1) a-b
2) a-b
3) a-b
4) a-b
5)
 

ACAS

  1. No operation outside RVSM airspace for a turbine-powered or non turbine-powered aeroplane having an MCTOW greater than 5 700 kg, unless equipped w/an operative ACAS that
  2. No operation outside RVSM airspace for a turbine-powered aeroplane having an MCTOW greater than 15000 kg, unless equipped w/an operative ACAS that;
  3. No air operator shall operate an aeroplane referred to in subsection (1) or (2) in RVSM airspace unless equipped w/an operative ACAS that;
  4. May operate the aeroplane without being equipped w/ ACAS if;
  5. This section does not apply in respect of aeroplanes manufactured on or before the day on which this section comes into force until 2 years after that day.
A/C Complies Operator responsibility  
704.71 – 704.82   [ reserved ] Noted    
704.83  

Hand-held Fire Extinguisher

At least one hand-held fire extinguisher in passenger compartment
A/C complies with 2 hand-held extinguisher    
704.84  

Emergency equipment

Emergency equipment carried on board and inspected in accordance to the schedule
A/C complies Operator responsibility  
704.85 – 704.105   [ reserved ] Noted    
704.106   Personnel requirements – Minimum crew Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.107   Designation of Pilot-in-command and second in command Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.108   Flight crew member responsibilities Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.109   Qualifications of Operational Control personnel Not applicable Operator responsibility  

704.110

  Check Authority Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.111   Validity period Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.112 – 704.114   [ reserved ] Noted    
704.115
1) a-b
2) a-e
3) a-c
 

Training program

  1. Establish and maintain a ground and flight training program

    1. Competences to perform the person’s assigned duties
    2. Approved by the Minister
  2. Ground and flight training program include

    1. For flight crew

      1. Company indoctrination
      2. Line indoctrination
      3. High-altitude
      4. Upgrading
      5. Initial and annual (A/C type, servicing and ground handling, emergency procedures, A/C surface contamination
    2. Training for operational control personnel
    3. Contamination training for operations personnel
    4. Training for personnel performing duties on board
    5. Other training to ensure safety
  3. Air operator shall

    1. Detailed syllabus of training program in operational manual
    2. Adequate facilities and qualified personnel provided
    3. Safety awareness program concerning surface contamination
Pilot training offered Operator responsibility  
704.116   Training – conditional approval of training Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.117   Training and Qualification Records Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.118   [ reserved ] Noted    
704.119   [ reserved ] Noted    
704.120   Requirements Relating to Company Operations Manual Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.121   Contents of Company Operations Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.122   Distribution of Company Operations Not applicable Operator responsibility  
704.123
1)
2) a-b
3)
 

Manual – Aircraft operating Manual

  1. Establish and maintain A/C operating manual for crew members
  2. Operating manual shall contains

    1. A/C operating procedures
    2. Performance data and limitations, only If A/C flight manual not carried on-board
  3. Operating manual shall be carried on board each A/C
Manuals are provided Operator responsibility  
704.124
1-3
 

Standard Operating Procedures

  1. Establish and maintain standard operating procedures for A/C which required two or more pilots
  2. Standard operating procedures shall be carried on board each A/C
  3. If operating manual as been established, standard operating procedures shall be part of it
Manuals are provided Operator responsibility  
704.125 – 704.127   [ reserved ] Noted    
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